Nanisivik Mine

Last updated

Nanisivik Mine
Nanisivik Ore.jpg
Nanisivik zinc-lead ore
Location
Canada Nunavut location map-lambert proj3.svg
Schlaegel und Eisen nach DIN 21800.svg
Nanisivik Mine
Location in Canada
Canada location map 2.svg
Schlaegel und Eisen nach DIN 21800.svg
Nanisivik Mine
Nanisivik Mine (Canada)
Location Nanisivik
Territory Nunavut
CountryCanada
Coordinates 73°02′40″N084°32′14″W / 73.04444°N 84.53722°W / 73.04444; -84.53722 Coordinates: 73°02′40″N084°32′14″W / 73.04444°N 84.53722°W / 73.04444; -84.53722
Production
Products Zinc
lead
silver
History
Opened1976
Closed2002
Owner
Company Breakwater Resources
Website Breakwater Resources
Year of acquisition1996 (Breakwater)

Nanisivik Mine was a zinc-lead mine in the company town of Nanisivik, Nunavut, 750 km (470 mi) north of the Arctic Circle on Baffin Island. It was Canada's first mine in the Arctic. [1] The mine first opened on 15 October 1976 and permanently closed in September 2002 due to low metal prices and declining resources. Mine reclamation began in April 2003. [2] It was one of the most northerly mines in the world. [3]

Contents

The mine was served by a port and dock located about 2.7 km (1.7 mi) north. It was used for shipping concentrate from the site, and receiving supplies. It is currently used by the Canadian Coast Guard for training [4] and is intended to become Nanisivik Naval Facility.

The mine also had its own airport (Nanisivik Airport) located about 7 km (4.3 mi) southwest and was the main airport for Arctic Bay, until they expanded the Arctic Bay Airport. The airport is about 19 km (12 mi) directly southeast of Arctic Bay but the road between them is 32 km (20 mi). [5]

Climate

Nanisivik has a tundra climate (ET) with long, cold winters and very short, chilly summers that are rarely mild. Early winter tends to be snowiest period of the year, with around 40% of all yearly snowfall falling during this short period.

