|Sub grouping||Water spirit|
In Greek mythology, the Naiads ( /,- / ; Greek : Ναϊάδες) are a type of female spirit, or nymph, presiding over fountains, wells, springs, streams, brooks and other bodies of fresh water.
They are distinct from river gods, who embodied rivers, and the very ancient spirits that inhabited the still waters of marshes, ponds and lagoon-lakes, such as pre-Mycenaean Lerna in the Argolis.
Naiads were associated with fresh water, as the Oceanids were with saltwater and the Nereids specifically with the Mediterranean, but because the ancient Greeks thought of the world's waters as all one system, which percolated in from the sea in deep cavernous spaces within the earth, there was some overlap. Arethusa, the nymph of a spring, could make her way through subterranean flows from the Peloponnesus to surface on the island of Sicily.
The Greek word is Ναϊάς (Nāïás, pronounced [naːiás] ), plural Ναϊάδες (Nāïádes, [naːiádes] ). It derives from νάειν (náein), "to flow", or νᾶμα (nâma), "running water". "Naiad" has several English pronunciations: // , // , // , // .
| Greek deities |
Naiads were often the object of archaic local cults, worshipped as essential to humans. Boys and girls at coming-of-age ceremonies dedicated their childish locks to the local naiad of the spring. In places like Lerna their waters' ritual cleansings were credited with magical medical properties. Animals were ritually drowned there. Oracles might be situated by ancient springs.
Naiads could be dangerous: Hylas of the Argo ’s crew was lost when he was taken by naiads fascinated by his beauty. The naiads were also known to exhibit jealous tendencies. Theocritus's story of naiad jealousy was that of a shepherd, Daphnis, who was the lover of Nomia or Echenais; Daphnis had on several occasions been unfaithful to Nomia and as revenge she permanently blinded him. The nymph Salmacis raped Hermaphroditus and fused with him when he tried to escape.
The water nymph associated with particular springs was known all through Europe in places with no direct connection with Greece, surviving in the Celtic wells of northwest Europe that have been rededicated to Saints, and in the medieval Melusine.
Walter Burkert points out, "When in the Iliad [xx.4–9] Zeus calls the gods into assembly on Mount Olympus, it is not only the well-known Olympians who come along, but also all the nymphs and all the rivers; Okeanos alone remains at his station",Greek hearers recognized this impossibility as the poet's hyperbole, which proclaimed the universal power of Zeus over the ancient natural world: "the worship of these deities," Burkert confirms, "is limited only by the fact that they are inseparably identified with a specific locality."
Robert Graves offered a sociopolitical reading of the common myth-type in which a mythic king is credited with marrying a naiad and founding a city: it was the newly arrived Hellenes justifying their presence. The loves and rapes of Zeus, according to Graves' readings, record the supplanting of ancient local cults by Olympian ones (Graves 1955, passim).
So, in the back-story of the myth of Aristaeus, Hypseus, a king of the Lapiths, married Chlidanope, a naiad, who bore him Cyrene. Aristaeus had more than ordinary mortal experience with the naiads: when his bees died in Thessaly, he went to consult them. His aunt Arethusa invited him below the water's surface, where he was washed with water from a perpetual spring and given advice.
