Last updated
NPO 1 logo 2014.svg
Country Netherlands
Broadcast areaNationwide. Also available in Belgium and Germany
Headquarters Hilversum
Picture format 2160p UHDTV
(downscaled to 1080i and 16:9 576i for the HDTV and SDTV feeds respectively)
Owner NPO
Sister channels NPO 2
NPO 1 Extra
NPO 2 Extra
NPO Politiek en Nieuws
Launched2 October 1951;71 years ago (1951-10-02)
Former namesNTS (1951–1964)
Nederland 1 (1964–2014)
Website NPO 1 website
Digitenne (FTA)Channel 1 (HD)
Streaming media
Ziggo GO (Europe only)
KPN iTV Online Watch live (Europe only)
NPO Start Watch Live

NPO 1 (NPO een, formerly Nederland 1Dutch pronunciation: [ˌneːdərlɑnt ˈeːn] until 2014) is the first national television station in the Netherlands. It launched on 2 October 1951. It provides public broadcasting and currently exists next to sister channels NPO 2 and NPO 3. Several broadcasting organisations of the Publieke Omroep deliver a wide variety of programs for the channel, usually for larger audiences. In 2018, it was the most viewed channel in the Netherlands, reaching a market share of 22.0%. [1]



Early years, the 50s

In the Netherlands the first television experiments took place in the 1930s. Dutch technology company Philips played an important role in these experiments. In 1951 public radio broadcasters AVRO, KRO, VARA and NCRV established the NTS, Nederlandse Televisie Stichting (Dutch Television Foundation). The very first public broadcast began from studio Irene in Bussum on 2 October 1951 at 8:15 pm. It was transmitted from Lopik, soon followed by Hilversum as well. On 5 January 1956 the NTS broadcast their first news programme, NTS Journaal. In the 1950s television attracted only a low number of viewers. The high prices of television sets were the main reason why. [2] During the 1950s television became available nationally by the introduction of more transmitters and repeaters in Goes, Roosendaal, Loon op Zand, Mierlo, Roermond, Markelo, Ugchelen, Zwolle, Smilde and the new Gerbrandy Tower in IJsselstein.

Creation of Nederland 1

From October 1960 NTS began broadcasting daily from 8:00 pm till 10:20 pm. Two years later the broadcasting hours were extended from 26 to 30 hours a week. On 1 October 1964, a second public television channel began broadcasting, Nederland 2 and the first public broadcasting channel was renamed into Nederland 1. [3] In 1967, colour television broadcasts were introduced by using the PAL-system. Also in that same year advertising between programmes was introduced. In 1969 the Dutch government adopted the so-called open-system for the public broadcasting system, allowing more public broadcasting organisations. Though, a potential new organisation must have 100,000 members or more to be allowed in. On 29 May 1969, the NTS and the Dutch Radio Union (NRU) merged into the NOS serving as an umbrella organisation for the public broadcasting organisations. Its main focus is on general news and sports broadcasts and also provides technical and administrative coordination. [4]

Launch of Nederland 3

In anticipation of the launch of new commercial channels broadcast by satellite, a third television network, Nederland 3 launched in April 1988. After the launch of Nederland 3 in 1988, Nederland 1 was the mainstay of the broadcasters KRO, NCRV, VARA and EO. On 30 September 1991, Nederland 1 introduced a new logo which depicts a yellow "1"-numeral that is placed inside a blue diamond, and at the same time, VARA was moved to Nederland 2, while AVRO moved to this channel, thus earning the nickname AKN (AVRO-KRO-NCRV). Another restructuring was made on 28 September 1992 when Nederland 1 abolished in-vision continuity, in favour for voiceover continuity and at the same time, religious and humanism broadcasters moved from Nederland 3 to Nederland 1, where they were given more airtime for their output. In return, EO moved to Nederland 2, before making their programming output available on all three channels on 24 August 2000 before the huge revamp from 4 September 2006.

Luxembourg-based RTL-Véronique began broadcasting in October 1989. In 1992, the government of the Netherlands legalised commercial television, and a number of new commercial channels were established resulting in a reduction in the market share of the public networks. [5]

Transition to (U)HD and the NPO

Until 2006 each public broadcasting organisation had been associated with just one channel, being either Nederland 1, Nederland 2 or Nederland 3. In the 2006/2007 season, the three channels got re-arranged. Nederland 1 became the flagship television channel aimed at a wide audience, Nederland 2 got a more highbrow programming with news, current affairs and documentaries and Nederland 3 is oriented towards children, youth and innovative television. [6] The NOS is no longer the coordinating organisation. This function is taken over by the newly formed NPO.

