Nat King Cole

Last updated
Nat King Cole
Nat King Cole (Gottlieb 01511).jpg
Nat King Cole, June 1947
Background information
Birth nameNathaniel Adams Coles
Born(1919-03-17)March 17, 1919
Montgomery, Alabama, U.S.
DiedFebruary 15, 1965(1965-02-15) (aged 45)
Santa Monica, California, U.S.
Genres
Occupation(s)Musician
Instruments
  • Piano
  • vocals
Years active1934–1965
Labels
Associated acts

Nathaniel Adams Coles (March 17, 1919 – February 15, 1965), known professionally as Nat King Cole, was an American jazz pianist and vocalist. He recorded over one hundred songs that became hits on the pop charts. His trio was the model for small jazz ensembles that followed. Cole also acted in films and on television and performed on Broadway. He was the first African American man to host an American television series.

Contents

Biography

Early life

Nat King Cole was born Nathaniel Adams Coles in Montgomery, Alabama, on March 17, 1919. [1] He had three brothers: Eddie (1910–1970), Ike (1927–2001), and Freddy (b. 1931), [2] and a half-sister, Joyce Coles. [3] Each of the Cole brothers pursued careers in music. [3] When Nat King Cole was four years old, the family moved to Chicago, Illinois, where his father, Edward Coles, became a Baptist minister. [4]

Montgomery, Alabama Capital of Alabama

Montgomery is the capital city of the U.S. state of Alabama and the county seat of Montgomery County. Named for Richard Montgomery, it stands beside the Alabama River, on the coastal Plain of the Gulf of Mexico. In the 2010 Census, Montgomery's population was 205,764. It is the second most populous city in Alabama, after Birmingham, and is the 118th most populous in the United States. The Montgomery Metropolitan Statistical Area's population in 2010 was estimated at 374,536; it is the fourth largest in the state and 136th among United States metropolitan areas.

Edward Bennett Coles, known professionally as Eddie Cole, was an American jazz musician and brother to musicians Nat King Cole, Freddy Cole, and Ike Cole.

Isaac "Ike" Cole was an American jazz pianist and composer.

Cole learned to play the organ from his mother, Perlina Coles, the church organist. [5] His first performance was "Yes! We Have No Bananas" at the age of four. [6] He began formal lessons at 12, [7] learning jazz, gospel, and classical music on piano "from Johann Sebastian Bach to Sergei Rachmaninoff." [8]

Yes! We Have No Bananas song

"Yes! We Have No Bananas" is a novelty song by Frank Silver and Irving Cohn published July 19, 1923. It became a major hit in 1923 when it was recorded by Billy Jones, Billy Murray, Arthur Hall, Irving Kaufman, and others. It was recorded later by Benny Goodman and his Orchestra, Spike Jones & His City Slickers, and many more. It also inspired a follow-up song, "I've Got the Yes! We Have No Bananas Blues", recorded by Billy Jones, Sam Lanin in 1923. Al Jolson recorded an operatic version, in blackface, in the 1930's.

Johann Sebastian Bach German composer and musician of the Baroque era

Johann Sebastian Bach was a German composer and musician of the Baroque period. He is known for instrumental compositions such as the Brandenburg Concertos and the Goldberg Variations as well as for vocal music such as the St Matthew Passion and the Mass in B minor. Since the 19th-century Bach Revival he has been generally regarded as one of the greatest composers of all time.

Sergei Rachmaninoff Russian composer, pianist, and conductor

Sergei Vasilyevich Rachmaninoff was a Russian composer, virtuoso pianist and conductor of the late Romantic period, some of whose works are among the most popular in the Romantic repertoire.

The Cole family moved to the Bronzeville neighborhood of Chicago, [9] where he attended Wendell Phillips Academy High School, [10] the school Sam Cooke attended a few years later. [11] He participated in Walter Dyett's music program at DuSable High School. [12] He would sneak out of the house to visit clubs, sitting outside to hear Louis Armstrong, Earl Hines, and Jimmie Noone. [13]

Wendell Phillips Academy High School

Wendell Phillips Academy High School is a public 4–year high school located in the Bronzeville neighborhood on the south side of Chicago, Illinois, United States. Phillips is part of the Chicago Public Schools district and is managed by the Academy for Urban School Leadership. It is named for the noted American abolitionist Wendell Phillips. It was the first predominantly African-American high school in Chicago. The school opened in 1904. In 2010, Phillips became a turnaround school in an effort to lower the school's one–year dropout rate of 66.8 percent. The school received the Spotlight on Technology award from the Chicago Public Schools leadership technology summit in 2013. The school's attendance boundary includes areas of the South Side, Chinatown, and portions of the Chicago Loop.

