Nagaoka, Niigata

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Nagaoka

長岡市
Nagaoka Festival Fireworks 2015 Phoenix 20150802.jpg
Echigo Hillside Park 08.jpg
Teradomari Fish Market Street 2015.jpg
Nagaoka City Local Museum.jpg
Chosei bridge 2020 2.jpg
Nagaoka Koi Show 07.jpg
Nagaoka Matsuri and Fireworks
Echigo Hillside ParkTeradomari Fish Market
Yukyuzan ParkChosei Bridge Nishiki Koi
Flag of Nagaoka, Niigata.svg
Flag
Emblem of Nagaoka Niigata chapter.svg
Seal
Nagaoka in Niigata Prefecture Ja.svg
Location of Nagaoka in Niigata
Japan location map with side map of the Ryukyu Islands.svg
Red pog.svg
Nagaoka
 
Coordinates: 37°26′46.3″N138°51′4.5″E / 37.446194°N 138.851250°E / 37.446194; 138.851250 Coordinates: 37°26′46.3″N138°51′4.5″E / 37.446194°N 138.851250°E / 37.446194; 138.851250
CountryJapan
Region Chūbu (Kōshin'etsu) (Hokuriku)
Prefecture Niigata
Founded1616
City establishedApril 1, 1906
Government
  Mayor Tatsunobu Isoda
Area
  Total891.06 km2 (344.04 sq mi)
Population
 (December 2020)
  Total266,539
  Density300/km2 (770/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Symbols 
• Tree Zelkova serrata
• Flower Azalea
• Fish Nishiki koi
Phone number0258-35-1122
Address1-4-10 Otedori, Nagaoka-shi, Niigata-ken 940-8501
Website Official website

Nagaoka (長岡市, Nagaoka-shi) is a city located in Niigata Prefecture, Japan. It is the second largest city in the prefecture, after the capital city of Niigata. As of 1 December 2020, the city had an estimated population of 266,539 in 108,901 households [1] and a population density of 300 inhabitants per square kilometre (780/sq mi). The total area of the city was 891.06 square kilometres (344.04 sq mi). [2]

Contents

Geography

Nagaoka in winter from the sky Nagaoka from the sky.jpg
Nagaoka in winter from the sky

Nagaoka is in the center of Niigata prefecture and the surrounding Chūetsu region of Japan, between longitude 138°E and latitude 37°N. It is 80 minutes from Tokyo by way of the Joetsu Shinkansen or three hours on the Kan-Etsu Expressway and is considered a strategic traffic point in the region. Nagaoka was an inland city until January 1, 2006, when the city merged with four municipalities; two were touching the Sea of Japan. The Shinano River flows through the city from south to north and industrial development is on both banks of the river. The Higashiyama mountain range lies to the east.

Surrounding municipalities

From the north, following Nagaoka's border counterclockwise: Niigata Prefecture

Sado Island is connected by sea and air routes.

Climate

Nagaoka has a Humid climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm, wet summers and cold winters with heavy snowfall. The average annual temperature in Nagaoka is 12.6 °C. The average annual rainfall is 2336 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.0 °C, and lowest in January, at around 0.3 °C. [3]

Climate data for Nagaoka, Niigata (1981-2010)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)4.3
(39.7)
4.7
(40.5)
8.7
(47.7)
16.4
(61.5)
21.6
(70.9)
25.3
(77.5)
28.6
(83.5)
30.8
(87.4)
26.2
(79.2)
20.1
(68.2)
13.7
(56.7)
7.7
(45.9)
17.3
(63.2)
Daily mean °C (°F)1.3
(34.3)
1.4
(34.5)
4.3
(39.7)
10.8
(51.4)
16.3
(61.3)
20.5
(68.9)
24.2
(75.6)
26.0
(78.8)
21.5
(70.7)
15.3
(59.5)
9.3
(48.7)
4.2
(39.6)
12.9
(55.3)
Average low °C (°F)−1.2
(29.8)
−1.4
(29.5)
0.7
(33.3)
5.8
(42.4)
11.6
(52.9)
16.6
(61.9)
20.7
(69.3)
22.1
(71.8)
17.9
(64.2)
11.4
(52.5)
5.6
(42.1)
1.3
(34.3)
9.3
(48.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches)299.7
(11.80)
168.8
(6.65)
144.4
(5.69)
96.8
(3.81)
109.0
(4.29)
132.2
(5.20)
225.5
(8.88)
148.4
(5.84)
173.8
(6.84)
194.5
(7.66)
291.7
(11.48)
340.1
(13.39)
2,324.9
(91.53)
Average snowfall cm (inches)236
(93)
189
(74)
80
(31)
4
(1.6)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
2
(0.8)
89
(35)
600
(235.4)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 47.365.8109.0166.2184.7144.7143.7192.4131.3129.789.257.71,461.7
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency

Demographics

Per Japanese census data, [4] the population of Nagaoka peaked at around 1995 and has declined steadily since.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1960 284,026    
1970 279,395−1.6%
1980 289,234+3.5%
1990 290,923+0.6%
2000 292,887+0.7%
2010 282,674−3.5%

History

Picture of annual event of the Nagaoka castle - Going into the castle for New Year greeting Nagaoka jouka nenju gyouji zue - Nenshi tojo.jpg
Picture of annual event of the Nagaoka castle - Going into the castle for New Year greeting
Ukiyo-e of the Battle of Hokuetsu (Boshin War) by Utagawa Kuniteru II Echigo no kuni Uesugi Kagekatsu katoku arasoi kassen.jpg
Ukiyo-e of the Battle of Hokuetsu (Boshin War) by Utagawa Kuniteru II

The area of present-day Nagaoka was part of ancient Echigo Province. Under the Tokugawa shogunate, a castle town was constructed by Hori Naoyori lord of Nagaoka Domain in 1616. However, as the initial castle was located in an area prone to flooding by the Shinano River, a new castle was built at the site of present-day Nagaoka Station in 1617. Nagaoka flourished as under the reign of the 13 generations of the Makino clan during the Edo period. In the Boshin War of 1868 during the Meiji Restoration, Nagaoka Domain was a member of the Ōuetsu Reppan Dōmei against the imperial forces, and the city was reduced to rubble during the Battle of Hokuetsu. A gift of one hundred sacks of rice from a neighboring province was sold to finance a new school during the reconstruction of Nagaoka, from which the anecdote of Kome Hyappyo was born.[ citation needed ]

With the Meiji period creation of the modern municipalities system on April 1, 1889, the towns of Nagaoka and Nagaoka-honmachi were established. The two towns were merged on November 1, 1901 with the towns of Senju, Kusouzu, Ara, and village of Ouchi to form the modern town of Nagaoka, which was then raised to city status on April 1, 1906.

Municipal timeline

Government

Nagaoka City Hall Ao-re Nagaoka 20140430 02.jpg
Nagaoka City Hall

Nagaoka has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 34 members. The city contributes six members to the Niigata Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Niigata 5th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Economy

Industry

The manufacturing industry prospered in Nagaoka following World War II, due in part to favorable location and good transportation infrastructure. Current industrial production includes precision instruments and machine tools.

Education

Universities and colleges

Primary and secondary education

The city of Nagaoka operates 61 public elementary schools and 27 public middle schools. There is also one public middle school operated by the national government. Nagaoka also has nine public high schools operated by the Niigata Prefectural Board of Education and three private high schools. The prefecture also operates three special education schools in the city.

Transportation

Nagaoka Station Nagaoka Station 20041114.jpg
Nagaoka Station

Railway

JR logo (east).svg East Japan Railway Company (JR East) - Joetsu Shinkansen

JR logo (east).svg JR East - Joetsu Line

JR logo (east).svg JR East - Shin'etsu Main Line

JR logo (east).svg JR East - Echigo Line

JR logo (east).svg JR East - Iiyama Line

Bus

Local bus service in Nagaoka is managed by Echigo Kotsu. The bus terminal located at the east entrance of Nagaoka Station serves as the hub for the route network. Service extends to all parts of the city as well as many outlying suburban areas and villages. A bus service connecting Nagaoka Station to Niigata, Niigata Station runs at intervals of approximately 30 minutes. Additionally, long-distance bus services are available to all major cities in the prefecture as well as Tokyo.

Road

Expressway

Nagaoka JCT is a strategic interchange which connects two expressways, Hokuriku Expressway and Kan-Etsu Expressway.

  • E8 Expressway (Japan).png Hokuriku Expressway - Ōzumi PA - Nagaoka JCT - Nagaoka-kita Bus stop - Nagaoka-kita IC(ETC Only) - Nakanoshima-Mitsuke IC
  • E17 Expressway (Japan).png Kan-etsu Expressway - Echigo-Kawaguchi IC/SA - Ojiya IC* - Nagaokaminami-Koshiji IC(ETC Only) - Nagaoka IC - Nagaoka JCT
  • Ojiya IC is in Ojiya city

Japan National Route

Twin towns – sister cities

Nagaoka is twinned with: [6]

Friendship city

Local attractions

Places of interest

National Historic Sites

Festivals

Video: 100 shots of shakudama (12 inches shell) fireworks at the Nagaoka Festival Fireworks 2015

Notable people from Nagaoka

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References

  1. Nagaoka city official statistics (in Japanese)
  2. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-10-13. Retrieved 2013-11-24.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. Nagaoka climate data
  4. Itoigawa population statistics
  5. http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/dy/national/20100402TDY03T01.htm
  6. "Sister Cities and Friendship City". niea.or.jp. Nagaoka International Exchange Association. Retrieved 2020-04-07.