Nadi

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Nadi

नादि
Nadi.jpg
Nadi
Coordinates: 17°48′00″S177°25′00″E / 17.80000°S 177.41667°E / -17.80000; 177.41667 Coordinates: 17°48′00″S177°25′00″E / 17.80000°S 177.41667°E / -17.80000; 177.41667
Country Flag of Fiji.svg Fiji
Island Viti Levu
Division Western Division
Population
 (2007)
  Total42,284

Nadi (pronounced [ˈnand͡ʒi] ) is the third-largest conurbation in Fiji. It is located on the western side of the main island of Viti Levu, and had a population of 42,284 at the most recent census, in 2007. A 2012 estimate showed that the population had grown to over 50,000. Nadi is multiracial with many of its inhabitants Asians, Indian or Indigenous Fijians, along with a large transient population of foreign tourists. Along with sugar cane production, tourism is a mainstay of the local economy.

Contents

The Nadi region has a higher concentration of hotels and motels than any other part of Fiji. With its large Indo-Fijian population, Nadi is a centre for Hinduism and Islam in Fiji. It has the largest Hindu temple in the Southern hemisphere, and is a site for pilgrims called Sri Siva Subramaniya temple.

Sri Siva Subramaniya Temple. Temple Sri Suva Subramanya a Nadi.jpg
Sri Siva Subramaniya Temple.

Nadi International Airport located 9 kilometres from the town, is the largest airport in Fiji. Thus, Nadi is the principal port of entry for air travellers to Fiji, even though it is on the opposite (western) side of the island of Viti Levu from the nation's capital and largest city, Suva.

History

Part of Main Street in Nadi Nadi main street.jpg
Part of Main Street in Nadi
Tarsealed road outside Nadi RoadNadi.jpg
Tarsealed road outside Nadi

Nadi Township was established in 1947. About that time the colonial government of Fiji established offices on the higher grounds of Nadi. A few businesses were then established around the government offices to service them, and other business organisations from other parts of Fiji followed suit. Some concerned citizens of Nadi attempted to move the town centre to Martintar because the existing centre was prone to flooding, but this did not eventuate because the move Nadi Township had already developed strong roots in its existing location.

Elective local government was introduced in 1967. Dr A. H. Sahu Khan was the first elected Chairman of the Nadi Township Board. [1] With the introduction of the Local Government Act in 1972, the status of the Board was changed to a Town Council. H. M. Lodhia became the first Mayor of Nadi in 1972 and remained in office until December 1973. The most recent Mayor of Nadi was Councillor S. Sami. At present, elected municipal government in Nadi (and also throughout Fiji) is suspended, and government-appointed Administrators are carrying out the functions normally fulfilled by the City Council.

Government and infrastructure

The Civil Aviation Authority of Fiji (CAAFI) head office is at Nadi Airport in Nadi. [2]

Economy

Fiji Airways, formerly Air Pacific has its head office at the Air Pacific Maintenance & Administration Centre at Nadi International Airport in Nadi. [3] [4] Fiji Airlines Limited, operating as Pacific Sun, is headquartered in the Pacific Sun building in the Civil Aviation Authority of Fiji (CAAFI) compound at Nadi International Airport. [5]

Nadi's economy is driven by tourism, transportation and real estate sectors. Within these formal industries, the informal sector plays a relatively small role, mainly consisting of tourism and agricultural businesses, including handicrafts. [6]

Local government

Nadi Town is governed by the Nadi Town Council (NTC). The council is headed by a Special Administrator, appointed by the central government, and managed by a Chief Executive Officer (CEO). Both posts answer to the Ministry of Local Government, Urban Development, Housing and Environment. The performance of the Special Administrator is evaluated often, and the position has clear objectives such as improving rates collection and shifting from cash to accrual accounting in council operations. Nevertheless, overlap between the CEO and the Special Administrator posts is leading to confusion, resulting in high staff turnover – there have been three CEOs appointed since 2008. [6]

Housing

Housing development in Nadi largely takes the form of either medium-density complexes or lower-density social housing. Of this latter, the Housing Authority is actively seeking to increase the supply of affordable housing. The number of housing estates in Nadi has grown quickly, especially on the town periphery, such that housing estates now comprise 20 per cent of the total housing stock in Nadi. [6]

Climate

Nadi has a tropical monsoon climate according to the Köppen climate classification, with hot temperatures year round. The city features a short dry season during the months of July and August, and a lengthy wet season covering the remaining months of the year. It receives substantially less precipitation than Suva on the windward side of Fiji.