|The Sithnides||Megara, Attica||one of them became the mother of Megaros by Zeus|
|Aganippe||Mt. Helicon, Boeotia||daughter of the river-god Termessus|
|Appias||Rome||lived in the Appian Well outside the temple to Venus Genitrix in the Roman Forum|
|Myrtoessa||Megalopolis, Arcadia||one of the nurses of infant Zeus|
|The Astakides||Lake Astacus, Bithynia||appeared in the myth of Nicaea|
|Bolbe||Lake Bolbe, Thessaly||an Oceanid due to her parentage (daughter of Oceanus and Tethys)|
|Limnaee||lake in India||daughter of the Indian river god Ganges; one of the reputed mothers of Athis|
|Pallas||Lake Tritonis, Libya||daughter of Triton or of Poseidon and Tritonis; accidentally killed by her playmate, the goddess Athena|
|Tritonis||Lake Tritonis, Libya||mother of Nasamon and Caphaurus (or Cephalion) by Amphithemis, and according to an archaic version of the myth, also of Athena by Poseidon; she could be also the mother of above Pallas and Athena again by Triton|
|The Acheloides||Achelous River, Aetolia||daughters of the river god Achelous; see also Castalia and Callirhoe below|
|• The Sirens (possibly)||Island of Anthemoessa||their mother could be one of the Muses (Terpsichore, Melpomene or Calliope) or Sterope; they were close companions of the goddess Persephone before her abduction|
|The Aesepides||Aesepus River, Troad||daughters of the river god Aesepus|
|• Abarbarea||-do-||wife of Bucolion by whom she mothered twin sons by him, Aesepus and Pedasus|
|The Amnisiades||Amnisus River, Crete||daughters of the river god Amnisos who served as handmaidens of the goddess Artemis|
|The Asopides||Asopus River, Sicyon or Boeotia||daughters of the river god Asopus and Metope; all abducted by the gods|
|• Aegina||Island of Aegina||mother of Menoetius by Actor, and Aeacus by Zeus|
|• Chalcis||Chalcis, Euboea||regarded as the mother of the Curetes and Corybantes; perhaps the same as Combe and Euboea below|
|• Cleone||Cleonae, Argos||-|
|• Combe||Island of Euboea||consort of Socus and mother by him of the seven Corybantes|
|• Corcyra||Island of Corcyra||mother of Phaiax by Poseidon|
|• Euboea||Island of Euboea||abducted by Poseidon|
|• Gargaphia or Plataia or Oeroe||Plataea, Boeotia||carried off by Zeus|
|• Harpina||Pisa, Elis||mother of Oenomaus by Ares|
|• Ismene||Ismenian spring of Thebes, Boeotia||wife of Argus, eponymous king of Argus and thus, mother of Argus Panoptes and Iasus.|
|• Nemea||Nemea, Argolis||others called her the daughter of Zeus and Selene|
|• Ornea||Ornia, Sicyon||-|
|• Peirene||Corinth||others called her father to be Oebalus or Achelous by Poseidon she became the mother of Lecheas and Cenchrias|
|• Salamis||Island of Salamis||mother of Cychreus by Poseidon|
|• Sinope||Sinope, Anatolia||mother of Syrus by Apollo|
|• Tanagra||Tanagra, Boeotia||mother of Leucippus and Ephippus by Poemander|
|• Thebe||Thebes, Boeotia||wife of Zethus and also said to have consorted with Zeus|
|• Thespeia||Thespia, Boeotia||abducted by Apollo|
|The Asterionides||Asterion River, Argos||daughters of the river god Asterion; nurses of the infant goddess Hera|
|The Cephisides||Cephissus River, Boeotia||daughters of the river god Cephissus; mothers of the 50 sons of Orion|
|The Cocythiae||Cocytus River, Underworld||naiads of Hades|
|The Erasinides||Erasinos River, Argos||daughters of the river god Erasinos; attendants of the goddess Britomartis.|
|The Hydaspides||Hydaspers River, India||daughters of the river god Hydaspes and Astris, they were nurses of the god Zagreus, the first-born Dionysos|
|The Inachides||Inachos River, Argos||daughters of the river god Inachus|
|• Io||-do-||mother of Epaphus by Zeus|
|• Philodice||-do-||wife of Leucippus of Messenia by whom she became the mother of Hilaeira, Phoebe and possibly Arsinoe|
|• Mycene||-do-||wife of Arestor and by him probably the mother of Argus Panoptes; eponym of Mycenae|
|The Lamides||Lamos River, Cilicia||daughters of the river god Lamos; nurses of the god Dionysus|
|The Pactolides||Pactolus River, Lydia||appeared in the myth concerning Arachne|
|The Spercheides||Spercheus River, Malis||daughters of the river god Spercheus and the naiad Deino|
|• Diopatre||-do-||others called her the daughter of Zeus; loved by Poseidon|
|The Thessalids||Peneus River, Thessaly||daughters of the river god Peneus|
|• Daphne||-do-||loved by the god Apollo; see below entry of Daphne|
|• Menippe||-do-||wife of Pelasgus, by whom she became the mother of Phrastor|
|• Stilbe||-do-||bore to Apollo twin sons, Centaurus and Lapithus.|
|• Cyrene||-do-||also called the daughter of Peneus' son Hypseus and mother of Aristaeus and Idmon by Apollo|
|Trojan Nymphs or Trojan Naiads||Scamander River and Simoeis River, Troad||daughters of the river gods, Scamander and Simoeis|
|• Callirrhoe||Scamander River, Troad||daughter of the river god Scamander; wife of Tros and mother of Ilus, Assaracus and Ganymede|
|• Glaucia||-do-||daughter of the Trojan river god Scamander; wife of Deimachus and the mother of Scamander who was named after his grandfather|
|• Strymo||-do-||wife of King Laomedon and the mother of King Priam and Tithonus|
|• Astyoche||Simoeis River, Troad||daughter of the river god Simoeis, mother of Tros by Erichthonius|
|• Hieromneme||-do-||daughter of the river-god Simoïs and the wife of Assaracus, by whom she bore Capys or the daughter-in-law of Assaracus, wife of Capys and mother of Anchises|
|Alce||Sangarius River, Phrygia||presumably daughter of the river-god Sangarius|
|Anchinoe||Nile River, Egypt||daughter of the river Nilus; wife of the Egyptian King Belus; mother of Aegyptus and Danaus, and perhaps, Cepheus and Phineus.|
|Anippe||Nile River, Egypt||loved by the god Poseidon by whom she became the mother of Busiris|
|Argiope||Nile River, Egypt||daughter of the river Nilus; wife of Agenor and mother of Europa, Phoenix, Cilix and Cadmus; commonly known as Telephassa|
|Asterope or Hesperia||Cebren River, Troad||daughter of the river god Cebren and lover of Aesacus, also called Hesperia|
|Caliadne||Nile River, Egypt||presumably one of the daughters of the river-god Nilus; one of the wives of Aegyptus, bearing him 12 sons: Eurylochus, Phantes, Peristhenes, Hermus, Dryas, Potamon, Cisseus, Lixus, Imbrus, Bromios, Polyctor, and Chthonios|
|Chione||Nile River, Egypt||daughter of the Oceanid Callirrhoe and the river god Nilus|
|Cleochareia||Eurotas River, Laconia||queen consort of King Lelex and mother of Myles and Polycaon|
|Deino||Spercheus River, Malis||wife of the river god Spercheios and by him the mother of Diopatre|
|Europa||Nile River, Egypt||one of the daughters of the river-god Nilus; wife of Danaus who bore him the Danaides|
|Eurryroe||Nile River, Egypt||one of the daughters of the river-god Nilus; wife of Aegyptus who bore him fifty sons|
|Hercyna||Herkyna River, Lebadeia||a childhood companion of the goddess Persephone|
|Ismenis||Ismenos River, Thebes||daughters of the river god Ismenus; mother, by Pan, of Crenaeus, a defender of Thebes against the Seven|
|Lethe||Lethe River, Hades||-|
|Memphis||Nile River, Egypt||daughter of Nilus; she was the wife to Epaphus and mother of Libya and Anippe or Lysianassa|
|Metis||Meles River, Smyrna||daughter of the river god Meles; mother of Homer by Maeon|
|Moria||Hermos River, Lydia||brother of Tylus|
|Nana||Sangarius River, Phrygia||daughter of the river-god Sangarius; she was impregnated by an almond from the tree sprung from the severed genitals of Agdistis, giving birth to Attis.|
|Neda||Neda River, Arcadia||daughter of Oceanus; one of the nurses of infant Zeus|
|Ocyrhoe||Imbrasus River, Samos||daughter of the river god Imbrasus and Chesias; she was pursued by the god Apollo|
|Ocyrhoe||Sangarius River, Phrygia||daughter of the river-god Sangarius; she was the mother, by Hippasus, of Hippomedon|
|Ocyrhoe||Caicus River, Mysia||mother of Caicus by Hermes|
|Polyxo||Nile River, Egypt or in Libya||presumably one of the daughters of the river-god Nilus; she was one of the wives of Danaus and bore him 12 daughters: Autonoe, Theano, Electra, Cleopatra, Eurydice, Glaucippe, Anthelea, Cleodora, Euippe, Erato, Stygne and Bryce|
