Nabinchandra Sen

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Nabinchandra Sen NabinchanrdaSen.jpg
Nabinchandra Sen

Nabinchandra Sen (Bengali : নবীনচন্দ্র সেন; 10 February 1847 – 23 January 1909) was a Bengali poet and writer, often considered as one of the greatest poets prior to the arrival of Rabindranath Tagore. [1] [2] He commented on the battle of Plassey and the arrival of British Rule in India as " A night of Eternal Gloom". [3]

Bengali language Indo-Aryan language spoken by the Bengali people of South Asia

Bengali, also known by its endonym Bangla, is an Indo-Aryan language primarily spoken by the Bengalis in South Asia. It is the official and most widely spoken language of Bangladesh and second most widely spoken of the 22 scheduled languages of India, behind Hindi. In 2015, 160 million speakers were reported for Bangladesh, and the 2011 Indian census counted another 100 million.

Contents

Life

Nabinchandra Sen's tomb Nabinchandra Sen grave (2).jpg
Nabinchandra Sen's tomb

Nabinchandra was the father of Pramathalal Sen. He was born in Noapara, Raozan Upazila in Chittagong on 10 February 1847, and studied at the Chittagong Collegiate School, clearing the school leaving Entrance examination in 1863, In 1865, he passed the FA exam from Presidency College, Calcutta. In 1868, he earned his BA from General Assembly's Institution (now Scottish Church College), [4] and after teaching for a brief period at Hare School, he joined the colonial administrative services as a Deputy Magistrate. Sen retired in 1904, and died on 23 January 1909. He has been considered as one of Bengal's greatest writers and poets. [1] [2]

Pramathalal Sen was a philosopher of Keshub Chunder Sen’s New Dispensation, who along with Benoyendranath Sen and Mohit Chandra Sen, devoted himself to update the organisation and doctrine of the new religious congregation and improve relations with other Brahmo groups.

Raozan Upazila Upazila in Chittagong Division, Bangladesh

Raozan is an Upazila of Chittagong District in the Division of Chittagong, Bangladesh. It was established in 1947.

Chittagong Metropolis in Chittagong Division, Bangladesh

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Works

Sen's earliest poems were published in the Education Gazette edited by Peary Charan Sarker, and his first volume of poetry, Abakash Ranjani, was published in 1871. A second volume of Abakash Ranjani was published in 1877. Palashir Juddha (1875), a long epic poem lamenting the betrayal of Siraj ud-Daulah by his followers and his defeat at the Battle of Plassey, was an evocative expression of Bengali nationalism in literature, and it established his reputation as a powerful Bengali poet. A contemporary to Michael Madhusudan Dutt, Nabichandra is also known for popularizing the epic narrative in the Bengali language through his reinterpretations of the Mahabharata in a three-volume epic:Raivatak (1887), Kuruksetra (1893) and Prabhas (1896), where Krishna serves as the protagonist and adventurer during the fall of kingdoms. He wrote biographies of Jesus, Buddha, and Cleopatra in the Bengali language, and made verse translations of the Bhagavad Gita and the Markandeya Purana. Nabindrachandra's Bhanumati (a novel-in-verse) and "Prabaser Patra" ( a memoir of his travels) also brought him fame. His five-volume autobiography, Amar Jiban (My Life), is an important document chronicling the politics and social aspirations of the Bengali literati in the late nineteenth century. [1] [2]

Siraj ud-Daulah Nawab of Bengal

Mirza Muhammad Siraj ud-Daulah, commonly known as Siraj ud-Daulah, was the last independent Nawab of Bengal. The end of his reign marked the start of British East India Company rule over Bengal and later almost entire South Asia.

Michael Madhusudan Dutt Bengali poet and dramatist

Michael Madhusudan Dutt, or Michael Madhusudan Dutta was a popular 19th-century Bengali poet and dramatist. He was a pioneer of Bengali drama. His famous work Meghnād Bôdh Kāvya, is a tragic epic. It consists of nine cantos and is exceptional in Bengali literature both in terms of style and content. He also wrote poems about the sorrows and afflictions of love as spoken by women.

<i>Mahabharata</i> one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India

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Bibliography

His literary works are included in the curriculum of school level, secondary and higher secondary Bengali Literature in Bangladesh. [1]

Bangladesh Country in South Asia

Bangladesh, officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh, is a sovereign country in South Asia. It shares land borders with India and Myanmar (Burma). The country's maritime territory in the Bay of Bengal is roughly equal to the size of its land area. Bangladesh is the world's eighth most populous country as well as its most densely-populated, to the exclusion of small island nations and city-states. Dhaka is its capital and largest city, followed by Chittagong, which has the country's largest port.

Epics

His epic trilogy was based on New Mahabharata.

Poetry

Biographies

Buddhahood

In Buddhism, buddhahood is the condition or rank of a buddha "awakened one".

Autobiography

Poetic translations

Poetic novel

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Guha, Bimal. "Sen, Nabinchandra". Banglapedia. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Distinguished alumni of the University of Calcutta Archived 21 November 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  3. http://www.historydiscussion.net/british-india/british-occupation-of-bengal-indian-history/6337
  4. Some Alumni of Scottish Church College in 175th Year Commemoration Volume. Scottish Church College, April 2008, p. 590.