Mykolaiv Oblast

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Mykolaiv Oblast
Миколаївська область
Mykolaivska oblast [1]
Flag of Mykolaiv Oblast.svg
Coat of Arms of Mykolaiv Oblast.svg
Nickname: 
Миколаївщина (Mykolaivshchyna)
Mykolaiv in Ukraine.svg
Pre-July 2020 boundary shown
Coordinates: 47°26′N31°48′E / 47.43°N 31.80°E / 47.43; 31.80
Country Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine
Administrative center Mykolaiv
Government
   Governor Vitaliy Kim [2]
   Oblast council 64 seats
  ChairpersonVictoria Moskalenko [3] (Petro Poroshenko Bloc [3] )
Area
   Oblast 24,598 km2 (9,497 sq mi)
  Rank Ranked 14th
Population
 (2022) [4]
   Oblast 1,091,821
  Rank Ranked 18th
  Density44/km2 (110/sq mi)
   Urban
750,698
   Rural
341,123
GDP
[5]
  Total₴ 124 billion
(€3.214 billion)
  Per capita₴ 112,864
(€2,921)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
Area code +380-51
ISO 3166 code UA-48
Raions 4
Cities (total)10
  Regional cities 5
Urban-type settlements 17
Villages820
FIPS 10-4 UP16
Website www.mk.gov.ua
www.mk-oblrada.gov.ua

Mykolaiv Oblast (Ukrainian : Миколаївська область, romanized: Mykolaivska oblast, IPA: [mɪkoˈlɑjiu̯sʲkɐˈɔblɐsʲtʲ] ), also referred to as Mykolaivshchyna (Ukrainian : Миколаївщина, IPA: [mɪkoˈlɑjiu̯ʃtʃɪnɐ] ), is an oblast (province) of Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Mykolaiv. At the most recent estimate, the population of the oblast stood at 1,091,821 (2022 estimate). [4]

Contents

History

During the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, the Russian army invaded the province from Kherson Oblast, attacking as far northwest as Voznesensk. They were repulsed at Voznesensk, and their attempt to take Mykolaiv failed. From April 2022, almost all of the province was under Ukrainian control, apart from the extreme south-east and the Kinburn peninsula. When Russia annexed Kherson Oblast in September 2022, it incorporated the occupied areas of Mykolaiv Oblast. A Ukrainian military official announced a Russian withdrawal from Mykolaiv Oblast on 10 November 2022. [6]

On 4–5 July 2022 during an international Ukraine Recovery Conference (URC 2022) in Lugano, Switzerland pledged to support the rebuilding of Mykolaiv region. [7]

Geography

Mykolaiv Oblast is located in the southern half of Ukraine. Its area (24,600 km²) comprises about 4.07% of the total area of Ukraine.

Mykolaiv Oblast borders upon Odesa Oblast in the west-southwest, Kirovohrad Oblast in the north, Dnipropetrovsk Oblast in the northeast, and Kherson Oblast on the southeast.

To the south, the oblast is also bordered by the Black Sea. To Mykolaiv Oblast belong Kinburn Peninsula, Berezan Island in Black Sea, Pervomaisky Island in Dnieper Estuary.

In regards to relief, Mykolaiv Oblast is a plain that gently slopes in southern direction. [8] Bigger portion of the territory lays within Black Sea Lowland. [8] To the north there are spurs of Podolian and Dnieper uplands. [8] Among major valuable deposits and minerals there are nickel, uranium ores, granite, gneiss, quartzites. [8]

The climate is moderately continental with a mild winter of small snow amount and hot arid summer. [8]

In the territory of the region are eighty-five rivers that belong to basin of the Black Sea. [8] Among main rivers there are the Southern Bug (Boh) which splits the oblast into eastern and western parts, Inhulets, and Berezan. [8]

Points of interest

The following historic-cultural sites were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine or Seven Natural Wonders of Ukraine.

Demographics

The estimated population was 1.2 million people in 2005. The greater part of the oblast's population resided in urban type settlements (66%), with the remainder residing in agricultural areas. Also, almost 60% of the urban population resided in Mykolaiv, the industrial, cultural and administrative center of Mykolaiv Oblast.

As of 2021, the total population of the oblast was estimated at 1,108,394 inhabitants, with 761,278 (68.7%) residing in urban areas and the remaining 347,116 (31.3%) living in rural areas. The city of Mykolaiv, home to 341,123 residents, constituted 68.8% of the urban population of Mykolaiv Oblast. [4]

The oblast's population density is one of the lowest in Ukraine – 45 inhabitants per square kilometre (120/sq mi). Mykolaiv Oblast contains 2.7% of the population of Ukraine, by percentage share ranking 19th among Ukrainian oblasts and territories.