Climate data for Nanisivik (Nanisivik Airport)
Climate ID: 2402730; coordinates 72°59′N84°37′W / 72.983°N 84.617°W / 72.983; -84.617 (Nanisivik Airport) ; elevation: 641.9 m (2,106 ft); 1981–2010 normals
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high humidex −3.01.2−2.2−1.26.514.518.416.79.01.2−6.3−1.318.4
Record high °C (°F)−2.0
(28.4)
2.0
(35.6)
−3.0
(26.6)
−0.5
(31.1)
7.0
(44.6)
18.5
(65.3)
18.2
(64.8)
17.0
(62.6)
8.5
(47.3)
2.0
(35.6)
−6.0
(21.2)
−4.4
(24.1)
18.5
(65.3)
Average high °C (°F)−26.8
(−16.2)
−27.2
(−17.0)
−24.7
(−12.5)
−16.6
(2.1)
−7.6
(18.3)
2.2
(36.0)
7.5
(45.5)
3.9
(39.0)
−3.3
(26.1)
−11.3
(11.7)
−19.8
(−3.6)
−23.6
(−10.5)
−12.3
(9.9)
Daily mean °C (°F)−29.6
(−21.3)
−29.9
(−21.8)
−27.6
(−17.7)
−19.8
(−3.6)
−10.3
(13.5)
−0.1
(31.8)
5.1
(41.2)
1.7
(35.1)
−5.0
(23.0)
−13.6
(7.5)
−22.5
(−8.5)
−26.3
(−15.3)
−14.8
(5.4)
Average low °C (°F)−32.4
(−26.3)
−32.3
(−26.1)
−30.1
(−22.2)
−22.9
(−9.2)
−13.0
(8.6)
−2.4
(27.7)
2.7
(36.9)
−0.5
(31.1)
−6.7
(19.9)
−15.8
(3.6)
−24.9
(−12.8)
−28.7
(−19.7)
−17.2
(1.0)
Record low °C (°F)−48.5
(−55.3)
−53.0
(−63.4)
−47.5
(−53.5)
−42.0
(−43.6)
−28.3
(−18.9)
−14.0
(6.8)
−6.0
(21.2)
−10.0
(14.0)
−19.5
(−3.1)
−35.0
(−31.0)
−39.4
(−38.9)
−45.5
(−49.9)
−53.0
(−63.4)
Record low wind chill −62.9−72.3−67.0−54.8−39.4−24.9−12.8−21.0−30.3−50.0−53.5−60.6−72.3
Average precipitation mm (inches)5.4
(0.21)
5.1
(0.20)
8.4
(0.33)
10.9
(0.43)
24.0
(0.94)
25.2
(0.99)
45.7
(1.80)
45.0
(1.77)
38.4
(1.51)
37.4
(1.47)
18.1
(0.71)
7.3
(0.29)
270.9
(10.67)
Average rainfall mm (inches)0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.1
(0.00)
6.7
(0.26)
37.0
(1.46)
29.2
(1.15)
4.4
(0.17)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
77.3
(3.04)
Average snowfall cm (inches)5.4
(2.1)
5.2
(2.0)
8.4
(3.3)
11.2
(4.4)
24.0
(9.4)
17.7
(7.0)
8.5
(3.3)
15.0
(5.9)
32.3
(12.7)
38.2
(15.0)
17.9
(7.0)
7.5
(3.0)
191.3
(75.3)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)4.44.66.25.79.68.812.412.613.314.28.46.3106.5
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)0.00.00.00.00.02.210.48.11.70.00.00.022.3
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)4.44.66.25.89.67.13.05.412.114.38.56.487.3
Average relative humidity (%)64.165.066.671.281.380.775.684.988.689.772.968.775.8
Source: Environment and Climate Change Canada Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010 [6]

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Iqaluit</span> Capital city of Nunavut, Canada

Iqaluit is the capital of the Canadian territory of Nunavut, its largest community, and its only city. It was known as Frobisher Bay from 1942 to 1987, after the large bay on the coast on which the city is situated. In 1987, its traditional Inuktitut name was restored.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Baffin Island</span> Large Arctic island in Nunavut, Canada

Baffin Island, in the Canadian territory of Nunavut, is the largest island in Canada and the fifth-largest island in the world. Its area is 507,451 km2 (195,928 sq mi)—slightly larger than Spain, its population was 13,039 as of the 2021 Canadian census, and is located at 68°N70°W. It also contains the city of Iqaluit, the capital of Nunavut.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pond Inlet</span> Hamlet in Nunavut, Canada

Pond Inlet is a small, predominantly Inuit community in the Qikiqtaaluk Region of Nunavut, Canada, located on northern Baffin Island. To the Inuit the name of the place "is and always has been Mittimatalik." The Scottish explorer Sir John Ross had named an arm of the sea that separates Bylot Island from Baffin Island as Pond's Bay, and the hamlet now shares that name. On 29 August 1921, the Hudson's Bay Company opened its trading post near the Inuit camp and named it Pond Inlet, marking the expansion of its trading empire into the High Arctic.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Baffin Bay</span> Marginal sea between Greenland and Baffin Island, Canada

Baffin Bay, located between Baffin Island and the west coast of Greenland, is defined by the International Hydrographic Organization as a marginal sea of the Arctic Ocean. It is sometimes considered a sea of the North Atlantic Ocean. It is connected to the Atlantic via Davis Strait and the Labrador Sea. The narrower Nares Strait connects Baffin Bay with the Arctic Ocean. The bay is not navigable most of the year because of the ice cover and high density of floating ice and icebergs in the open areas. However, a polynya of about 80,000 km2 (31,000 sq mi), known as the North Water, opens in summer on the north near Smith Sound. Most of the aquatic life of the bay is concentrated near that region.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Qikiqtaaluk Region</span> Region of Nunavut, Canada

