Nanning

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Nanning

南宁市 · Namzningz Si
Nanning Montage.jpg
Clockwise from top: Nanning skyline (2008), Nanning Mosque, View from Diwang International Commerce Center, Jinhu Square, Nanning International Convention and Exhibition Center
Nanning
Guangxi subdivisions - Nanning.svg
Location of Nanning City jurisdiction in Guangxi
China edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Nanning
Location in China
Coordinates(Guangxi People's Government): 22°49′00″N108°19′39″E / 22.8167°N 108.3275°E / 22.8167; 108.3275 Coordinates: 22°49′00″N108°19′39″E / 22.8167°N 108.3275°E / 22.8167; 108.3275
Country China
Region Guangxi
Municipal seat Qingxiu District
Government
  Type Prefecture-level city
  Body Nanning Municipal People's Congress
   CCP Secretary Wang Xiaodong
   Congress ChairmanFeng Xuejun
   Mayor Sun Daguang
   CPPCC ChairmanDu Wei
Area
   Prefecture-level city 22,189 km2 (8,567 sq mi)
Population
 (2018)
   Prefecture-level city 7,254,100
  Density330/km2 (850/sq mi)
   Urban
4,417,600
   Metro
3,839,800
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
530000
Area code(s) 0771
ISO 3166 code CN-GX-01
License plate prefixes 桂A
Website www.nanning.gov.cn
Nanning
NN name.svg
"Nánníng" in Traditional (top) and Simplified (bottom) Chinese characters
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese 南宁
Traditional Chinese 南寧
Hanyu Pinyin Nánníng
Literal meaning"Southern tranquility"
Zhuang name
Zhuang Namzningz
1957 orthography Namƨniŋƨ

Nanning (Chinese :南宁; pinyin :Nánníng; Zhuang : Namzningz) is the capital and largest city by population of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in Southern China. [1] It is known as the "Green City" because of its abundance of lush subtropical foliage. Located in the South of Guangxi, Nanning is surrounded by a hilly basin, with a warm, monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate. As of 2018 sampling, Nanning had a population of 7,241,100, of which 4,417,600 live in the urban area and 3,839,800 live in its 6 suburban districts. [2]

Contents

Beginning in 1949, Nanning's economy began developing beyond its former role as essentially a commercial and administrative centre, as it underwent sustained industrial growth. [3] Today, Nanning is considered the economic, financial and cultural center of Guangxi, and the chief centre for the training of the Zhuang minority in Guangxi. The People's Park is located in the center of the city.

The city is home to several notable universities, including Guangxi University, Guangxi Medical University, Guangxi University for Nationalities and Guangxi Arts University.

History

Nanning, an ancient city with a long history and rich culture, was part of Baiyue ethnic groups in the ancient time. In the first year of Daxing period of Eastern Jin Dynasty (AD 318), Jinxing County, established here as one of the county towns, ushered a history of 1700 years of Nanning organizational system. During the Zhenguan period of Tang dynasty (AD 632), it was renamed Yong prefecture (Yongzhou) and established Yongzhou government seat, which is why it has been called Yong for short. In the first year of Taiding period of Yuan dynasty (AD1318), Yongzhou was renamed Nanning, meaning the Pacified South.

Nanning was once the territory of the Baiyue people and became the capital of Jinxing Prefecture which was separated from Yulin Prefecture of the Eastern Jin Dynasty.

In 1076 during the Lý–Song War Yongshou was besieged by Lý forces. Under the leadership of Su Jian, the garrison held out for forty-two days before succumbing. The city was razed to the ground and its people massacred by Lý dynasty.

In the Yuan dynasty in 1324, it was renamed Nanning Lu (Nanning Circuit) of Yongzhou. Historically, Nanning was famous for trade, and had permanent business offices from other areas in China since the Song dynasty.

In the Ming dynasty Nanning developed into an economic center of the Zuo River and the You River with the reputation of "Little Nanjing".

