Миколаївська область, Николаевская область
|• Governor||Vitaliy Kim|
|• Oblast council||64 seats|
|• Chairperson||Victoria Moskalenko (Petro Poroshenko Bloc )|
|• Total||24,598 km2 (9,497 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 14th|
|• Rank||Ranked 18th|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||UA-48|
|• Regional cities||5|
|Website|| www.mk.gov.ua |
Mykolaiv Oblast (Ukrainian : Миколаївська область, Mykolajivśka oblasť; also referred to as Mykolaivshchyna, Ukrainian : Миколаївщина), also known as Nikolaev or Nikolayev Oblast (Russian : Николаевская область, Nikoláyevskaya óblasť), is an oblast (province) of Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Mykolaiv. Population: 1,108,394 (2021 est.)
The Mykolaiv Oblast is located in the southern half of Ukraine. Its area (24,600 km²), comprises about 4.07% of the total area of Ukraine.
The Mykolaiv Oblast borders upon the Odessa Oblast in the west-southwest, the Kirovohrad Oblast in the north, the Dnipropetrovsk Oblast in the northeast, and the Kherson Oblast on the southeast.
To the south, the oblast is also bordered by the Black Sea. To Mykolaiv Oblast belong Kinburn Peninsula, Berezan Island in Black Sea, Pervomaisky Island in Dnieper Estuary.
In regards to relief, Mykolaiv Oblast is a plain that gently slopes in southern direction.Bigger portion of the territory lays within Black Sea Lowland. To the north there are spurs of Podolian and Dnieper uplands. Among major valuable deposits and minerals there are nickel, uranium ores, granite, gneiss, quartzites.
The climate is moderately continental with a mild winter of small snow amount and hot arid summer.
In the territory of the region are eighty-five rivers that belong to basin of the Black Sea.Among main rivers there are the Southern Bug (Boh), Inhulets, and Berezan.
The following historic-cultural sites were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine or Seven Natural Wonders of Ukraine.
The current estimated population is 1.2 million people (as of 2005). The greater part of the oblast's population resides in urban type settlements (66%), with the remainder residing in agricultural areas. Also, almost 60% of the urban population resides in Mykolayiv, the industrial, cultural and administrative center of Mykolayiv Oblast.
The oblast's population density is one of the lowest in Ukraine – 52 people per 1 km². The oblast' is ranked 18 by the percentage of the population of Ukraine, that the Mykolaiv Oblast contain, which is 2.6%.
The oblast has a multi-ethnic composition; people of more than 100 ethnicities (national groups) live in the oblast.The most common language in the oblast is Ukrainian; the second most common language is Russian. In the city of Mykolaiv the most common language is Russian.
At the time of the 2001 census, the oblast had 1,269,900 permanent residents.Of these:
|Permanent residents 2001||Language at home 2001||Permanent residents 1989||Language at home 1989|
Mykolaiv Oblast formed in September 1937. It is subdivided into 19 raion s (administrative districts), and 4 municipalities (misto) which are directly subordinate to the oblast government.
|Name||Ukrainian Name||Area |
|Admin.center||Urban Population Only|
|Mykolaiv||Миколаїв (місто)||260||493,860||Mykolaiv (city)||493,860|
|Pervomaisk||Первомайськ (місто)||25||66,677||Pervomaisk (city)||66,677|
|Voznesensk||Вознесенськ (місто)||23||35,520||Voznesensk (city)||35,520|
|Yuzhnoukrainsk||Южноукраїнськ (місто)||24||40,353||Yuzhnoukrainsk (city)||40,353|
|Arbuzynka Raion||Арбузинський (район)||969||20,198||Arbuzynka||8,543|
|Bashtanka Raion||Баштанський (район)||1,706||37,721||Bashtanka||12,640|
|Berezanka Raion||Березанський (район)||1,378||23,409||Berezanka||4,120|
|Bereznehuvate Raion||Березнегуватський (район)||1,264||20,387||Bereznehuvate||7,742|
|Bratske Raion||Братський (район)||1,129||18,037||Bratske||5,325|
|Domanivka Raion||Доманівський (район)||1,458||25,500||Domanivka||6,137|
|Kazanka Raion||Казанківський (район)||1,349||19,745||Kazanka||7,207|
|Kryve Ozero Raion||Кривоозерський (район)||814||24,905||Kryve Ozero||7,823|
|Mykolaiv Raion||Миколаївський (район)||1,430||30,448||Mykolaiv (city)||N/A *|
|Novyi Buh Raion||Новобузький (район)||1,243||31,199||Novyi Buh||15,566|
|Nova Odesa Raion||Новоодеський (район)||1,428||33,602||Nova Odesa||12,108|
|Ochakiv Raion||Очаківський (район)||1,500||29,949||Ochakiv||14,489|
|Pervomaisk Raion||Первомайський (район)||1,319||30,275||Pervomaisk (city)||N/A *|
|Snihurivka Raion||Снігурівський (район)||1,350||40,420||Snihurivka||12,870|
|Veselynove Raion||Веселинівський (район)||1,245||23,161||Veselynove||8,060|
|Vitovka Raion||Вітовській (район)||1,460||50,565||Mykolaiv (city)||N/A *|
|Voznesensk Raion||Вознесенський (район)||1,392||30,562||Voznesensk (city)||N/A *|
|Vradiivka Raion||Врадіївський (район)||801||17,611||Vradiivka||8,391|
|Yelanets Raion||Єланецький (район)||1,018||15,530||Yelanets||4,912|
|Total Oblast||Миколаївська (Область)||24,585||1,159,634||791,227|
Note: Asterisks (*) Though the administrative center of the rayon is housed in the city/town that it is named after, cities do not answer to the rayon authorities only towns do; instead they are directly subordinated to the oblast government and therefore are not counted as part of rayon statistics.
