Nagara River

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Nagara River
Nagararivergifu.JPG
The Nagara River flowing through Gifu
Native name長良川
Location
Country Japan
Physical characteristics
Source 
  location Mount Dainichi
Mouth  
  location
Ise Bay
Length166 km (103 mi)
Basin size1,985 km2 (766 sq mi)
Discharge 
  average120 m3/s (4,200 cu ft/s)
Basin features
River system Kiso River

The Nagara River (長良川, Nagara-gawa) has its source in the city of Gujō, Gifu Prefecture, and its mouth in the city of Kuwana, Mie Prefecture, Japan. Along with the Kiso River and Ibi River, the Nagara River is one of the Kiso Three Rivers of the Nōbi Plain. Previously, the river was named Sunomata River (墨俣川 Sunomata-gawa). With a length of 166 km (103 mi), it drains an area of 1,985 square kilometres (766 sq mi) in the Chūbu region and empties into Ise Bay. The government of Japan classifies it as a Class 1 river.

Contents

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Also, famous for being a clear-flowing river, it has been named one of the "Three Clear-Flowing Rivers in Japan," along with the Kakita River in Shizuoka Prefecture and the Shimanto River in Kōchi Prefecture. In 1985, the middle section of the Nagara River was named to "Japan's 100 Famous Waters." Also, it was included among Japan's top bathing areas in both 1988 and 2001. The river is also a popular tourist destination because of Nagaragawa Onsen, a collection of natural hot springs (mostly in the city of Gifu) that are known for their high iron content. [1]

Downstream, the Nagara River converges and diverges with the Kiso and Ibi rivers at multiple times. Though the Nagara River is considered part of the Kiso River system, various construction projects over the years have kept the two rivers separate all the way to the mouth of the river.

Other construction projects had previously changed the flow of the river, too. Up until the Shōwa period, two minor rivers diverged from the Nagara River in the heart of the city of Gifu, but construction in 1939 created the current path of the river through the system. As a result of this construction, about 160 ha (0.62 sq mi) of land was recovered, upon which the Gifu Memorial Center, schools, and other buildings were built.

Cormorant fishing

Cormorant Fishing on the Nagara River in Gifu Gifuukai2.jpg
Cormorant Fishing on the Nagara River in Gifu

Cormorant fishing is an ancient tradition in which cormorants are used to catch various fish in lakes and rivers. Cormorant fishing takes place in two cities: Gifu, where it is called "Cormorant Fishing on the Nagara River," [2] and Seki, where it is called "Oze Cormorant Fishing" (小瀬鵜飼 Oze Ukai). Though eleven other places in Japan also host cormorant fishing, only the fishing masters on the Nagara River are Imperial Fishermen of the Household Agency.

River communities

The river passes through or forms the boundary of the following communities:

Gifu Prefecture
Gujō, Mino, Seki, Gifu, Mizuho, Ōgaki, Anpachi, Wanouchi, Kaizu
Aichi Prefecture
Aisai
Mie Prefecture
Kuwana

See also

Related Research Articles

Gifu Prefecture Prefecture of Japan

Gifu Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region of Honshu. Gifu Prefecture has a population of 1,991,390 and has a geographic area of 10,621 square kilometres (4,101 sq mi). Gifu Prefecture borders Toyama Prefecture to the north; Ishikawa Prefecture to the northwest; Fukui Prefecture to the west; Shiga Prefecture to the southwest; Mie Prefecture and Aichi Prefecture to the south; and Nagano Prefecture to the east.

Gujō, Gifu City in Chūbu, Japan

Gujō is a city located in Gifu, Japan. As of 1 February 2019, the city had an estimated population of 41,858, and a population density of 41 persons per km2, in 15,341 households. The total area of the city was 851.21 square kilometres (328.65 sq mi). Gujo Hachiman, a part of the city that was an independent town until 2004, is well known for its large summer bon odori festival, Gujo Odori.

Mino, Gifu City in Chūbu, Japan

Mino is a city located in Gifu, Japan. As of 31 December 2018, the city had an estimated population of 20,749 in 8149 households, and a population density of 180 persons per km2. The total area of the city was 117.01 square kilometres (45.18 sq mi). The city is renowned for traditional Japanese Mino washi paper and its streets, which are in the style of the early Edo period (1603–1868). An urban area known as "Udatsu Townscape" (うだつのあがるまちなみ) is designated as an important traditional building group conservation area by the government on May 13, 1999.

Kaizu City in Chūbu, Japan

Kaizu is a city located in Gifu, Japan. As of 1 April 2018, the city had an estimated population of 34,960, and a population density of 310 persons per km2, in 12,167 households. The total area of the city was 112.03 square kilometres (43.26 sq mi). Most of the city is located at sea level and is well known for levees surrounding the area.

Cormorant fishing Fishing using trained cormorants to catch large fish

Cormorant fishing is a traditional fishing method in which fishermen use trained cormorants to fish in rivers. Historically, cormorant fishing has taken place in Japan and China, as well as Greece, North Macedonia, and, briefly, England and France. It is first attested as a method used by the ancient Japanese in the Book of Sui, the official history of the Sui Dynasty of China, completed in 636 CE. This technique has also been used in other countries but is currently under threat in China.