Climate data for Nadi, Fiji (1961–1990)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)36.7
(98.1)
35.4
(95.7)
35.0
(95.0)
34.3
(93.7)
33.9
(93.0)
33.5
(92.3)
32.9
(91.2)
34.3
(93.7)
34.0
(93.2)
34.6
(94.3)
36.3
(97.3)
35.9
(96.6)
36.7
(98.1)
Average high °C (°F)31.6
(88.9)
31.5
(88.7)
31.1
(88.0)
30.7
(87.3)
29.7
(85.5)
29.2
(84.6)
28.5
(83.3)
28.7
(83.7)
29.4
(84.9)
30.2
(86.4)
30.9
(87.6)
31.4
(88.5)
30.2
(86.4)
Daily mean °C (°F)27.1
(80.8)
27.2
(81.0)
26.9
(80.4)
26.2
(79.2)
24.9
(76.8)
24.2
(75.6)
23.4
(74.1)
23.6
(74.5)
24.4
(75.9)
25.3
(77.5)
26.2
(79.2)
26.7
(80.1)
25.5
(77.9)
Average low °C (°F)22.7
(72.9)
22.9
(73.2)
22.6
(72.7)
21.7
(71.1)
20.1
(68.2)
19.3
(66.7)
18.3
(64.9)
18.4
(65.1)
19.3
(66.7)
20.4
(68.7)
21.5
(70.7)
22.1
(71.8)
20.8
(69.4)
Record low °C (°F)19.0
(66.2)
18.3
(64.9)
17.7
(63.9)
16.2
(61.2)
14.0
(57.2)
13.6
(56.5)
11.7
(53.1)
11.3
(52.3)
13.3
(55.9)
14.4
(57.9)
15.1
(59.2)
17.2
(63.0)
11.3
(52.3)
Average rainfall mm (inches)300
(11.8)
303
(11.9)
324
(12.8)
173
(6.8)
80
(3.1)
62
(2.4)
47
(1.9)
59
(2.3)
77
(3.0)
103
(4.1)
139
(5.5)
159
(6.3)
1,826
(71.9)
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm)1415169654457911105
Average relative humidity (%)81828482807976757475767878
Mean monthly sunshine hours 213.5182.4190.1197.8212.0206.0218.1231.0214.6226.6221.5225.42,539
Source 1: NOAA [7]
Source 2: Deutscher Wetterdienst (precipitation days, 1968–1990 and humidity, 1962–1990) [8]

Related Research Articles

Fiji Country in Melanesia

Fiji, officially the Republic of Fiji, is an island country in Melanesia, part of Oceania in the South Pacific Ocean. It lies about 1,100 nautical miles northeast of New Zealand. Fiji consists of an archipelago of more than 330 islands—of which about 110 are permanently inhabited—and more than 500 islets, amounting to a total land area of about 18,300 square kilometres (7,100 sq mi). The most outlying island group is Ono-i-Lau. About 87% of the total population of 902,747 live on the two major islands, Viti Levu and Vanua Levu. About three-quarters of Fijians live on Viti Levu's coasts: either in the capital city of Suva; or in smaller urban centres such as Nadi—where tourism is the major local industry; or in Lautoka, where the sugar-cane industry is dominant. The interior of Viti Levu is sparsely inhabited because of its terrain.

Suva Capital of Fiji

Suva is the capital of Fiji, and its largest metropolitan city. It is located on the southeast coast of the island of Viti Levu, in Rewa Province, Central Division.

Geography of Fiji

Fiji is a group of volcanic islands in the South Pacific, lying about 4,450 kilometres (2,765 mi) southwest of Honolulu and 1,770 km (1,100 mi) north of New Zealand. Of the 332 islands and 522 smaller islets making up the archipelago, about 106 are permanently inhabited. The total land size is 18,272 km2 (7,055 sq mi). It has the 26th largest Exclusive Economic Zone of 1,282,978 km2 (495,361 sq mi).