|Styx||Styx River, Underworld||an Oceanid; she was the wife of Pallas and thus mother of Zelus, Nike, Kratos, and Bia|
|Symaethis||Symaithos River, Sicily||loved by Pan|
|Syrinx||Ladon River, Arcadia||daughter of the river god Ladon; pursued by Pan|
|Tereine||Strymon River, Thrace||daughter of the river god Strymon; mother of Thrassa by Ares|
|Zeuxippe||Eridanus River, Athens||mother of Butes by Teleon|
|The Anigrides||Elis||daughters of the river god Anigros, were believed to cure skin diseases|
|The Corycian Nymphs||Corycian cave, Delphi, Phocis||daughters of the river god Pleistos|
|• Kleodora (or Cleodora)||Mt. Parnassus, Phocis||mother of Parnassus by Poseidon|
|• Corycia||Corycian cave, Delphi, Phocis||mother of Lycoreus by Apollo|
|• Melaina||-do-||mother of Delphos by Apollo|
|The Cyrtonian nymphs||Boeotia||local springs in the town of Cyrtones|
|The Deliades||Delos||daughters of Inopus, god of the river Inopus|
|The Himerian Naiads|
|The Ionides||Elis||daughters of the river god Cytherus|
|The Ithacian nymphs||Ithaca||dwelled in sacred caves on the island|
|The Mysian Naiads||Bithynia||dwelled in the spring of Pegae near the lake Askanios and were responsible for the kidnapping of Hylas|
|The Ortygian nymphs||Sicily||local springs of Syracuse|
|The Rhyndacides||daughters of the river god Rhyndacus|
|Alexirhoe||Mt. Ida, Troad||daughter of the river god Grenikos; mother of Aesacus by Priam|
|Arethusa||Island of Ortygia||daughter of Nereus|
|Callirrhoe||Acarnania||mother of Amphoterus and Acarnan by Alcmaeon|
|Castalia or Cassotis||Delphi, Phocis||others called her the daughter of the river god Cephissus|
|Comaetho||daughter or wife of the river god Cydnus|
|Cyane||Sicily||playmate of Persephone who was changed into a well through grief at the loss of her|
|Dirce||transformed into a spring (presumably into a nymph personifying it) after her death|
|Hagno||Arcadia||one of the nurses of infant Zeus|
|Metope||wife of Asopus|
|Pegasis||daughter of the river god Grenikos|
|Peuce||Peuce Island||mother of Peucon|
|Pharmaceia||Attica||nymph of a poisonous spring and Orithyia's playmate|
|Psanis||Arcadia||may have been the wife of the river god Ladon|
|Strophia||Thebes||spring on Mount Cithaeron; barely personified|
|Telphousa||Arcadia||daughter of the river-god Ladon|
|Aba||Ciconia, Thrace||presumed daughter of the river Hebros; mother of Ergiscus by Poseidon|
|Abarbarea||Tyre||ancestors of the Tyrians along with Callirrhoe and Drosera|
|Aegle||-||daughter of Zeus and Neaera, by whom Helios begot the Charites|
|Aia||Colchis||loved by the river-god Phasis.|
|Alcinoe||Mt. Lycaeus, Arcadia||one of the nurses of the god Zeus|
|Anchiroe||Arcadia||one of the nurses of the god Zeus|
|Anchiroe||Libya||wife of the Psylli tribe's first king Psyllus|
|Argiope||Mt. Parnassus, Phocis||possibly the daughter of the river-god Cephissus, mother of Thamyris by Philammon|
|Argiope||Eleusis||possibly the daughter of the river-god Cephissus, mother of Cercyon by Branchus|
|Argyra||Achaea||loved by the hero Selemnus|
|Ascra||Boeotia||loved by Poseidon who bore him a son Oeoclus|
|Asterodia||Caucasus||daughter of Oceanus and Tethys; loved by the Colchian king Aeetes by whom she had a son Apsyrtus|
|Asterope||Sicily||an Oceanid; mother of Acragas by Zeus|
|Bateia||Sparta||married King Oebalus of Sparta and mother of their sons were Hippocoon, Tyndareus and Icarius|
|Bistonis||Thrace||mother of Tereus by Ares|
|Callirrhoe||Tyre||ancestors of the Tyrians along with Abarbarea and Drosera|
|Ceto||-||an Oceanid; she bore Helios a daughter, Astris|
|Chesias||Samos||loved by the river god Imbrasis|
|Charybdis||-||daughter of Poseidon and Gaia|
|Chlidanope||possibly Thessaly||wife of Hypseus and mother Cyrene|
|Cleide||Naxos||one of the nurses of the god Dionysus|
|Cleomede||Paeonia||daughter of the river god Axius; she was the wife of Paeon|
|Clonia||Boeotia||consort of Hyrieus and by him became the mother of Nycteus and Lycus|
|Cnossia||Crete||mother of Xenodamos by Menelaus when he visited the island|
