|Nankai Main Line|
|Locale||Osaka Prefecture, Wakayama Prefecture|
|Operator(s)||Nankai Electric Railway Co., Ltd.|
|Closed||1993 (Tennoji Branch Line)|
|Line length||64.2 km (39.9 mi)|
|Number of tracks||Quad (Namba - Suminoe)|
Double (Suminoe - Wakayamashi)
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
|Old gauge||Namba—Sakai (Azumabashi): 2 ft 9 in (838 mm)|
|Electrification||1,500 V DC, overhead lines|
|Operating speed||110 km/h (68 mph)|
|Nankai Main Line|
The Nankai Main Line (南海本線, Nankai Honsen) is one of the two main railway lines of Japanese private railway company Nankai Electric Railway, together with Kōya Line. The route is from Namba Station in south downtown of Osaka to Wakayamashi Station in Wakayama via Sakai, Izumiōtsu, Kishiwada, Kaizuka, Izumisano, Sennan, Hannan and Misaki municipalities. The proper name is with the company's name, "the Nankai Main Line", not simply "the Main Line" often seen in other Japanese private railways. Lines of the Nankai Main Lane and the connecting lines excluded the Kōya Line and the Airport Line are named generically "the Nankai Line (南海線, Nankai Sen)". The line is shown with a pictogram of waves, or distinguished with blue from conifer or green Kōya Line.
Nankai and Kintetsu are the only two private railway operators in Kansai that offer charged Limited Express trains.
|Number||Station||Japanese||Distance (km)||Local||Semi-Express||Sub-Express||Airport Express||Express||Ltd. Exp. Southern||Ltd. Exp. Rapi:t||Transfers||Location|
|NK01||Namba||難波||0.0||●||●||●||●||●||●||●||Chūō-ku, Osaka||Osaka Prefecture|
|Through service:||From Izumisano: Local / Airport Express / Limited Express Rapi:t to Nankai Airport Line for Kansai Airport|
|NK43|| Wakayamadaigakumae |
|Through service:||From Wakayamashi: Express (weekdays only) / Limited Express Southern to Wakayamako Line for Wakayamako|
Listed counterclockwise: All stations are in the city of Osaka, Osaka Prefecture.
|Tengachaya||天下茶屋||18 November 1984||Nishinari-ku, Osaka|
|Imaikecho||今池町||1 April 1993|
|Tobitahondori||飛田本通||1 April 1993|
One of the oldest private railway lines still existing, the 2 ft 9 in (838 mm) gauge Namba - Yamatogawa (since closed) section was opened in 1885 by Hankai Railway (阪堺鉄道, Hankai Tetsudō) (separate from the present-day Hankai Tramway).  The line was extended to Sakai in 1888, and the Namba - Sumiyoshitaisha section was duplicated in 1892.
In 1897 the then separate Nankai Railway opened the Sakai - Sano (present-day Izumisano) section as 1067mm gauge, with the Namba - Sano section regauged to match, and the Sumiyoshitaisha - Sano section duplicated the same year. The following year the Hankai Co. merged with Nankai Railway, and the line was extended to Wakayama. The present line to Wakayamashi was completed in 1903, and in 1906 the first dining car on a private railway in Japan was introduced on the Wakayama express.
The duplication of the line extended to Hamaderakoen in 1907, Kaizuka in 1911, Takako in 1915 and to Wakayama in 1922.
Electrification at 600 VDC began in 1907 on the section from Namba to Hamaderakōen, and was completed in 1911. The voltage was increased to 1500 VDC in 1973.
The Hanwa Line is a commuter rail line in the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto Metropolitan Area, owned and operated by West Japan Railway Company. The 61.3 km line runs between Osaka and Wakayama, Japan and has a 1.7 km branchline in a southern Osaka suburb. The name is taken from the second syllable of Osaka and the first syllable of Wakayama.
Kintetsu Railway Co., Ltd., referred to as Kintetsu (近鉄), is a Japanese passenger railway company, managing infrastructure and operating passenger train service. Its railway system is the largest in Japan, excluding Japan Railways Group. The railway network connects Osaka, Nara, Kyoto, Nagoya, Tsu, Ise, and Yoshino. Kintetsu Railway Co., Ltd. is a wholly owned subsidiary of Kintetsu Group Holdings Co., Ltd.
The Nagoya Line is a railway line owned and operated by the Kintetsu Railway, a Japanese private railway company, connecting Nagoya and Ise Nakagawa Station in Matsusaka, Mie Prefecture via Kuwana, Yokkaichi, Suzuka, Tsu municipalities along the Ise Bay. The official starting-point of the line is Ise-Nakagawa and the terminus is Nagoya; however, operationally trains run "down" from and "up" towards Nagoya.
