Nakhon Ratchasima Province

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Nakhon Ratchasima

นครราชสีมา
Nakhon Ratchasima Province
Phimai-pano-3.jpg
phraprathaanainpraasaathphnmwan.JPG
Thao Suranari Monument (I).jpg
pratuuchumphl1.JPG
cchim th`mpsan faarm - panoramio (10).jpg
(clockwise from upper-left): Phimai Castle, Thao Suranaree Monument, Thai house at Jim Thompson Farm, Chum Phon Gate, Buddha statue at Phanom Wan Castle
Nakhon Ratchasima Flag.png
Flag
Seal Nakhon Ratchasima.svg
Seal
Nickname(s): 
Korat
Thailand Nakhon Ratchasima locator map.svg
Map of Thailand highlighting Nakhon Ratchasima Province
CountryThailand
Capital Nakhon Ratchasima City
Government
  GovernorKobchai Boon-orana (since May 2021)
Area
[1]
  Total20,736 km2 (8,006 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 2nd
Population
 (2019) [2]
  Total2,648,927
  Rank Ranked 2nd
  Density128/km2 (330/sq mi)
  Density rank Ranked 35th
Human Achievement Index
[3]
  HAI (2017)0.5816 "average"
Ranked 43rd
Time zone UTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code
30xxx
Calling code 044
ISO 3166 code TH-30
Website www.nakhonratchasima.go.th

Nakhon Ratchasima (Thai : นครราชสีมา, pronounced [ná(ʔ).kʰɔ̄ːn râːt.t͡ɕʰā.sǐː.māː] , often called Khorat (Thai : โคราช, pronounced [kʰōː.râːt] )) (alternate spelling Korat) is one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces (changwat) lies in lower northeastern Thailand also called Isan. It is the country's largest province by area, has a population of approximately 2.7 million, and generates about 250 billion baht in GDP, the highest in Isan. [4] Neighbouring provinces are (clockwise, from north) Chaiyaphum, Khon Kaen, Buriram, Sa Kaeo, Prachinburi, Nakhon Nayok, Saraburi, and Lopburi.

Contents

The capital of the province is the city of Nakhon Ratchasima in Mueang Nakhon Ratchasima District, also called Khorat.

Geography

Khao Yai National Park Khaoyai panorama2.jpg
Khao Yai National Park

The province is at the west end of the Khorat Plateau, separated from the Chao Phraya river valley by the Phetchabun and Dong Phaya Yen mountain ranges. Two national parks are in the province: Khao Yai in the west and Thap Lan in the south. Both parks are in the forested mountains of the Sankamphaeng Range, the southern prolongation of the Dong Phaya Yen mountains. The total forest area is 3,193 km2 (1,233 sq mi) or 15.4 percent of provincial area. [1]

Nakhon Ratchasima is a large province on the northeastern plateau and acts as a gateway to other provinces in the northeast. It is 259 kilometres (161 mi) from Bangkok and has an area of around 20,494 square kilometres (7,913 sq mi). The province is rich in Khmer culture and has a long history.

History

Phimai historical park praasaathhinphimaay (PHIMAI).jpg
Phimai historical park

The area around Khorat was already an important centre in the times of the Khmer empire in the 11th century, as can be seen by the temple ruins in Phimai historical park. Nakhon Ratchasima Province is one of the provinces where there is still a sizable northern Khmer population. [5]

A new walled-city with a surrounding moat, designated as Nakhon Ratchasima, was built in the 17th century by order of the King Narai, as the easternmost "command post", guarding the kingdom's border. It continued this duty during the Bangkok Period, although it was briefly seized during Chao Anuwong of Vientiane's 1826 revolt against King Rama III of Siam.

Nakhon Ratchasima has long been the most important political and economic centre in the northeastern region. In the late-19th century, the railroad reached Khorat and it became the junction of two main rail lines in the northeastern, Isan, region. In 1933 it was the stronghold of the royalist troops in the Boworadet Rebellion, as they fought against the new ostensibly democratic government in Bangkok. In the 1950s, the Korat Royal Thai Air Force Base was built in Nakhon Ratchasima; from 1961 until 26 February 1976, this facility was also used as a base by the United States Air Force.

A mass shooting occurred in the province on 8 and 9 February 2020. The gunman killed 30 and wounded another 57 before being shot dead by police. It was the deadliest mass shooting in Thailand's history.

Symbols

Thao Suranari Monument Yamo-and-Chomphon-Gate.JPG
Thao Suranari Monument

The provincial seal depicts the revered heroine of Khorat, Thao Suranari (Thai: ท้าวสุรนารี).

A monument to Thao Suranari (real name: Khunying Mo; 1771–1852) stands in front of the old Pratu Chumphon gate. Also called "The Great Heroine of Khorat", Kunying Mo was the wife of the Siamese-appointed deputy governor of Nakhon Ratchasima during the reign of King Rama III. In 1826, Khunying Mo managed to repel the Laotian army led by Prince Anouvong of Vientiane who tried to reinstate control over the Khorat plateau. King Rama III conferred the title of Thao Suranari on Khunying Mo, as well as additional ones honouring her bravery.

The provincial tree is the sathon (Millettia leucantha Kurz)

The provincial flower is the Sathon

The provincial motto is "Land of brave women, fine silk material, Khorat rice noodles, Phimai Historical Park, and Dan Kwian ceramics".

The provincial color is orange

Administrative divisions

Provincial government

Nakhon Ratchasima with 32 districts Amphoe Nakhon Ratchasima.svg
Nakhon Ratchasima with 32 districts

The province is divided into 32 districts ( amphoes ). The districts are further subdivided into 263 sub-districts ( tambons ) and 3,743 villages ( mubans ).[ citation needed ]

NB: On 15 May 2007, the government upgraded all 81 "king amphoes" to "amphoes" to streamline administration.

Districts General Information
ClassNameArea
(km2)
Distance to
Provincial Hall
(km)
EstablishedSub-districts
(Units)
Villages
(Units)
Population
MaleFemaleTotal
Special
Mueang Nakhon Ratchasima
755.5960189525243212,627221,211433,838
1
Dan Khun Thot
1,428.148419081622062,57163,347125,918
1
Bua Yai
305.02810118861012141,85542,27884,133
1
Pak Thong Chai
1,374.323419101621356,71658,950115,666
1
Phimai
896.8716019001220864,42166,024130,445
1
Sikhio
1,247.074519551216960,89861,163122,061
1
Pak Chong
1,825.178519551221791,14691,685182,831
2
Khon Buri
1,816.855819391215246,08647,16793,253
2
Chakkarat
501.672401953810834,44134,64369,084
2
Chok Chai
503.9173019051012637,29739,22376,520
2
Non Sung
676.9813718971619562,63965,374128,013
2
Prathai
600.6489719611314838,62238,76177,282
2
Sung Noen
782.8533619011112538,42940,18178,610
2
Huai Thalaeng
495.1756519611012037,44337,13174,574
2
Chum Phuang
540.567981959913040,91841,03882,161
3
Soeng Sang
1,200.2488197668433,73333,30267,032
3
Khong
454.7377919381015540,05241,07681,128
3
Non Thai
541.9942819001013136,12637,59273,718
3
Kham Sakaesaeng
297.76950196877221,42321,75343,176
3
Kaeng Sanam Nang
107.258130198655618,78219,05437,836
3
Wang Nam Khiao
1,130.0070199258320,41620,50340,910
4
Ban Lueam
218.87585197643910,62010,73221,351
4
Nong Bunmak
590.448521983910429,42429,31658,740
4
Thepharak
357.46590199545812,00211,45123,453
4
Phra Thong Kham
359.52245199657421,26021,68042,940
4
Sida
162.82585199755012,08712,13324,220
4
Bua Lai
106.893103199744512,37412,45024,824
4
Non Daeng
193.40730198956512,59712,98425,581
4
Kham Thale So
203.60522196654614,09114,02128,112
4
Mueang Yang
255.522110199544414,32114,03828,359
4
Lam Thamenchai
308.457120199645916,11415,95332,067
4
Chaloem Phra Kiat
254.09318199656116,96617,41134,377

Local government

The Great Hall of Wat Luang Phor Toh in Sikhio district The Great Hall of Luang Poo Toh - Thailand - panoramio.jpg
The Great Hall of Wat Luang Phor Toh in Sikhio district

As of 26 November 2019 there are: [6] one Nakhon Ratchasima Provincial Administration Organisation (ongkan borihan suan changwat) and 90 municipal (thesaban) areas in the province. Nakhon Ratchasima municipality has city ( thesaban nakhon ) status. Bua Yai, Mueang Pak, Pak Chong and Sikhio municipalities have town ( thesaban mueang ) status. Further 85 subdistrict municipalities ( thesaban tambon ).The non-municipal areas are administered by 243 Subdistrict Administrative Organisations - SAO (ongkan borihan suan tambon). [2]

Economy

One of the halls inside Terminal 21 Shopping Mall 2019 0210 Terminal 21 Korat 05.jpg
One of the halls inside Terminal 21 Shopping Mall
CentralPlaza at sunset 2019 02 Central Mall Korat exterior.jpg
CentralPlaza at sunset

Khorat's economy has traditionally been heavily dependent on agriculture. It is known as a processing centre for Isan's production of rice, tapioca, and sugar. The Isan region accounts for half of Thailand's exports of those commodities. Khorat is also one of two sites in Thailand manufacturing disk drives by Seagate Technology, employing 12,100 workers in Khorat. [4] [7]

Transport

Air

Nakhon Ratchasima has Nakhon Ratchasima Airport, but it has no scheduled flights. The nearest working airport is in Buriram and has flights to and from Bangkok.

Rail

The railway system in Nakhon Ratchasima is on both northeastern routes from Bangkok Railway Station. Nakhon Ratchasima Province has eight main railway stations. In 2017, a 60-kilometre dual-track line will connect Korat to Khon Kaen Province. It is the first segment of a dual track network that will connect Isan with the Laem Chabang seaport. Mueang District is served by two stations: Nakhon Ratchasima railway station and Thanon Chira Junction railway station. [4]

Road

Highway 2 (Mittraphap Road) is the main route that connects nine districts in Nakhon Ratchasima including Muang district. This route also connects Nakhon Ratchasima to Saraburi and Khon Kaen Provinces. Hwy 24 links Si Khio District from Hwy 2 to Pak Thongcha, Chok Chai, and Nong Bunnak Districts and to Buriram Province. A new motorway connecting Khorat to Bangkok is under construction in 2016 and will reduce travel time on the 250 kilometre journey to just over two hours. [4]

Health

Nakhon Ratchasima has hospitals in mostly the public sector, but some in the private sector.[ citation needed ] Its main hospital is Maharat Nakhon Ratchasima Hospital, which is one of the main hospitals for the Praboromarajchanok Medicine Program of Mahidol University.[ citation needed ] The province also has a university hospital, which is Suranaree University of Technology Hospital of the Institute of Medicine, Suranaree University of Technology.[ citation needed ]

Sports

Football
Fans watch a Nakhon Ratchasima F.C. match in 2011 MainStandvRoiet.jpg
Fans watch a Nakhon Ratchasima F.C. match in 2011

Nakhon Ratchasima F.C. play in Thai League 1 top tier of Thailand football league. Despite the city of Korat having a population in excess of 400,000 and Nakhon Ratchasima Province having a population in excess of 2.5 million, Nakhon Ratchasima F.C. struggled to attract more than 400 for most home games throughout their history, the club play in the 80th Birthday Stadium.

Volleyball

Nakhon Ratchasima is the home of the four-times Men's Volleyball Thailand League winner, Nakhon Ratchasima the Mall and the three-times Women's Volleyball Thailand League winner, Nakhon Ratchasima the Mall.

Education

Main gate of Khorat Nakhonratchasima.JPG
Main gate of Khorat
Universities

There are four universities in the area.

Schools
International schools

Human achievement index 2017

HealthEducationEmploymentIncome
Health icon Thai.png Round Landmark School Icon - Transparent.svg Employment icon.png Numismatics and Notaphily icon.png
33426633
HousingFamilyTransportParticipation
586-house-with-garden.svg
Parents, enfants, famille.png
Groundtransport inv.svg Icon Sociopolitica y relaciones internacionales (wikiproyect, es.wp).png
34115451
Province Nakhon Ratchasima, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.5816 is "average", occupies place 43 in the ranking.

Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017. [3]

RankClassification
  1 - 15"high"
16 - 30"somewhat high"
31 - 45"average"
45 - 60"somewhat low"
61 - 77"low"

Notable people

Prachya Pinkaew Prachya Pinkaew 20070116.jpg
Prachya Pinkaew

Born in Nakhon Ratchasima

Communications

Attractions

Lam Takhong Reservoir at Pak Chong district Nong Sarai, Pak Chong District, Nakhon Ratchasima 30130, Thailand - panoramio.jpg
Lam Takhong Reservoir at Pak Chong district

Korat cat

Korat Cat (si sawat) Korat in cat show-cropped.JPG
Korat Cat (si sawat)

(Thai : โคราช, มาเลศ, สีสวาด, RTGS: Khorat, malet, si sawat)

The Korat cat is a natural breed, and one of the oldest stable cat breeds. Originating in Nakhon Ratchasima Province at Phimai, [9] it is named after its province of origin. In Thailand the breed is known as si sawat, meaning "colour of the sawat seed" (bluish-gray). Korat cats are distinguished not only by the colour of their fur. Genuine Korat cats have a heart-shaped face when viewed from any angle and shorter grey hair with silver tips. The true breed's eyes are yellow with an inner green circle. They must be slender and agile. The cat's tail must be slender. Cats with crooked tails are considered inauspicious. [9]

In 1965, Korat cats were first registered in the US by the Korat Cat Fanciers Association. The cats that formed the breed were first imported from Thailand by Jean L. Johnson in 1959. In 1966 the breed was accepted by the Cat Fanciers' Association (CFA). The Korat breed is now accepted by cat associations around the world. [9]

The International Maew Boran Association (TIMBA) ("maew boran" means "ancient cat") was formed in Thailand to provide a registry of and pedigrees for Thai cats, including Korats, and to provide a voice in English for Thai breeders as "...Thai breeders...do not speak English, and farang breeders do not speak Thai.". [10] [9]

Sister cities

Related Research Articles

Khon Kaen City Municipality in Thailand

Khon Kaen is one of the four major cities of Isan, Thailand, also known as the "big four of Isan", the others being Udon Thani, Nakhon Ratchasima, and Ubon Ratchathani. It is the capital of Khon Kaen Province and the Mueang Khon Kaen District. Khon Kaen lies 450 kilometres (280 mi) north-northeast of Bangkok.

Isan Region in Nakhon Ratchasima

Northeast Thailand or Isan consists of 20 provinces in the northeastern region of Thailand. Isan is Thailand's largest region, located on the Khorat Plateau, bordered by the Mekong River to the north and east, by Cambodia to the southeast and the Sankamphaeng Range south of Nakhon Ratchasima. To the west it is separated from northern and central Thailand by the Phetchabun Mountains. Isan covers 167,718 km2 (64,756 sq mi) making it about half the size of Germany and roughly the size of England and Wales. The total forest area is 25,203 km2 (9,731 sq mi) or 15 percent of Isan area.

Khorat or Korat may refer to:

Khon Kaen Province Province of Thailand

Khon Kaen is one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces (changwat) lies in central northeastern Thailand also called Isan. Neighboring provinces are Nong Bua Lamphu, Udon Thani, Kalasin, Maha Sarakham, Buriram, Nakhon Ratchasima, Chaiyaphum, Phetchabun, and Loei.

Chaiyaphum Province Province of Thailand

Chaiyaphum is one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces (changwat) lies in central northeastern Thailand also called Isan. Neighboring provinces are Khon Kaen, Nakhon Ratchasima, Lopburi, and Phetchabun.

Buriram Province Province in Thailand

Buriram Province, is one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces (changwat) lies in lower northeastern Thailand also called Isan. Neighboring provinces are Sa Kaeo, Nakhon Ratchasima, Khon Kaen, Maha Sarakham, and Surin. To the southeast it borders Oddar Meanchey Province of Cambodia. The name "Buriram" means 'city of happiness'.

History of Isan

The history of Isan has been determined by its geography, situated as it is on the Korat Plateau between Cambodia, Laos, and Thailand.

Phimai

Phimai is a township in Nakhon Ratchasima Province in northeast Thailand. As of 2005 the town had a population of 9,768. The town is the administrative center of the Phimai District.

Phu Phan Mountains

The Phu Phan mountains are a range of hills dividing the Khorat Plateau of the Isan region of Thailand into two basins: the northern Sakhon Nakhon Basin, and the southern Khorat Basin.

Dong Phaya Yen Mountains

Dong Phaya Yen or Dong Phya Yen is a mountain range in Phetchabun, Chaiyaphum, Lopburi, Saraburi, and Nakhon Ratchasima Provinces, Thailand.

2007 Southeast Asian Games

The 2007 Southeast Asian Games, officially known as the 24th Southeast Asian Games, was a Southeast Asian multi-sport event held in Nakhon Ratchasima (Korat), Thailand. This was the sixth time Thailand hosted the Southeast Asian Games and its first time since 1995. Previously, Thailand also hosted the 1959 inaugural games, 1967 games, 1975 games and the 1985 games.

