|Anthem: Shinano no Kuni |
|Subdivisions||Districts: 14, Municipalities: 77|
|• Governor||Shuichi Abe|
|• Total||13,561.56 km2 (5,236.15 sq mi)|
(July 1, 2023)
|• Density||150/km2 (380/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||JP-20|
|Bird||Rock ptarmigan (Lagopus muta)|
|Flower||Gentian (Gentiana scabra var. buergeri)|
|Tree||White birch (Betula platyphylla var. japonica)|
Nagano Prefecture (長野県, Nagano-ken) is a landlocked prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region of Honshū. Nagano Prefecture has a population of 2,007,682 (as of 1 July 2023 [update] ) and has a geographic area of 13,561.56 square kilometres (5,236.15 sq mi ). Nagano Prefecture borders Niigata Prefecture to the north, Gunma Prefecture to the northeast, Saitama Prefecture to the east, Yamanashi Prefecture to the southeast, Shizuoka Prefecture and Aichi Prefecture to the south, and Gifu Prefecture and Toyama Prefecture to the west.
Nagano is the capital and largest city of Nagano Prefecture, with other major cities including Matsumoto, Ueda, and Iida. : 682 Nagano Prefecture has impressive highland areas of the Japanese Alps, including most of the Hida Mountains, Kiso Mountains, and Akaishi Mountains which extend into the neighbouring prefectures. The abundance of mountain ranges, natural scenic beauty, and rich history has gained Nagano Prefecture international recognition as a world-class winter sports tourist destination, including hosting the 1998 Winter Olympics and a new Shinkansen line to Tokyo.
Nagano is an inland prefecture and it borders more prefectures than any other in Japan, bordering Gunma Prefecture, Saitama Prefecture, Yamanashi Prefecture, and Shizuoka Prefecture to the east, Niigata Prefecture to the north, Toyama Prefecture and Gifu Prefecture to the west, and Aichi Prefecture to the south. Nagano contains the point furthest from the sea in the whole of Japan—this point lies within the city of Saku. The province's mountains have made it relatively isolated, and many visitors come to Nagano for its mountain resorts and hot springs. Nine of the twelve highest mountains in Japan can be found in Nagano and one of its lakes, Lake Kizaki, is a beach resort popular for its water attractions and games. The climate is predominantly alpine with warm summers, cold snowy winters and less intense humidity than the lower lying coastal areas.
As of 1 April 2014 [update] , 21% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks; namely the Chichibu Tama Kai, Chūbu-Sangaku, Jōshin'etsu-kōgen, and Minami Alps National Parks; Myōgi-Arafune-Saku Kōgen, Tenryū-Okumikawa, and Yatsugatake-Chūshin Kōgen Quasi-National Parks; and Chūō Alps, Enrei Ōjō, Hijiriyama Kōgen, Mibugawa Suikei, Ontake, and Tenryū Koshibu Suikei Prefectural Natural Parks.
Nineteen cities are located in Nagano Prefecture:
These are the towns and villages in each district:
Nagano Prefecture is famous for having the largest number of villages in Japan.[ citation needed ]
The life expectancy in Nagano prefecture is the longest nationwide with the average life expectancy of 87.18 years for women and 80.88 years for men.
Nagano Prefecture has a large and diversified economy, with a strong focus on electronics, information technology, precision machinery, agriculture and food products, and tourism, with a total GDP of about ¥8.5 trillion (2017).
Several large Japanese groups have production facilities in Nagano Prefecture, such as Citizen Watch (Citizen Group), MinebeaMitsumi, Seiko Epson and Vaio.
There are two local J.League clubs: AC Nagano Parceiro and Matsumoto Yamaga FC.[ citation needed ]
Matsumoto is a city located in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. Matsumoto is designated as a core city since 1 April 2021. As of 1 March 2019, the city had a population of 239,466 in 105,207 households and a population density of 240 persons per km2. The total area of the city is 978.47 square kilometres (377.79 sq mi).
Shinano Province or Shinshū (信州) is an old province of Japan that is now Nagano Prefecture.
Ōmachi is a city located in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 March 2019, the city had an estimated population of 27,559 in 11861 households, and a population density of 49 persons per km2. The total area of the city is 565.15 square kilometres (218.21 sq mi).
The Central Highland, or Koshin Region, is an inland region on central Honshū in Japan. It forms the central part of the Chūbu region.
Minowa is a town located in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 April 2019, the town had an estimated population of 25,051 in 9737 households, and a population density of 290 persons per km². The total area of the town is 85.91 square kilometres (33.17 sq mi).
Azumino is a city located in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 March 2019, the city had an estimated population of 97,761 in 39744 households. and a population density of 290 persons per km2. Its total area is 331.78 square kilometres (128.10 sq mi).
Nagano is the capital and largest city of Nagano Prefecture, located in the Nagano Basin in the central Chūbu region of Japan. Nagano is categorized as a core city of Japan. Nagano City is the highest prefectural capital in Japan, with an altitude of 371.4 meters (1,219 ft). The city is surrounded by mountains, the highest of which is Mount Takatsuma (2,353 m), and is near the confluence of the Chikuma River - the longest and widest river in Japan - and the Sai River. As of 1 July 2023, the city had an estimated population of 365,296 in 160,625 households, and a population density of 438 persons per km². The total area of the city is 834.81 square kilometres (322.32 sq mi).
Asahi Broadcasting Nagano Co.,Ltd., also known as abn, is a Japanese broadcast network affiliated with the ANN. Their headquarters are located in Nagano Prefecture.
Shin-etsu Broadcasting Co., Ltd., also known as SBC, is a Japanese broadcast network affiliated with the Japan News Network (JNN) for TV and JRN/NRN for radio. Their headquarters are located in Nagano Prefecture.
The Azusa is a limited express service operated by the East Japan Railway Company, which mainly run between Shinjuku and Matsumoto via the Chūō Main Line and Shinonoi Line. The name Azusa is taken from the Azusa River in Matsumoto, Nagano. On the Chūō Main Line, limited express Kaiji also runs between Tokyo / Shinjuku, and Kōfu / Ryūō.
Chūō Kōsoku Bus is a group of Japanese highway bus lines managed by Keio Bus. It connects Tokyo with the areas along the Chūō Expressway, especially Yamanashi Prefecture and Nagano Prefecture.
Shinjuku Highway Bus Terminal was a bus terminal once operated by Keio Bus, in Nishishinjuku, Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan. This bus terminal has been closed and replaced with the much larger South exit dedicated Bus Terminal housing all companies under one roof, unifying ticketing systems and signage, whereas previously each company had their own terminal serving the station. The new terminal is the nation's largest bus terminal.
Suwa Bus (諏訪バス) had been a bus company in Suwa area Nagano Prefecture, Japan until March 2011 because the company has been be taken over by Alpico Kotsu. After merging to Alpico Kotsu, Suwa Bus is a nickname which Alpico Kotsu Group operates on Suwa area.
National Route 19 is a national highway connecting Nagoya and Nagano in Japan.
The Shinano Railway Co., Ltd. is a Japanese third-sector railway operating company established in 1996 to operate passenger railway services on the section of the JR East Shinetsu Main Line within Nagano Prefecture when it is separated from the JR East network in October 1997, coinciding with the opening of the Nagano Shinkansen from Takasaki to Nagano. The company was founded on May 1, 1996, and has its headquarters in Ueda, Nagano.
Nagano Station is a railway station in the city of Nagano in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. The station is operated by East Japan Railway Company and the private railway operator Nagano Electric Railway (Nagaden).
The Ōito Line is a railway line in Japan which connects Matsumoto Station in Nagano Prefecture with Itoigawa Station in Niigata Prefecture. There are two operators on the line: East Japan Railway Company operates the section north of Minami-Otari Station in Otari, Nagano Prefecture, and West Japan Railway Company operates the remaining section. Minami-Otari is the boundary for the two companies. The section of the line, operated by JR East, between Minami-Otari and Matsumoto is electrified and trains are fairly regular along this section. The JR West section from Minami-Otari to Itoigawa, however, is not electrified and is used very little, compared to the electrified JR East section. Trains run far less regularly along this part.
Ueda Station is a railway station in the city of Ueda, Nagano, Japan, jointly operated by the East Japan Railway Company, the third-sector operator Shinano Railway, and the private railway operator Ueda Electric Railway.
The 1998 Winter Olympics torch relay was run from December 19, 1997 until February 7, 1998 prior to the 1998 Winter Olympics in Nagano. The route covered around 1,612 kilometres (1,002 mi) and involved over 6,916 torchbearers. Midori Ito lit the cauldron at the opening ceremony.