On 4 December 1949, Nanning was captured by the CPC; in January 1950, Nanning municipality was set up, and identified as the capital city of Guangxi on 8 February of the same year; in March 1958, the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region was established, and Nanning municipality was the capital city.

Nanning serves as host for the annual China-ASEAN EXPO (CASEAN EXPO) which began in 2004 and was the venue for the 2006 "World Robotics Olympiad".

Administrative divisions

Nanning has jurisdiction over 7 districts, 5 counties, and 6 development zones.

Map
NameChineseHanyu Pinyin Zhuang Population (2010)Area (km2)Density (/km2)
City proper
Xingning District 兴宁区Xīngníng QūSinghningz Gih398,789722.68551.82
Qingxiu District 青秀区Qīngxiù QūCinghsiu Gih709,721865.27820.23
Jiangnan District 江南区Jiāngnán QūGyanghnanz Gih567,9991,183.26480.03
Xixiangtang District 西乡塘区Xīxiāngtáng QūSihsienghdangz Gih1,153,3051,076.001071.84
Liangqing District 良庆区Liángqìng QūLiengzcing Gih344,7681,368.88251.86
Yongning District 邕宁区Yōngníng QūYunghningz Gih259,7211,230.73211.03
Suburban
Wuming District 武鸣区Wǔmíng QūVujmingz Gih544,4783,388.91160.66
Rural
Long'an County 隆安县Lóng'ān XiànLungzanh Yen300,2152,305.59130.21
Mashan County 马山县Mǎshān XiànMajsanh Yen390,9002,340.76167.00
Shanglin County 上林县Shànglín XiànSanglinz Yen343,5901,871.00183.64
Binyang County 宾阳县Bīnyáng XiànBinhyangz Yen782,2552,298.17340.38
Heng County 横县Héng XiànHwngz Yen863,0013,448.06250.29
Total6,658,74222,099.31301.30

Development Zones:

Cityscape

Nanning is home of the 21st tallest building [4] in the People's Republic of China, the Diwang International Commerce Center, at 276 m (906 ft), currently the tallest building in Guangxi and southwestern China (excluding Chongqing). The second tallest building in Nanning is the World Trade Commerce City at 218 meters. The city currently has seven buildings taller than 100 m (330 ft), built or under construction.

Nanning has many parks with tropical lush green landscape, it is one of the "greenest" cities in China, and it's known as "Green City"(绿城). Nanning's downtown skyline is rapidly changing and the city is becoming an important hub in China.

Recently, the government has begun a citywide beautification plan which aimed to further clean up the city and improve its image. This involved curtailing the number of street-side food vendors operating without proper licenses and restricting parking in busy streets. The program has achieved initial success, long-term efforts are still needed to deliver lasting results.[ citation needed ]

Economy

Nanning Street NanningStreet.jpg
Nanning Street

Nanning's GDP in 2015 was 341 billion RMB. [5] The GDP per capita was $7,844.

Foreign exports in 2007 were US$10 billion. Foreign fixed asset investment was 34.3 billion RMB. Nanning has six development zones and industrial parks, three of which accounted for 6 billion RMB of Nanning's GDP, more than 8 percent of Nanning's total.

Mineral resources include gold, iron, manganese, aluminum, quartz, silver, indium, coal, marble, and granite. One third of China's different types of mineral resources are found in Nanning.

Industrial zones

Transportation

Nanning East Railway Station Nanning East Railway Station - 29325657007.jpg
Nanning East Railway Station
Nanning train station Nanning Station.jpg
Nanning train station
Metro map Nanning Rail Transit Linemap.svg
Metro map

Metro

Nanning Metro system is known for its Nanning Rail Transit (NNRT), expected to comprise a total of nine lines. The first was completed and put into operation in June 2016, the second begin operation in December 2017, while lines 3 and 4 are now under construction. Line 1 connects the East and West of Nanning, linking the financial and political center and the academic and research center of Nanning.