Sam Cooke American singer-songwriter

Samuel Cook, known professionally as Sam Cooke, was an American singer, songwriter, civil rights activist and entrepreneur.

Walter Dyett American musician

Walter Henri Dyett was an American violinist and music educator in the Chicago Public Schools system. He served as music director and assistant music director at Chicago's predominately African-American high schools; Phillips High School and DuSable High School. Dyett served as musical director at DuSable High School from its opening in 1935 until 1962. He trained many students who became professional musicians.

Early career

Portrait of Nat King Cole, Paramount Theater, New York City, November 1946 (Portrait of Nat King Cole, Paramount Theater, New York, N.Y., ca. Nov. 1946) (LOC) (4931764947).jpg
Portrait of Nat King Cole, Paramount Theater, New York City, November 1946

When he was fifteen, Cole dropped out of high school to pursue a music career. After his brother Eddie, a bassist, came home from touring with Noble Sissle, they formed a sextet and recorded two singles for Decca in 1936 as Eddie Cole's Swingsters. They performed in a revival of the musical Shuffle Along . Nat Cole went on tour with the musical. In 1937, he married Nadine Robinson, who was a member of the cast. After the show ended in Los Angeles, Cole and Nadine settled there while he looked for work. He led a big band, then found work playing piano in nightclubs. When a club owner asked him to form a band, he hired bassist Wesley Prince and guitarist Oscar Moore. They called themselves the King Cole Swingsters after the nursery rhyme in which "Old King Cole was a merry old soul." They changed their name to the King Cole Trio before making radio transcriptions and recording for small labels. [14]

Noble Sissle African-American jazz musician

Noble Lee Sissle was an African-American jazz composer, lyricist, bandleader, singer, and playwright, best known for the Broadway musical Shuffle Along (1921), and its hit song "I'm Just Wild About Harry".

Decca Records US/British record label

Decca Records is a British record label established in 1929 by Edward Lewis. Its U.S. label was established in late 1934 by Lewis, along with American Decca's first president Jack Kapp and later American Decca president Milton Rackmil. In 1937, anticipating Nazi aggression leading to World War II, Lewis sold American Decca and the link between the UK and U.S. Decca labels was broken for several decades. The British label was renowned for its development of recording methods, while the American company developed the concept of cast albums in the musical genre. Both wings are now part of the Universal Music Group, which is owned by Vivendi, a media conglomerate headquartered in Paris, France. The US Decca label was the foundation company that evolved into UMG.

<i>Shuffle Along</i> musical with music and lyrics by Noble Sissle and Eubie Blake

Shuffle Along is a musical with music and lyrics by Noble Sissle and Eubie Blake, and a thin revue-style connecting plot about a mayoral race, written by Flournoy Miller and Aubrey Lyles.

Cole recorded "Sweet Lorraine" in 1940, and it became his first hit. [15] According to legend, his career as a vocalist started when a drunken bar patron demanded that he sing the song. Cole said that this fabricated story sounded good, so he didn't argue with it. In fact there was a customer one night who demanded that he sing, but because it was a song Cole didn't know, he sang "Sweet Lorraine" instead. As people heard Cole's vocal talent, they requested more vocal songs, and he obliged. [16]

"Sweet Lorraine" is a popular song by Cliff Burwell (music) and Mitchell Parish (lyrics) that was published in 1928 and has become a jazz standard. It was written in F major and has an AABA structure.

