Nakatsugawa, Gifu

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Nakatsugawa
中津川市
Nakatsugawa City Hall2008-1.jpg
Nakatsugawa City Hall
Flag of Nakatsugawa, Gifu.svg
Symbol of Nakatsugawa Gifu.svg
Nakatsugawa in Gifu Prefecture Ja.svg
Location of Nakatsugawa in Gifu Prefecture
Japan location map with side map of the Ryukyu Islands.svg
Red pog.svg
Nakatsugawa
 
Coordinates: 35°29′15.3″N137°30′2.1″E / 35.487583°N 137.500583°E / 35.487583; 137.500583 Coordinates: 35°29′15.3″N137°30′2.1″E / 35.487583°N 137.500583°E / 35.487583; 137.500583
Country Japan
Region Chūbu
Prefecture Gifu
Government
  MayorKōji Ōyama (since May 2004) [1]
Area
  Total676.45 km2 (261.18 sq mi)
Population
 (December 31, 2018)
  Total78,930
  Density120/km2 (300/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
City symbols 
- Tree Sciadopitys verticillata
- Flower Enkianthus campanulatus
Phone number0573-66-1111
AddressKayanoki-chō 2-1, Nakatsugawa-shi, Gifu-ken 508-8501
Website Official website
Magome-juku on the Nakasendo Magome 2009 5.JPG
Magome-juku on the Nakasendō

Nakatsugawa (中津川市, Nakatsugawa-shi) is a city located in Gifu, Japan. As of 31 December 2018, the city had an estimated population of 78,930, and a population density of 120 persons per km2 in 30,788 households [2] The total area of the city was 676.45 square kilometres (261.18 sq mi).

Contents

Geography

Nakatsugawa is located in the Tōnō region of far eastern Gifu Prefecture, bordering on Nagano Prefecture. Mount Ena, the southernmost of the Kiso Mountains on the border between Nakatsugawa, Aichi and Nagano Prefecture is the highest point in the city, with an elevation of 2,191 metres (7,188 ft). The Kiso River and the Agi River flow through the city.

Climate

The city has a climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and mild winters (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Nakatsugawa is 13.6 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1940 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.0 °C, and lowest in January, at around 1.7 °C. [3]

Neighbouring municipalities

Demographics

Per Japanese census data, [4] the population of Nakatsugawa has remained relatively steady over the past 40 years.

Population census
YearPop.±% p.a.
197079,593    
198083,539+0.49%
199084,410+0.10%
YearPop.±% p.a.
200085,004+0.07%
201080,910−0.49%
201878,930−0.31%

History

The area around Nakatsugawa was part of traditional Mino Province. During the Edo period, much of the area was under the control of Owari Domain, Naegi Domain and Iwamura Domain, or was tenryō under direction control of the Tokugawa shogunate. Nakatsugawa-juku prospered as one of the 69 Stations of the Nakasendō along the Nakasendō highway connecting Edo with Kyoto. In the post-Meiji restoration cadastral reforms, Ena District in Gifu prefecture was created, and Nakatsugawa was proclaimed a town per the April 1, 1897 establishment of the modern municipalities system. Nakatsugawa merged with the town of Naegi in 1951 and was elevated to city status on April 1, 1952. Nakatsugawa annexed the village of Nakamoto in 1954, Ochiai in 1956, and Agi in 1957. On February 13, 2005, the towns of Tsukechi, Fukuoka and Sakashita and the villages of Hirukawa, Kashimo and Kawaue (all from the former Ena District), and the village of Yamaguchi (from Kiso District, Nagano Prefecture) were merged into Nakatsugawa. [5]

Government

Nakatsugawa has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 24 members.

Education

Colleges and universities

Primary and secondary education

Nakatsugawa has 19 public elementary schools and 12 public middle schools operated by the city government. The city has four public high schools operated by the Gifu Prefectural Board of Education, and one public high school operated by the city government.

Transportation

Railway

Highway

Sister city relations

Domestic

Local attractions

Notable people from Nakatsugawa

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Nakasendō One of the five routes of the Edo period (in Japan)

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Sakashita, Gifu

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Fukuoka, Gifu

Fukuoka was a town located in Ena District, Gifu Prefecture, Japan.

Hirukawa, Gifu

Hirukawa was a village located in Ena District, Gifu Prefecture, Japan.

Ena was a district located in Gifu Prefecture, Japan.

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Kiso District

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Tōnō

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69 Stations of the Nakasendō

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Agi River

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Naegi Castle

Naegi Castle was a Japanese castle that formed the administrative center of Naegi Domain, a feudal domain of the Tōyama clan, located in what is now part of the city of Nakatsugawa in Gifu Prefecture, Japan. It also referred to as Misty Castle, Naegi Castle was also known as "Akakabe Castle", as its walls were not white like many Japanese castles, but made with a reddish colored clay. The ruins have been protected as a National Historic Site since 1981.

References

  1. 市長のページ:プロフィール. Nakatsugawa official page (in Japanese). Retrieved 10 August 2011.
  2. Nakatsugawa official statistics (in Japanese)
  3. Nakatsugawa climate data
  4. Nakatsugawa population statistics
  5. "中津川市紹介(HP版)07.03.27" (PDF). Nakatsugawa official website (in Japanese). Retrieved August 19, 2011.