Nagasaki

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Nagasaki
長崎市
Nagasaki City
Nagasaki Montage2.jpg
From top to bottom, left to right: Ōura Cathedral, Nakashima River, Glover Garden, Nagasaki Kunchi, Nagasaki Shinchi Chinatown, Nagasaki Peace Park
Flag of Nagasaki, Nagasaki.svg
Nagasaki Nagasaki chapter.svg
Nickname(s): 

City of Peace
Naples of the Orient
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Map of Nagasaki Prefecture with Nagasaki highlighted in pink
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Nagasaki
 
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Nagasaki
Nagasaki (Japan)
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Nagasaki
Nagasaki (Asia)
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Nagasaki
Nagasaki (Earth)
Coordinates: 32°44′41″N129°52′25″E / 32.74472°N 129.87361°E / 32.74472; 129.87361 Coordinates: 32°44′41″N129°52′25″E / 32.74472°N 129.87361°E / 32.74472; 129.87361
CountryFlag of Japan.svg  Japan
Region Kyushu
Prefecture Nagasaki Prefecture
Government
  Mayor Tomihisa Taue (2007–)
Area
  Total405.86 km2 (156.70 sq mi)
  Land240.71 km2 (92.94 sq mi)
  Water165.15 km2 (63.76 sq mi)
Population
 (June 1, 2020)
  Total407,624 [1]
Time zone UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
– Tree Chinese tallow tree
– Flower Hydrangea
Phone number095-825-5151
Address2–22 Sakura-machi, Nagasaki-shi, Nagasaki-ken
850-8685
Website www.city.nagasaki.lg.jp
Nagasaki
Nagasaki (Chinese characters).svg
Nagasaki in kanji

On August 9, 1945, the population was estimated to be 263,000. As of March 1, 2017, the city had population of 505,723 and a population density of 1,000 persons per km2.

Sports

Nagasaki is represented in the J. League of football with its local club, V-Varen Nagasaki.

Main sites

A plaque and the Peace Statue at the Nagasaki Peace Park Nagasaki Peace Statue - panoramio.jpg
A plaque and the Peace Statue at the Nagasaki Peace Park
Monument at the atomic bomb hypocenter in Nagasaki NagasakiHypocenter.jpg
Monument at the atomic bomb hypocenter in Nagasaki
Nagasaki National Peace Memorial Hall for the Atomic Bomb Victims Nagasaki peace memorial hall.jpg
Nagasaki National Peace Memorial Hall for the Atomic Bomb Victims
Sofuku-ji (National treasure of Japan) Sofukuji Nagasaki Japan30n.jpg
Sōfuku-ji (National treasure of Japan)

Cityscape

Nagasaki vue du Mont Inasa.jpg
Nagasaki City seen from the Inasayama Observatory, facing southeast.

Events

Nagasaki Lantern Festival Nagasaki Lantern Festival - 01.jpg
Nagasaki Lantern Festival

The Prince Takamatsu Cup Nishinippon Round-Kyūshū Ekiden, the world's longest relay race, begins in Nagasaki each November.

Kunchi, the most famous festival in Nagasaki, is held from October 7–9.

The Nagasaki Lantern Festival, [39] celebrating the Chinese New Year, is celebrated from February 18 to March 4.

Cuisine

Original Shikairo Champon Shikairo Nagasaki Japan05s.jpg
Original Shikairō Champon

Notable people

Twin towns

The city of Nagasaki maintains sister cities or friendship relations with other cities worldwide. [40]

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dejima</span> Former artificial island in Nagasaki

Dejima, in the 17th century also called Tsukishima, was an artificial island off Nagasaki, Japan that served as a trading post for the Portuguese (1570–1639) and subsequently the Dutch (1641–1854). For 220 years, it was the central conduit for foreign trade and cultural exchange with Japan during the isolationist Edo period (1600–1869), and the only Japanese territory open to Westerners.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Azuchi–Momoyama period</span> Final phase of the Sengoku period of Japanese history (1568-1600)

The Azuchi–Momoyama period was the final phase of the Sengoku period in Japanese history from 1568 to 1600.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nagasaki Prefecture</span> Prefecture of Japan

Nagasaki Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Kyūshū. Nagasaki Prefecture has a population of 1,314,078 and has a geographic area of 4,130 km2. Nagasaki Prefecture borders Saga Prefecture to the northeast.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hizen Province</span> Former province of Japan

Hizen Province was an old province of Japan in the area of the Saga and Nagasaki prefectures. It was sometimes called Hishū (肥州), with Higo Province. Hizen bordered on the provinces of Chikuzen and Chikugo. The province was included in Saikaidō. It did not include the regions of Tsushima and Iki that are now part of modern Nagasaki Prefecture.

<i>Kirishitan</i> Term for Catholics in Japan in the 16th and 17th centuries

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Takashi Nagai</span> Japanese physician, writer, diarist (1908–1951)

Takashi Nagai was a Japanese Catholic physician specializing in radiology, an author, and a survivor of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki. His subsequent life of prayer and service earned him the affectionate title "saint of Urakami".