Vanua Levu

Vanua Levu, formerly known as Sandalwood Island, is the second largest island of Fiji. Located 64 kilometres to the north of the larger Viti Levu, the island has an area of 5,587.1 square kilometres (2,157.2 sq mi) and a population of 135,961 as of 2007.

Lautoka City in Viti Levu, Fiji

Lautoka is the second largest city in Fiji. It is on the west coast of the island of Viti Levu, in the Ba Province of the Western Division. Lying in the heart of Fiji's sugar cane-growing region, the city has come to be known as the Sugar City. Covering an area of 32 square kilometres, it had a population of 71,573 at the 2017 census, the most recent to date.

Viti Levu

Viti Levu is the largest island in the Republic of Fiji. It is the site of the nation's capital, Suva, and home to a large majority of Fiji's population.

Savusavu

Savusavu is a town in the Fijian Province of Cakaudrove. The town is located on the south coast of Vanua Levu Island and had a population of 3,372 in the 2007 census.

Air Fiji

Air Fiji was an airline based in Nausori, Fiji. It operated inter-island services to destinations within the Fijian Islands. Its main base was Nausori International Airport, Suva, with a base at Nadi International Airport.

Fiji Link Fijian airline

Fiji Link is the trade name for Fiji Airlines Limited, which is a Fijian domestic airline and a wholly owned subsidiary of the international carrier Fiji Airways. It is headquartered at the Fiji Link office in the Civil Aviation Authority of Fiji (CAAFI) compound at Nadi International Airport in Nadi. It operates scheduled services to 12 destinations within the Fijian Islands as well as regionally within the Pacific Islands. The company slogan is Best value under the Sun.

Nadi International Airport

Nadi International Airport is the main international airport of Fiji as well as an important regional hub for the South Pacific islands, located by the coast on the western side of the main island Viti Levu. Owned and operated by Fiji Airports Limited, It is the main hub of Fiji Airways and its domestic and regional subsidiary Fiji Link. The airport is located at Namaka 10 km from the city of Nadi and 20 km from the city of Lautoka. In 2019, it handled 2,485,319 passengers on international and domestic flights. It handles about 97% of international visitors to Fiji, of which 86% are tourists. Despite being Fiji's main airport it is a considerable distance from the country's major population centre; located 192 kilometres (119 mi) northwest of the country's capital and largest city Suva and its airport, Nausori International Airport.

Nausori International Airport

Nausori International Airport, also known as Luvuluvu, is the secondary international airport in Fiji, behind Nadi International Airport. It is situated in Nausori on the south-eastern side of Viti Levu. Nausori Airport is roughly 23 km from Fiji's capital city, Suva. It was first constructed by U.S. Navy Seabees in 1942.

Pacific Island Air is an Air Charter company operating out of Nadi International Airport, Fiji.

Cyclone Gene

Severe Tropical Cyclone Gene was the deadliest storm as well as the most damaging tropical cyclone of the 2007–08 South Pacific cyclone season east of 160ºE. RSMC Nadi monitored Gene as the 12th tropical disturbance, as well as the fourth tropical cyclone and the third severe tropical cyclone to form west of 160ºE during the 2007–08 South Pacific cyclone season. Gene was also recognised by RSMC Nadi as the fifth tropical cyclone and fourth severe tropical cyclone to form within the South Pacific Ocean during the 2007-08 season.

Denarau Island

Denarau Island is a small private resort development on the western side of Viti Levu in the Republic of Fiji. The 2.55 km2 resort is reached via a short causeway over a creek and is located 5 km north west of the town Nadi and 10 km west of Nadi International Airport.

Malolo Lailai

Malolo Lailai, also known as Plantation Island, is the second largest and most developed of the Mamanuca Islands, lying 20 kilometres west of Nadi on Fiji's main island Viti Levu. Malolo Lailai is the centre of tourism in the Mamanuca Islands, and consists of four resorts, a number of residential houses, a marina and a golf course. The island can be reached in 50 minutes from Port Denarau by the Malolo Cat, a catamaran, or by Malolo Lailai Airport, a 10-minute flight from Nadi International Airport. Separated by a small isthmus which can be walked at low tide, the larger island of Malolo Levu lies north-west of Malolo Lailai.