|Coronis||Naxos||one of the nurses of the god Dionysus|
|Cretheis||Smyrna, Ionia||mother of Homer by the river god Meles|
|Creusa||Thessaly||daughter of Gaia; she bore Hypseus and Stilbe to the river god Peneus|
|Cyanea||Miletus, Caria||daughter of the river Meander; wife of king Miletos and mother by him of Caunus and Byblis|
|Danais||Elis||she was loved by the Pisan king Pelops by whom she became the mother of his bastard son, Chrysippus|
|Daphne||Arcadia or Laconia||daughter of the river god Ladon or of king Amyclas; loved by the god Apollo|
|Daulis||Boeotia||daughter of the river-god Cephisus|
|Dercetis||Boeotia||mother of Alatreus by Laphitaon|
|Diogeneia||Attica||daughter of the river-god Cephisus; the wife of the Athenian lord Phrasimos and mother by him of Praxithea|
|Drosera||Tyre||ancestors of the Tyrians along with Abarbarea and Callirhoe|
|Echenais||Sicily||blinded his unfaithful lover Daphnis|
|Eupheme||Boeotia||nurse of the Muses; mother of Crotus by Pan|
|Evadne||Argolis||daughter of Strymon and Neaera, wife of Argus (king of Argos), mother of Ecbasus, Peiras, Epidaurus and Criasus|
|Glauce||Arcadia||one of the nurses of Zeus|
|Harmonia||Acmonia, Phrygia||mother of the Amazons by Ares|
|Lara||Rome||daughter of the river Almo; mother of the Lares by Mercury|
|Lilaea||Phocis||daughter of the local river-god Cephisus|
|Liriope||Phocis||bore a son Narcissus to the river-god Cephisus|
|Lotis||Dryopia/ Doris||escape from the embraces of Priapus was metamorphosed into a tree|
|Melia||Argolis||an Oceanid; mother, by Inachus, of Phoroneus and Aegialeus|
|Melia||Boeotia||an Oceanid; mother, by Apollo, of Tenerus and Ismenus|
|Melia||Bithynia||mother, by Poseidon, of Mygdon and Amycus, kings of Bebryces|
|Melia||Bithynia||she was the mother by Silenus of Dolion|
|Melia||Ceos||mother, by Apollo, of Ceos|
|Melite||Corcyra||daughter of the river god Aegaeus and mother of Hyllus by Heracles|
|Methone||Pieria||mother of Oeagrus by Pierus|
|Midea||Boeotia||mother of Aspledon by Poseidon|
|Minthe||Elis||daughter of Cocytus; loved by the god Hades but as punishment her boasts was transformed by Persephone or Demeter into a mint-plant|
|Nacole||Phrygia||eponym of Nacoleia|
|Nais||Laconia||wife of Silenus|
|Neaera||Thrace||wife of the river-god Strymon, and mother of Evadne|
|Neaera||Lydia||mother of Dresaeus by Theiodamas|
|Neis||-||mother of Aetolus by Endymion|
|Nicaea||Bithynia||daughter of the river-god Sangarius and Cybele. By the god of wine, Dionysus, she mothered Telete (consecration)|
|Nomia||Arcadia||companion of Callisto|
|Nonacris||Arcadia||wife of Lycaon and the mother of Callisto|
|Ocyrhoe||Colchis||mother of Phasis by Helios|
|Orseis||Thessaly||mother of Dorus, Aeolus and Xuthus by Hellen|
|Ortygia||Lycia||nurse of Apollo|
|Paria||Paros||mother of Eurymedon, Nephalion, Chryses and Philolaus by Minos|
|Periboea||Laconia||wife of Icarius, mother of Penelope, Perilaus, Aletes, Damasippus, Imeusimus and Thoas|
|Pero||Sicyon||mother of Asopus by Poseidon|
|Philia||Naxos||one of the nurses of the god Dionysus|
|Phrixa||Arcadia||one of the nurses of Zeus|
|Pitane||Laconia||daughter of the river god Eurotas, became by Poseidon the mother of Evadne|
|Praxithea||Athens||married Erichthonius of Athens and by him had a son named Pandion I|
|Pronoe||Lycia||mother of Aegialus by Caunus|
|Rhodope||Thrace||mother of Hebros by Haemus and of Cicon by Apollo|
|Samia||Samos||wife of Ancaeus|
|Sparta||Sparta||daughter of the river god Eurotas; mother of Amyclas and Eurydice by Lacedaemon|
|Syllis||Sicyon||mother of Zeuxippus by Apollo|
|Thronia||Thrace||mother of Abderus by Poseidon|
|Tiasa||Sparta||daughter of the river god Eurotas|
A nymph in ancient Greek folklore is a minor female nature deity. Different from Greek goddesses, nymphs are generally regarded as personifications of nature, are typically tied to a specific place or landform, and are usually depicted as beautiful maidens. They were not necessarily immortal, but lived much longer than humans before they died.