<i>Sakoku</i> 1633–1853 Japanese isolationist policy

Sakoku was the isolationist foreign policy of the Japanese Tokugawa shogunate under which, for a period of 265 years during the Edo period, relations and trade between Japan and other countries were severely limited, and nearly all foreign nationals were banned from entering Japan, while common Japanese people were kept from leaving the country.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Urakami</span>

Urakami was an area in the northern part of the city of Nagasaki, Japan.

Gaspar Coelho was a Portuguese Jesuit missionary. He replaced Francisco Cabral as the Superior and Vice-Provincial of the Jesuit mission in Japan during the late 16th century. He catalyzed the disfavor of Toyotomi Hideyoshi against the Jesuit mission in Japan in 1587.

Arima Harunobu was a Japanese samurai lord who was the daimyo of Shimabara Domain and the head of the Hizen-Arima clan. In his early years, he was a retainer of Ryūzōji clan.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Basilica of the Twenty-Six Holy Martyrs of Japan (Nagasaki)</span> Church in Nagasaki, Japan

The Basilica of the Twenty-Six Holy Martyrs of Japan (日本二十六聖殉教者聖堂) also Ōura Church is a Roman Catholic minor basilica and Co-cathedral in Nagasaki, Japan, built soon after the end of the Japanese government's Seclusion Policy in 1853. It is also known as the Church of the 26 Japanese Martyrs. For many years it was the only Western-style building declared a national treasure, and is said to be the oldest church in Japan.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nagasaki Atomic Bomb Museum</span> Museum in Nagasaki, Japan

The Nagasaki Atomic Bomb Museum is in the city of Nagasaki, Japan. The museum is a remembrance to the atomic bombing of Nagasaki by the United States of America 9 August 1945 at 11:02:35 am. Next to the museum is the Nagasaki National Peace Memorial Hall for the Atomic Bomb Victims, built in 2003. The bombing marked a new era in war, making Nagasaki a symbolic location for a memorial. The counterpart in Hiroshima is the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum. These locations symbolize the nuclear age, remind visitors of the vast destruction and indiscriminate death caused by nuclear weapons, and signify a commitment to peace.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki</span> Use of nuclear weapons against Japan in World War II

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hizen-Arima clan</span>

The Hizen-Arima clan is a Japanese samurai family. From 1695 until 1871 they ruled the Maruoka Domain as daimyo. They were appointed Viscount after the Meiji Restoration.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Martyrs of Japan</span> Christian missionaries who were martyred in Japan

The Martyrs of Japan were Christian missionaries and followers who were persecuted and executed, mostly during the Tokugawa shogunate period in the 17th century. More than 400 martyrs of Japan have been recognized with beatification by the Catholic Church, and 42 have been canonized as saints.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Urakami Station</span> Railway station in Nagasaki, Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan

Urakami Station is a railway station in Kawaguchi-chō, Nagasaki, Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by JR Kyushu and is on the Nagasaki Main Line. It is the station where the old line and new line sections of the Nagasaki Line intersect. In front of the station is the Urakami Ekimae stop on the Nagasaki Electric Tramway.

Christian missionaries arrived with Francis Xavier and the Jesuits in the 1540s and briefly flourished, with over 100,000 converts, including many daimyōs in Kyushu. It soon met resistance from the highest office holders of Japan. Emperor Ōgimachi issued edicts to ban Catholicism in 1565 and 1568, but to little effect. Beginning in 1587, with imperial regent Toyotomi Hideyoshi's ban on Jesuit missionaries, Christianity was repressed as a threat to national unity. After the Tokugawa shogunate banned Christianity in 1620 it ceased to exist publicly. Many Catholics went underground, becoming hidden Christians, while others lost their lives. Only after the Meiji Restoration was Christianity re-established in Japan.

<i>Nanban</i> trade 1543–1614 period of Japanese history

Nanban trade or the Nanban trade period, was a period in the history of Japan from the arrival of Europeans in 1543 to the first Sakoku Seclusion Edicts of isolationism in 1614. Nanban is a Japanese word which had been used to designate people from Southern China, Ryukyu islands, Indian Ocean and Southeast Asia centuries prior to the arrival of the first Europeans. For instance, according to the Nihongi ryaku (日本紀略), Dazaifu, the administrative center of Kyūshū, reported that the Nanban pirates, who were identified as Amami islanders by the Shōyūki, pillaged a wide area of Kyūshū in 997. In response, Dazaifu ordered Kikaijima (貴駕島) to arrest the Nanban.

The Okamoto Daihachi incident (岡本大八事件) of 1612 refers to the exposure of the intrigues involving the Japanese Christian daimyō and retainers of the early Tokugawa shogunate in Japan. The conspiracy - motivated by the Christian daimyō Arima Harunobu's desire to retake Arima lands in Hizen that were lost in the Sengoku wars - did much to shake the confidence that the Tokugawa regime placed on its Christian subjects, and was attributed as one of the reasons the Tokugawa eventually took an anti-Christian stance, which culminated in the persecution of Christians throughout the country.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Battle of Fukae Village</span>

The Battle of Fukae Village was the first recorded engagement of the Shimabara Rebellion. It was an early rebel victory against a punitive expedition sent from Shimabara Castle.

References

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Bibliography