Pak Chong District District in Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand

Pak Chong District is the westernmost district (amphoe) of Nakhon Ratchasima Province, northeastern Thailand, and the main point of entry into Isan as the main road and rail lines cross the Dong Phaya Yen Mountains into the region. It is a popular tourist destination, especially among weekenders from Bangkok, and is home to many resorts and touristy attractions, in addition to the main entrance into Khao Yai National Park.

Sikhio District District in Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand

Sikhiu is a district (amphoe) in the western part of Nakhon Ratchasima Province, Thailand.

Mueang Nakhon Ratchasima District District in Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand

Mueang Nakhon Ratchasima is one of 32 districts of Nakhon Ratchasima Province, northeastern Thailand.

Khorat Thai, Korat Thai or Thai Khorat refers to an ethnic group named for their main settlement area in Nakhon Ratchasima Province, unofficially called "Korat". Korat Thai people call themselves Thai Boeng, Thai Doeng, or Thai Khorat. Other tribes in northern Thailand also refer to them by those names.

Sankamphaeng Range

The Sankamphaeng Range, also Sankambeng Range or Sungumpang Range is one of the mountain ranges separating eastern Thailand from the northeast or Isan. It is in Nakhon Nayok, Prachinburi, Sa Kaeo, Saraburi, and Nakhon Ratchasima Provinces, Thailand.

This is a list of articles related to Thailand, sorted by alphabetical order. It represents the majority of articles contained within the Thailand category. For a list of key articles arranged by topic, see Outline of Thailand.

Northeastern Line (Thailand)

Northeastern Line is a Railway line in Thailand, split from Northern Line at Ban Phachi Junction. It is divided into three lines:

Nakhon Ratchasima City municipality in Thailand

Nakhon Ratchasima is one of the four major cities of Isan, known as the "big four of Isan". The city is commonly known as Korat, a shortened form of its name. It is the governmental seat of the Nakhon Ratchasima Province and Mueang Nakhon Ratchasima District. Nakhon Ratchasima is the heart of the Nakhon Ratchasima metropolitan area.

2014 Thailand National Games

The 43rd Thailand National Games were held in Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand from 9 to 19 December 2014. Competition included 43 sports and 77 disciplines. These games held in the 80th Birthday Sport Center, Suranaree University of Technology Sport Center. Nakhon Ratchasima also hosted the 2007 Southeast Asian Games.

References

  1. 1 2 "ตารางที่ 2 พี้นที่ป่าไม้ แยกรายจังหวัด พ.ศ.2562" [Table 2 Forest area Separate province year 2019]. Royal Forest Department (in Thai). 2019. Retrieved 6 April 2021, information, Forest statistics Year 2019, Thailand boundary from Department of Provincial Administration in 2013CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  2. 1 2 รายงานสถิติจำนวนประชากรและบ้านประจำปี พ.ส.2562 [Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2019]. Registration Office Department of the Interior, Ministry of the Interior. stat.bora.dopa.go.th (in Thai). 31 December 2019. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  3. 1 2 Human achievement index 2017 by National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB), pages 1-40, maps 1-9, retrieved 14 September 2019, ISBN 978-974-9769-33-1
  4. 1 2 3 4 Janssen, Peter (2 November 2016). "Thailand takes a long-term gamble on Isaan region". Nikkei Asian Review. Retrieved 3 November 2016.
  5. "Thai People In Northeastern Thailand (Isan)". Archived from the original on 11 August 2014. Retrieved 2 September 2011.
  6. "Number of local government organizations by province". dla.go.th. Department of Local Administration (DLA). 26 November 2019. Retrieved 10 December 2019. 20 Nakhon Ratchasima: 1 PAO, 1 City mun., 4 Town mun., 85 Subdistrict mun., 243 SAO.
  7. Temphairojana, Pairat (10 February 2015). "Seagate to invest $470 mln in Thailand over next 5 years". Reuters. Retrieved 3 November 2016.
  8. "Welcome to WIS". Wesley International School. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  9. 1 2 3 4 Na Thalang, Jeerawat (6 November 2016). "Splitting hairs over cat breeds". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  10. "Welcome to TIMBA". TIMBA: The International Maew Boran Association. Retrieved 10 November 2016.

Coordinates: 14°58′20″N102°6′0″E / 14.97222°N 102.10000°E / 14.97222; 102.10000