Narayana Panditacharya

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Narayana Panditacharya
Personal
Born
Narayana Panditacharya

1290
Present day Coastal Karnataka
Died1370
Present day Kerala
Religion Hinduism
Parents
Philosophy Dvaita Vedanta
Religious career
Literary works Sumadhva Vijaya [1] and Shiva Stuti

Sri Narayana Panditacharya (also referred as Narayana Pandita) (IAST:Nārāyaṇa Paṇḍitacārya) (c. 1290 – c. 1370 [2] ), is an Indian scholar and philosopher in the Dvaita Vedānta tradition. He was the youngest son of Trivikrama Panditacharya, one of the direct disciples of Sri Madhva [3] He is the author of Sri Madhva Vijaya , a metrical biography of the rejuvenator of the Dvaita school of philosophy, Sri Madhvacharya. Indologist B. N. K. Sharma writes, "Narayana has earned a lasting fame for himself by his great metrical biography of Madhva". [4]

Contents

Works

Narayana Panditacharya is credited with more than 20 literary works: [5]

Sri Madhva Vijaya

His epic work Madhwavijaya consists of 16 sargas or cantos, and gives extensive insights into the life and philosophy of Madhvacharya. [7] It is the only authentic work available on Sri Madhva, as Narayana Panditacharya was a contemporary of Sri Madhva. He has also written his own commentary on Sumadhvavijaya [ disambiguation needed ], in which he explains the real names of the Sanskritised Kannada and Tulu names of persons and places in Sumadhvavijaya. This is called "Bhavaprakashika". Without this commentary it would be difficult to understand the poem itself. [8]

Sangraha Ramayana

Sangraha Ramayana is a condensed form of Valmiki Ramayana, with more than 3,000 slokas, written in accordance with the Sri Rama's story as told by Sri Madhvacharya in his "Sriman Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya". Sangraha Ramayana was printed in 1890 AD, has been reprinted (in November 2008) with Kannada translation by Dr. Vyasanakere Prabhanjanacharya. "Prameya Nava Malika" also known as "Anu Madhva Vijaya" is a condensed form of Sri Madhvacharya's Biography told in just 32 Slokas. Sri Raghavendra Swami has written a commentary on it in his Purvashrma days.

Other notable works

Manimanjari and Shubodaya are his other kavyas. Manimanjari gives account of the history of Vaishnava Acharyas before the advent of Sri Madhvacharya. It has eight cantos or sargas written in simple Sanskrit poetry. It is, in fact, one of the first Sanskrit poems taught in the traditional Madhwa learning circles. In the first two sargas Ramavatara story is narrated briefly, Third and Fourth sargas deal with the Krishnavatara story. The last four sargas deal with the history of Vaishnava Acharyas prior to Sri Madhvacarya and the eighth sarga ends with the advent of Sri Madhvacarya. SriMadhwaVijaya is a continuation of this. There are about half a dozen Sanskrit commentaries on this and a couple of them are in print. Shubodaya is an adhyatma kavya where the poet experiments with different meters.

Personal life

Narayana Pandita's home is still there in Karsargod district of Kerala and is called "Kavu Mutt". His descendants still live there. The icon of Srivasta Narayana handed over by Sri Madhvacharya to Sri Trivikrama Panditacharya is still worshipped there. There also is a vrindavana there, where he was entombed. This also gives rise to a doubt that he might have been ordained as a sanyasi in his old age.

See also

Related Research Articles

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Madhvacharya, sometimes anglicised as Madhva Acharya, and also known as Purna Prajna and Ānanda Tīrtha, was an Indian philosopher, theologian and the chief proponent of the Dvaita (dualism) school of Vedanta. Madhva called his philosophy Tattvavāda meaning "arguments from a realist viewpoint".

Narahari Tirtha Dvaita philosopher

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Bannanje Govindacharya Indian philosopher, and scholar

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Sumadhva Vijaya A biography of Sri Madhvacharya

Sumadhva Vijaya, is a biographical work of the great Dvaita philosopher Sri Madhvacharya. It is authored by Sri Narayana Panditacharya, who was the son of Sri Trivikrama Panditacharya, one of the direct disciples of Madhvacharya. Sri Trivikrama Panditacharya was a famous advaita exponent of his time and converted himself to the Madhva faith after disputation with Sri Madhvacharya himself for 7–8 days in Kasargod of Kerala. He is also the author of the famous "Vayu Stuti" which is recited by all devote Madhvas, daily, till date.

Sri Trivikrama Panditacharya, was an Indian scholar and one of the disciples of Sri Madhvacharya, the great Dvaita philosopher. He composed the Vayu Stuti, one of the most famous Stotras in the Madhva tradition.

Dvaita literature

Over the years, there have been many philosophers, writers and other literary figures who have contributed to the Dvaita school of thought, founded by Sri Madhvacharya.

Padmanabha Tirtha Indian philosopher and Hindu guru

Padmanabha Tirtha was a Dvaita philosopher, scholar and the disciple of Madhvacharya. Ascending the pontifical seat after Madhva, he served as the primary commentator of his works and in doing so, significantly elucidated Madhva's terse and laconic style of writing. His pioneering efforts in expanding upon the Dvaita texts to uncover the underlying metaphysical intricacies was taken forward by the 14th Century philosopher, Jayatirtha. Padmanabha is also credited with disseminating the philosophy of Dvaita outside the Tulunadu.

Madhva tradition Tradition in Hinduism linked to Dvaita Vedanta

Madhva Traditon (originally named Sadh Vaishnavism and Brahma Sampradaya, is a denomination within the Vaishnavism—Bhagavata tradition of Hinduism, founded by the thirteenth century philosopher Madhvacharya. It is a movement in Hinduism that developed during its classical period around the beginning of the Common Era. Philosophically, Madhva tradition is aligned with Dvaita Vedanta, and regards Madhvacharya as its founder or reformer.

Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya

Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya is a commentary on the Hindu epic Ramayana, birth of Veda Vyasa and Mahabharata by Sri Madhvacharya, the founder of the Dvaita school of philosophy.

Vayu Stuti Poem composed by Sri Trivikrama Panditacharya

Vayu Stuti is one of the most famous Stutis (poems) composed by Sri Trivikrama Panditacharya in praise of Sri Madhvacharya, the founder of the Dvaita school of philosophy. Madhvas, or the followers of Sri Madhvacharya, know that Madhvacharya is the third incarnation of Lord Mukhyaprana, being the first incarnation or Vayu who is the main deity and the Vayu Stuti has been written recognizing this order of incarnation.

Uttaradi Math Hindu monastery

Shri Uttaradi Math, is one of the premier monasteries (matha) founded by Madhvacharya to preserve and propagate Sanatana dharma and Dvaita Vedanta (Tattvavada) with Padmanabha Tirtha as its head. The Uttaradi Math is an important institution among the Madhvas and also deeply respected among the Vaishnavas and the other Hindus. Most of the Deshastha Madhvas and majority of Madhvas outside Tulu Nadu region are followers of this matha. Uttaradi Math has followers across Karnataka (outside Tulunadu region), Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Bihar regions.

Madhva Brahmins Indian Hindu Brahmin communities

Madhva Brahmins, are Hindu Brahmin communities in India, who follow Sadh Vaishnavism and Dvaita philosophy propounded by Madhvacharya. They are found mostly in the Indian states of Karnataka, Maharashtra, Goa, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh.

Satyanatha Tirtha 17th-century Indian philosopher

Satyanatha Tirtha ; IAST:Śrī Satyanātha Tīrtha), also called Abhinava Vyasaraja, was a Hindu philosopher, scholar, theologian, logician and dialectician belonging to the Dvaita order of Vedanta. He served as the twentieth pontiff of Uttaradi Math from 1660 to 1673. He was a fiery and prolific writer and very ambitious of the glory of Dvaita Vedanta. He is considered to be one of the stalwarts in the history of the Dvaita school of thought, on account of his sound elucidations of the works of Madhvacharya, Jayatirtha and Vyasatirtha. Three of his polemically themed doxographical works are reminiscent of "Vyasatraya". His refutation work Abhinava Gada is a devastating criticism of Appayya's Madhvamathamukhamardhana. His independent treatise Abhinava Chandrika is considered a brilliant work relating to the Brahma Sūtras, being a commentary on Jayatirtha's Tattvaprakashika. His work Abhinava Tarka Tandava refuted the works of rival systems, especially those of Prabhākara of Mimamsa, Ramanuja's Visistadvaita, and Gangesha Upadhyaya, Raghunatha Siromani of the Nyaya school, on the same lines as Vyasatirtha's Tarka Tandava. Indologist B.N.K.Sharma wrote, "His energy and determination to crush out the rivalry of Monism is reflected even in the choice of the titles of some of his works, four of which go by the name "Paraśus" ".

Satyasandha Tirtha Hindu guru

Satyasandha Tirtha, was a Hindu philosopher, scholar, mystic and saint. He was the 26th pontiff of Uttaradi Math and served the pontificate from 1783-1794.

K. T. Pandurangi Indian scholar

Krishnacharya Tamanacharya Pandurangi, also known by the pen name Viswamangala, was an Indian Sanskrit scholar and a notable Indologist. Pandurangi was unique among contemporary Sanskrit scholars, being simultaneously at home among both traditional and modern systems of education. In 1989, the Government of India honoured him with the Rashtrapati Award for his contributions to literature and research.

Shiva Stuti Hindu devotional hymn by Narayana Panditacharya dedicated to lord Shiva

Shiva Stuti, is one of the most famous Stutis (poems) composed by Sri Narayana Panditacharya in praise of Lord Shiva written in Prithvi metre. Stuti means eulogy, singing praise, panegyric and to praise the virtues, deeds and nature of God by realising them in our hearts. In this stuti Narayana Panditacharya eulogised the power, beauty, virtues, qualities, and also the five forms of Lord Shiva. The Shiva Stuti consists of 13 verses and is recited daily or on special festivals like Maha Shivaratri by Hindus. Once it so happened that when Sri Narayana Panditacharya went to Rameshwaram Temple, the doors were closed. He prayed Lord Shiva with "Shiva Stuti". The temple doors opened automatically and he had the darshan of Lord Shiva.

Chalari Narasimhacharya Indian scholar

Chalari Narasimahacharya was an Indian Hindu scholar in the Dvaita Vedānta tradition. He is the follower of Uttaradi Math and the disciple of Satyanatha Tirtha.

In India, a digvijaya was originally a military conquest of the "four quarters." In medieaval times, it came to refer to the religious conquest of India by the reputed founders of the major Hindu renunciate traditions, namely Madhva, Sankara, Chaitanya, and Vallabha.

References

  1. Siraj 2012, p. 735.
  2. S. Anees Siraj (2012). Karnataka State: Udupi District. Government of Karnataka, Karnataka Gazetteer Department. p. 735. Narayana Pandita (1290- 1370): He was the third son of Trivikrama Panditacharya. He has composed a historical epic named Sumadhwa Vijaya based on Madhwacharya's biography.
  3. Bryant 2007, p. 361.
  4. Sharma 2000, p. 216.
  5. Sharma 2000, p. 217.
  6. Sharma 2000, p. 221.
  7. Bhāratīya Sthalanāma Patrikā, Volume 10. Place Names Society of India by Geetha Book House. 1989. p. 60.
  8. Siraj 2012, p. 736.

Bibliography

Sources