Nagoya University

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Nagoya University
名古屋大学
Nagoya University logo.svg
Motto勇気ある知識人 (courageous intellectual)
Type Public (National)
EstablishedFounded 1871,
Chartered 1939
President Seiichi Matsuo
Academic staff
3,847 (2020)
Undergraduates 9,585 (2020)
Postgraduates 6,187 (2020)
Location, ,
35°09′17″N136°58′01″E / 35.15472°N 136.96694°E / 35.15472; 136.96694 Coordinates: 35°09′17″N136°58′01″E / 35.15472°N 136.96694°E / 35.15472; 136.96694
Campus Urban,
3.2 km²
Colors Green  
MascotNone
Website www.nagoya-u.ac.jp

Nagoya University (名古屋大学, Nagoya daigaku), abbreviated to Meidai (名大) or NU, [1] is a Japanese national research university located in Chikusa-ku, Nagoya. It was the seventh Imperial University in Japan, one of the first five Designated National University and selected as a Top Type university of Top Global University Project by the Japanese government. It is the 3rd highest ranked higher education institution in Japan (72nd worldwide). [2]

Contents

The university is the birthplace of the Sakata School of physics and the Hirata School of chemistry. As of 2014, six Nobel Prize winners have been associated with Nagoya University, the third most in Japan and Asia behind Kyoto University and the University of Tokyo. [3] [4]

History

Nagoya Imperial University, one of the representative universities of the Japanese Empire. Nagoya Imperial University-old1.jpg
Nagoya Imperial University, one of the representative universities of the Japanese Empire.
Toyoda Auditorium, the landmark of Nagoya University, designed by Fumihiko Maki. Toyota Auditorium of Nagoya University.jpg
Toyoda Auditorium, the landmark of Nagoya University, designed by Fumihiko Maki.
Nagoya University Higashiyama Campus. The university has produced six Nobel Prize laureates in science. Nagoya University 00.jpg
Nagoya University Higashiyama Campus. The university has produced six Nobel Prize laureates in science.

Nagoya University traces its roots back to 1871 when it was the Temporary Medical School/Public Hospital. In 1939 it became Nagoya Imperial University (名古屋帝国大学), the last Imperial University of Japanese Empire. In 1947 it was renamed Nagoya University (名古屋大学), and became a Japanese national university. In 2014, according to the reform measures of the MEXT, all Japanese national universities has been incorporated as a National University Corporation. The university has a profound tradition of physics and chemistry. Many world-class scientific research achievements include Sakata model, PMNS matrix, Okazaki fragment, Noyori asymmetric hydrogenation, and Blue LED were born in Nagoya University.

In the 20th century, NU's Kuno Yasu and Katsunuma Seizō were nominated for the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, Yoshio Ohnuki was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Physics. In the 21st century, NU peoples account for half of the total number of Japanese Nobel Prize winners (up to 2014). Among the six winners of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry and the Physics, there are three professors and five alumni. The number of winners is the third among Japanese and Asian universities. In addition, the team under Professor Morishima Kunihiro participated in the Scanpyramids project by using special nuclear emulsion plates. This led to the discovery in 2017 of new chambers in the great pyramid. [5] [6]

In March 2012, Nagoya University played host to the International Symposium on Innovative Nanobiodevices. [7] Three years later, NU was selected as one of the five champion universities for gender equality by the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women. [8]

In March 2018, Nagoya University was selected as one of first five Designated National University. In order to become the largest national higher education corporation in Japan, the Tokai National Higher Education and Research System established by integrating with Gifu University in April 2020, both are major universities in Tōkai region.

Overview

Ideal

The ideal written in the Nagoya University Academic Charter is to encourage the intelligentsia with courage by providing an education which respects independent thought. Currently, NU's academic style and characteristics are "freedom, openness, and enterprising." When Nagoya Imperial University was just established, the first president was in a passage of the Seventeen-article constitution, and his motto, "Harmony is to be valued," was the basic spirit of the entire university. [9]

Student population

While the majority of its students come from Tōkai region, Nagoya University has a good portion of students from all over Japan.

The school also has many students from abroad. Currently there are over 1300 international students (150 undergraduate) from 78 countries studying in the faculties of Nagoya University. The majority of them are from China (47%, as of May 1, 2009) and Korea (9.5%). Among other countries, Taiwan, Indonesia, Viet Nam, Malaysia, Cambodia, Sri Lanka and Uzbekistan are represented by more than 30 students. Among non-Asian countries, the United States and Brazil sent 16 students each.