Popularity as a vocalist

In 1941 the trio recorded "That Ain't Right" for Decca, followed the next year by "All for You" for Excelsior. [14] They also recorded "I'm Lost", a song written by Otis René, the owner of Excelsior. [17]

I started out to become a jazz pianist; in the meantime I started singing and I sang the way I felt and that's just the way it came out.
— Nat King Cole, Voice of America interview [18] [19]

During the late 1930s the trio recorded radio transcriptions for Capitol. [20] They performed on the radio programs Swing Soiree, Old Gold , The Chesterfield Supper Club , Kraft Music Hall , and The Orson Welles Almanac . [21] [22]

Cole appeared in the first Jazz at the Philharmonic concerts in 1944. He was credited on Mercury as "Shorty Nadine", a derivative of his wife's name, because he had an exclusive contract with Capitol [23] since signing with the label the year before. He recorded with Illinois Jacquet and Lester Young. [15]

King Cole Trio Time on NBC with Cole on piano, Oscar Moore on guitar, and Johnny Miller on double bass, 1947 Nat King Cole Oscar Moore Johnny Miller King Cole Trio 1947.JPG
King Cole Trio Time on NBC with Cole on piano, Oscar Moore on guitar, and Johnny Miller on double bass, 1947

In 1946 the trio broadcast King Cole Trio Time, a fifteen-minute radio program. This was the first radio program to be sponsored by a black musician. Cole began recording and performing pop-oriented material in which he was often accompanied by a string orchestra. His stature as a popular star was cemented during this period by hits such as "All for You" (1943), "The Christmas Song" (1947), [24] "(Get Your Kicks on) Route 66", "(I Love You) For Sentimental Reasons" (1946), "There! I've Said It Again" (1947), "Nature Boy" (1948), "Frosty The Snowman", "Mona Lisa" (No. 1 song of 1950), "Orange Colored Sky" (1950), "Too Young" (No. 1 song of 1951), [25]

On November 5, 1956, The Nat 'King' Cole Show debuted on NBC. The variety program was one of the first hosted by an African American, [26] The program started at a length of fifteen-minutes but was increased to a half-hour in July 1957. Rheingold Beer was a regional sponsor, but a national sponsor was never found. The show was in trouble financially despite efforts by NBC, Harry Belafonte, Tony Bennett, Ella Fitzgerald, Eartha Kitt, Frankie Laine, Peggy Lee, and Mel Tormé. [27] Cole decided to end the program. The last episode aired on December 17, 1957. [28] Commenting on the lack of sponsorship, Cole said shortly after its demise, "Madison Avenue is afraid of the dark." [29] [30]

Throughout the 1950s, Cole continued to record hits that sold millions throughout the world, such as "Smile", "Pretend", "A Blossom Fell", and "If I May". His pop hits were collaborations with Nelson Riddle, [18] Gordon Jenkins, and Ralph Carmichael. Riddle arranged several of Cole's 1950s albums, including Nat King Cole Sings for Two in Love (1953), his first 10-inch LP. In 1955, "Darling, Je Vous Aime Beaucoup" reached number 7 on the Billboard chart. Love Is the Thing went to number one in April 1957 remained his only number one album.

In 1959 he received a Grammy Award for Best Performance By a "Top 40" Artist for "Midnight Flyer". [31]

Capitol Records Building, known as "The House That Nat Built" Capitol Records Building LA.jpg
Capitol Records Building, known as "The House That Nat Built"

In 1958 Cole went to Havana, Cuba, to record Cole Español , an album sung entirely in Spanish. It was so popular in Latin America and the U.S. that it was followed by two more Spanish-language albums: A Mis Amigos (1959) and More Cole Español (1962).

After the change in musical tastes, Cole's ballads appealed little to young listeners, despite a successful attempt at rock and roll with "Send for Me", [18] which peaked at number 6 on the pop chart. Like Dean Martin, Frank Sinatra, and Tony Bennett, he found that the pop chart had been taken over by youth-oriented acts.

In 1960, Cole's longtime collaborator Nelson Riddle left Capitol to join Reprise Records, which was started by Frank Sinatra. Riddle and Cole recorded one final hit album, Wild Is Love, with lyrics by Ray Rasch and Dotty Wayne. Cole later retooled the concept album into an Off-Broadway show, I'm with You.

Nevertheless, Cole recorded some hit singles during the 1960s, including "Let There Be Love" with George Shearing in 1961, the country-flavored hit "Ramblin' Rose" in August 1962, "Dear Lonely Hearts", "That Sunday, That Summer" and "Those Lazy-Hazy-Crazy Days of Summer" [18] (his final top-ten hit, reaching number 6 on the Pop chart). He performed in many short films, sitcoms, and television shows and played W. C. Handy in the film St. Louis Blues (1958). He also appeared in The Nat King Cole Story, China Gate , and The Blue Gardenia (1953).