Sunomata can may refer to various places and events in Japan:

Gifu Core city in Chūbu, Japan

Gifu is a city located in the south-central portion of Gifu Prefecture, Japan, and serves as the prefectural capital. The city has played an important role in Japan's history because of its location in the middle of the country. During the Sengoku period, various warlords, including Oda Nobunaga, used the area as a base in an attempt to unify and control Japan. Gifu continued to flourish even after Japan's unification as both an important shukuba along the Edo period Nakasendō and, later, as one of Japan's fashion centers. It has been designated a core city by the national government.

Kiso River River that flows thorough the Chubu region of Japan

The Kiso River is a river in the Chubu region of Japan roughly 229 km (142 mi) long, flowing through the prefectures of Nagano, Gifu, Aichi, and Mie before emptying into Ise Bay a short distance away from the city of Nagoya. It is the main river of the Kiso Three Rivers and forms a major part of the Nōbi Plain. The valley around the upper portion of the river forms the Kiso Valley.

Cormorant fishing on the Nagara River

Cormorant fishing on the Nagara River has played a vital role in the history of the city of Gifu, Gifu Prefecture, Japan. Throughout its long history, it evolved from a means to live, to a profitable industry, to a major tourist draw. It runs from May 11 to October 15 of each year.

Gōdo-juku

Gōdo-juku was the fifty-fourth of the sixty-nine stations (shukuba) of the Nakasendō. It is located in the present-day city of Gifu, Gifu Prefecture, Japan. Gōdo-juku flourished as a post town because it was located next to the Nagara River and there was a ferry service to the other side.

Ibi River

The Ibi River is a tributary of the Kiso River located in Gifu and Mie Prefectures in Japan. Along with the Nagara and Kiso rivers, the Ibi is the third of the Kiso Three Rivers of the Nōbi Plain. It is one of Japan's first-class rivers. The former Tōkaidō post station of Kuwana-juku was located on the western banks of this river during the Edo period.

Nōbi Plain Second largest plain in Japan

The Nōbi Plain is a large plain in Japan that stretches from the Mino area of southwest Gifu Prefecture to the Owari area of northwest Aichi Prefecture, covering an area of approximately 1,800 square kilometres (695 sq mi). It is an alluvial plain created by the Kiso Three Rivers and has very fertile soil. It is bordered on the west by the Ibuki and Yōrō mountain ranges, and to the east by the Owari Hills. Its northern border is marked by the Ryōhaku Mountains and the south by Ise Bay.

Kiso Three Rivers Major rivers in the Nōbi plain

The Kiso Three Rivers refers to the three major rivers that make up the alluvial plain area of the Nōbi Plain of Japan. The three rivers are the Kiso River, the Ibi River and the Nagara River. Given their location, they are sometimes referred to as the Nōbi Three Rivers.

Shōnai River

The Shōnai River is a Class 1 river flowing through Gifu and Aichi prefectures in Japan. In Gifu Prefecture, it is also referred to as the Toki River ; around the city of Kasugai in Aichi Prefecture, it is referred to as the Tamano River. Fujimae-higata exists in the River mouth.

Nagaragawa Onsen Thermal springs in Japan

The Nagaragawa Onsen are a group of onsen located along the banks of the Nagara River in Gifu, Gifu Prefecture, Japan. The source of the onsen are in the northern part of the city near the Mitabora Shinbutsu Onsen (三田洞神仏温泉). The group was included on the 16th edition of Japan's Top 100 Onsen.

Chūnō

Chūnō (中濃) is the central portion of Gifu Prefecture in the Chūbu region of Japan. Before Gifu became a prefecture, the area was part of Mino Province. The Chūnō region received its name as a combination of the kanji for "middle" (中) and "Mino" (美濃). The borders of this region are not officially set, but it generally consists of thirteen municipalities. There are five cities in addition to the towns and village in the Kamo and Kani (Mitake) districts also fall into the Chūnō region. Occasionally, Gujō is separated from the Chūnō region and is said to be part of the Hokunō region.

Minami-Kodakara-Onsen Station Railway station in Gujō, Gifu Prefecture, Japan

Minami-Kodakara-Onsen Station is a railway station in the city of Gujō, Gifu Prefecture, Japan, operated by the third sector railway operator Nagaragawa Railway.

Gujō-Hachiman Station Railway station in Gujō, Gifu Prefecture, Japan

Gujō-Hachiman Station is a railway station in the city of Gujō, Gifu Prefecture, Japan, operated by the third sector railway operator Nagaragawa Railway.

Tsubo River

The Tsubo River has its source in the northeastern portion of the city of Seki, Gifu Prefecture, Japan. From there, it flows through Gifu and into the Nagara River. It is part of the Kiso River system.

References

Estuary Barrage Nagaragawa Mouth of River Floodgate-1.jpg
Estuary Barrage
  1. Gifu Nagaragawa Onsen. (in Japanese) Gifu Nagaragawa Onsen and Ryokan Cooperative. Accessed June 6, 2007.
  2. Cormorant Fishing on the Nagara River Archived 2007-04-28 at the Wayback Machine , Gifu City Hall. Accessed June 8, 2007.

35°04′05″N136°42′22″E / 35.068112°N 136.706208°E / 35.068112; 136.706208 Coordinates: 35°04′05″N136°42′22″E / 35.068112°N 136.706208°E / 35.068112; 136.706208 (confluence with Ibi River)