Nógrád County

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Nógrád County

Nógrád megye
Cserhat Mountains, north of Holloko.JPG
Dregelyvar (6574. szamu muemlek) 3.jpg
Holloko Ofalu Fo utca (reszlet).jpg
Descending, from top: Hills near Hollókő, Castle of Drégely, View of Hollókő
FLAG-Nograd.svg
Flag
Coa Hungary County Nograd.svg
Coat of arms
HU county Nograd.svg
Nógrád County within Hungary
Country Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
Region Northern Hungary
County seat Salgótarján
Districts
Government
  President of the General AssemblyNándor Skuczi (Fidesz-KDNP)
Area
  Total2,545.48 km2 (982.82 sq mi)
Area rank 18th in Hungary
Population
 (2015)
  Total195,923 [1]
  Rank 19th in Hungary
Postal code
2175 – 2179, 2610, 2611, 2616 – 2619, 264x – 269x, 304x – 31xx
Area code(s) (+36) 32, 35
ISO 3166 code HU-NO
Website www.nograd.hu

Nógrád (Hungarian : Nógrád megye, pronounced  [ˈnoːɡraːd] ; Slovak : Novohradská župa) is a county (Hungarian : megye) of Hungary.

Contents

Description

Nógrád county lies in northern Hungary. It shares borders with Slovakia and the Hungarian counties Pest, Heves and Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén. The capital of Nógrád county is Salgótarján. Its area is 2,544 km². It is the smallest county by population and the second smallest by area (after Komárom-Esztergom).

Nógrád is famous for its historic architecture of ancient Gothic churches and stone castles dated to the 13th century. Other historic landmark includes the baroque buildings constructed in the 18th century and the Vay, Teleki. Much of the northern border of the county is formed by the river Ipoly. The mountain ranges Börzsöny, Cserhát and Mátra lie partly in the county.

Due to the mountains, the county is characterised by small villages nestled in the valleys. The two largest settlements are Balassagyarmat, the former county seat, and Salgótarján, which has become a center of industry in the early 20th century due to coal mines nearby.

History

Nógrád (-Hungarian, in Latin: comitatus Neogradiensis, in German: Neuburg or Neograd, in Slovak: Novohrad) was also the name of a historic administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. The name stems from the former Nógrád castle (Slovak : Novohrad - this name is still used in Slovakia as well as the informal designation of the corresponding territory, now located in southern Slovakia and in northern Hungary).

Demographics

Religion in Nógrád County (2011 census)

   Catholic Church (55.4%)
   Greek Catholicism (0.2%)
   Lutheranism (3.9%)
   Calvinism (2.1%)
  Other religions (1.8%)
   Non-religious (12.2%)
   Atheists (0.9%)
  Undeclared (23.5%)

In 2015, it had a population of 195,923 and the population density was 77/km².

YearCounty population [2] Change
1949214,757n/a
1960Increase2.svg 235,6759.74%
1970Decrease2.svg 234,430-0.53%
1980Increase2.svg 240,251 (record)2.48%
1990Decrease2.svg 227,137-5.46%
2001Decrease2.svg 220,261-3.03%
2011Decrease2.svg 202,427-8.10%

Ethnicity

Besides the Hungarian majority, the main minorities are the Roma (approx. 15,000), Slovak (2,500) and German (1,000).

Total population (2011 census): 202,427
Ethnic groups (2011 census): [3] Identified themselves: 192,438 persons:

Approx. 26,000 persons in Nógrád County did not declare their ethnic group at the 2011 census.

Religion

Religious adherence in the county according to 2011 census: [4]

Regional structure

District of Nograd County Nograd districts.png
District of Nógrád County
English and
Hungarian names
Area
(km²)
Population
(2011)
Density
(pop./km²)
Seat№ of
municipalities
1 Balassagyarmat District
Balassagyarmati járás
532.9440,32676 Balassagyarmat 29
2 Bátonyterenye District
Bátonyterenyei járás
215.4521,789101 Bátonyterenye 8
3 Pásztó District
Pásztói járás
551.5631,72958 Pásztó 26
4 Rétság District
Rétsági járás
435.0324,39556 Rétság 25
5 Salgótarján District
Salgótarjáni járás
525.2364,601123 Salgótarján 29
6 Szécsény District
Szécsényi járás
285.2619,58769 Szécsény 14
Nógrád County2,545.48202,42780 Salgótarján 131

Politics

The Nógrád County Council, elected at the 2019 local government elections, is made up of 15 counselors, [5] with the following party composition:

PartySeatsCurrent County Assembly
  Fidesz-KDNP 10          
  Democratic Coalition 1          
  Jobbik 1          
  Momentum Movement 1          
  Hungarian Socialist Party 1          
  Our Homeland Movement 1          

Presidents of the General Assembly

List of Presidents, from 1990 [6] [7]
Ferenc Korill (SZDSZ)1990–1994
Sándor Smitnya (SZDSZ)1994–1998
Zsolt Becsó (Fidesz)1998–2002
Ottó Dóra (MSZP)2002–2006
Zsolt Becsó (Fidesz-KDNP)2006–2014
Nándor Skuczi (Fides-KDNP)2014–

Municipalities

Nógrád County has 1 urban county, 5 towns and 125 villages.

City with county rights

(ordered by population, as of 2011 census)

Towns
Villages

Related Research Articles

Salgótarján City with county rights in Nógrád, Hungary

Salgótarján is the capital of Nógrád county, north-eastern Hungary, making it the third smallest county capital based on population.

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Vas County County of Hungary

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Csongrád-Csanád County County of Hungary

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Fiľakovo Town in Slovakia

Fiľakovo is a town in the Banská Bystrica Region of south-central Slovakia. Historically it was located in Nógrád County, as part of the Nógrád, Novohrad, "Newcastle" region.

Rétság Town in Nógrád, Hungary

Rétság is a small town in Nógrád county, in Hungary.

Nőtincs Place in Nógrád, Hungary

Nőtincs, a pictorial locality looking back on a thousand-year old history is in Nógrád county, Hungary. The village is located 51 km (32 mi) north of Budapest near the European route E77, halfway between Vác and Balassagyarmat. Nőtincs is seated at the border of Cserhát and Börzsöny hills. Its location determines the function of the village.

Heves County County of Hungary

Heves lies in northern Hungary. It lies between the right bank of the river Tisza and the Mátra and Bükk mountains. It shares borders with the Hungarian counties Pest, Nógrád, Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén and Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok. Eger is the county seat.

Nógrád County (former) former Nógrád County before 1950

Nógrád was an administrative county of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now divided between Hungary and Slovakia. The name Novohrad is still used in Slovakia as an informal designation of the corresponding territory. The name is derived from the former Nógrád castle in Hungary.

Szalmatercs Place in Nógrád, Hungary

Szalmatercs is a village in Nógrád county, Hungary.

The Novohrad – Nógrád Geopark (NNG), a geopark straddling the border between Hungary and Slovakia, is one of the first transnational geoparks in the world. It is a member of the UNESCO Global Geoparks Network and European Geoparks Network.

Bátonyterenye District Districts of Hungary in Nógrád

Bátonyterenye is a district in eastern part of Nógrád County. Bátonyterenye is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Northern Hungary Statistical Region.

Balassagyarmat District Districts of Hungary in Nógrád

Balassagyarmat is a district in north-western part of Nógrád County. Balassagyarmat is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Northern Hungary Statistical Region.

Pásztó District Districts of Hungary in Nógrád

Pásztó is a district in south-eastern part of Nógrád County. Pásztó is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Northern Hungary Statistical Region.

Rétság District Districts of Hungary in Nógrád

Rétság is a district in western part of Nógrád County. Rétság is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Northern Hungary Statistical Region.

Salgótarján District Districts of Hungary in Nógrád

Salgótarján is a district in north-eastern part of Nógrád County. Salgótarján is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Northern Hungary Statistical Region.

Szécsény District Districts of Hungary in Nógrád

Szécsény is a district in northern part of Nógrád County. Szécsény is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Northern Hungary Statistical Region.

Pétervására District Districts of Hungary in Heves

Pétervására is a district in north-western part of Heves County. Pétervására is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Northern Hungary Statistical Region.

Vác District Districts of Hungary in Pest

Vác is a district in northern part of Pest County. Vác is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Central Hungary Statistical Region.

References

  1. nepesseg.com, population data of Hungarian settlements
  2. népesség.com, "Nógrád megye népessége 1870-2015"
  3. 1.1.6. A népesség anyanyelv, nemzetiség és nemek szerint – Frissítve: 2013.04.17.; Hungarian Central Statistical Office (in Hungarian)
  4. 2011. ÉVI NÉPSZÁMLÁLÁS, 3. Területi adatok, 3.13 Nógrád megye, (in Hungarian)
  5. "Megyei közgyűlés tagjai 2019-2024 (Nógrád megye)". valasztas.hu. Retrieved 2019-10-29.
  6. Önkormányzati választások eredményei (in Hungarian)
  7. General Assembly website

Coordinates: 48°00′N19°34′E / 48.00°N 19.57°E / 48.00; 19.57