The Mystery Dungeon logo used in Pokémon Mystery Dungeon
|Platform(s)||Super Famicom, Nintendo 64, Wii, Game Boy, Game Boy Advance, Nintendo DS, Nintendo 3DS, PlayStation, PlayStation 2, PlayStation Portable, PlayStation Vita, PlayStation 4, WonderSwan, Dreamcast, mobile phones, Microsoft Windows|
|First release|| Torneko no Daibōken: Fushigi no Dungeon |
September 19, 1993
|Latest release|| Pokémon Super Mystery Dungeon |
September 17, 2015
|Spin-offs||Pokémon Mystery Dungeon|
Mystery Dungeonis a series of roguelike video games, most of which were developed by Chunsoft (later Spike Chunsoft), with select titles in the series developed by other companies with Chunsoft's permission. The series began when co–creator of Dragon Quest , Koichi Nakamura, was inspired by a fellow developer's experience with the video game Rogue and a desire to create an original series. The franchise has had games across different platforms, starting on the Super Famicom, and later on, among others, the Game Boy, Nintendo 64, Game Boy Advance, Nintendo DS, Wii, and the Nintendo 3DS.
Roguelike is a subgenre of role-playing video game characterized by a dungeon crawl through procedurally generated levels, turn-based gameplay, tile-based graphics, and permanent death of the player character. Most roguelikes are based on a high fantasy narrative, reflecting their influence from tabletop role playing games such as Dungeons & Dragons.
A video game is an electronic game that involves interaction with a user interface to generate visual feedback on a two- or three-dimensional video display device such as a TV screen, virtual reality headset or computer monitor. Since the 1980s, video games have become an increasingly important part of the entertainment industry, and whether they are also a form of art is a matter of dispute.
Spike Chunsoft Co., Ltd. is a Japanese video game development and localization company specializing in role-playing video game and visual novels. The company was founded in 1984 as Chunsoft Co., Ltd and merged with Spike in 2012. It is owned by Dwango.
The series has inspired similar titles in Japan, most of which appropriate their games' mechanics from Mystery Dungeon rather than Rogue itself. The series has had moderate popularity, and has found most of its success with the Torneko no Daibōken: Fushigi no Dungeon and Pokémon Mystery Dungeon series, and to a lesser extent the Chocobo games.
Torneko no Daibōken: Fushigi no Dungeon is the first game in the Mystery Dungeon series. It features Torneko, the merchant from Dragon Warrior IV, and his adventures around the Mystery Dungeon in search of items.
Pokémon Mystery Dungeon is a video game series spin off from the main Pokémon series developed by Spike Chunsoft. The games feature the fictional creatures called Pokémon navigating through a randomly generated dungeon using turn-based moves, indicative of Mystery Dungeon games. As of September 2018, there have been ten games across four platforms, as well as two manga adaptations and several animated specials. These games are based in dungeons where a floor map is randomly generated. In the dungeons, players fight other Pokémon while obtaining items and finding stairs to the next floor, exiting the dungeon after a fixed number of floors. Across all installments, the series has sold over 13 million copies.
Although all games in the series bear the Fushigi no Dungeon moniker somewhere in their Japanese titles, only the Shiren the Wanderer games contain original characters; all other license their characters from other role-playing game franchises. The first title, Torneko no Daibōken: Fushigi no Dungeon starred Torneko, a shopkeeper character from the same developer's Dragon Quest IV (Chunsoft being developer of the first five Dragon Quest games). Mystery Dungeon games are notable for being among the few console games in the roguelike genre. Chunsoft has also started several lines of branded Mystery Dungeon games, one featuring the Chocobo from the Final Fantasy series and one featuring Pokémon and TwinBee . The Chocobo games have been noted for further simplifying the genre's difficulty to appeal to a wider and younger audience.
A role-playing game is a game in which players assume the roles of characters in a fictional setting. Players take responsibility for acting out these roles within a narrative, either through literal acting, or through a process of structured decision-making regarding character development. Actions taken within many games succeed or fail according to a formal system of rules and guidelines.
Dragon Quest, published as Dragon Warrior in North America until 2005, is a series of Japanese role-playing video games created by Yuji Horii and his studio Armor Project. The games are published by Square Enix, with localized versions of later installments for the Nintendo DS and 3DS being published by Nintendo outside of Japan. With its first title published in 1986, there are eleven main-series titles, along with numerous spin-off games. In addition, there have been numerous manga, anime and novels published under the franchise, with nearly every game in the main series having a related adaptation.
