Narrogin, Western Australia

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Narrogin
Western Australia
Narrogin gnangarra 02.JPG
Soldier memorial institute
Australia Western Australia location map.svg
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Narrogin
Coordinates 32°56′10″S117°10′41″E / 32.936°S 117.178°E / -32.936; 117.178 Coordinates: 32°56′10″S117°10′41″E / 32.936°S 117.178°E / -32.936; 117.178
Population4,274 (2016 census) [1]
Established1890s
Postcode(s) 6312
Elevation192 m (630 ft)
Location
LGA(s) Shire of Narrogin
State electorate(s) Roe
Federal Division(s) O'Connor
Mean max tempMean min tempAnnual rainfall
22.4 °C
72 °F
9.8 °C
50 °F
499.6 mm
19.7 in
Shire of Narrogin building Narrogin gnangarra 03.JPG
Shire of Narrogin building
Old Courthouse Museum Narrogin gnangarra 01.JPG
Old Courthouse Museum
Train leaving the Narrogin yard DAZ 1901 leaving the Narrogin yard.JPG
Train leaving the Narrogin yard

Narrogin is a large town in the Wheatbelt region of Western Australia, 192 kilometres (119 mi) southeast of Perth on the Great Southern Highway between Pingelly and Wagin. In the age of steam engines, Narrogin was one of the largest railway operation hubs in the southern part of Western Australia.

Contents

History

Narrogin is an Aboriginal name, having been first recorded as "Narroging" for a pool in this area in 1869. The meaning of the name is uncertain, various sources recording it as "bat camp", "plenty of everything" or derived from "gnargagin" which means "place of water". [2]

The first Europeans into the Narrogin area were Alfred Hillman and his party, who surveyed the track between Perth and Albany in 1835. They passed 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) west of the present site of Narrogin. In time they were followed by the occasional shepherd who drove his sheep into the area seeking good pastures.

The area was settled in the 1860s and 1870s when pastoralists moved and settled in isolated outposts. The population was so scattered that there was no incentive to establish a town.

Narrogin was officially declared a town in June 1897 and it was gazetted as a municipality on 13 April 1906. The early years of settlement were hard, with farmers relying on sandalwood cutting and the bark from mallee trees (it was used as a tanning agent) to compensate for poor returns from wheat and sheep.

By early 1898 the population of the town was 60, 35 males and 25 females. [3] The local agricultural hall was opened the same year by Frederick Piesse. [4]

Rail centre

The arrival of the Great Southern Railway in July 1889 initiated the first hint of a town. The railway company was in search of good reliable watering points along the route from Perth to Albany. The company that had won the railway contract, the WA Land Company, duly purchased Narrogin pool, and it was around this pool that the town developed.

Narrogin was connected to six separate railway destinations – York, Wagin, Collie, Wickepin, Kulin and Boddington.[ citation needed ]

Narrogin remained a major rail centre until the late 1970s when competition from road transport saw a reduction in the railway's workforce. By 1987, Narrogin was very much in decline, largely as the result of altered working of engines through from Avon Yard. The station ceased to be served by scheduled passenger trains from 1978. The number of employees dropped from about 280 people to fewer than a dozen in 1995. [5] [6]

Narrogin today

Narrogin's previous role as a major railway junction has acted as an attractor for agricultural service industries as well as government departments and agencies. The town has accumulated significant public infrastructure – mainly in the health and education areas. This infrastructure serves as the base for the modern regional centre that Narrogin has become today.

The Old Court House Museum is a major attraction for tourists. The building was designed by the architect George Temple-Poole and constructed in 1894. The building served as a Government school until 1905, when it became the local courthouse. A local branch of the Agricultural Bank was housed in the building between 1924 and 1945, but in 1970 it was converted again into the local courthouse. Since 1976, the building has been used as a museum, exhibiting displays of regional memorabilia. [7]

The surrounding areas produce wheat and other cereal crops. The town is a receival site for Cooperative Bulk Handling. [8]

Climate

Narrogin has a Mediterranean climate characterised by hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters.