In January 1964, Cole made one of his final television appearances, on The Jack Benny Program . He was introduced as "the best friend a song ever had" and sang "When I Fall in Love". Cat Ballou (1965), his final film, was released several months after his death.

Earlier on, Cole's shift to traditional pop led some jazz critics and fans to accuse him of selling out, but he never abandoned his jazz roots; as late as 1956 he recorded an all-jazz album, After Midnight , and many of his albums after this are fundamentally jazz-based, being scored for big band without strings, although the arrangements focus primarily on the vocal rather than instrumental leads.

Cole had one of his last major hits in 1963, two years before his death, with "Those Lazy-Hazy-Crazy Days of Summer", which reached number 6 on the Pop chart. "Unforgettable" was made famous again in 1991 by Cole's daughter Natalie when modern recording technology was used to reunite father and daughter in a duet. The duet version rose to the top of the pop charts, almost forty years after its original popularity. [32]

Personal life

Around the time Cole launched his singing career, he entered into Freemasonry. He was raised in January 1944 in the Thomas Waller Lodge No. 49 in California. The lodge was named after fellow Prince Hall mason and jazz musician Fats Waller. [33] [34] He joined the Scottish Rite Freemasonry, [35] becoming Master Mason. [36] Cole was "an avid baseball fan", particularly of Hank Aaron. In 1968, Nelson Riddle related an incident from some years earlier and told of music studio engineers, searching for a source of noise, finding Cole listening to a game on a transistor radio. [18]

Marriages and children

Nat and his second wife, Maria, 1951 Nat and Maria Cole 1951.jpg
Nat and his second wife, Maria, 1951

Cole met his first wife, Nadine Robinson, while they were on tour for the all-black Broadway musical Shuffle Along. He was only 17 when they married. She was the reason he landed in Los Angeles and formed the Nat King Cole trio. [37] This marriage ended in divorce in 1948. On March 28, 1948 (Easter Sunday), just six days after his divorce became final, Cole married the singer Maria Hawkins Ellington (she had sung with the Duke Ellington band but was not related to Duke Ellington). The Coles were married in Harlem's Abyssinian Baptist Church by Adam Clayton Powell Jr. They had five children: Natalie (1950–2015), who had a successful career as a singer; an adopted daughter, Carole (1944–2009, the daughter of Maria's sister), who died of lung cancer at the age of 64; an adopted son, Nat Kelly Cole (1959–1995), who died of AIDS at the age of 36; [38] and twin daughters, Casey and Timolin (born September 26, 1961), whose birth was announced in the "Milestones" column of Time magazine on October 6, 1961 (along with the birth of Melissa Newman). Maria supported him during his final illness and stayed with him until his death. In an interview, she emphasized his musical legacy and the class he exhibited despite his imperfections. [39]

Experiences with racism

Bust of Nat King Cole in the Hotel Nacional de Cuba Natcuba.jpg
Bust of Nat King Cole in the Hotel Nacional de Cuba

In August 1948, Cole purchased a house from Col. Harry Gantz, the former husband of the silent film actress Lois Weber, in the all-white Hancock Park neighborhood of Los Angeles. The Ku Klux Klan, which was active in Los Angeles in the 1950s, responded by placing a burning cross on his front lawn. Members of the property-owners association told Cole they did not want any "undesirables" moving into the neighborhood. Cole responded, "Neither do I. And if I see anybody undesirable coming in here, I'll be the first to complain." [40]

In 1956 Cole was contracted to perform in Cuba. He wanted to stay at the Hotel Nacional de Cuba in Havana but was refused because it operated a color bar. Cole honored his contract, and the concert at the Tropicana Club was a huge success. During the following year, he returned to Cuba for another concert, singing many songs in Spanish.

In 1956 Cole was assaulted on stage during a concert in Birmingham, Alabama, with the Ted Heath Band while singing the song "Little Girl". Having circulated photographs of Cole with white female fans bearing incendiary boldface captions reading "Cole and His White Women" and "Cole and Your Daughter" [41] three men belonging to the North Alabama Citizens Council assaulted Cole, apparently attempting to kidnap him. The three assailants ran down the aisles of the auditorium towards Cole. Local law enforcement quickly ended the invasion of the stage, but in the ensuing melée Cole was toppled from his piano bench and injured his back. He did not finish the concert and never again performed in the southern United States. A fourth member of the group was later arrested. All were tried and convicted. [42]