A video game console is a computer device that outputs a video signal or visual image to display a video game that one or more people can play.
Most Mystery Dungeon games centre around exploring a dungeon with randomly generated layouts and fighting other characters therein in a turn-based manner; every time the player performs an action such as attacking or walking, the opponents also take action.Chunsoft itself described the gameplay as being like chess. Escape from the dungeon is usually only allowed in certain places, or through the use of certain items. Additionally, when the player loses the game the player loses all money plus half the player's items in the more forgiving variants, or loses everything and has to start from scratch in others. An effort has also been made to expand the series gameplay features, such as adding job systems to some titles, and giving each dungeon a different feel and goal. Features distinct to the Shiren the Wanderer series include the "Melding Jar" which allows players to synthesize items and weapons into more powerful ones. The series features an original cast on occasion, which has as its hero Shiren the Wanderer, who journeys with a talking weasel named Koppa, and during their adventures they meet many characters such as Shiren's brother Pekeji, and Orya, a female character that blinds every man she meets.
Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a checkered board with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid. The game is played by millions of people worldwide. Chess is believed to be derived from the Indian game chaturanga some time before the 7th century. Chaturanga is also the likely ancestor of the Eastern strategy games xiangqi, janggi, and shogi. Chess reached Europe by the 9th century, due to the Umayyad conquest of Hispania. The pieces assumed their current powers in Spain in the late 15th century; the modern rules were standardized in the 19th century.
A weasel is a mammal of the genus Mustela of the family Mustelidae. The genus Mustela includes the least weasels, polecats, stoats, ferrets and minks. Members of this genus are small, active predators, with long and slender bodies and short legs. The family Mustelidae is often referred to as the "weasel family". In the UK, the term "weasel" usually refers to the smallest species, the least weasel (M. nivalis).
Koichi Nakamura, founder of Chunsoft and co-creator of the Dragon Quest series, conceived the series as Chunsoft's first original work.After the launch of the Super Famicom, they ceased working on the Dragon Quest series and began working on the Mystery Dungeon series. The series was based on the game Rogue . For a week Nakamura played Rogue at the recommendation of a staff member, trying to understand the game's appeal, and concluded the high degree of challenge made the game very rewarding.
The Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES), also known as the Super NES or Super Nintendo, is a 16-bit home video game console developed by Nintendo that was released in 1990 in Japan and South Korea, 1991 in North America, 1992 in Europe and Australasia (Oceania), and 1993 in South America. In Japan, the system is called the Super Famicom (SFC). In South Korea, it is known as the Super Comboy and was distributed by Hyundai Electronics. The system was released in Brazil on August 30, 1993, by Playtronic. Although each version is essentially the same, several forms of regional lockout prevent the different versions from being compatible with one another.
Rogue is a dungeon crawling video game by Michael Toy and Glenn Wichman and later contributions by Ken Arnold. Rogue was originally developed around 1980 for Unix-based mainframe systems as a freely-distributed executable. It was later included in the official Berkeley Software Distribution 4.2 operating system (4.2BSD). Commercial ports of the game for a range of personal computers were made by Toy, Wichman, and Jon Lane under the company A.I. Design and financially supported by the Epyx software publishers. Additional ports to modern systems have been made since by other parties using the game's now-open source code.
Nakamura explained that the appeal of the Mystery Dungeon series is that every game is different, players skills are constantly being challenged, and helps the player feel deeply involved.Seiichiro Nagahata, who supervised and planned the development of Shiren DS, explained that the Mystery series is all about "tension" and "reasoning".
Famitsu awarded a 36/40 to Shiren the Wanderer 2 .The series has been both praised and criticized for its difficulty, and generally noted for the uneven quality of the randomly generated levels, or "floors", the games produce.
Pokémon Mystery Dungeon: Blue Rescue Team and Red Rescue Team sold over one million copies.The Chocobo series is thought to have had middling success, with strong launch sales but not a huge popular response. Pokémon Mystery Dungeon: Gates to Infinity was the 18th best selling game in Japan in 2012, selling over 373,000 copies.
World of Dragon Warrior: Torneko: The Last Hope is a role-playing video game for the PlayStation. The game was co-developed by Chunsoft and Matrix Software and published by Enix in both Japan and North America in 1999 and 2000 respectively.
Koichi Nakamura is a Japanese video game designer. A programming prodigy, Nakamura gained fame while still in high school; in 1982, he entered Enix's national programming contest and claimed first place with his entry, Door Door. In 1984, he founded the video game company Chunsoft, where he remains its president.
