Mykolaiv Oblast

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Mykolaiv Oblast

Миколаївська область, Николаевская область
Mykolayivs’ka oblast’
Mykolaivska oblast [1]
Flag of Mykolaiv Oblast.svg
Flag
Coat of Arms of Mykolaiv Oblast.svg
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
Миколаївщина (Mykolaivshchyna)
Mykolaiv in Ukraine (claims hatched).svg
Coordinates: 47°26′N31°48′E / 47.43°N 31.80°E / 47.43; 31.80 Coordinates: 47°26′N31°48′E / 47.43°N 31.80°E / 47.43; 31.80
Country Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine
Administrative center Mykolaiv
Government
   Governor Vitaliy Kim [2]
   Oblast council 64 seats
  ChairpersonVictoria Moskalenko [3] (Petro Poroshenko Bloc [3] )
Area
  Total24,598 km2 (9,497 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 14th
Population
 (2021) [4]
  TotalDecrease2.svg 1,108,394
  Rank Ranked 18th
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
Area code +380-51
ISO 3166 code UA-48
Raions 19
Cities (total)10
  Regional cities 5
Urban-type settlements 17
Villages820
FIPS 10-4 UP16
Website www.mk.gov.ua
www.mk-oblrada.gov.ua

Mykolaiv Oblast (Ukrainian : Миколаївська область, Mykolajivśka oblasť; also referred to as Mykolaivshchyna, Ukrainian : Миколаївщина), also known as Nikolaev or Nikolayev Oblast (Russian : Николаевская область, Nikoláyevskaya óblasť), is an oblast (province) of Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Mykolaiv. Population: 1,108,394 (2021 est.) [4]

Contents

Geography

The Mykolaiv Oblast is located in the southern half of Ukraine. Its area (24,600 km²), comprises about 4.07% of the total area of Ukraine.

The Mykolaiv Oblast borders upon the Odessa Oblast in the west-southwest, the Kirovohrad Oblast in the north, the Dnipropetrovsk Oblast in the northeast, and the Kherson Oblast on the southeast.

To the south, the oblast is also bordered by the Black Sea. To Mykolaiv Oblast belong Kinburn Peninsula, Berezan Island in Black Sea, Pervomaisky Island in Dnieper Estuary.

In regards to relief, Mykolaiv Oblast is a plain that gently slopes in southern direction. [5] Bigger portion of the territory lays within Black Sea Lowland. [5] To the north there are spurs of Podolian and Dnieper uplands. [5] Among major valuable deposits and minerals there are nickel, uranium ores, granite, gneiss, quartzites. [5]

The climate is moderately continental with a mild winter of small snow amount and hot arid summer. [5]

In the territory of the region are eighty-five rivers that belong to basin of the Black Sea. [5] Among main rivers there are the Southern Bug (Boh), Inhulets, and Berezan. [5]

Points of interest

The following historic-cultural sites were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine or Seven Natural Wonders of Ukraine.

Demographics

The current estimated population is 1.2 million people (as of 2005). The greater part of the oblast's population resides in urban type settlements (66%), with the remainder residing in agricultural areas. Also, almost 60% of the urban population resides in Mykolayiv, the industrial, cultural and administrative center of Mykolayiv Oblast.

The oblast's population density is one of the lowest in Ukraine – 52 people per 1 km². The oblast' is ranked 18 by the percentage of the population of Ukraine, that the Mykolaiv Oblast contain, which is 2.6%.

Age structure

0-14 years: 14.7% Increase2.svg (male 88,668/female 83,434)
15-64 years: 70.7% Decrease2.svg (male 396,342/female 432,808)
65 years and over: 14.6% Steady2.svg (male 56,527/female 114,987) (2013 official)

Median age

total: 39.7 years Increase2.svg
male: 36.3 years Increase2.svg
female: 42.9 years Increase2.svg (2013 official)

Ethnicity, language and citizenship

The oblast has a multi-ethnic composition; people of more than 100 ethnicities (national groups) live in the oblast. [6] The most common language in the oblast is Ukrainian; the second most common language is Russian. [7] In the city of Mykolaiv the most common language is Russian. [8]

At the time of the 2001 census, the oblast had 1,269,900 permanent residents. [9] Of these:

Ethnicity
("Nationality")
Permanent residents 2001Language at home 2001 [7] Permanent residents 1989Language at home 1989 [7]
Number [6]  % [6] UkrainianRussian % [6] UkrainianRussian
All ethnicities [9] 1,269,900100.0%69.2%29.3%100.0%64.2%33.8%
Ukrainian 1,034,40081.9%82.4%17.5%75.6%
Russian 177,50014.1%6.2%93.7%19.4%
Moldavian 13,2001.0%28.5%16.8%1.3%
Belarussian 8,4000.7%21.8%58.5%1.1%
Bulgarian 5,6000.4%16.9%53.2%0.5%
Armenian 4,3000.3%7.1%35.8%0.1%
Jew 3,3000.3%10.1%87.4%0.9%
Korean 1,8000.1%6.3%70.8%0.0%
Azerbaijanian 1,5000.1%8.1%33.3%0.1%
Gipsy (Roma) 1,4000.1%38.7%15.2%0.1%
Pole 1,3000.1%47.4%44.1%0.2%
Tatar 1,3000.1%7.3%73.5%0.1%
German 1,2000.1%26.8%67.7%0.1%
Other7,7000.7%13.8%37.3%0.5%

Administrative divisions

Mykolaiv Oblast formed in September 1937. It is subdivided into 19 raion s (administrative districts), and 4 municipalities (misto) which are directly subordinate to the oblast government.

NameUkrainian NameArea
(km2)
Population
census 2015 [10]
Admin.centerUrban Population Only
Mykolaiv Миколаїв (місто)260493,860 Mykolaiv (city)493,860
Pervomaisk Первомайськ (місто)2566,677 Pervomaisk (city)66,677
Voznesensk Вознесенськ (місто)2335,520 Voznesensk (city)35,520
Yuzhnoukrainsk Южноукраїнськ (місто)2440,353 Yuzhnoukrainsk (city)40,353
Arbuzynka Raion Арбузинський (район)96920,198 Arbuzynka 8,543
Bashtanka Raion Баштанський (район)1,70637,721 Bashtanka 12,640
Berezanka Raion Березанський (район)1,37823,409 Berezanka 4,120
Bereznehuvate Raion Березнегуватський (район)1,26420,387 Bereznehuvate 7,742
Bratske Raion Братський (район)1,12918,037 Bratske 5,325
Domanivka Raion Доманівський (район)1,45825,500 Domanivka 6,137
Kazanka Raion Казанківський (район)1,34919,745 Kazanka 7,207
Kryve Ozero Raion Кривоозерський (район)81424,905 Kryve Ozero 7,823
Mykolaiv Raion Миколаївський (район)1,43030,448 Mykolaiv (city)N/A *
Novyi Buh Raion Новобузький (район)1,24331,199 Novyi Buh 15,566
Nova Odesa Raion Новоодеський (район)1,42833,602 Nova Odesa 12,108
Ochakiv Raion Очаківський (район)1,50029,949 Ochakiv 14,489
Pervomaisk Raion Первомайський (район)1,31930,275 Pervomaisk (city)N/A *
Snihurivka Raion Снігурівський (район)1,35040,420 Snihurivka 12,870
Veselynove Raion Веселинівський (район)1,24523,161 Veselynove 8,060
Vitovka Raion Вітовській (район)1,46050,565 Mykolaiv (city)N/A *
Voznesensk Raion Вознесенський (район)1,39230,562 Voznesensk (city)N/A *
Vradiivka Raion Врадіївський (район)80117,611 Vradiivka 8,391
Yelanets Raion Єланецький (район)1,01815,530 Yelanets 4,912
Total OblastМиколаївська (Область)24,5851,159,634791,227

Note: Asterisks (*) Though the administrative center of the rayon is housed in the city/town that it is named after, cities do not answer to the rayon authorities only towns do; instead they are directly subordinated to the oblast government and therefore are not counted as part of rayon statistics.

At a lower level of administration, these district-level administrations are subdivided into:

The local administration of the oblast is controlled by the Mykolaiv Oblast Rada. The governor of the oblast is the Mykolaiv Oblast Rada speaker, appointed by the President of Ukraine.

Infrastructure and economy

Public opinion

During the 1991 referendum, 89.45% of votes in Mykolaiv Oblast were in favor of the Declaration of Independence of Ukraine. A survey conducted in December 2014 by the Kiev International Institute of Sociology found 2.1% of the oblast's population supported their region joining Russia, 95.5% did not support the idea, and the rest were undecided or did not respond. [11]

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. Syvak, Nina; Ponomarenko, Valerii; Khodzinska, Olha; Lakeichuk, Iryna (2011). Veklych, Lesia (ed.). Toponymic Guidelines for Map and Other Editors for International Use (PDF). United Nations Statistics Division . scientific consultant Iryna Rudenko; reviewed by Nataliia Kizilowa; translated by Olha Khodzinska. Kyiv: DerzhHeoKadastr and Kartographia. p. 20. ISBN   978-966-475-839-7 . Retrieved 2020-10-06.
  2. Zelensky appoints new head of Mykolaiv Regional State Administration, Ukrinform (26 November 2020)
  3. 1 2 https://news.pn/en/politics/149828
  4. 1 2 "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine . Retrieved 11 July 2021.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Vermenych, Ya. Mykolaiv Oblast (МИКОЛАЇВСЬКА ОБЛАСТЬ) . Encyclopedia of History of Ukraine. 2009
  6. 1 2 3 4 National composition of population. About number and composition population of Mykolaiv Region by data All-Ukrainian census of the population 2001, State Statistics Committee of Ukraine, 2003–2004
  7. 1 2 3 Linguistic composition of the population. About number and composition population of Mykolaiv Region by data All-Ukrainian census of the population 2001, State Statistics Committee of Ukraine, 2003–2004
  8. In a survey in 2017, 63% of the population of the city of Mykolaiv spoke Russian at home, 7% Ukrainian, and 28% spoke both Ukrainian and Russian equally.
    "Public Opinion Survey of Residents of Ukraine June 9 – July 7, 2017" (PDF). iri.org. August 2017. p. 89. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 August 2017.
  9. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Permanent population. About number and composition population of Mykolaiv Region by data All-Ukrainian census of the population 2001, State Statistics Committee of Ukraine, 2003–2004
  10. "Population Quantity". UkrStat (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 7 January 2016.
  11. Лише 3% українців хочуть приєднання їх області до Росії [Only 3% of Ukrainians want their region to become part of Russia]. Dzerkalo Tyzhnia (in Ukrainian). 3 January 2015.