Namba Station is a name shared by two railway stations in the Namba district of Chūō-ku, Osaka, Japan. One is owned by Nankai Electric Railway, while the other is by the Osaka Metro. The names of both stations are written in hiragana on signage within the stations, because the kanji "難波" can be also read "Naniwa". However, the name of both stations officially employs kanji, printed on train tickets.
Keihanshin is a metropolitan region in the Kansai region of Japan encompassing the metropolitan areas of the cities of Kyoto in Kyoto Prefecture, Osaka in Osaka Prefecture and Kobe in Hyōgo Prefecture. The entire region has a population of 19,302,746 over an area of 13,228 km2 (5,107 sq mi). It is the second-most-populated urban region in Japan, containing approximately 15% of Japan's population.
Nankai Electric Railway Co., Ltd. is a private railway in Japan, founded in 1884. The name Nankai comes from the company's routes along the Nankaidō, the old highway that ran south from the old capital, Kyoto, along the sea coast. Nankai predates all the electric railways in the Tokyo region.
Rapi:t is a limited express train service between Kansai International Airport and Namba Station in Osaka, Japan. It is operated by Nankai Electric Railway, and the train service uses the Nankai Main Line and the Airport Line. The name comes from the German word meaning rapid, pronounced [ʁaˈpiːt].
The Kansai Main Line is a railway line in Japan, which connects Nagoya Station with JR Namba Station in Osaka. It is jointly run by the Central Japan Railway Company and West Japan Railway Company, with the boundary between both companies being located at Kameyama Station in Kameyama, Mie.
The Nagano Line is a railway line of Japanese private railway company Kintetsu Railway branching off Minami-Osaka Line at Furuichi in southern suburbs of Osaka. The line connects cities of Habikino, Tondabayashi and Kawachi-Nagano in Osaka Prefecture, terminates at Kawachinagano with connection to Nankai Electric Railway Kōya Line.
Kansai Airport Station is a ground level passenger railway station shared by Nankai Electric Railway and West Japan Railway Company located at Kansai International Airport in the town of Tajiri, Sennan District, Osaka Prefecture, Japan. The northern end of the platforms extends into the city of Izumisano.
The Wakayamakō Line is a railway line operated by Japanese private railway company Nankai Electric Railway that runs in Wakayama, Wakayama Prefecture, between Wakayamashi and Wakayamakō stations.
The Nankai 50000 series (南海50000系) is a limited express electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated in Japan by the private railway operator Nankai Electric Railway. These 6-car trains were introduced in 1994 on the new Rapi:t limited express service on the Nankai Airport Line serving Kansai International Airport, which opened on 4 September 1994.
The Semboku Rapid Railway Line is a railway line in Osaka Prefecture, Japan, operated by the private railway operator Semboku Rapid Railway. The line connects Izumi-Chūō Station and Nakamozu Station, with through operations to and from the Nankai Kōya Line up to Namba Station in southern downtown Osaka.
The Airport Line is a railway line operated by the Nankai Electric Railway, which connects Izumisano and Kansai International Airport and is owned by Kansai International Airport Co., Ltd. between Rinkū Town and Kansai Airport. It opened on June 15, 1994.
The Koya Line is a railway line in Osaka Prefecture and Wakayama Prefecture, Japan, owned and operated by the Nankai Electric Railway, a private railway operator. It connects Osaka and Koyasan, the capital of the Japanese Buddhist sect Shingon, via the suburbs of Osaka, such as Sakai, Osakasayama, Tondabayashi and Kawachinagano in Osaka Prefecture and Hashimoto and Kōya in Wakayama Prefecture. To distinguish it from other Nankai Lines, the Kōya Line is indicated with pictograms of coniferous-like trees which bring to mind Mount Kōya, or with the line colour, green.
The Kisei Main Line is a railway line that parallels the coastline of the Kii Peninsula in Japan between Mie Prefecture and Wakayama Prefecture. The name takes the kanji characters from the names of the old provinces of Kii (紀伊) and Ise (伊勢).
Tengachaya Station is a Nankai Electric Railway and Osaka Metro Sakaisuji Line railway station and metro station in Nishinari-ku, Osaka. It is the terminal station of the southern end of the Sakaisuji Line. All trains of the Nankai Main Line and the Kōya Line of Nankai Electric Railway stop at Tengachaya.
Hashimoto Station is an interchange passenger railway station located in the city of Hashimoto, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan, operated by the West Japan Railway Company and the private Nankai Electric Railway.
Hamaderakōen Station is a passenger railway station located in Nishi-ku, Sakai, Osaka, Japan, operated by the private railway operator Nankai Electric Railway. It has the station number "NK15".
The Semboku 12000 series is an electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated by the private railway operator Semboku Rapid Railway in Japan on Semboku Liner limited express services between Namba and Izumi-Chūō in Osaka Prefecture since 27 January 2017.
This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia