Nagano Prefecture

Last updated
Nagano Prefecture

長野県
Japanese transcription(s)
   Japanese 長野県
   Rōmaji Nagano-ken
Flag of Nagano Prefecture.svg
Flag
Emblem of Nagano Prefecture.svg
Symbol
Map of Japan with highlight on 20 Nagano prefecture.svg
CountryFlag of Japan.svg  Japan
Region Chūbu (Kōshin'etsu)
Island Honshu
Capital Nagano
Subdivisions Districts: 14, Municipalities: 77
Government
   Governor Shuichi Abe
Area
  Total13,561.56 km2 (5,236.15 sq mi)
Area rank 4th
Population
 (June 1, 2019)
  Total2,052,493
  Rank 16th
  Density150/km2 (390/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-20
Website www.pref.nagano.lg.jp
Symbols
Bird Rock ptarmigan (Lagopus muta)
Flower Gentian (Gentiana scabra var. buergeri)
TreeWhite  birch (Betula platyphylla var. japonica)

Nagano Prefecture (長野県, Nagano-ken) is a landlocked prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region of Honshū. [1] Nagano Prefecture has a population of 2,052,493 (as of 1 June 2019) and has a geographic area of 13,561 square kilometres (5,236  sq mi ). Nagano Prefecture borders Niigata Prefecture to the north, Gunma Prefecture to the northeast, Saitama Prefecture to the east, Yamanashi Prefecture to the southeast, Shizuoka Prefecture and Aichi Prefecture to the south, and Gifu Prefecture and Toyama Prefecture to the west.

Contents

Nagano is the capital and largest city of Nagano Prefecture, with other major cities including Matsumoto, Ueda, and Iida. [2] (p682) Nagano Prefecture has impressive highland areas of the Japanese Alps, including most of the Hida Mountains, Kiso Mountains, and Akaishi Mountains which extend into the neighbouring prefectures. The abundance of mountain ranges, natural scenic beauty, and rich history has gained Nagano Prefecture international recognition as a world-class winter sports tourist destination, including hosting the 1998 Winter Olympics and a new Shinkansen line to Tokyo.

History

Geography

Nagano is an inland prefecture and it borders more prefectures than any other in Japan, bordering Gunma Prefecture, Saitama Prefecture, Yamanashi Prefecture, and Shizuoka Prefecture to the east, Niigata Prefecture to the north, Toyama Prefecture and Gifu Prefecture to the west, and Aichi Prefecture to the south. Nagano contains the point furthest from the sea in the whole of Japan—this point lies within the city of Saku. The province's mountains have made it relatively isolated, and many visitors come to Nagano for its mountain resorts and hot springs. Nine of the twelve highest mountains in Japan can be found in Nagano and one of its lakes, Lake Kizaki, is a beach resort popular for its water attractions and games.

As of 1 April 2014, 21% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks; namely the Chichibu Tama Kai, Chūbu-Sangaku, Jōshin'etsu Kōgen, and Minami Alps National Parks; Myōgi-Arafune-Saku Kōgen, Tenryū-Okumikawa, and Yatsugatake-Chūshin Kōgen Quasi-National Parks; and Chūō Alps, Enrei Ōjō, Hijiriyama Kōgen, Mibugawa Suikei, Ontake, and Tenryū Koshibu Suikei Prefectural Natural Parks. [3]

Cities

Physical map of Nagano Prefecture Nagano geolocalisation relief.svg
Physical map of Nagano Prefecture
Political map of Nagano Prefecture
City Town Village Map of Nagano Prefecture Ja.svg
Political map of Nagano Prefecture
     City     Town     Village
Hida Mountains (August 2006) Hakubarenpou.JPG
Hida Mountains (August 2006)
Nagano City View of Nagano City from Mt. Asahiyama.jpg
Nagano City
Chikuma River, from Yashima Bridge, looking downstream toward Murayama Bridge, Nagano (city) Chikuma River Yashima Bridge Nagano.jpg
Chikuma River, from Yashima Bridge, looking downstream toward Murayama Bridge, Nagano (city)
Suwa Takashima dungeon view (4936834001).jpg
Suwa
Komagane Komagane Nagano and Southern Yatsugatake Volcanic Group.jpg
Komagane
Matsumoto Cityscapes of Matsumoto in 2014-8 No,5.JPG
Matsumoto
Nozawaonsen, Nagano Nozawa Onsen 01.jpg
Nozawaonsen, Nagano

Nineteen cities are located in Nagano Prefecture:

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Mergers

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
18801,000,414    
18901,146,071+1.37%
19031,348,556+1.26%
19131,484,205+0.96%
19201,562,722+0.74%
19251,629,217+0.84%
19301,717,118+1.06%
19351,714,000−0.04%
19401,710,729−0.04%
19452,121,050+4.39%
19502,060,831−0.57%
19552,021,292−0.39%
19601,981,433−0.40%
19651,958,007−0.24%
19701,956,917−0.01%
19752,017,564+0.61%
19802,083,934+0.65%
19852,136,927+0.50%
19902,156,627+0.18%
19952,193,984+0.34%
20002,215,168+0.19%
20052,196,114−0.17%
20102,152,449−0.40%
20152,099,759−0.49%
20202,052,493−0.45%
source: [4]

The life expectancy in Nagano prefecture is the longest nationwide with the average life expectancy of 87.18 years for women and 80.88 years for men. [5]

Transportation

Railway

Road

Expressways

National highways

Airports

Education

Universities

Public

Private

Economy

Nagano Prefecture has a large and diversified economy, with a strong focus on electronics, information technology, precision machinery, agriculture and food products, and tourism, with a total GDP of about ¥8.5 trillion (2014). [6]

Several large Japanese groups have production facilities in Nagano Prefecture, such as Citizen Watch (Citizen Group), MinebeaMitsumi, Seiko Epson or Vaio.

Tourism

Sports

Sunpro Alwin in Matsumoto. ALWIN3.jpg
Sunpro Alwin in Matsumoto.

There are two local J.League clubs: AC Nagano Parceiro and Matsumoto Yamaga FC.

Prefectural symbols

Sister Regions

Personalities

See also

Notes

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Nagano prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 682 , p. 682, at Google Books; "Chūbu" at p. 126 , p. 126, at Google Books
  2. Nussbaum, "Nagano" at p. 682 , p. 682, at Google Books
  3. "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. 1 April 2014. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
  4. Statistics Bureau of Japan
  5. Nagano Prefecture has achieved the highest life expectancy in Japan, after long efforts of improving each one’s lifestyle (December 9, 2013). Foreign Press Center/Japan
  6. https://www.jetro.go.jp/en/invest/region/nagano/

Related Research Articles

Matsumoto, Nagano Core city in Chūbu, Japan

Matsumoto is a city located in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. Matsumoto is designated as a core city since 1 April 2021. As of 1 March 2019, the city had a population of 239,466 in 105,207 households and a population density of 240 persons per km². The total area of the city is 978.47 square kilometres (377.79 sq mi).

Shinano Province Former province of Japan

Shinano Province or Shinshū (信州) is an old province of Japan that is now Nagano Prefecture.

Okaya, Nagano City in Chūbu, Japan

Okaya is a city located in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 February 2019, the city had an estimated population of 48,616 in 19257 households, and a population density of 570 persons per km². The total area of the city is 85.10 square kilometres (32.86 sq mi).

Iida, Nagano City in Chūbu, Japan

Iida is a city located in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 March 2019, Iida had an estimated population of 101,536, and a population density of 154 persons per km2. The total area of the city is 658.66 square kilometres (254.31 sq mi). Iida is an environmental model city, a municipality designated by the Japanese government to be a model for making large cuts in greenhouse gas emissions towards a low-carbon society.

Central Highland (Japan)

The Central Highland, or Koshin Region, is an inland region on central Honshū in Japan. It forms the central part of the Chūbu region.

Ina, Nagano City in Chūbu, Japan

Ina is a city located in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 March 2019, the city had an estimated population of 68,177 in 27587 households, and a population density of 100 persons per km². The total area of the city is 667.93 square kilometres (257.89 sq mi). In 2016, the former town of Takatō, now part of Ina, was selected as one of The Most Beautiful Villages in Japan.

Tatsuno, Nagano Town in Chūbu, Japan

Tatsuno is a town located in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 June 2019, the town had an estimated population of 18,951 in 7917 households, and a population density of 112 persons per km². The total area of the town is 169.20 square kilometres (65.33 sq mi).

Minowa, Nagano Town in Chūbu, Japan

Minowa is a town located in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 April 2019, the town had an estimated population of 25,051 in 9737 households, and a population density of 290 persons per km². The total area of the town is 85.91 square kilometres (33.17 sq mi).

Minamiminowa Village in Chūbu, Japan

Minamiminowa is a village located in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 April 2019, the village had an estimated population of 15,463 in 6115 households, and a population density of 371 persons per km². The total area of the village is 40.99 square kilometres (15.83 sq mi).

Ueda, Nagano City in Chūbu, Japan

Ueda is a city located in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 April 2019, the city had an estimated population of 157,480 in 67,783 households, and a population density of 290 persons per km2. The total area of the city is 552.04 square kilometres (213.14 sq mi), which makes it the fifth largest city in Nagano Prefecture in terms of area.

Nagano (city) Core city in Chūbu, Japan

Nagano is the capital and largest city of Nagano Prefecture, located in the Nagano Basin in the central Chūbu region of Japan. Nagano is categorized as a core city of Japan. Nagano City is the highest prefectural capital in Japan, with an altitude of 371.4 meters (1,219 ft). The city is surrounded by mountains, near the confluence of the Chikuma River - the longest and widest river in Japan - and the Sai River. As of 1 June 2019, the city had an estimated population of 370,632 in 160,625 households, and a population density of 444 persons per km² The total area of the city is 834.81 square kilometres (322.32 sq mi).

Shin-etsu Broadcasting Television station in Nagano Prefecture, Japan

Shin-etsu Broadcasting Co., Ltd., also known as SBC, is a Japanese broadcast network affiliated with the Japan News Network (JNN). Their headquarters are located in Nagano Prefecture.

Tenryū River

The Tenryū River is a river in central Honshū, Japan. With a length of 213 km (132 mi), it is Japan's ninth longest river.

Azusa (train)

The Azusa is a limited express service operated by the East Japan Railway Company, which mainly run between Shinjuku and Matsumoto via the Chūō Main Line and Shinonoi Line. The name Azusa is taken from the Azusa River in Matsumoto, Nagano. On the Chūō Main Line, limited express Kaiji also runs between Tokyo / Shinjuku, and Kōfu / Ryūō.

Shinano Railway Japanese railway company

The Shinano Railway Co., Ltd. is a Japanese third-sector railway operating company established in 1996 to operate passenger railway services on the section of the JR East Shinetsu Main Line within Nagano Prefecture when it is separated from the JR East network in October 1997, coinciding with the opening of the Nagano Shinkansen from Takasaki to Nagano. The company was founded on May 1, 1996, and has its headquarters in Ueda, Nagano.

Nagano Station Railway station in Nagano, Nagano Prefecture, Japan

Nagano Station is a railway station in the city of Nagano in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. The station is operated by East Japan Railway Company and the private railway operator Nagano Electric Railway (Nagaden).

Ōito Line Railway line in Japan

The Ōito Line is a railway line in Japan which connects Matsumoto Station in Nagano Prefecture with Itoigawa Station in Niigata Prefecture. There are two operators on the line: East Japan Railway Company operates the section north of Minami-Otari Station in Otari, Nagano Prefecture, and West Japan Railway Company operates the remaining section. Minami-Otari is the boundary for the two companies. The section of the line, operated by JR East, between Minami-Otari and Matsumoto is electrified and trains are fairly regular along this section. The JR West section from Minami-Otari to Itoigawa, however, is not electrified and is used little, compared to the electrified JR East section. Trains run less regularly along this part.

1998 Winter Olympics torch relay

The 1998 Winter Olympics torch relay was run from December 19, 1997 until February 7, 1998 prior to the 1998 Winter Olympics in Nagano. The route covered around 1,612 kilometres (1,002 mi) and involved over 6,916 torchbearers. Midori Ito lit the cauldron at the opening ceremony.

References

Coordinates: 36°15′N138°6′E / 36.250°N 138.100°E / 36.250; 138.100