Shiren the Wanderer 2, known in Japan as Fushigi no Dungeon: Fūrai no Shiren 2: Oni Shūrai! Shiren-jō!, is a role-playing video game developed by Chunsoft and published by Nintendo for the Nintendo 64. It is the second main entry in the Shiren the Wanderer series, which is part of the larger Mystery Dungeon series, and was originally released in Japan on September 27, 2000. The game follows Shiren, a boy who aims to defend a village from attacking demons by building a castle; he finds building materials and other items by exploring dungeons.
Mystery Dungeon: Shiren the Wanderer is a roguelike video game developed and published by Chunsoft. It is the second entry in the Mystery Dungeon series, following 1993's Torneko no Daibōken. It was originally released for the Super Famicom in 1995 in Japan; a Nintendo DS remake was published by Sega in 2006 in Japan and 2008 in the West. The remake was later ported to iOS and Android and published by Spike Chunsoft.
Dragon Quest Characters: Torneko no Daibōken 3 – Fushigi no Dungeon is the third game in the Torneko series. It is part of the Mystery Dungeon series and contains randomly generated dungeons and uses turn-based action combat. It is the third Dragon Quest spin-off game in the Mystery Dungeon series. The game was also made for the Game Boy Advance, called Dragon Quest Characters: Torneko no Daibouken 3 Advance, in 2004.
Final Fantasy Fables: Chocobo's Dungeon is a role-playing video game published by Square Enix for the Wii. It is an installment in the Chocobo series that focuses on Chocobo and his quest to free a town lost in time from eternal forgetfulness.
Pokémon Mystery Dungeon: Blue Rescue Team and Pokémon Mystery Dungeon: Red Rescue Team are a matched pair of Pokémon games for the Nintendo DS and Game Boy Advance, respectively. These two games were developed by Chunsoft, published by The Pokémon Company, and distributed by Nintendo. Red Rescue Team was the last Pokémon-themed video game to be released on the Game Boy Advance. The two versions are mostly identical, with Blue Rescue Team taking advantage of the dual-screen features and increased graphical and sound capabilities of the Nintendo DS. The game has six Pokémon exclusive to each version.
Pokémon Mystery Dungeon: Gates to Infinity is a role-playing game in the Pokémon franchise developed by Spike Chunsoft, published by The Pokémon Company and distributed by Nintendo for the Nintendo 3DS. It is the ninth installment in the Pokémon Mystery Dungeon series, and was released in Japan on November 23, 2012, in North America on March 24, 2013, in Europe on May 17, 2013 and in Australia on May 18, 2013.
Mystery Chronicle: One Way Heroics is a role-playing video game developed by Spike Chunsoft for the PlayStation 4 and PlayStation Vita, released in Japan on July 30, 2015. It is a spin-off of the Mystery Dungeon series, and is based on the indie game One Way Heroics.
Shiren the Wanderer: The Tower of Fortune and the Dice of Fate is a roguelike role-playing video game developed by Chunsoft. It is the fifth main entry in the Shiren the Wanderer series, which is a subset of the larger Mystery Dungeon series. It was originally released for the Nintendo DS in 2010, with an expanded version for the PlayStation Vita released in 2015 in Japan and in 2016 in North America and Europe.
Shiren the Wanderer 4: The Eye of God and the Devil's Navel is a role-playing video game developed by Chunsoft and published by Spike. It is the fourth main entry in the Shiren the Wanderer series, which itself is a part of the larger Mystery Dungeon series. The game was originally released for the Nintendo DS in 2010; an expanded port was released for the PlayStation Portable in 2012.
Shiren the Wanderer GB2: Magic Castle of the Desert is a roguelike role-playing video game developed by Chunsoft. It is part of the Mystery Dungeon series, and is a sequel to Shiren the Wanderer GB. It was originally released for the Game Boy Color by Chunsoft on July 19, 2001; a Nintendo DS remake, Shiren the Wanderer DS2: Magic Castle of the Desert, was released by Sega on November 13, 2008.
The Pokémon Mystery Dungeon: Adventure Team series are three role-playing games released for WiiWare, part of the Pokémon Mystery Dungeon series of games. The titles, which were released in Japan on 4 August 2009, are Pokémon Mystery Dungeon: Advance! Fire Adventure Team, Pokémon Mystery Dungeon: Go! Storm Adventure Team and Pokémon Mystery Dungeon: Aim! Light Adventure Team. The games are the only Mystery Dungeon titles to date to be released for a home console and not to be released for the international audience.