The Qikiqtaaluk Region, Qikiqtani Region or Baffin Region is the easternmost, northernmost, and southernmost administrative region of Nunavut, Canada. Qikiqtaaluk is the traditional Inuktitut name for Baffin Island. Although the Qikiqtaaluk Region is the most commonly used name in official contexts, several notable public organizations, including Statistics Canada prefer the older term Baffin Region.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Arctic Bay</span> Hamlet in Nunavut, Canada

Arctic Bay is an Inuit hamlet located in the northern part of the Borden Peninsula on Baffin Island in the Qikiqtaaluk Region of Nunavut, Canada. Arctic Bay is located in the Eastern Time Zone although it is quite close to the time zone boundary. The predominant languages are Inuktitut and English. Arctic Bay is notable for being the birthplace of the former Premier of Nunavut and, as of 2021, the Commissioner of Nunavut, Eva Aariak. Aswell as being the northern most public community in Canada, not formed from forced relocation.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cornwallis Island (Nunavut)</span>

Cornwallis Island is one of the Queen Elizabeth Islands, part of the Arctic Archipelago, in the Qikiqtaaluk Region of Nunavut in the Canadian Arctic. It lies to the west of Devon Island, the largest uninhabited island in the world, and at its greatest length is about 113 km (70 mi). At 6,995 km2 (2,701 sq mi) in size, it is the 96th largest island in the world, and Canada's 21st largest island. Cornwallis Island is separated by the Wellington Channel from Devon Island, and by the Parry Channel from Somerset Island to the south. Northwest of Cornwallis Island lies Little Cornwallis Island, the biggest of a group of small islands at the north end of McDougall Sound, which separates Cornwallis Island from nearby Bathurst Island.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Resolute, Nunavut</span> Place in Nunavut, Canada

Resolute or Resolute Bay is an Inuit hamlet on Cornwallis Island in Nunavut, Canada. It is situated at the northern end of Resolute Bay and the Northwest Passage and is part of the Qikiqtaaluk Region.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Little Cornwallis Island</span>

Little Cornwallis Island is one of the Canadian Arctic islands in Nunavut, Canada. It is located at 75°30'N 96°30'W, between Cornwallis Island and Bathurst Island in McDougall Sound, and measures 412 km2 (159 sq mi). It is uninhabited.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Highways in Nunavut</span> Wikimedia list article

There are an estimated 850 km (530 mi) of roads and highways across the Canadian territory of Nunavut, which is the only province/territory not connected by road to other parts of Canada.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nanisivik Airport</span> Airport in Nanisivik

Nanisivik Airport, formerly, was located 8 nautical miles south of Nanisivik, Nunavut, Canada, and was operated by the Government of Nunavut. Although Nanisivik Mine closed in September 2002, the airport was in operation until 2011 and served the community of Arctic Bay. This was due to the small size of Arctic Bay Airport. However, on January 13, 2011, First Air transferred all scheduled air services to Arctic Bay's newly-expanded airport.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nanisivik</span> Former company town in Nunavut, Canada

Nanisivik is a now-abandoned company town which was built in 1975 to support the lead-zinc mining and mineral processing operations for the Nanisivik Mine, in production between 1976 and 2002. The townsite is located just inland from Strathcona Sound, about 20 km (12 mi) east of the community of Arctic Bay in the Canadian territory of Nunavut.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nunavut</span> Territory of Canada

Nunavut is the largest and northernmost territory of Canada. It was separated officially from the Northwest Territories on April 1, 1999, via the Nunavut Act and the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement Act, which provided this territory to the Inuit for independent government. The boundaries had been drawn in 1993. The creation of Nunavut resulted in the first major change to Canada's political map in half a century since the province of Newfoundland was admitted in 1949.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Arctic Cordillera</span> Terrestrial ecozone in northern Canada

