Nankai District

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Nankai

南开区
Main Building of Nankai University 2015-08-04.jpg
Nankai University
Nankai District
Coordinates: 39°08′18″N117°09′0″E / 39.13833°N 117.15000°E / 39.13833; 117.15000 Coordinates: 39°08′18″N117°09′0″E / 39.13833°N 117.15000°E / 39.13833; 117.15000
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Municipality Tianjin
Township-level divisions12 subdistricts
Area
  Total40.64 km2 (15.69 sq mi)
Elevation
7 m (23 ft)
Population
  Total811,000
  Density20,000/km2 (52,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Tianjin district map
Website tjnk.gov.cn

Nankai District (simplified Chinese :南开区; traditional Chinese :南開區; pinyin :Nánkāi Qū) is a district of Tianjin, People's Republic of China. Nankai District borders the Hai River in the east and Chentangzhuang Railway in the west and south.

Contents

A number of important Tianjin landmarks lie in the district including the Tianjin Museum, Tianjin Radio and Television Tower, Tianjin Water Park, Tianjin Zoo and Tianjin Olympic Center Stadium. Nankai is also home to the city's most prestigious educational institutions including Tianjin University and Nankai University. The Tianjin New Technology Industrial Area, a 12 square km precinct, is also located in Nankai.

History

Historically, northern parts of Nankai District were located inside the walled city of Tianjin. The Tianfei Palace or Palace of the Queen of Heaven of the Yuan Dynasty was built in north-eastern Nankai in the year 1326. In the Ming Dynasty, the heart of the city of Tianjin was set up in Nankai. Nankai became part of the military garrisons during the Ming and Qing Dynasties and the city wall served as a major defense system against foreign invasion in the late 19th century.

Administrative divisions

There are 12 subdistricts in the district: [1]

Name Chinese (S) Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010) [2] Area (km2)
Changhong Subdistrict 长虹街道Chánghóng Jiēdào73,3462.635
Gulou Subdistrict 鼓楼街道Gǔlóu Jiēdào28,7882.117
Xingnan Subdistrict 兴南街道Xìngnán Jiēdào43,7441.7
Guangkai Subdistrict 广开街道Guǎngkāi Jiēdào73,2991.7
Wanxing Subdistrict 万兴街道Wànxìng Jiēdào140,6843.54
Xuefu Subdistrict 学府街道Xuéfǔ Jiēdào103,3194.7
Xiangyang Road Subdistrict 向阳路街道Xiàngyánglù Jiēdào145,2633.887
Jialing Street Subdistrict 嘉陵道街道Jiālíngdào Jiēdào102,4053.672
Wangdingti Subdistrict 王顶堤街道Wángdǐngdī Jiēdào122,5995.016
Shuishanggongyuan Subdistrict 水上公园街道Shuǐshànggōngyuán Jiēdào64,8535.633
Tiyuzhongxin Subdistrict 体育中心街道Tǐyùzhōngxīn Jiēdào66,9485.26
Huayuan Subdistrict 华苑街道Huáyuàn Jiēdào52,9481.67

Geography

Nankai District is located in the south-west corner of the urban Tianjin, bordered by Hongqiao District to the north, Hebei and Heping Districts to the north-east, Hexi District to the east and Xiqing District to the south-west. It occupies an area of 40.64 square kilometres (15.69 sq mi). The natural topography is characterised by higher elevation in the north of the district and a lower elevation in the south, with the average altitude being 3 metres.

Demographics

Nankai District has been one of the fastest growing districts in Tianjin since the formation of the People's Republic of China. The population was 220,000 in 1949. In 2006, the population was 925,000 and the density was 19621/km2 (50818/sq. mi.).

The rate of population growth has been negative since 1993 with the birth rate averaging 3.97% and death rate registering 4.56% in 2005.

The majority of people in Nankai District are Han Chinese. Small populations of ethnic minorities such as the Hui, Manchu and Mongol peoples also exist.

Transportation

Metro

Nankai is currently served by three metro lines operated by Tianjin Metro:

Education

Tianjin University since 1895 9th Building of Tianjin University.jpg
Tianjin University since 1895

Parks

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References

  1. 2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:南开区 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Archived from the original on 2012-10-31. Retrieved 2013-08-08.
  2. shi, Guo wu yuan ren kou pu cha ban gong; council, Guo jia tong ji ju ren kou he jiu ye tong ji si bian = Tabulation on the 2010 population census of the people's republic of China by township / compiled by Population census office under the state; population, Department of; statistics, employment statistics national bureau of (2012). Zhongguo 2010 nian ren kou pu cha fen xiang, zhen, jie dao zi liao (Di 1 ban. ed.). Beijing Shi: Zhongguo tong ji chu ban she. ISBN   978-7-5037-6660-2.

People's Government of Tianjin Nankai District English Website