Stations of Line 1 from the West to East are: SHIBU - Nanning College for Vacational Technology - PENGFEI LU - XIXIANGTANG Coach Station - Guangxi University for Nationalities - QINGCHUAN - Nanning Zoo - LUBAN LU - Guangxi University - BAICANGLING - Nanning Railway Station - CHAOYANG Square - XINMIN LU - MINZU Square - MACUN - NANHU - JINHU Square - Convention & Exhibition Center - WANXIANGCHENG - ASEAN Business District - FENGLING -!LANGDON Coach Station - BAIHUALING - FOZILING - Nanning East Railway Station.

Air

Rail

Nanning has two major railway stations: Nanning railway station and Nanning East railway station. The latter one is newer and also the main destination of high-speed trains. A third, Nanning North railway station, is set to open in 2023 with the Guiyang–Nanning high-speed railway.

Nanning railway station is a railway junction for the Nanning–Kunming, Nanning–Guangzhou and Hunan–Guangxi Railways. There are also plans to build a high-speed railway to Pingxiang on the Vietnamese border. [6] The goal is to better integrate Pan-Pearl River Delta and southeast China with members of the ASEAN. [7]

At the end of 2013, some high-speed service has been introduced on the Hunan–Guangxi railway and on the railway line that connects Nanning with Beihai (as well as its branch to Fangchenggang). [8] [9]

Guangxi is also a conjunction of Guangzhou-Guiyang Highspeed Rail.

Highways

Flora and fauna

Nanning's warm climate gives it a large amount of biodiversity. There are many species of animals and more than 3,000 species of plants. The city flower is the Jaba flower, an evergreen shrub, and the city tree is the almond tree which is regarded as the backbone tree used for greening and landscaping throughout the city.

Geography

Nanning (labelled as NAN-NING (YUNG-NING) Nan Ning  (Yong Zhu )
) (1954) Txu-oclc-10552568-nf49-5.jpg
Nanning (labelled as NAN-NING (YUNG-NING) 南甯 (邕寧)) (1954)
Map including Nanning Txu-pclmaps-oclc-22834566 j-11a.jpg
Map including Nanning

Nanning is located in the southern part of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, 160 km (99 mi) from the border with Vietnam. It has an administrative area of 22,293 km2 (8,607 sq mi). [10]

Nanning is situated in a hilly basin with elevations between 70 and 500 m (230 and 1,640 ft) above sea-level. Qingxiu Mountain dominates the southern part of town.

Climate

Nanning has a warm, monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa), with an annual mean temperature of 21.83 °C (71.3 °F). Summers are hot and humid with July, the hottest month, having a 24-hour average temperature of 28.4 °C (83.1 °F). Winters are mild and somewhat damp with January, the coolest month, averaging 12.9 °C (55.2 °F). From February to August, rain is most frequent and relative humidity consistently averages above 80 percent; the annual rainfall is 1,290 millimetres (50.8 in). The area is also frost-free for all but 3 or 4 days a year and snowfall is virtually unheard of in the city, with a unique exception since 1900: in December 1975 snow fell on the city albeit without sticking to the ground. Extreme temperatures have ranged from −2.1 to 40.4 °C (28 to 105 °F). [11] With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 17 percent in March to 51 percent in September, the city receives 1,585 hours of bright sunshine annually.