Faculties and graduate schools

Faculties

Nagoya University name monument Nagoya university.jpg
Nagoya University name monument

Graduate schools

Nagoya University Hospital Nagoya University Hospital.jpg
Nagoya University Hospital

The University's Research Center for Seismology, Volcanology and Disaster mitigation is represented on the national Coordinating Committee for Earthquake Prediction. [10]

Academic rankings

University rankings
Toyo Keizai National [11] General 21
Kawaijuku  [ ja ] National [12] General 8
T. Reuters National [13] Research 5
WE  [ ja ] National [14] Employment 38
NBP Hokuriku/Tokai [15] Reputation 1
Shimano National [16] Selectivity SA
QS Asia
(Asian Ranking version) [17]
General 14
ARWU Asia [18] Research 7
QS World [19] General 80
ARWU World [18] Research 84
Program rankings
Social Sciences & Humanities

LAW

Asahi National [20] Research4
BE Success National [21] Qualification12
BE Pass rate National [22] Qualification10

ECONOMICS

RePec National [23] Research13
Natural Sciences & Technology

Engineering

Kawaijuku  [ ja ] National [24] General6~7
QS World [25] General96

PHYSICS

T.Reuters National [26] Research6
T.Reuters World [26] Research61

CHEMISTRY

T.Reuters National [26] Research7
T.Reuters World [26] Research43

BIOLOGY & BIOCHEMISTRY

T.Reuters National [26] Research5
T.Reuters World [26] Research97
* T. Reuters World rankings include non-educational institutions

Nagoya University is one of the most prestigious universities in Japan. This can be seen in several rankings such as the ones shown below.

General rankings

The university has been ranked 15th in 2009 and 21st in 2010 in the ranking "Truly Strong Universities" by Toyo Keizai. [11] In another ranking, Japanese prep school Kawaijuku ranked Nagoya as the 8th best university in Japan. [12]

The Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) 2009 ranks Nagoya University as fourth in Japan. [27] The 2009 THE-QS World University Rankings (From 2010 two separate rankings will be produced by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings and the QS World University Rankings) ranks Nagoya University as fifth in Japan. [28] The 2010 QS Asian University Rankings rated Nagoya number ten in Asia and number five in Japan, [29] while the QS World University Rankings [30] for 2011 ranked Nagoya 80th in the world.

Research performance

Nagoya is one of the top research institutions in Japan. According to Thomson Reuters, Nagoya is the 5th best research university in Japan. [13] Its research standard is especially high in Physics (6th in Japan, 61st in the world), Chemistry (7th in Japan, 43rd in the world), and Biology & Biochemistry (5th in Japan, 97th in the world). [31]

Weekly Diamond reported that Nagoya has the 6th highest research standard in Japan in research funding per researchers in COE Program. [32] In the same article, it is also ranked 6th in terms of the quality of education by GP funds per student.

In addition, Nikkei Shimbun on 16 February 2004 surveyed the research standards in Engineering studies based on Thomson Reuters, Grants in Aid for Scientific Research and questionnaires to heads of 93 leading Japanese research centers, and Nagoya was placed 9th (research planning ability 5th//informative ability of research outcome 9th/ability of business-academia collaboration 6th) in this ranking. [33]

Furthermore, Nagoya had the 8th highest number of patents accepted (108) in 2009 among Japanese universities. [34]

It has a high research standard in Social Science & Humanities. Asahi Shimbun summarized the number of academic papers in Japanese major legal journals by university, and Nagoya University was ranked 4th during 2005–2009. [20] RePEc in January 2011 ranked Nagoya's Economic department as Japan's 13th best economic research university. [35]

Graduate school rankings

Nagoya Law School is considered one of the top law schools in Japan, as it was ranked 10th in the pass rate of the Japanese Bar Examination in 2010. [36]

Alumni rankings

According to the Weekly Economist's 2010 rankings, graduates from Nagoya have the 38th best employment rate in 400 major companies in Japan. [37]

Popularity and selectivity

Nagoya is one of the most selective universities in Japan. Its entrance difficulty is usually considered one of the highest in Japan. [38] [39]

Evaluation from Business World

The university ranking of the ratio of "president and chief executive officer of listed company"
Ranking
all universities in Japan 15th [40]  out of all the 744 [41] universities which existed as of 2006
Source2006 Survey [40] by Weekly Diamond 〈ja〉 on the ranking of the universities which produced the high ratio of the graduates who hold the position of "president and chief executive officer of listed company" to all the graduates of each university
The university ranking according to the ratio of the number of the officers & managers produced by each university to the number of graduates
Ranking
all universities in Japan 12th [42]  out of all the 778 [43] universities which existed as of 2010
Source2010 Survey [44] by Weekly Economist 〈ja〉 on the ranking of universities according to the ratio of the number of the officers & managers produced by each university to the number of graduates
The university ranking according to the evaluation by Personnel Departments of Leading Companies in Japan
Ranking
Japan 3rd [45] (out of 781 [46]  universities in Japan as of 2020)
Source2020 Nikkei Survey [47] to all listed (3,714 [48] ) and leading unlisted (1,100), totally 4,814 companies [47]

Athletics

Nagoya University and Osaka University hold regular Athletics Competition every year (名古屋大学・大阪大学対抗競技大会). In addition, the Seven Universities Athletic Meet (国立七大学総合体育大会, kokuritsu nana-daigaku sōgō taiiku-taikai) [49] [50] has been held since 1962. The competition is commonly called the Competition of the Seven Imperial Universities (七帝戦, shichi-tei sen) or the national athletic meet of the seven former imperial universities (七大戦, Nanadai-sen). [51]

Notable alumni and affiliates

Full list can be found in the Japanese Wikipedia article: List of Nagoya University people (in Japanese)

Physics and Materials

Chemistry and Biology

Mathematic

More notable alumni

Related Research Articles

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