Semele, in Greek mythology, was the youngest daughter of the Phoenician hero Cadmus and Harmonia, and the mother of Dionysus by Zeus in one of his many origin myths.
In Greek mythology, Achelous was the god associated with the Achelous River, the largest river in Greece. According to Hesiod, he was the son of the Titans Oceanus and Tethys. He was also said to be the father of the Sirens, several nymphs, and other offspring.
In Greek mythology, the Hesperides are the nymphs of evening and golden light of sunsets, who were the "Daughters of the Evening" or "Nymphs of the West". They were also called the Atlantides (Ἀτλαντίδων) from their reputed father, the Titan Atlas.
Alpheus or Alpheios, was in Greek mythology a river and river god.
In Greek mythology, the Meliae were usually considered to be the nymphs of the ash tree, whose name they shared.
In Greek mythology, Inăchus,Inachos or Inakhos was the first king of Argos after whom a river was called Inachus River, the modern Panitsa that drains the western margin of the Argive plain.
Daphne, a minor figure in Greek mythology, is a naiad, a variety of female nymph associated with fountains, wells, springs, streams, brooks and other bodies of freshwater. She is said by ancient sources variously to have been a daughter of the river god Peneus and the nymph Creusa in Thessaly or of Ladon or Pineios, and to Ge .
A minor god in Greek mythology, attested mainly by Athenian writers, Aristaeus, was the culture hero credited with the discovery of many useful arts, including bee-keeping; he was the son of the huntress Cyrene and Apollo.
In Greek mythology, Augeas, whose name means "bright", was king of Elis and father of Epicaste. Some say that Augeas was one of the Argonauts. He is best known for his stables, which housed the single greatest number of cattle in the country and had never been cleaned, until the time of the great hero Heracles.
In Greek mythology, Selene is the goddess of the Moon. She is the daughter of the Titans Hyperion and Theia and sister of the sun god Helios and Eos, goddess of the dawn. She drives her moon chariot across the heavens. Several lovers are attributed to her in various myths, including Zeus, Pan, and the mortal Endymion. In classical times, Selene was often identified with Artemis, much as her brother, Helios, was identified with Apollo. Selene and Artemis were also associated with Hecate and all three were regarded as lunar goddesses, but only Selene was regarded as the personification of the Moon itself. Her Roman equivalent is Luna.
In Greek mythology, the Limnads or Limnatides or Leimenids were a type of Naiad.
In Greek mythology, the Pegaeae were a type of naiad that lived in springs. They were often considered great aunts of the river gods (Potamoi), thus establishing a mythological relationship between a river itself and its springs.
In Greek mythology, the Telchines were the original inhabitants of the island of Rhodes and were known in Crete and Cyprus.
The Lernaean Hydra or Hydra of Lerna, more often known simply as the Hydra, is a serpentine water monster in Greek and Roman mythology. Its lair was the lake of Lerna in the Argolid, which was also the site of the myth of the Danaïdes. Lerna was reputed to be an entrance to the Underworld, and archaeology has established it as a sacred site older than Mycenaean Argos. In the canonical Hydra myth, the monster is killed by Heracles (Hercules) as the second of his Twelve Labors.
In Roman mythology, Cyane was a nymph who tried to prevent Dis from abducting Proserpina, her playmate. Upon failure, she dissolved away in tears and melted into her pool.
In Greek mythology, Arethusa was a nymph and daughter of Nereus, who fled from her home in Arcadia beneath the sea and came up as a fresh water fountain on the island of Ortygia in Syracuse, Sicily.
Aetolus was, in Greek mythology, a son of Endymion, great-great-grandson of Deucalion, and a Naiad nymph (Neis), or Iphianassa.
In Greek mythology, Glaucus was a Greek prophetic sea-god, born mortal and turned immortal upon eating a magical herb. It was believed that he came to the rescue of sailors and fishermen in storms, having earlier earned a living from the sea himself.
In Greek mythology, the name Oenoe or Oinoe may refer to:
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