Climate data for Nanning (1981−2010 normals, extremes 1951−2010)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)32.6
(90.7)
36.2
(97.2)
35.5
(95.9)
38.3
(100.9)
40.4
(104.7)
37.9
(100.2)
39.0
(102.2)
39.1
(102.4)
38.2
(100.8)
35.2
(95.4)
33.7
(92.7)
30.5
(86.9)
40.4
(104.7)
Average high °C (°F)17.2
(63.0)
18.5
(65.3)
21.6
(70.9)
26.8
(80.2)
30.4
(86.7)
32.1
(89.8)
32.9
(91.2)
33.0
(91.4)
31.7
(89.1)
28.8
(83.8)
24.4
(75.9)
20.0
(68.0)
26.5
(79.6)
Daily mean °C (°F)12.9
(55.2)
14.5
(58.1)
17.6
(63.7)
22.5
(72.5)
25.9
(78.6)
27.8
(82.0)
28.4
(83.1)
28.3
(82.9)
26.8
(80.2)
23.6
(74.5)
19.0
(66.2)
14.7
(58.5)
21.8
(71.3)
Average low °C (°F)10.0
(50.0)
11.9
(53.4)
14.9
(58.8)
19.5
(67.1)
22.6
(72.7)
24.8
(76.6)
25.3
(77.5)
25.1
(77.2)
23.5
(74.3)
20.1
(68.2)
15.3
(59.5)
11.1
(52.0)
18.7
(65.6)
Record low °C (°F)−2.1
(28.2)
0.2
(32.4)
3.7
(38.7)
9.2
(48.6)
13.5
(56.3)
18.2
(64.8)
19.7
(67.5)
19.9
(67.8)
15.4
(59.7)
6.9
(44.4)
0.7
(33.3)
−1.9
(28.6)
−2.1
(28.2)
Average rainfall mm (inches)38.6
(1.52)
45.4
(1.79)
61.9
(2.44)
86.7
(3.41)
175.4
(6.91)
216.8
(8.54)
237.6
(9.35)
181.9
(7.16)
126.6
(4.98)
50.3
(1.98)
45.7
(1.80)
23.1
(0.91)
1,290
(50.79)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm)11.113.213.813.616.616.316.816.210.58.56.85.9149.3
Average relative humidity (%)77818180808282817875747379
Mean monthly sunshine hours 69.656.761.891.4144.0161.1196.8186.1185.6163.7144.2123.71,584.7
Percent possible sunshine 21181724354048475146443736
Source: China Meteorological Administration (precipitation days, sun 19712000), [12] [13] all-time extreme temperature [11]

Twin towns – sister cities

Nanning is twinned with: [14]

Demographics

At 2010 census, the total population of Nanning was 6,611,600, among which 2,875,220 were urban residents (after the adjustment of administrative divisions) and 2,480,340 in the built up area made of 5 out of 6 urban districts. [16] [ full citation needed ] Nanning is a city in which Zhuang ethnic group live in compact communities. Thirty-five ethnic groups live in compact communities in Nanning, including people of Zhuang, Han, Yao, Hui, Miao, Dong, and Man minorities.

Culture

Nanning is the center of science and technology, education, culture and health in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. There are altogether 54 scientific research institutes subordinate to districts. 10 colleges and 50 trade schools are training specialised personnel of all kinds. Now there are 62 mass cultural organizations, 13 performing groups, 8 cinemas, 285 projecting units, over 70 karaoke halls and over 1000 newsstands. Bookshops and cultural markets can be found everywhere.

Food

Nanning has not only local cuisine but also food from other areas of China and abroad. Traditional food culture can be found around most streets of Nanning. Nanning food shares the style of Cantonese food and of Southeast Asia. Chinese cuisine including Guangdong, Sichuan, Hunan and Jiangsu as well as Japanese, Thai and Western cuisines can be found.

Rice noodles are very popular among the Nanning people. Laoyou rice noodles are the most famous, while other noodle dishes such as Guilin rice noodles and hand made noodles can be found. Laoyou rice noodles (means old friend rice noodles) are made of fry up pepper, sour bamboo shoots, black beans and garlic, then pork, and then soup and rice noodles. The sour-spicy tasting noodles are a very popular and cheap favorite street food for all meals (breakfast, lunch and dinner) in Nanning.

Tourism

Nanning is close to scenic Guilin, with its world-famous hillscape, northern and western Guangxi and its minority villages, and the border with Vietnam in the south.

Tourist attractions in Nanning include Guangxi Museum, People's Park with the Zhenning Fort, Mount Qingxiu, Guangxi Medicinal Herb Botanical Garden, [17] and Yangmei Ancient Town. [18]

Other places of interest include Nanhu Park, Shishan Park and Nanning Zoo.

Colleges and universities

Note: Institutions without full-time bachelor programs are not listed.

See also

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