Nadezhda Tkachenko

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Nadezhda Tkachenko
RIAN archive 399455 1980 Summer Olympics Champion Nadezhda Tkachenko crop.jpg
Tkachenko at the Moscow Olympics, 1980
Medal record
Women's Athletics
Representing the Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Olympic Games
Gold medal icon (G initial).svg 1980 Moscow Pentathlon
Universiade
Gold medal icon (G initial).svg 1973 Moscow Pentathlon
European Championships
Gold medal icon (G initial).svg 1974 Rome Pentathlon

Nadiya Volodymyrivna Tkachenko (Ukrainian : Надія Володимирівна Ткаченко) or Nadezhda Vladimirovna Tkachenko (Russian : Надежда Владимировна Ткаченко) (born 19 September 1948) is a Ukrainian former pentathlete who won gold at the 1980 Olympics. [1] [2]

Ukrainian language language member of the East Slavic subgroup of the Slavic languages

Ukrainian is an East Slavic language. It is the official state language of Ukraine, one of the three official languages in the unrecognized state of Transnistria, the other two being Romanian and Russian. Written Ukrainian uses a variant of the Cyrillic script.

Russian language East Slavic language

Russian is an East Slavic language, which is official in the Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely used throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia. It was the de facto language of the Soviet Union until its dissolution on 25 December 1991. Although nearly three decades have passed since the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russian is used in official capacity or in public life in all the post-Soviet nation-states, as well as in Israel and Mongolia.

Womens pentathlon combined track and field competition for women

The pentathlon or women's pentathlon is a combined track and field event in which each woman competes in five separate events over one day. The distance or time for each event is converted to points via scoring tables, with the overall ranking determined by total points. Since 1949 the events have been sprint hurdling, high jump, shot put, long jump, and a flat race. The sprint hurdles distance was 80 m outdoors until 1969 and thereafter 100 m; in indoor pentathlon the distance is 60 m. The flat race was 200 m until 1976 and thereafter 800 m. In elite-level outdoor competition, the pentathlon was superseded in 1981 by the heptathlon, which has seven events, with both 200 m and 800 m, as well as the javelin throw. Pentathlon is still contested at school and masters level and indoors.

Tkachenko was born in Kremenchuk, then in the Ukrainian SSR in the Soviet Union. [1] She took up pentathlon aged 18 and trained at the Vanguard VSS in Donetsk Oblast. [1] [2] She came second in pentathlon in the Soviet championships of 1971 and 1972, [2] and competed three times for the Soviet Union at the Olympics. [1] [2] She set her first world record (4839 points) winning the 1977 European Cup. [1] [3] She won the 1974 European title, but was stripped of the 1978 title after testing positive for anabolic steroids and given an 18-month ban. [4] [5] In May 1980, just after the ban, she scored 4880 points, which was not ratified as a record because the races were hand timed. [6] In July she won the 1980 Olympic title with 5083 points, [1] [7] becoming the only woman ever to break 5000 points outdoors, [n 1] [1] with the final world record before the event was replaced in 1981 by the heptathlon. [1] The Soviet government awarded her the Order of the Red Banner of Labour and the title Honored Master of Sports of the USSR. [2]

Kremenchuk City of regional significance in Poltava Oblast, Ukraine

Kremenchuk or Kremenchug, an important industrial city in central Ukraine, stands on the banks of the Dnieper River. Kremenchuk is the administrative center of the Kremenchuk Raion (district) in Poltava Oblast (province). Kremenchuk is administratively incorporated as a city of oblast significance administered by its own city council and does not belong to the raion. Population: 223,805 (2015 est.) Along with its city-satellites Svitlovodsk and Horishni Plavni, it creates an important urban agglomeration and transportation hub.

Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic one of fifteen constituent republics of the Soviet Union (USSR); founding member of the United Nations Organization in 1945

The Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, also known as Soviet Ukraine, was one of the constituent republics of the Soviet Union from the Union's inception in 1922 to its breakup in 1991. The republic was governed by the Communist Party of Ukraine as a unitary one-party socialist soviet republic.

Soviet Union 1922–1991 country in Europe and Asia

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991. Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics, its government and economy were highly centralized. The country was a one-party state, governed by the Communist Party with Moscow as its capital in its largest republic, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. Other major urban centres were Leningrad, Kiev, Minsk, Alma-Ata, and Novosibirsk. It spanned over 10,000 kilometres east to west across 11 time zones, and over 7,200 kilometres north to south. It had five climate zones: tundra, taiga, steppes, desert and mountains.

Since retiring from competition she has worked as a youth sports coach in Donetsk, of which she was named an honorary citizen in 2005. [2] A youth athletics competition in the city is named after her. [2]

Freedom of the City Honour given in parts of Australia, Canada, Croatia, France, Gibraltar, Ireland, Italy, New Zealand, South Africa, Spain, the United Kingdom and Zimbabwe

The Freedom of the City is an honour bestowed by a municipality upon a valued member of the community, or upon a visiting celebrity or dignitary. Arising from the medieval practice of granting respected citizens freedom from serfdom, the tradition still lives on in countries such as the United Kingdom, Ireland, Australia, Canada, South Africa and New Zealand – although today the title of "freeman" confers no special privileges. The Freedom of the City can also be granted by municipal authorities to military units which have earned the city's trust; in this context, it is sometimes called the Freedom of Entry. This allows them the freedom to parade through the city, and is an affirmation of the bond between the regiment and the citizenry.

Footnote

  1. Strictly, the only woman to break 5000 points using the 1971 scoring tables, under which Burglinde Pollak's 1970 record score of 5406 was reduced to 4775. [8] The indoor record of 5013 points was set in 2012 with the 1985 tables.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 OlyMADMen. "Nadiya Tkachenko Bio, Stats, and Results". Sports-Reference.com. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Ткаченко Надія Володимирівна [Tkachenko Nadiya Volodymyrivna]". Олімпійці Донбасу [Donbass Olympians] (in Ukrainian). Donetsk Regional Branch, Ukrainian Olympic Committee. 20 March 2012. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
  3. "A roundup of the week Sept. 12–18". Sports Illustrated . 26 September 1977. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
  4. "Within the IFs: International Amateur Athletic Federation (IAAF)" (PDF). Olympic Review. International Olympic Committee (134): 725. December 1978. Retrieved 13 May 2016. five athletes having participated in the European athletic championships in Prague and having had positive doping tests have been stripped of their awards and cannot participate in any athletics events for a minimum period of 18 months. The athletes in question are : Nadjada [sic] Tkachenko [etc.]
  5. Holt, John B. (June 1979). "Within the Federations: International Amateur Athletic Federation (IAAF)" (PDF). Olympic Review. International Olympic Committee (140): 353–4. Retrieved 13 May 2016. It was agreed to reinstate the following five athletes after a minimum period of 18 months from the date of the competition at which they infringed the IAAF doping rules at the European championships [... : ...] Nadyezhda Tkachenko [etc.]
  6. "Within the International Federations: International Amateur Athletic Federation (IAAF)" (PDF). Olympic Review. International Olympic Committee (155): 514. September 1980. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
  7. Jalava, Mirko (2014). "European Athletics Championships Zürich 2014" (PDF). European Athletic Association. pp. 427, 435. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
  8. Matthews, Peter (2012). "Pentathlon". Historical Dictionary of Track and Field. Scarecrow Press. pp. 164–5. ISBN   9780810867819 . Retrieved 11 May 2016.