Age structure

0-14 years: 14.7% Increase2.svg (male 88,668/female 83,434)
15-64 years: 70.7% Decrease2.svg (male 396,342/female 432,808)
65 years and over: 14.6% Steady2.svg (male 56,527/female 114,987) (2013 official)

Median age

total: 39.7 years Increase2.svg
male: 36.3 years Increase2.svg
female: 42.9 years Increase2.svg (2013 official)

Ethnicity, language and citizenship

The oblast has a multi-ethnic composition; people of more than 100 ethnicities (national groups) live in the oblast. [9] The most common language in the oblast is Ukrainian; the second most common language is Russian. [10] In the city of Mykolaiv the most common language is Russian. [11]

At the time of the 2001 census, the oblast had 1,269,900 permanent residents. [12] Of these:

Ethnicity
("Nationality")
Permanent residents 2001Mother Tongue 2001 [10] Permanent residents 1989Mother Tongue 1989 [10]
Number [9]  % [9] UkrainianRussian % [9] UkrainianRussian
All ethnicities [12] 1,269,900100.0%69.2%29.3%100.0%64.2%33.8%
Ukrainian 1,034,40081.9%82.4%17.5%75.6%
Russian 177,50014.1%6.2%93.7%19.4%
Moldovan 13,2001.0%28.5%16.8%1.3%
Belarusian 8,4000.7%21.8%58.5%1.1%
Bulgarian 5,6000.4%16.9%53.2%0.5%
Armenian 4,3000.3%7.1%35.8%0.1%
Jewish 3,3000.3%10.1%87.4%0.9%
Korean 1,8000.1%6.3%70.8%0.0%
Azerbaijani 1,5000.1%8.1%33.3%0.1%
Gypsy (Roma) 1,4000.1%38.7%15.2%0.1%
Pole 1,3000.1%47.4%44.1%0.2%
Tatar 1,3000.1%7.3%73.5%0.1%
German 1,2000.1%26.8%67.7%0.1%
Other7,7000.7%13.8%37.3%0.5%

Administrative divisions

Mykolaiv Oblast formed in September 1937. it is subdivided into various areas, mostly raions. The subdivisions changed in 2020.

Administrative divisions (18 July 2020 to present)

Current raions of Mykolaiv Oblast as of August 2020. Mykolaiv Oblast 2020 subdivisions.jpg
Current raions of Mykolaiv Oblast as of August 2020.

On 18 July 2020, the number of Mykolaiv Oblast subdivisions was reduced to four raions . [13] [14] These are:

  1. Bashtanka (Баштанський район), the center is in the town of Bashtanka;
  2. Mykolaiv (Миколаївський район), the center is in the city of Mykolaiv;
  3. Pervomaisk (Первомайський район), the center is in the town of Pervomaisk;
  4. Voznesensk (Вознесенський район), the center is in the town of Voznesensk.

Administrative divisions (to 17 July 2020)

Former raions of Mykolaiv Oblast as of June 2020. The city of Mykolaiv is shown in dark blue. Mykolayiv regions.svg
Former raions of Mykolaiv Oblast as of June 2020. The city of Mykolaiv is shown in dark blue.

Before July 2020, Mykolaiv Oblast was subdivided into 24 regions: 19 raion s (administrative districts) and 5 city municipalities (mis'krada or misto), officially known as territories governed by city councils [15] which are directly subordinate to the oblast government.

NameUkrainian NameArea
(km2)
Population
census 2015 [16]
Admin.centerUrban Population Only
Mykolaiv Миколаїв (місто)260493,860 Mykolaiv (city)493,860
Pervomaisk Первомайськ (місто)2566,677 Pervomaisk (city)66,677
Voznesensk Вознесенськ (місто)2335,520 Voznesensk (city)35,520
Yuzhnoukrainsk Южноукраїнськ (місто)2440,353 Yuzhnoukrainsk (city)40,353
Arbuzynka Raion Арбузинський (район)96920,198 Arbuzynka 8,543
Bashtanka Raion Баштанський (район)1,70637,721 Bashtanka 12,640
Berezanka Raion Березанський (район)1,37823,409 Berezanka 4,120
Bereznehuvate Raion Березнегуватський (район)1,26420,387 Bereznehuvate 7,742
Bratske Raion Братський (район)1,12918,037 Bratske 5,325
Domanivka Raion Доманівський (район)1,45825,500 Domanivka 6,137
Kazanka Raion Казанківський (район)1,34919,745 Kazanka 7,207
Kryve Ozero Raion Кривоозерський (район)81424,905 Kryve Ozero 7,823
Mykolaiv Raion Миколаївський (район)1,43030,448 Mykolaiv (city)N/A *
Novyi Buh Raion Новобузький (район)1,24331,199 Novyi Buh 15,566
Nova Odesa Raion Новоодеський (район)1,42833,602 Nova Odesa 12,108
Ochakiv Raion Очаківський (район)1,50029,949 Ochakiv 14,489
Pervomaisk Raion Первомайський (район)1,31930,275 Pervomaisk (city)N/A *
Snihurivka Raion Снігурівський (район)1,35040,420 Snihurivka 12,870
Veselynove Raion Веселинівський (район)1,24523,161 Veselynove 8,060
Vitovka Raion Вітовській (район)1,46050,565 Mykolaiv (city)N/A *
Voznesensk Raion Вознесенський (район)1,39230,562 Voznesensk (city)N/A *
Vradiivka Raion Врадіївський (район)80117,611 Vradiivka 8,391
Yelanets Raion Єланецький (район)1,01815,530 Yelanets 4,912
Total OblastМиколаївська (Область)24,5851,159,634791,227

Note: Asterisks (*) Though the administrative center of the rayon is housed in the city/town that it is named after, cities do not answer to the rayon authorities only towns do; instead they are directly subordinated to the oblast government and therefore are not counted as part of rayon statistics.

At a lower level of administration, these district-level administrations are subdivided into:

The local administration of the oblast is controlled by the Mykolaiv Oblast Rada. The governor of the oblast is the Mykolaiv Oblast Rada speaker, appointed by the President of Ukraine.

Infrastructure and economy

Public opinion

During the 1991 referendum, 89.45% of votes in Mykolaiv Oblast were in favor of the Declaration of Independence of Ukraine. A survey conducted in December 2014 by the Kyiv International Institute of Sociology found 2.1% of the oblast's population supported their region joining Russia, 95.5% did not support the idea, and the rest were undecided or did not respond. [17]

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Voznesensk</span> City in Mykolaiv Oblast, Ukraine

Voznesensk is a city in Mykolaiv Oblast, Ukraine. It serves as the administrative center of Voznesensk Raion within the oblast. It hosts the administration of the Voznesensk urban hromada. The city has a population of 33,442.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Snihurivka</span> City in Mykolaiv Oblast, Ukraine

Snihurivka is a small city in Bashtanka Raion, Mykolaiv Oblast, Ukraine. It hosts the administration of Snihurivka urban hromada. Population: 12,045.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mykolaiv Raion, Mykolaiv Oblast</span> Subdivision of Mykolaiv Oblast, Ukraine

Mykolaiv Raion is a raion (district) in Mykolaiv Oblast, Ukraine with a pre-war population of 636,832.. Its administrative center is the city of Mykolaiv.

Veselynove is an urban-type settlement in Voznesensk Raion of Mykolaiv Oblast in southern Ukraine. It is located in the Chychyklia. Veselynove hosts the administration of Veselynove settlement hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. Population: 5,566.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bashtanka Raion</span> Subdivision of Mykolaiv Oblast, Ukraine

Bashtanka Raion is a raion (district) in Mykolaiv Oblast, Ukraine. Its administrative center is the city of Bashtanka. Population: 134,234.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bereznehuvate Raion</span> Former subdivision of Mykolaiv Oblast, Ukraine

Bereznehuvate Raion was a subdivision of Mykolaiv Oblast of Ukraine. Its administrative center was the urban-type settlement of Bereznehuvate. The raion was abolished on 18 July 2020 as part of the administrative reform of Ukraine, which reduced the number of raions of Mykolaiv Oblast to four. The area of Bereznehuvate Raion was merged into Bashtanka Raion. The last estimate of the raion population was 19,344

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Domanivka Raion</span> Former subdivision of Mykolaiv Oblast, Ukraine

Domanivka Raion was a subdivision of Mykolaiv Oblast of Ukraine. Its administrative center was the urban-type settlement of Domanivka. The raion was abolished on 18 July 2020 as part of the administrative reform of Ukraine, which reduced the number of raions of Mykolaiv Oblast to four. The area of Domanivka Raion was merged into Voznesensk Raion. The last estimate of the raion population was 24,447

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pervomaisk Raion</span> Subdivision of Mykolaiv Oblast, Ukraine

Pervomaisk Raion is a raion (district) in Mykolaiv Oblast, Ukraine. Its administrative center is the town of Pervomaisk. Population: 145,213.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Snihurivka Raion</span> Former subdivision of Mykolaiv Oblast, Ukraine

Snihurivka Raion was a subdivision of Mykolaiv Oblast of Ukraine. Its administrative center was the town of Snihurivka. The raion was abolished on 18 July 2020 as part of the administrative reform of Ukraine, which reduced the number of raions of Mykolaiv Oblast to four. The area of Snihurivka Raion was merged into Bashtanka Raion. The last estimate of the raion population was 38,849

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Voznesensk Raion</span> Subdivision of Mykolaiv Oblast, Ukraine

Voznesensk Raion is a raion (district) in Mykolaiv Oblast, Ukraine. Its administrative center is the town of Voznesensk. Population: 175,542.

Mykolaiv Oblast is subdivided into districts (raions) which are subdivided into territorial communities (hromadas).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Arbuzynka</span> Urban locality in Mykolaiv Oblast, Ukraine

Arbuzynka is an urban-type settlement in Pervomaisk Raion in the north of Mykolaiv Oblast, Ukraine. It hosts the administration of Arbuzynka settlement hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. Population: 5,954.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Berezanka</span> Urban locality in Mykolaiv Oblast, Ukraine

Berezanka is an urban-type settlement in Mykolaiv Raion in the south of Mykolaiv Oblast, Ukraine. It hosts the administration of Berezanka settlement hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. Population: 4,000.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bereznehuvate</span> Urban locality in Mykolaiv Oblast, Ukraine

Bereznehuvate is an urban-type settlement in Bashtanka Raion in the east of Mykolaiv Oblast, Ukraine. It hosts the administration of Bereznehuvate settlement hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. Population: 7,259.

Domanivka is an urban-type settlement in Voznesensk Raion in the west of Mykolaiv Oblast, Ukraine. It hosts the administration of Domanivka settlement hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. Population: 5,728.

Yelanets is an urban-type settlement in Voznesensk Raion. Mykolaiv Oblast, Ukraine. It hosts the administration of Yelanets settlement hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. Population: 4,636.

Voskresenske is an urban-type settlement in Mykolaiv Raion in the south of Mykolaiv Oblast, Ukraine. It hosts the administration of Voskresenske settlement hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. Population: 4,659.

Mykhailivka may refer to several places in Ukraine:

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Odesa Oblast</span> Oblast (region) of Ukraine

Odesa Oblast, also referred to as Odeshchyna (Одещина), is an oblast (province) of southwestern Ukraine, located along the northern coast of the Black Sea. Its administrative centre is the city of Odesa. Population: 2,351,382.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Russian occupation of Mykolaiv Oblast</span> Military occupation and annexation by Russia

The Russian occupation of Mykolaiv Oblast is an ongoing military occupation of Ukraine's Mykolaiv Oblast by Russian forces that began on 26 February 2022 during the Russian invasion of Ukraine as part of the southern Ukraine campaign. The Russian-installed occupation regime was called the "Nikolaev military-civilian administration".

References

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  2. Zelensky appoints new head of Mykolaiv Regional State Administration, Ukrinform (26 November 2020)
  3. 1 2 "Главой Николаевского облсовета избрали креатуру Мерикова - Викторию Москаленко".
  4. 1 2 3 Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2022 [Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2022](PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 July 2022.
  5. "Валовии регіональнии продукт".
  6. Ukraine war: Kyiv claims major gains as Russia exits Kherson, BBC News
  7. "Rebuilding Ukraine will cost $750 billion". www.brusselstimes.com. The Brussels Times. Retrieved 2022-07-11.
  8. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Vermenych, Ya. Mykolaiv Oblast (МИКОЛАЇВСЬКА ОБЛАСТЬ) . Encyclopedia of History of Ukraine. 2009
  9. 1 2 3 4 National composition of population. About number and composition population of Mykolaiv Region by data All-Ukrainian census of the population 2001, State Statistics Committee of Ukraine, 2003–2004
  10. 1 2 3 Linguistic composition of the population. About number and composition population of Mykolaiv Region by data All-Ukrainian census of the population 2001, State Statistics Committee of Ukraine, 2003–2004
  11. In a survey in 2017, 63% of the population of the city of Mykolaiv spoke Russian at home, 7% Ukrainian, and 28% spoke both Ukrainian and Russian equally.
    "Public Opinion Survey of Residents of Ukraine June 9 – July 7, 2017" (PDF). iri.org. August 2017. p. 89. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 August 2017.
  12. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Permanent population. About number and composition population of Mykolaiv Region by data All-Ukrainian census of the population 2001, State Statistics Committee of Ukraine, 2003–2004
  13. "Про утворення та ліквідацію районів. Постанова Верховної Ради України № 807-ІХ". Голос України (in Ukrainian). 2020-07-18. Retrieved 2020-10-03.
  14. "Нові райони: карти + склад" (in Ukrainian). Міністерство розвитку громад та територій України.
  15. "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 June 2020. Retrieved 2 September 2020.
  16. "Population Quantity". UkrStat (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 7 January 2016.
  17. Лише 3% українців хочуть приєднання їх області до Росії [Only 3% of Ukrainians want their region to become part of Russia]. Dzerkalo Tyzhnia (in Ukrainian). 3 January 2015.