N700S Series Shinkansen

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N700S series
JRC N700S series J1.jpg
JR Central N700S series train
In service1 July 2020;12 months ago (2020-07-01) – Present
Manufacturer Hitachi, Nippon Sharyo
Replaced 700 series, N700 series
Entered service1 July 2020
Number in service216 vehicles (14 sets) (as of 1 April 2021)
Formation16 cars per trainset (6 cars per trainset for Nagasaki Shinkansen)
CapacityTokaido/Sanyo 16-car sets (J, H):
1,323 (200 Green + 1,123 ordinary)
Depot(s)Tokyo, Hakata, Osaka
Line(s) served Tōkaidō Shinkansen, San'yō Shinkansen, Hakata-Minami Line
Car body constructionAluminium
Car length25 m (82 ft 0 in) (intermediate cars)
27.35 m (89 ft 9 in) (end cars)
Width3.36 m (11 ft 0 in)
Height3.6 m (11 ft 10 in), (middle cars and connectors of end cars) (without rooftop equipment)
3.5 m (11 ft 6 in) (end cars excluding connector with middle cars)
Maximum speed285 km/h (177 mph) (Tokaido)
300 km/h (186 mph) (Sanyo)
260 km/h (162 mph) (Nagasaki) (2022)
330 km/h (205 mph) (Texas Central) (planned)
Electric system(s) 25 kV 60 Hz AC catenary
Current collection method Pantograph
Braking system(s) Pneumatic, regenerative
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge

The N700S series (N700S系, Enu nanahyakuesu-kei) is a Japanese Shinkansen high-speed train with tilting capability operated by JR Central and JR West on the Tokaido and San'yō Shinkansen lines since 2020, and also planned to be operated by JR Kyushu on the Nagasaki Shinkansen line.



In June 2016, JR Central announced plans to build a new prototype "N700S" 16-car trainset (with "S" standing for "Supreme") for evaluating new technology and features on the Tokaido and Sanyo Shinkansen lines from March 2018. [1] Developed from the earlier N700 series design, the new train will incorporate a number of new features. Refinements to the ATC and braking systems will enable shorter braking distances in emergencies such as earthquakes. [1] Optimized underfloor equipment layout will allow the same standard design to be used to easily produce 12, 8 and 6-car trainsets in addition to the Tokaido Shinkansen 16-car trainsets. [1] The optimization is intended to make the train more flexible for possible export. [2] [3] The optimization further allows Toshiba SCiB LTO batteries to be installed so that the train can operate at low speed in the event of a disruption to overhead power. [4] Green cars will use active suspension to further improve ride quality, and ordinary-class cars will have AC power outlets for each seat. [1]

A 16-car prototype set (J0), assembled at the Nippon Sharyo Toyokawa plant, was unveiled at Hamamatsu depot on 10 March 2018. [2] Beginning from 20 March, this set has been used for testing and evaluation. [2] The first full-production J set (J1) was delivered to JR Central in April 2020, with trains entering revenue service on 1 July 2020.

High-speed trials at the design speed of 360 km/h were conducted during 2019 on the Tokaido Shinkansen, reaching 362 km/h. [5] This is 28 km/h faster than the fastest speed ever achieved by the N700A, and may indicate plans to raise the maximum operating speed on the line. [6]


The first N700S sets replaced 700 series trains, and added more rolling stock needed to realize the increased amount of services on the Tokaido Shinkansen planned from 2020. [7] [8] The N700S series is expected to gradually replace N700 series sets on the Sanyo, Tokaido, and Kyushu Shinkansen lines.

The train is also planned to run on the proposed Texas Central Railway high-speed line connecting Dallas and Houston, as well as the Nagasaki Shinkansen. [9] [10]


16-car J sets "N700S"

The J sets were the first to be introduced, and include the pre-series J0 set used for testing between 2018 and 2020.


The 16-car J sets are formed as follows.

Car No.12345678910111213141516
Seating capacity6510085100901007568646863100901008075
FacilitiesToilets Toilets / smoking roomTelephoneToilets Toilets / smoking roomConductor's compartment / AED Toilets / telephoneSmoking roomToilets / multi-purpose compartmentTelephoneToilets Toilets / smoking room / telephone 

Fleet list

As of 1 April 2021, the JR Central N700S series 'J' set fleet is as follows.

Set No.ManufacturerDate deliveredRemarks
J0 Hitachi/Nippon Sharyo 25 March 2018Pre-series set
J1Nippon Sharyo14 April 2020Fiscal 2020 batch
J2Hitachi16 June 2020
J3Nippon Sharyo20 May 2020
J4Hitachi9 September 2020
J5Nippon Sharyo23 June 2020
J6Hitachi30 November 2020
J7Nippon Sharyo26 August 2020
J8Nippon SharyoSeptember 2020
J9Nippon Sharyo11 November 2020
J10Hitachi11 January 2021
J11Nippon Sharyo19 December 2020
J12Hitachi23 February 2021
J13Fiscal 2021 batch

16-car H sets (N700S-3000 series "N700S")

These are 16-car N700S series sets owned by JR West and classified as N700S-3000 series sets.


The 16-car H sets are formed as follows.

Car No.12345678910111213141516
Seating capacity6510085100901007568646863100901008075
FacilitiesToilets Toilets / smoking roomTelephoneToilets Toilets / smoking roomConductor's compartment / AED Toilets / telephoneSmoking roomToilets / multi-purpose compartmentTelephoneToilets Toilets / smoking room / telephone 

Fleet list

Set No.ManufacturerDate deliveredRemarks
H1 Hitachi 3 February 2021Fiscal 2020 batch
H2 Nippon Sharyo 17 March 2021

Overall fleet history

The annual totals for the fleet sizes (number of vehicles as of 1 April each year) are as follows.[ citation needed ]

Year JR Central JR West JR Kyushu Texas CentralTotal


See also

Related Research Articles

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