After being attacked in Birmingham, Cole said, "I can't understand it ... I have not taken part in any protests. Nor have I joined an organization fighting segregation. Why should they attack me?" A native of Alabama, he seemed eager to assure southern whites [ citation needed ] that he accepted the customs and traditions of the region. Cole said he wanted to forget the incident and continued to play for segregated audiences in the south. He said he couldn't change the situation in a day. He contributed money to the Montgomery Bus Boycott and had sued northern hotels that had hired him but refused to serve him. Thurgood Marshall, the chief legal counsel of the NAACP, called him an Uncle Tom and said he should perform with a banjo. Roy Wilkins, executive secretary of the NAACP, wrote him a telegram that said, "You have not been a crusader or engaged in an effort to change the customs or laws of the South. That responsibility, newspapers quote you as saying, you leave to the other guys. That attack upon you clearly indicates that organized bigotry makes no distinction between those who do not actively challenge racial discrimination and those who do. This is a fight which none of us can escape. We invite you to join us in a crusade against racism." [43]

The Chicago Defender said Cole's performances for all-white audiences were an insult to his race. The New York Amsterdam News said that "thousands of Harlem blacks who have worshiped at the shrine of singer Nat King Cole turned their backs on him this week as the noted crooner turned his back on the NAACP and said that he will continue to play to Jim Crow audiences." To play "Uncle Nat's" discs, wrote a commentator in The American Negro, "would be supporting his 'traitor' ideas and narrow way of thinking". Deeply hurt by the criticism in the black press, Cole was chastened. Emphasizing his opposition to racial segregation "in any form", he agreed to join other entertainers in boycotting segregated venues. He paid $500 to become a lifetime member of the Detroit branch of the NAACP. Until his death in 1965, Cole was an active and visible participant in the civil rights movement, playing an important role in planning the March on Washington in 1963. [44] [45]

Politics

Cole sang at the 1956 Republican National Convention in the Cow Palace, Daly City, California, to show support for President Dwight D. Eisenhower. [46] He sang "That's All There Is to That" and was "greeted with applause." [47] He was also present at the Democratic National Convention in 1960 to support Senator John F. Kennedy. He was among the dozens of entertainers recruited by Frank Sinatra to perform at the Kennedy Inaugural gala in 1961. Cole consulted with President Kennedy and his successor, Lyndon B. Johnson, on civil rights.

Illness and death

In September 1964, Cole began to lose weight and he experienced back pain. [48] Cole collapsed with pain after performing at the Sands in Las Vegas. In December, he was working in San Francisco when he was finally persuaded by friends to seek medical help. A malignant tumor in an advanced state of growth on his left lung was observed on a chest X-ray. Cole, who had been a heavy cigarette smoker, had lung cancer and was expected to have only months to live. [49] Against his doctors' wishes, Cole carried on his work and made his final recordings December 1–3 in San Francisco, with an orchestra conducted by Ralph Carmichael. The music was released on the album L-O-V-E shortly before his death. [50]

Cole entered St. John's Hospital in Santa Monica on December 7, and cobalt therapy was started on December 10. Frank Sinatra performed in Cole's place at the grand opening of the new Dorothy Chandler Pavilion of the Los Angeles Music Center on December 12. [51] Cole's condition gradually worsened, but he was released from the hospital over the New Year's period. At home Cole was able to see the hundreds of thousands of cards and letters that had been sent after news of his illness was made public. Cole returned to the hospital in early January. He also sent $5,000 (US$40,392 in 2018 dollars [52] ) to chorus girl Gunilla Hutton, with whom he had been romantically involved since early 1964. [53] Hutton later telephoned Maria and implored her to divorce him. Maria confronted her husband, and Cole finally broke off the relationship with Hutton. [54] Cole's illness reconciled him with his wife, and he vowed that if he recovered he would go on television to urge people to stop smoking. On January 25, Cole's entire left lung was surgically removed. His father died of heart problems on February 1. [55] Throughout Cole's illness his publicists promoted the idea that he would soon be well and working, despite the private knowledge of his terminal condition. Billboard magazine reported that "Nat King Cole has successfully come through a serious operation and ... the future looks bright for 'the master' to resume his career again." [56] On Valentine's Day, Cole and his wife briefly left St. John's to drive by the sea. He died at the hospital early in the morning of February 15, 1965, aged 45. [57]

