Napier Christie Burton

Last updated

Napier Christie Burton
Born31 August 1758
Died2 January 1835
AllegianceUnion flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg  Great Britain
Service/branchFlag of the British Army.svg  British Army
Battles/wars American War of Independence
Other work Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada
Member of Parliament

General Napier Christie Burton (born Napier Christie, 31 August 1758 – 2 January 1835) was a senior British Army officer and Member of Parliament. [1]

He was born in America, the only surviving son of General Gabriel Christie of Stirling, Scotland and Montreal, Canada and his wife Sarah, the daughter of John Stevenson of Albany, New York. He took the additional surname of Burton by royal licence on the death of his brother-in-law, Captain Richard Burton, in 1784 and inherited his father's estate in 1799.

He became an officer in the British Army, joining in 1775 as an ensign in the 22nd Foot. He transferred to the 3rd Foot Guards in 1776 and fought in the American War of Independence as a lieutenant. He was present at the Battle of Springfield (1780) before going to South Carolina, where he took part in the battles of Guilford and Cross Creek before being taken prisoner at the Siege of Yorktown in 1781.

After his return from America he served with the 1st Dragoon Guards in Flanders and was promoted captain and lt.-colonel in 1789, brevet colonel in 1795 and brigadier-general in 1796, when he served on the staff in Guernsey. Promoted again to major-general he served on the staff in eastern England before being posted to act as Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada from 1799 to 1802. He returned to England following the death of his wife and served time in Chester as a major in the 3rd Foot Guards before being posted to Ireland in 1806 as colonel-commandant of the first the 6th Battalion and then the 1st Battalion of the 60th (Royal American) Regiment of Foot (until his death).

In 1796 he was returned to Parliament as the member for Beverley. At the following general election of 1806 he fought a duel with the winning candidate, John Wharton, a fellow officer, which ended his political career.

A man who lived beyond his means he was forced to sell most of his own and his wife's inheritance to pay his debts but nevertheless spent time in prison in 1812 for owing money. In spite of this he was made a full general in 1814. [2]

He died in 1835. He had married Mary, the daughter and eventual heiress of Major-General Ralph Burton of Hull Bank, Beverley, with whom he had 2 sons and 2 daughters. Of their sons, both of whom died unmarried, Robert Christie Burton became MP for Beverley in 1818. Their eldest daughter married firstly Major-General John Clitherow and secondly Henry Peters of Betchworth Castle. Their youngest daughter founded at Wakefield a home for discharged female prisoners.

Related Research Articles

Charles Lennox, 3rd Duke of Richmond British politician and army officer

Field Marshal Charles Lennox, 3rd Duke of Richmond, 3rd Duke of Lennox, 3rd Duke of Aubigny,, styled Earl of March until 1750, of Goodwood House in Sussex and of Richmond House in London, was a British Army officer and politician. He associated with the Rockingham Whigs and rose to hold the post of Southern Secretary for a brief period. He was noteworthy for his support for the colonists during the American Revolutionary War, his support for a policy of concession in Ireland and his advanced views on the issue of parliamentary reform. He went on to be a reforming Master-General of the Ordnance first in the Rockingham ministry and then in the ministry of William Pitt.

John Griffin, 4th Baron Howard de Walden 18th-century British nobleman and soldier

Field Marshal John Griffin Griffin, 4th Baron Howard de Walden, 1st Baron Braybrooke, , KB, of Audley End in Essex, was a British nobleman and soldier. He served as a junior officer with the Pragmatic Army in the Netherlands and Germany during the War of the Austrian Succession. After changing his surname to Griffin in 1749, he commanded a brigade of at least four battalions at the Battle of Corbach in July 1760 during the Seven Years' War. He also commanded a brigade at the Battle of Warburg and was wounded at the Battle of Kloster Kampen.

Lieutenant-General John Clitherow was a British army officer and colonial administrator. He was briefly Deputy Governor-General of the Province of Canada in 1841.

Sir George Nugent, 1st Baronet British Army officer

Sir George Nugent, 1st Baronet, GCB was a British Army officer. After serving as a junior officer in the American Revolutionary War, he fought with the Coldstream Guards under the Duke of York during the Flanders Campaign. He then commanded the Buckinghamshire Volunteers in the actions of St. Andria and Thuyl on the river Waal and participated in the disastrous retreat from the Rhine. He went on to be commander of the northern district of Ireland, in which post he played an important part in placating the people of Belfast during the Irish Rebellion, and then became Adjutant-General in Ireland. He went on to be Governor of Jamaica, commander of the Western District in England, commander of the Kent District in England and finally Commander-in-Chief, India.

Ralph Burton was a British soldier and Canadian settler.

Gabriel Christie (British Army officer)

Gabriel Christie was a British Army General from Scotland, who settled in Montreal after the Seven Years' War. Following the British Conquest of New France, he invested in land and became one of the largest landowners in the British Province of Quebec.

William Stewart (British Army officer, born 1774)

Lieutenant-General Sir William Stewart, GCB was a British military officer who was the first Commanding Officer of the Rifle Corps, a Division Commander in the Peninsular War and a Scottish Member of Parliament (MP) in the British Parliament.

Field Marshal Lord Frederick Cavendish was a British Army officer and Whig politician. After serving as an aide-de-camp to the Duke of Cumberland in Germany during the early stages of the Seven Years' War, he served under Charles Spencer, 3rd Duke of Marlborough in the raid on St Malo and then took part in the raid on Cherbourg. Cavendish commanded the rear-guard during the re-embarkation following the disastrous battle of Saint Cast and was taken prisoner. After his release, Prince Ferdinand of Brunswick gave him command of a brigade of chasseurs which he led to victory at the Battle of Wilhelmsthal in June 1762.

John Byng, 1st Earl of Strafford British Army officer & politician (1772–1860)

Field Marshal John Byng, 1st Earl of Strafford was a British Army officer and politician. After serving as a junior officer during the French Revolutionary Wars and Irish Rebellion of 1798, he became Commanding Officer of the Grenadier Battalion of the 3rd Regiment of Foot Guards during the disastrous Walcheren Campaign. He served as a brigade commander at the Battle of Vitoria and then at the Battle of Roncesvalles on 25 July 1813 when his brigade took the brunt of the French assault and held its position for three hours in the early morning before finally being forced back. During the Hundred Days he commanded the 2nd Guards Brigade at the Battle of Quatre Bras in June 1815 and again at the Battle of Waterloo later that month when light companies from his brigade played an important role in the defence of Château d'Hougoumont. He went on to be Commander-in-Chief, Ireland and, after leaving Ireland in 1831, he was elected as Whig Member of Parliament for Poole in Dorset and was one of the few military men who supported the Reform Bill, for which he was rewarded with a peerage.

General Lord Charles FitzRoy was a British Army officer and politician.

Alexander George Woodford

Field Marshal Sir Alexander George Woodford, GCB, KCMG, was a British Army officer. After taking part in the Anglo-Russian invasion of Holland, he served in most of the battles of the Napoleonic Wars. During the Hundred Days he commanded the 2nd battalion of the Coldstream Guards at the Battle of Quatre Bras, the Battle of Waterloo and the storming of Cambrai. He went on to become lieutenant governor and brigade commander at Malta, lieutenant governor and brigade commander at Corfu and then commander of the British garrison on the Ionian Islands before being appointed Governor and Commander-in-Chief of Gibraltar.

General Edmund Boyle, 8th Earl of Cork and Orrery KP, styled Viscount Dungarvan from 1768 to 1798, was an Irish soldier and peer.

Sir Adolphus John Dalrymple, 2nd Baronet of High Mark was a British army officer and politician.

Henry King (British Army officer)

Lieutenant-General Sir Henry King KCB (1776–1839) was a British Army officer and Member of Parliament for County Sligo in Ireland.

James Ochoncar Forbes, 17th Lord Forbes (1765–1843), was a Scottish soldier and peer. He was the eldest son of James Forbes, 16th Baron Forbes, by Catherine, only daughter of Sir Robert Innes, baronet, of Orton. The lands of Forbes, Aberdeenshire, still in their possession, have been held by this family since the reign of William the Lion (1165–1214).

Colonel Sir Henry Walton Ellis was a British soldier in the Napoleonic Wars.

Robert Manners (British Army officer, born 1758) British soldier and Member of Parliament

General Robert Manners was a British Army officer and Member of Parliament.

Francis Evelyn Anderson (1752–1821) was a British Army officer and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1774 to 1784.

Lewis Bayly Wallis was an officer in the British Army and briefly a Member of Parliament.

General Lowther Pennington, 2nd Baron Muncaster was a British Army general who saw active service during the American Revolution and the French Revolutionary Wars. Pennington seems to have been frequently at odds with his fellow officers: his arrival in America was signalized by a duel with the Royal Navy captain who brought him over, and in 1793, he was publicly reprimanded by the Duke of York for court-martialing an adjutant over a trifle. After thirty years of service in the Coldstream Guards, he received the colonelcy of the 131st Regiment of Foot in 1795, only for it to be disbanded the next year. He married late in life, in 1802, and promptly had one son. His last command was a Royal Veteran Battalion in 1806, which he resigned in 1813 upon inheriting his brother's barony and estates, dying five years later.


  1. "CHRISTIE BURTON, Napier (1758–1835), of Hull Bank, Beverley, Yorks". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 11 August 2017.
  2. "Papers of Lieutenant General Napier Christie Burton". JISC archives. Retrieved 11 August 2017.
Military offices
Preceded by Colonel of the 1st Battalion, 60th Regiment of Foot
Succeeded by
Sir John Maclean
Preceded by Colonel of the 6th Battalion, 60th Regiment of Foot
Succeeded by
Battalion disbanded
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Beverley
With: William Tatton 1796–99
John Morritt 1799–1800
Succeeded by
UK Parliament
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Member of Parliament for Beverley
With: John Wharton
Succeeded by