On 16 September 2007, Nederland 1, Nederland 2 and Nederland 3 switched completely to anamorphic widescreen before that time, only some of the programming was broadcast in widescreen. On 4 July 2009, all three channels began simulcasting in 1080i high-definition. [7] Before the launch of the permanent HD service, a test version of the Nederland 1 HD channel was made available from 2 June 2008 until 24 August 2008 in order to broadcast Euro 2008, the 2008 Tour de France, the 2008 Summer Olympics, and De Simpsons in HD.

On 12 March 2013, the NPO announced that Nederland 1, 2 and 3 would be renamed as NPO 1, 2 and 3. The reason for this change is to make the channels and its programmes more recognizable. [8] The rebranding completed on 19 August 2014. [9]

NPO 1 launched its first trials with ultra-high-definition television through KPN, CanalDigitaal and some minor networks on 14 June 2018, using the HLG standard. [10] [11] [12]

KPN started to switch its digital terrestrial television platform to the DVB-T2 HEVC standard in October 2018, [13] this transition completed on 9 July 2019. [14] Since then NPO 1 is also available FTA in HD.


Currently,[ when? ] most of the biggest productions of Dutch public broadcasting television programs are shown on NPO 1, sometimes called the flagship of the NPO. Some notable programmes broadcast through the year are:

ProgrammeRough translation1BroadcasterDescription
Buitenhof AVRO, VARA, VPRO Sunday-morning interview show, politically oriented.
Blik op de wegView on the road [15] AVRO Traffic programme, about traffic and traffic violations.
Boer zoekt Vrouw Farmer wants a Wife KRO Dutch version of Farmer Wants a Wife
De Erwin Straatsma Rookshow The Erwin Straatsma Smokeshow AVRO, TROS Interview programme
De ReünieThe Reunion KRO Human interest, old classmates from high school reunite and talk about their lives.
De Rijdende RechterThe Driving Judge NCRV An official judge holds a trial on location for people.
Detective fiction programmesmostly KRO Several detective series, for example Midsomer Murders or A Touch of Frost
EénVandaag OneToday AVRO, TROS Current affairs
Heel Holland BaktAll Of The Netherlands Bakes Omroep MAX A baking contest, Dutch version of The Great British Bake Off .
Koefnoen AVRO Satirical, sketches with impersonations of famous Dutchmen.
Lieve Paul Dear Paul VARA Entertainment, it consists of celebrity interviews, variety performances and interaction with the studio audience.
NOS Journaal NOS News NOS News
NOS Studio Sport NOS Sport, the most viewed episodes consist of summaries of Eredivisie football matches, but in other episodes, several other sports and sports events (ranging from big international, to smaller national events) are covered.2
De Wereld Draait Door The World Keeps On Spinning VARA Talk show
Sesamstraat Sesame Street NTR Dutch version and spin-off of Sesame Street
SpoorloosWithout a trace KRO Reality programme where people are helped in finding missing persons, with a focus on finding the biological relatives of adopted people. In the United Kingdom known as ITV's Long Lost Family .
Te land ter zee en in de lucht On land, at sea and in the air TROS Game/entertainment show, people must race through an obstacle course in self-made vehicles.
TROS Radar TROS Consumer programme
Tussen Kunst en KitschBetween Art and Kitsch AVRO Similar to the British Antiques Roadshow
TV Show TROS Interview programme with several famous national and international guests.
VermistMissing TROS Reality programme where people are helped in finding missing persons
Villa Felderhof NCRV Interview programme, from a luxurious villa in St. Tropez.
Wie is... de Mol? Who is... the Mole? AVRO Dutch version of The Mole .
De Simpsons The Simpsons NPS One episode: "Treehouse of Horror VI".
De Wiggles The Wiggles TROS Dutch version and spin-off of The Wiggles

1 Translation added only when it clarifies the original title of the programme.
2 Special, extra long broadcasts are made during important events such as the FIFA World Cup, the Tour de France or the Olympic Games.

Logos and identities

See also

Related Research Articles

The Dutch public broadcasting system is a group of organizations that are responsible for public service television and radio broadcasting in the Netherlands. It is composed of the Nederlandse Publieke Omroep (NPO) foundation, which acts as its governing body, and a number of public broadcasters. The Dutch Media Act 2008 regulates how air time is divided and puts the administration of the public broadcasting system in the hands of the NPO Board of Directors.

Television in the Netherlands was officially introduced in 1951. In the Netherlands, the television market is divided between a number of commercial networks, such as RTL Nederland, and a system of public broadcasters sharing three channels, NPO 1, NPO 2, and NPO 3. Imported programmes, as well as news interviews with responses in a foreign language, are almost always shown in their original language, with subtitles.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">NPO 3</span> Dutch terrestrial television channel

NPO 3 is the third and youngest of the terrestrial television channels operated by the Dutch public-broadcasting organization NPO in the Netherlands. It carries programmes provided by member-based non-profit broadcasting associations and is oriented towards children, youth and innovative television.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">NPO 2</span> Television channel in the Netherlands

NPO 2 is a Dutch television channel, sister channel of NPO 1 and NPO 3. It was established on 1 October 1964 at 20:00, initially with a 2.5 hours schedule until 22:30.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">NPO Zapp</span> Television channel

NPO Zapp is the Dutch children's block from the NPO on NPO 3 that launched as Z@pp on 4 September 2005. Since September 2005, Zappelin has been the name of a block for young children. The @ in the name of the channel was removed on 10 September 2012. On 12 March 2013, the NPO announced that Zapp and Zappelin would be renamed as NPO Zapp and NPO Zappelin. The reason for this change is to make the channels and its programmes more recognizable. The rebranding completed on 19 August 2014. Together with NPO Zappelin it forms a channel called NPO Zappelin Xtra, available online and part of bonus packages.

The Netherlands now has three major forms of broadcast digital television. Terrestrial (DVB-T), Cable (DVB-C), and Satellite (DVB-S). In addition IPTV services are available. At the end of the first quarter of 2013 almost 84% of the households in the Netherlands had some form of digital television.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">NPO Zappelin</span> Dutch childrens television block

NPO Zappelin is a Dutch television program block for younger children that launched as Z@ppelin in September 2000. Before Z@ppelin, the programmes were scheduled on all three public channels. On 4 September 2005, Z@ppelin became a channel for children aged 2–6 years. The @ in the name of the channel was dropped on 10 September 2012. On 12 March 2013, the NPO announced that Zapp and Zappelin would be renamed as NPO Zapp and NPO Zappelin. The reason for this change is to make the channels and its programmes more recognisable. The rebranding completed on 19 August 2014. Together with NPO Zapp it broadcasts on NPO 3 during daytime. It is also part of the 24-hour children's channel NPO Zappelin Xtra.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">MTV (Dutch TV channel)</span> Dutch television channel

MTV Nederland and België is a Dutch speaking free-to-cable television channel broadcasting in the Netherlands. It launched as MTV NL on 12 September 2000. Before the start of country-specific channels, the Pan-European version of MTV aired in the Netherlands.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">NPO 3 Extra</span> Television channel

NPO 3 Extra was a Dutch digital theme channel of Dutch public broadcaster BNNVARA, which has been broadcasting since 31 October 2006. The channel could be received via the Internet, as well as digital theme channel via a decoder to the TV. On 10 March 2014, the channel was renamed by NPO 101, before it was called 101 TV.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">NPO 1 Extra</span> Television channel

NPO 1 Extra is a television channel jointly operated by Dutch public broadcasters AVROTROS, BNNVARA, EO, KRO-NCRV and MAX. It was originally launched as HilversumBest on 1 December 2006. NPO 1 Extra presents highlights of more than sixty years of Dutch television history. The channel was founded by Han Peekel.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">NPO Humor TV</span> Television channel

NPO Humor TV was a digital theme channel of the Netherlands Public Broadcasting dedicated to comedy, cabaret and satire. The channel started as Humor TV on 15 November 2006. On 10 March 2014, Humor TV 24 changed its name to NPO Humor TV. By cuts in public broadcasting NPO Humor TV would stop broadcasting on 1 July 2016.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">NPO Politiek en Nieuws</span> Dutch public broadcaster

NPO Politiek en Nieuws is a public television channel operated by the public broadcaster NOS, which supplies news and sports to all national public television and radio networks. Programmes come live from The Hague when the parliament is in session. When the parliament was not in session the NPO Politiek en Nieuws channel became NPO Sport, broadcasting sporting events or news and current affairs, supplied by the NOS. On 15 December 2021, NPO Nieuws merged with NPO Politiek to make the present name of this channel. Before 10 March 2014 the channel was called Politiek 24.

Turner Classic Movies was a television channel broadcasting "classic" films from the 1940s to the 1990s to Denmark, Finland, Flanders, Iceland, Netherlands, Norway and Sweden. The channel used English audio with optional subtitles in Danish, Dutch, Finnish, Norwegian and Swedish. The channel was commercial-free and films were not interrupted.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">NPO Zappelin Extra</span> Television channel

NPO Zappelin Extra was a digital theme TV channel jointly operated by AVROTROS, EO, KRO-NCRV, NTR and VPRO. The TV channel launched as Zappelin 24 on 30 May 2009. It broadcasts replays and broadcasts from NPO Zapp and NPO Zappelin, via the cable and internet. The TV channel was part of the Nederlandse Publieke Omroep. On 10 March 2014, Z@ppelin / Z@pp 24 changed its name into NPO Zapp Xtra.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cartoon Network (Dutch TV channel)</span> Television channel

Cartoon Network is a Dutch television channel which primarily airs animated programming in the Netherlands and Belgium. This version is available in the Dutch and English languages. Some providers offer the Dutch language only.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Disney XD (Dutch TV channel)</span> TV channel in Netherlands and Flanders

Disney XD is a Dutch free-to-air children's television channel owned by The Walt Disney Company. It broadcasts 14 hours a day, time-sharing with Dutch TV station Veronica, and is primarily aimed at children roughly between the ages of 7 and 15. The channel used to have a pay television 24-hour feed that was distributed throughout the Netherlands and Belgium (Flanders); however, it was closed down on 31 July 2018. Viewers in Belgium (Wallonia) and Luxembourg received Disney XD France, until that feed was later shut down in 2020.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">NPO Sport</span> Television channel

NPO Sport was a Dutch sports channel owned by the Nederlandse Publieke Omroep (NPO) and operated by Nederlandse Omroep Stichting (NOS). It launched on 19 July 2009 and time-shared with NPO Politiek en Nieuws when the legislature was not in session.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ziggo</span> Dutch cable operator

Ziggo Holding B.V. is the largest cable operator in the Netherlands, providing digital cable television, Internet, and telephone service to both residential and commercial customers.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ziggo Sport</span> Television channel

Ziggo Sport is a sports television channel in the Netherlands, operated by Ziggo owned by VodafoneZiggo. It is only available for Ziggo subscribers and broadcasts a variety of sports with a focus on major sporting events, a weekly talk show called "Peptalk", and sports related films and documentaries. It also has a paid counterpart, Ziggo Sport Totaal, which can also be received by non-Ziggo subscribers. The channel started with a repeating promotional film on 2 November 2015 and officially launched on 12 November 2015.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">RTL Crime (Dutch TV channel)</span> Television channel

RTL Crime is a Dutch pay television channel dedicated to television crime and reality series. It first launched on 27 November 2006 in Germany and on 1 September 2011 in the Netherlands. It is owned by RTL Group. It replaced MisdaadNet that was owned by Endemol. RTL Crime features a Dutch/English audio track with Dutch subtitles.


  1. "Jaarrapport 2018" (PDF). Stichting Kijk Onderzoek. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 January 2019.
  2. Joris Stuurop (5 January 2014). "Eerste NTS journaal op de Nederlandse televisie". Retrieved 8 October 2015.
  3. "Nederland 2". Retrieved 8 October 2015.
  4. "NOS Startpagina". Retrieved 8 October 2015.
  5. "Geschiedenis – NPO, 18 October 2015". Archived from the original on 6 September 2015. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
  6. "Geschiedenis - NPO". NPO. Archived from the original on 6 September 2015. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
  7. JK (2009-06-16). "Nederlandse Publieke Omroep dicht bij start HDTV". TotaalTV (in Dutch). SBS Broadcasting . Retrieved 2009-06-03.
  8. Jarco Kriek & Jan Hein Visser (12 March 2013). "NPO wil namen publieke TV- en radiozenders wijzigen". Retrieved 8 October 2015.
  9. Robert Briel (14 July 2014). "Dutch pubcasters rename all radio and TV channels". Retrieved 8 October 2015.
  10. Jarco Kriek (5 June 2018). "Canal Digitaal begint testuitzending NPO 1 UHD". (in Dutch). Retrieved 3 September 2018.
  11. Jarco Kriek (16 July 2018). "De eerste wankele UHD-stappen NPO zijn gezet". (in Dutch). Retrieved 3 September 2018.
  12. Jarco Kriek (16 June 2018). "NPO 1 UHD bij meer aanbieders". (in Dutch). Retrieved 3 September 2018.
  13. Jarco Kriek and Jan-Hein Visser (25 June 2018). "Omschakeling Digitenne DVB-T2 en HD begint op 1 oktober in het noorden". (in Dutch). Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  14. Jarco Kriek (8 July 2019). "Digitenne in heel Nederland in HD met DVB-T2". (in Dutch). Retrieved 28 July 2019.
  15. The title Blik op de weg is a pun. "Blik" means "view" and also "tin", so this title means "(A) view on the road" as well as "Tin (i.e. vehicles) on the road"

Coordinates: 52°14′21″N5°10′09″E / 52.2391028°N 5.1691576°E / 52.2391028; 5.1691576