The Arctic Cordillera is a terrestrial ecozone in northern Canada characterized by a vast, deeply dissected chain of mountain ranges extending along the northeastern flank of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago from Ellesmere Island to the northeasternmost part of the Labrador Peninsula in northern Labrador and northern Quebec, Canada. It spans most of the eastern coast of Nunavut with high glaciated peaks rising through ice fields and some of Canada's largest ice caps, including the Penny Ice Cap on Baffin Island. It is bounded to the east by Baffin Bay, Davis Strait and the Labrador Sea while its northern portion is bounded by the Arctic Ocean.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Milne Inlet</span> Inlet at confluence of Eclipse Sound and Navy Board Inlet in Nunavut

Milne Inlet is a small, shallow arm of Eclipse Sound which, along with Navy Board Inlet, separates Bylot Island from Baffin Island in Nunavut's Qikiqtaaluk Region. Milne Inlet flows in a southerly direction from Navy Board Inlet at the confluence of Eclipse Sound. Milne Inlet is shallow and has high tides and strong winds. It only has 90 days where it is ice-free—from August to October. The hamlet of Mittimatalik —Pond Inlet which is 92% Inuit, is the gateway to many tourist attractions in the region, and is 80 km from Milne Inlet. The region is part of the Arctic Cordillera, with one of Canada's most inhospitable climates—with long, dark winters and temperatures averaging −35 °C (−31 °F).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dorset Island</span> Island in the Arctic Archipelago

Dorset Island or Cape Dorset Island is one of the Canadian Arctic islands located in Hudson Strait, Nunavut, Canada. It lies off the Foxe Peninsula area of southwestern Baffin Island in the Qikiqtaaluk Region. It is serviced by an airport and a harbour.

Polaris zinc mine was a former underground mine on Little Cornwallis Island in the Canadian territory of Nunavut. The Polaris zinc mine was located 1,120 km (700 mi) north of the Arctic Circle, and 96 km (60 mi) north of the community of Resolute. The Polaris mine closed in July 2002 following more than twenty years of zinc production.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nanisivik Naval Facility</span> Proposed naval base in Nunavut

The Nanisivik Naval Facility is a Canadian Forces naval facility on Baffin Island, Nunavut. The station is built at the former lead-zinc mine site near the former company town of Nanisivik. The facility was undergoing final testing in mid-2019. Full operational capability had been expected to be achieved by mid-2020 with the first refuelling of a Royal Canadian Navy ship. However, in July 2020 it was confirmed that work on the facility would not be completed until 2022. On 30 March 2022, it was reported that the completion of the facility would be further delayed to 2023.

The geology of Nunavut began to form nearly three billion years ago in the Archean and the territory preserves some of the world's oldest rock units.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Broughton Island (Nunavut)</span> Island in the Arctic Archipelago

Broughton Island is a 127.6 km2 (49.3 sq mi) island in the Arctic Archipelago.

References

  1. "Government will continue seeking positive legacy from Nanisivik mine closure, minister says". Archived from the original on 13 March 2007. Retrieved 20 August 2007.
  2. Canadian Mines Handbook 2003–2004. Toronto, Ontario: Business Information Group. 2003. p. 591. ISBN   0-919336-60-4. ISSN   0068-9289.
  3. "Background on Free Trade and the Canadian Mining Industry". Val d'Or Star. 6 July 1988. p. 19. Retrieved 24 February 2016. The Northwest Territories boast two of the world's most northerly mines; Polaris on Little Cornwallis Island and Nanisivik on Baffin Island. Both are Lead and Zinc mines.
  4. "Arcticnet – Naval gazing: Looking for a High Arctic port" . Retrieved 7 August 2007.
  5. Arctic Bay and Nanisivik Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  6. "Nanisivik A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment and Climate Change Canada. 2 March 2022. Climate ID: 2402730. Retrieved 22 May 2022.