Nørrebro

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Norrebro seen from one of the lakes (Soerne) that separate the area from the inner city centre. Norrebro.jpg
Nørrebro seen from one of the lakes (Søerne) that separate the area from the inner city centre.
The districts of Copenhagen municipality:
A: Indre By ("Copenhagen Center")
B: Christianshavn
C: Indre Osterbro ("Inner Osterbro")
D: Ydre Osterbro ("Outer Osterbro")
E: Indre Norrebro ("Inner Norrebro")
F: Ydre Norrebro ("Outer Norrebro")
G: Bispebjerg
H: Vanlose
I: Bronshoj-Husum
J: Vesterbro
K: Kongens Enghave
L: Valby
M: Vestamager
N: Sundbyvester
O: Sundbyoster Districts of Copenhagen municipality 2002-2006.svg
The districts of Copenhagen municipality:
A: Indre By ("Copenhagen Center")
B: Christianshavn
C: Indre Østerbro ("Inner Østerbro")
D: Ydre Østerbro ("Outer Østerbro")
E: Indre Nørrebro ("Inner Nørrebro")
F: Ydre Nørrebro ("Outer Nørrebro")
G: Bispebjerg
H: Vanløse
I: Brønshøj-Husum
J: Vesterbro
K: Kongens Enghave
L: Valby
M: Vestamager
N: Sundbyvester
O: Sundbyøster

Nørrebro (Danish pronunciation:  [ˈnɶɐ̯ɐˌpʁoˀ] ) is one of the 10 official districts of Copenhagen, Denmark. [1] It is northwest of the city centre, beyond the location of the old Northern Gate (Nørreport), which, until dismantled in 1856, was near the current Nørreport station.

Contents

Geography

Nørrebro has an area of 3.82 km2 (1.47 sq mi) and a population of 71,891. [2] It is bordered by Indre By to the southeast, Østerbro to the northeast, Bispebjerg to the northwest and Frederiksberg Municipality to the southwest. [1]

History

Before 1852, Nørrebro was in the countryside. When the city decided to abandon the demarcation line in 1852, which had previously kept the city within very limited geographical limits, a building boom took place in Nørrebro. Nørrebro became the home of thousands of new workers, who came to seek their fortune in the city. [3]

Culture

Nørrebro is known for its poly-cultural society. The multiethnic main street Nørrebrogade runs through the area, with a multitude of shops and restaurants. One of the main points of interest in the area is historic Assistens Cemetery (Assistens Kirkegård), the final resting place of famous Danes such as Søren Kierkegaard, Niels Bohr and H.C. Andersen.

Nørrebro is inhabited by people from all parts of the world. In 2017, almost one out of six inhabitants had a non-Danish passport, hereof mainly a passport from a European (9.4%) or Asian (3.1%) country. [4] The largest foreigner communities are Swedes (1.0%), Germans (0.9%), Norwegian (0.9%), Brits (0.8%) and Turks (0.7%). [5]

Riots

Rioters fighting police in Norrebro Gadewar.jpg
Rioters fighting police in Nørrebro

Nørrebrogade is known as the site of many riots over the years. During the 1980s, it often provided the setting for violent clashes between Danish police and militant squatters known as BZ. The battles were of a very vicious nature, often involving Molotov cocktails and pipe bombs being used by the squatters, as well as batons, tear gas and firearms used by the police.

On 18 May 1993, the district was the scene of the Nørrebro riot following the Danish "yes"-vote to the European Union. The police were unprepared for the rioters, who threw paving stones from a nearby construction site. Subsequently, 113 shots were fired: several demonstrators were wounded, some severely. [6] Though none of the protesters died at the time, the fight left 13 demonstrators and 92 policemen injured.

The riot was the worst since World War II, but although an official investigation was initiated [7] there is still much doubt as to why the policemen were unprepared or what exactly happened. [8] Following the riot the Danish police upgraded their hand-carried weapons and riot gear to modern standards and began a process towards better strategic and tactical handling of crowds and riots.

In late December 2006, a riot took place, regarding the fate of the squatted social centre Ungdomshuset ("The Youth House"), a rendez-vous point for the far-left. A demonstration in support of the house was blocked by the police and a fullface streetfight broke out. The demonstrators hurled stones and fireworks at the police, who in response used their armoured cars to disband the demonstrators and fired tear gas in to the crowd. The fight grew into a full-scale riot, with fires burning over night in the streets. Four police and two demonstrators were injured.