Cyclone Joni

Severe Tropical Cyclone Joni was a damaging tropical cyclone that impacted the island nations of Tuvalu and Fiji. It was first noted within the South Pacific Convergence Zone at the start of December 1992, as a shallow tropical depression in the vicinity of the island nation Tuvalu. Over the next few days the system gradually developed further as it affected Tuvalu, before it was declared to be a tropical cyclone and named Joni by the Fiji Meteorological Service (FMS) during December 7. Over the next couple of days the system intensified further as it was steered south-westwards and posed a threat towards the Fijian dependency of Rotuma and the French territory of Wallis and Futuna. The system subsequently peaked as a Category 4 severe tropical cyclone on the Australian tropical cyclone intensity scale as it approached the Fijian Islands during December 10. Over the next couple of days the system moved through the Fijian Islands, before it became an extratropical cyclone during December 13. The system was last noted during the next day as it was absorbed by a mid-latitude trough of low pressure to the east of New Zealand.

Cyclone Eric

Severe Tropical Cyclone Eric was one of two tropical cyclones to affect the island nations of Vanuatu and Fiji within a week during January 1985. The precursor shallow depression developed within the monsoon trough during January 13, to the west of Espiritu Santo, Vanuatu. On January 16, the storm developed-hurricane-force winds and Eric began to undergo rapid deepening. While two different agencies differ on when and how strong Eric was at its peak, it was believed to have peak on January 17 while passing through the Fiji island group. Shortly after its peak, Eric began to weaken steadily, and by January 20, Severe Tropical Cyclone Eric had ceased to exist as a tropical cyclone. Cyclone Eric combined with another storm brought 25 fatalities. Eric caused $40 million worth of damage. A total of 299 farms were affected as well as the airport in Nadi. About 30,000 people were left homeless. Severe crop damage was also reported. Viti Levu sustained the worst effects from Cyclone Eric. During the aftermath of the storm, a number of first world countries distributed aid for victims of Eric.

Civil Aviation Authority of Fiji

The Civil Aviation Authority of Fiji (CAAF) is the national aviation authority in the Republic of Fiji and is responsible for discharging functions on behalf of the Government of Fiji under the States responsibility to the Convention on International Civil Aviation, also known as the Chicago Convention on International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). CAAF regulates the activities of airport operators, air traffic control and air navigation service providers, airline operators, pilots and air traffic controllers, aircraft engineers, technicians, airports, airline contracting organisations and international air cargo operators in Fiji.

Cyclone Oscar

Severe Tropical Cyclone Oscar was one of the worst tropical cyclones to affect Fiji. The system was first noted as a shallow depression on February 23, while it was located to the north of Suva, Fiji. The system subsequently developed further as it moved westwards and was named as Tropical Cyclone Oscar during the next day. Over the next few days Oscar subsequently intensified as it moved westwards and gradually developed further and equivalent to a Category 3 Severe Tropical Cyclone, on the modern day Australian tropical cyclone intensity scale during February 27. The system subsequently turned and started to move south-eastwards towards Fiji.

References

  1. Nadi Town Council – History [ permanent dead link ]
  2. "Contact Details Archived 21 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine ." Civil Aviation Authority of Fiji. Retrieved on 13 December 2011. "Postal address Private Mail Bag NAP 0354 Nadi Airport Fiji Islands"
  3. "Air Pacific Annual Report 2008." Air Pacific. 44 (44/48). Retrieved on 3 October 2009.
  4. "Membership Archived 13 December 2011 at the Wayback Machine ." International Air Transport Association. Retrieved on 13 December 2011. "Air Pacific Limited Air Pacific Maintenance & Administration Centre, Nasoso Road Nadi Airport, Nadi Fiji"
  5. "Contact Us." Fiji Airlines Limited. Retrieved on 3 October 2009. "Fiji Airlines Limited, trading as Pacific Sun, was incorporated as a wholly owned subsidiary of Air Pacific Limited currently having its main base at the Pacific Sun office, CAAFI Compound, Nadi Airport, Fiji Islands." and "Head Office Pacific Sun PO Box 9270 Nadi International Airport Fiji Islands"
  6. 1 2 3 "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 11 October 2017. Retrieved 11 February 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. "Nandi Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration . Retrieved 24 March 2015.
  8. "Klimatafel von Nandi (Int. Flugh.) / Viti Levu / Fidschi" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961–1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 22 November 2016.