The highest temperature recorded in Narrogin was 44.7 °C (112.5 °F) on 3 February 2007; the lowest temperature recorded was −3.1 °C (26.4 °F) on 6 September 1956. Narrogin's highest daily rainfall occurred on 29 January 1990 when 150.0 millimetres (5.91 in) of rain was recorded. [9]

Climate data for Narrogin (climate data: 1891–2012)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)43.7
(110.7)
44.7
(112.5)
40.9
(105.6)
36.1
(97.0)
32.2
(90.0)
26.2
(79.2)
22.2
(72.0)
26.3
(79.3)
36.4
(97.5)
37.8
(100.0)
42.1
(107.8)
43.2
(109.8)
44.7
(112.5)
Average high °C (°F)31.0
(87.8)
30.2
(86.4)
27.3
(81.1)
23.0
(73.4)
18.5
(65.3)
15.4
(59.7)
14.6
(58.3)
15.3
(59.5)
17.7
(63.9)
21.0
(69.8)
25.5
(77.9)
28.9
(84.0)
22.4
(72.3)
Average low °C (°F)14.1
(57.4)
14.3
(57.7)
13.0
(55.4)
10.4
(50.7)
7.9
(46.2)
6.4
(43.5)
5.3
(41.5)
5.1
(41.2)
6.0
(42.8)
7.4
(45.3)
10.1
(50.2)
12.3
(54.1)
9.4
(48.9)
Record low °C (°F)4.3
(39.7)
3.9
(39.0)
3.3
(37.9)
−0.4
(31.3)
−2.4
(27.7)
−2.7
(27.1)
−2.7
(27.1)
−2.7
(27.1)
−3.1
(26.4)
−1.7
(28.9)
0.0
(32.0)
1.8
(35.2)
−3.1
(26.4)
Average rainfall mm (inches)12.8
(0.50)
15.9
(0.63)
20.6
(0.81)
29.8
(1.17)
62.9
(2.48)
87.1
(3.43)
87.7
(3.45)
67.8
(2.67)
46.1
(1.81)
31.4
(1.24)
18.2
(0.72)
14.1
(0.56)
494.1
(19.45)
Average rainy days2.32.93.76.311.014.615.614.211.38.55.23.098.6
Source: Bureau of Meteorology [10] [11]

Sport

In 1951 the Australian Grand Prix was held on a seven kilometre circuit laid out the town's streets. The event attracted a crowd estimated at 35,000, and was won by Warwick Pratley driving an Australian developed car.

The town also acts as a hub for sporting competitions in the surrounding regions. Facilities were improved in recent years with the development of the Narrogin Leisure Complex, which houses a 50m outdoor pool, 25m indoor heated pool with leisure pool, gymnasium, café, squash courts, basketball stadiums as well as a world class wet synthetic hockey turf. [12]

Military history

During World War II, Narrogin was the location of RAAF No.25 Inland Aircraft Fuel Depot, built in 1942 and closed on 14 June 1944. It was situated on Granite Road. Usually consisting of 4 tanks, 31 fuel depots were built across Australia for the storage and supply of aircraft fuel for the RAAF and the US Army Air Forces at a total cost of £900,000 ($1,800,000). [13]

Notable residents

See also

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References

  1. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Narrogin (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 29 October 2019. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  2. Western Australian Land Information Authority. "History of country town names – N" . Retrieved 17 January 2007.
  3. "Population of Western Australia". Western Mail . Perth, Western Australia: National Library of Australia. 22 April 1898. p. 23. Retrieved 6 April 2013.
  4. "Narrogin Agricultural Hall". The Inquirer & Commercial News . Perth, Western Australia: National Library of Australia. 25 November 1898. p. 8. Retrieved 2 October 2013.
  5. White, Maurie (1991), Mighty heart : Narrogin's railway story, M. White, retrieved 15 April 2012
  6. "Narrogin as a Rail Centre", Milne, Rod Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, January 1994, pp 3–13
  7. The Sydney Morning Herald
  8. "CBH receival sites" (PDF). 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 March 2012. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
  9. http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/averages/tables/cw_010614_All.shtml
  10. Western Australian Climate Services Centre (Bureau of Meteorology) (March 2012). "Narrogin Climate Averages" (Webpage). Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  11. Western Australian Climate Services Centre (Bureau of Meteorology) (March 2012). "Narrogin Climatic Extremes" (Webpage). Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  12. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 March 2011. Retrieved 6 April 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. Australia. Royal Australian Air Force. Historical Section (1995), Logistics units, AGPS Press, ISBN   978-0-644-42798-2
  14. Narogin, Mudrooroo, 1990, Writing from the Fringe : A Study of Modern Aboriginal Literature, Hyland House Publishing, South Yarra, Victoria, ISBN   0947062556, p. i.
  15. Glover, J. E. (2005). "Obituary: Professor Rex T Prider" (PDF). Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia. 88: 197. Retrieved 23 June 2020.