On March 1, 2007, the biggest riots in recent Danish history broke out when the police moved in and evicted squatters in Ungdomshuset, which was followed by the demolition of the building. It is estimated that the eviction of Ungdomshuset and the damage done during the following riots has cost the city and the state around 100 million danish kroner (around 17 million USD).[ citation needed ] On September 1, 2007, additional rioting resulted from a protest marking six months after the demolition of Ungdomshuset. [9]

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

Indre Nørrebro District of Copenhagen, Denmark

Indre Nørrebro, is one of the 15 administrative, statistical, and tax city districts (bydele) comprising the municipality of Copenhagen, Denmark. It covers an area of 1.72 km², has a population of 31,046 and a population density of 18,057 per km², making it the second most densely populated district in Copenhagen.

Vesterbro, Copenhagen

Vesterbro is one of the 15 administrative, statistical, and city tax districts (bydele) comprising the municipality of Copenhagen, Denmark. It covers an area of 3.76 km², and has a population of 51,466 and a population density of 13,688 per km².

Vanløse

Vanløse is one of the 10 official districts of Copenhagen, Denmark. It lies on the western border of the municipality. Vanløse covers an area of 6.69 km², and has a population of 36,115, making Vanløse the smallest district of Copenhagen, by population.

Brønshøj-Husum is one of the 10 official districts of Copenhagen, Denmark. The district is bisected by Frederikssundsvej and consists mainly of vast areas of single family detached homes. It lies on the northwest border of the municipality. It covers an area of 8.73 km², has a population of 39,588. The district, now a quiet suburban area, has developed around the two old villages of Brønshøj and Husum.

Østerbro is one of the 10 official districts of Copenhagen, Denmark. It is located just north of the city centre, outside the old city gate Østerport which, after it was moved around 1700, used to be located close to present-day Østerport Station. From the beginning, Østerbro has been a wealthy district, and it remains one of the most affluent areas in Copenhagen.

Ungdomshuset

Ungdomshuset was the popular name of the building formally named Folkets Hus located on Jagtvej 69 in Nørrebro, Copenhagen, which functioned as an underground scene venue for music and rendezvous point for varying autonomist and leftist groups from 1982 until 2007 when—after prolonged conflict—it was torn down, and later also for its successor, located on Dortheavej 61 in the adjacent Bispebjerg neighbourhood. Due to the ongoing conflict between the Copenhagen Municipality and the activists occupying the premises, the building on Jagtvej was the subject of intense media attention and public debate from the mid-1990s till 2008.

Faderhuset was a Danish evangelical Christian free church based in the Copenhagen capital region. Faderhuset was best known for acquiring the ownership of the building in central Copenhagen known as Ungdomshuset, a building also claimed by young people from the Danish left-wing movement. Ungdomshuset figured prominently in world news the first week of March 2007 as riots broke out between the youth squatting in Ungdomshuset and the local police.

Nørrebrogade

Nørrebrogade is the principal shopping street of the Nørrebro district of Copenhagen, Denmark. It runs from The Lakes in the southeast to Nørrebro station in the northwest, linking Frederiksborggade and Queen Louise's Bridge with Frederikssundsvej. The street passes Assistens Cemetery, Nørrebro Runddel and the Superkilen linear park. Buildings include the multipurpose venue Nørrebrohallen and two churches.

The Battle of Ryesgade was a nine-day series of street fights in mid-September 1986, in the Copenhagen street Ryesgade. It was the most violent event in a long-standing conflict between the Copenhagen city council and the city's community of squatters. Faced with an ultimatum to leave their illegally occupied housing or face eviction, the squatters instead fortified the streets around their building so strongly that it became a cop-free zone. They took advantage of this lack of control by burning down a building belonging to the Sperry Corporation. For nine days, massed police unsuccessfully attempted to evict the squatters. The civil disorder was of a magnitude never before seen in Denmark. After communicating a manifesto through the media, the defenders finally abandoned the squat and dispersed without being apprehended.

The Copenhagen December Riot took place on 16 December 2006 in the Copenhagen area of Nørrebro. The spark of the riot was the longstanding conflict over the fate of the alternative left-wing social centre Ungdomshuset. The riot broke out when a Black Bloc demonstration in support of Ungdomshuset was blocked by the police. The riot was the worst of its kind in Copenhagen for at least 13 years and marked a low point in the negotiations between the authorities and the users of Ungdomshuset.

Copenhagen Municipality Place in Copenhagen, Denmark

Copenhagen Municipality, also known in English as the Municipality of Copenhagen, located in the Capital Region of Denmark, is the largest of the four municipalities that constitute the City of Copenhagen, the other three being Dragør, Frederiksberg, and Tårnby. The Municipality of Copenhagen constitutes the historical city center and the majority of its landmarks. It is the most populous in the country with a population of 638,678 inhabitants, and covers 86.4 square kilometres (33.4 sq mi) in area,. Copenhagen Municipality is located at the Zealand and Amager islands and totally surrounds Frederiksberg Municipality on all sides. The strait of Øresund lies to the east. The city of Copenhagen has grown far beyond the municipal boundaries from 1901, when Frederiksberg Municipality was made an enclave within Copenhagen Municipality. Frederiksberg has the largest population density of the municipalities of Denmark.

Vesterbro/Kongens Enghave

Vesterbro/Kongens Enghave is one of the 10 official districts of Copenhagen, Denmark. The district has an area of 8.22 km² and a population of 53,351.

Districts of Copenhagen are often based on informal designations based on historic origins, often with alternative names and loosely defined boundaries. Copenhagen Municipality is divided into 10 official administrative districts but they often comprise areas of a heterogeneous character which are colegually not seen as one district. Some districts have earlier been official subdivisions and thus have semi-official boundaries. Copenhagen postal code designations often correspond to district boundaries but in some cases differ from them, as an example parts of the city centre has the postal code København V which is generally associated with Vesterbro.

Norrebro, Denmark is an active community that nurtures an environment in which creativity is ever-present in daily life.

Nordvest or The North West Block is an area in Denmark's Copenhagen municipality. It is located in the southwestern part of the Bispebjerg district. Although there are no clear borders nor any official demarcation, it is broadly recognized as the area covered mostly by the Danish postal code 2400 København NV, although some areas lie outside this postal code. As of 2005, 44,177 people resided in the area.

Urban districts of Denmark

An urban district is the name used for urban or municipality districts in some of the larger municipalities of Denmark. The term is not strictly defined, but is usually bigger than a quarter or a city block.

Ryesgade

Ryesgade is a street straddling the border of the Nørrebro and Østerbro districts of Copenhagen, Denmark. Together with Ravnsborggade, its continuation to the south, it forms the backbone of a small neighbourhood bounded by The Lakes to the east, Blegdamsvej to the west, Nørrebrogade to the south and Østerbrogade to the north. The busy artery Fredensgade and the adjacent Fredens Park, effectively separates the Nørrebro and Østerbro portions of Ryesgade from each other. Ryesgade was formerly known for its many second-hand stores of which a few still exist today.

Jagtvej

Jagtvej is a major artery in the Nørrebro and Østerbro districts of Copenhagen, Denmark. It runs from Agade on the border with Frederiksberg in the southwest to Østerbrogade in the northeast, linking Falkoner Allé with Strandboulevarden. The street passes Assistens Cemetery, University of Copenhagen's North Campus and Fælled Park.

Kapelvej

Kapelvej is a street in the Nørrebro district of Copenhagen, Denmark. It runs from Nørrebrogade in the northeast to Ågade in the southwest. It first part follows the southeast wall of Assistens Cemetery. The Neo-Gothic Holy Cross Church is located at the corner with Hans Tavsens Gade. The street is blocked for cars at Tjørnegade.

Fælledvej

Fælledvej is a street in the Nørrebro district of Copenhagen, Denmark. It links the major shopping street Nørrebrogade in the west with the square Sankt Hans Torv in the east.

References

  1. 1 2 "Københavns bydele". Københavns Kommune. Archived from the original on 2009-05-10. Retrieved 2009-11-02.
  2. "Folketal og boliger i bydele og roder samt folketal i skoledistrikter 1. januar 2009". København Kommune. Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2009-11-01.
  3. "Lidt Nørrebro-historie". Noerrebrolokalhistorie.dk. Retrieved 2010-08-11.
  4. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-04-22. Retrieved 2017-04-22.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-04-22. Retrieved 2017-04-22.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. "DR feature on the riots". Dr.dk. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
  7. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-16. Retrieved 2009-10-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. "Arkiv". Webarkiv.ft.dk. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
  9. The Associated Press (2007-09-02). "63 arrested in Copenhagen clashes". Washington Post .

Coordinates: 55°41′18″N12°33′35″E / 55.68833°N 12.55972°E / 55.68833; 12.55972