Närke

Last updated
Närke
Narke vapen.svg
Coat of arms
Sverigekarta-Landskap Narke.svg
Country Sweden
Land Svealand
Counties Örebro County
Västmanland County
Södermanland County
Area
  Total4,122 km2 (1,592 sq mi)
Population
 (2016) [1]
  Total208,376
  Density51/km2 (130/sq mi)
Ethnicity
  Language Swedish
Sveamål
Culture
  Flower Cowslip
  Animal Hazel dormouse
  Bird Yellow bunting
  Fish Pike
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)

Närke (Swedish pronunciation:  [ˈnæ̌rːkɛ] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is a Swedish traditional province, or landskap, situated in Svealand in south central Sweden. It is bordered by Västmanland to the north, Södermanland to the east, Östergötland to the southeast, Västergötland to the southwest, and Värmland to the northwest. Närke has a surface area of 4,126 km² and a total population of 208,376. [1]

Contents

Name

The name of the province (Neeric 1165-81) comes from an old word när (narrow) which refers to the narrow ridge where the church of Norrbyås (Nerboahs 1275) is situated. What the rest of the name means is not clear. [2] In English sometimes also Nerike (an archaic spelling of the province) and Nericia (the Latin name) is used for the province.

Riseberga Abbey Ruin in Lekeberg Riseberga Monastery Ruin.JPG
Riseberga Abbey Ruin in Lekeberg
View over the surroundings of Orebro, Narke Blankabacken i Narke.JPG
View over the surroundings of Örebro, Närke

Administration

The traditional provinces of Sweden serve no administrative or political purposes, but are historical and cultural entities. In the case of Närke, the province makes up the southern part of Örebro County.

The following municipalities have their seats in Närke:

Heraldry

Arms granted in 1560, and revised a decade or so later with the current one. The arms is represented with a ducal coronet. At the centre there are two crossbow bolts was - the crossbow being the favourite weapon of the peasants. Blazon: "Gules between four Roses Argent two Arrows in saltire Or points upward pointed Argent." The Närke arms is one of the components of the coat of arms for Örebro County, granted in 1944.

Geography

The oldest city in Närke was Örebro, receiving its privileges around 1200. After that, Askersund was chartered in 1643 and Kumla in 1942. City status in Sweden was discontinued as of 1971, so these are historical titles.

History

Prehistory

Norse mythology mentions three kings of Närke, Nidud, Olof the Sharp-sighted and Sporsnjall. Nidud was a villainous king in the lay of Wayland the smith, Olaf aided the Norwegian king Vikar in battle, and Sporsnjall was burnt to death by Ingjald Ill-ruler together with five other petty kings.

History

Närke was renowned for its warlike peasants and when coat-of-arms for the province was granted for the funeral of King Gustav Vasa in 1560 two crossbow darts was the central symbol - the crossbow being the favourite weapon of the peasants.

In Närke there are also a number of ancient castles. The most important and best preserved one is located in Tarsta at Sköllersta.

Dukes of Närke

Since 1772, Swedish Princes have been created Dukes of various provinces. This is solely a nominal title.

Culture

The province of Närke has 5,200 ancient remains.

Historical subdivisions

The old subdivisions of provinces were the Hundreds of Sweden. In Närke, the hundreds were:

Sports

Football in the province is administered by Örebro Läns Fotbollförbund. Ice hockey is also popular, with Örebro HK, and bandy with Örebro SK.

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Västmanland Historical province of Sweden

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Örebro Castle is a medieval castle fortification in Örebro, Närke, Sweden. It was expanded during the reign of the royal family Vasa and finally rebuilt about 1900. The castle lies on an island in river Svartån. Some of the rooms are used as classrooms for pupils from Karolinska Skolan.

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Småland Historical province of Sweden

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General elections were held in Sweden on 19 September 1976. Results were published by the Statistical Central Bureau.

References

Footnotes

  1. 1 2 "Folkmängd i landskapen den 31 december 2016" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 21 March 2017. Retrieved 2017-11-27.
  2. Karin Calissendorff and Anna Larsson: Ortnamn i Närke, p. 47. Högskolan i Örebro / AWE/Gebers 1998
  3. Eivor Martinus in Barndrottningen Filippa, ISBN   978-91-7331-663-7, pp 115, 164 & 167

Coordinates: 59°14′35″N15°16′16″E / 59.243°N 15.271°E / 59.243; 15.271