At a lower level of administration, these district-level administrations are subdivided into:
The local administration of the oblast is controlled by the Mykolaiv Oblast Rada. The governor of the oblast is the Mykolaiv Oblast Rada speaker, appointed by the President of Ukraine.
During the 1991 referendum, 89.45% of votes in Mykolaiv Oblast were in favor of the Declaration of Independence of Ukraine. A survey conducted in December 2014 by the Kiev International Institute of Sociology found 2.1% of the oblast's population supported their region joining Russia, 95.5% did not support the idea, and the rest were undecided or did not respond.
Cherkasy Oblast is an oblast (province) of central Ukraine located along the Dnieper River. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Cherkasy. The current population of the oblast is 1,178,266 ).
Kharkiv Oblast is an oblast (province) in eastern Ukraine. The oblast borders Russia to the north, Luhansk Oblast to the east, Donetsk Oblast to the south-east, Dnipropetrovsk Oblast to the south-west, Poltava Oblast to the west and Sumy Oblast to the north-west. The area of the oblast is 31,400 km², corresponding to 5.2% of the total territory of Ukraine. Population: 2,633,834
Chernihiv Oblast is an oblast (province) of northern Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Chernihiv. Within the Oblast are 1,511 settlements of various sizes ranging from large cities to very small villages. Population: 976,701
Khmelnytskyi Oblast is an oblast (province) of western Ukraine covering portions of such historical regions like western Podolia and southern Volhynia. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Khmelnytskyi.
Kirovohrad Oblast is an oblast (province) of Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Kropyvnytskyi. Its population is 920,128 .
Rivne Oblast is an oblast (province) of Ukraine. Its administrative center is Rivne. The area of the region is 20,100 km²; population: 1,148,456 . Previously part of the Second Republic of Poland's Wojewódstwo Wołyńskie and earlier the Ukrainian People's Republic's Volhynian Governorate, the Rivne Oblast was created as part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic on December 4, 1939 after the Soviet invasion and occupation of eastern Poland on 17 September 1939.
Zaporizhzhia Oblast ; also referred to as Zaporizhzhia, is an oblast (province) of southeast Ukraine. Its capital is Zaporizhzhia. The oblast covers an area of 27,183 km2 (10,495 sq mi), and its population is 1,666,515 .
Mykolaiv, also known as Nikolaev or Nikolayev is a city in southern Ukraine, the administrative center of the Mykolaiv Oblast. Mykolaiv is arguably the main shipbuilding center of the Black Sea. Aside from three shipyards within the city, there are a number of research centers specializing in shipbuilding such as the State Research and Design Shipbuilding Center, Zoria-Mashproekt and others. The city has a population of 480,080 .
Kherson Oblast is an oblast (province) in southern Ukraine, just north of Crimea. Its administrative center is Kherson. The area of the region is 28,461 km2. Population: 1,016,707 This is considered to be the 'fruit basket' of the country, as many of the oblast's agricultural production is dispersed throughout the country, with production peaking during the summer months.
Sumy Oblast is an oblast (province) in the northeastern part of Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Sumy. Population: 1,053,402
Poltava Oblast is an oblast (province) of central Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Poltava. Most of its territory is part of the historic Cossack Hetmanate. Population: 1,371,529
Voznesensk is a city in Mykolaiv Oblast (region) of Ukraine and the administrative center of Voznesensk Raion (district). Administratively, it is incorporated as a city of oblast significance and does not belong to the raion. Population: 34,404
Mykolaiv Raion is located in Mykolaiv Oblast of Ukraine. Its administrative center is the city of Mykolaiv. Population: 645,562
Kínburn Foreland or Kinburn Spit – a spit in Ochakiv Raion (district) of Mykolaiv Oblast at the Black Sea in Ukraine. It occupies the western part of the Kinburn Peninsula, being its natural extension stretching west into the Black Sea between the Dnieper-Buh estuary and the Bay of Yahorlyk. Its length is about 40 km, width – 8–10 km. In southern Ukraine, the Kinburn Foreland is often mistaken for being the entirety of the Kinburn Peninsula, of which it appears to be a part.
The Kinburn Peninsula, a peninsula in Southern Ukraine, separates the Dnieper-Bug Estuary from the Black Sea. Administratively the peninsula is divided between two regions each represented by one rural community: Pokrovske and Heroiske.
Novorossiya, literally New Russia but sometimes called South Russia, is a historical term of the Russian Empire denoting a region north of the Black Sea. In Ukraine the territory was better known as Stepovyna (Steppeland) or Nyz. It was formed as a new imperial province of Russia in 1764 from military frontier regions along with parts of the southern Hetmanate in preparation for war with the Ottomans. It was further expanded by the annexation of the Zaporizhian Sich in 1775. At various times it encompassed the Moldavian region of Bessarabia, the modern Ukraine's regions of the Black Sea littoral (Prychornomoria), Zaporizhzhia, Tavria, the Azov Sea littoral (Pryazovia), the Tatar region of Crimea, the Nogai steppe at the Kuban River, and the Circassian lands.
Berezanka is an urban-type settlement in the south of Mykolaiv Oblast, Ukraine. It serves as the administrative center of Berezanka Raion. Population: 4,070
Bereznehuvate is an urban-type settlement in the east of Mykolaiv Oblast, Ukraine. It serves as the administrative center of Bereznehuvate Raion. Population: 7,446
Voskresenske is an urban-type settlement in Vitovka Raion in the south of Mykolaiv Oblast, Ukraine. Population: 4,715
Odessa Oblast is an oblast (province) of southwestern Ukraine, located along the northern coast of the Black Sea. Its administrative center is the city of Odessa. Population: 2,368,107