Cole's vault at Forest Lawn Memorial Park Nat King Cole mausoleum.jpg
Cole's vault at Forest Lawn Memorial Park

Cole's funeral was held on February 18 at St. James Episcopal Church on Wilshire Boulevard in Los Angeles; 400 people were present, and thousands gathered outside the church. Hundreds of members of the public had filed past the coffin the day before. [58] Honorary pallbearers included Robert F. Kennedy, Count Basie, Frank Sinatra, Sammy Davis Jr., Johnny Mathis, George Burns, Danny Thomas, Jimmy Durante, Alan Livingston, Frankie Laine, Steve Allen, and Pat Brown (the governor of California). The eulogy was delivered by Jack Benny, who said that "Nat Cole was a man who gave so much and still had so much to give. He gave it in song, in friendship to his fellow man, devotion to his family. He was a star, a tremendous success as an entertainer, an institution. But he was an even greater success as a man, as a husband, as a father, as a friend." [59] Cole's remains were interred in Freedom Mausoleum at Forest Lawn Memorial Park, in Glendale, California. [60]

Posthumous releases

Cole's last album, L-O-V-E , was recorded in early December 1964—just a few days before he entered the hospital for cancer treatment—and was released just before he died. It peaked at number 4 on the Billboard Albums chart in the spring of 1965. A Best Of album was certified a gold record in 1968. His 1957 recording of "When I Fall in Love" reached number 4 in the UK charts in 1987.

In 1983, an archivist for EMI Electrola Records, a subsidiary of EMI Records (Capitol's parent company) in Germany, discovered some unreleased recordings by Cole, including one in Japanese and another in Spanish ("Tu Eres Tan Amable"). Capitol released them later that year as the LP Unreleased.

In 1991, Mosaic Records released The Complete Capitol Records Recordings of the Nat King Cole Trio, a compilation of 349 songs available as an 18-CD or a 27-LP set. In 2008 it was re-released in digital-download format through services like iTunes and Amazon Music.

Also in 1991, Natalie Cole recorded a new vocal track that was mixed with her father's 1961 stereo re-recording of his 1951 hit "Unforgettable" for a tribute album of the same title. The song and album won seven Grammy awards in 1992 for Best Album and Best Song.

Awards and honors

Nat "King" Cole Birthplace on the campus of Alabama State University in Montgomery Alabama State University December 2018 28 (Nat "King" Cole Birthplace).jpg
Nat "King" Cole Birthplace on the campus of Alabama State University in Montgomery

Cole was inducted into the Alabama Music Hall of Fame and the Alabama Jazz Hall of Fame. He was awarded the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1990. He was inducted into the Down Beat Jazz Hall of Fame in 1997 and the Hit Parade Hall of Fame in 2007. A United States postage stamp with Cole's likeness was issued in 1994. He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2000 and the Latin Songwriters Hall of Fame in 2013. [61]

Cole's success at Capitol Records, for which he recorded more than 150 singles that reached the Billboard Pop, R&B, and Country charts, has yet to be matched by any Capitol artist. [62] His records sold 50 million copies during his career. [63] His recording of "The Christmas Song" still receives airplay every holiday season, even hitting the Billboard Top 40 in December 2017. [64]

Discography

His hit singles include "Straighten Up and Fly Right" 1944 #8, "The Christmas Song" 1946/1962/2018 #?/#65/#11, "Nature Boy" 1948 #1, "Mona Lisa 1950 #1, "Frosty, The Snowman" 1950 #9, "Too Young" 1951 #1, "Unforgettable" 1951 #12, "Somewhere Along the Way" 1952 #8, "Answer Me, My Love" 1954 #6, "A Blossom Fell" 1955 #2, "If I May" 1955 #8, "Send for Me" 1957 #6, "Looking Back" 1958 #5, "Ramblin' Rose" 1962 #2, "Those Lazy, Hazy, Crazy Days of Summer" 1963 #6, "Unforgettable" 1991 (with daughter Natalie)

Filmography

Film
YearTitleRoleNotes
1941 Citizen Kane Pianist in "El Rancho"Uncredited
1943 Here Comes Elmer Himself
1943 Pistol Packin' Mama As part of the King Cole TrioUncredited
1944 Pin Up Girl Canteen pianistUncredited
1944 Stars on Parade As part of the King Cole Trio
1944 Swing in the Saddle As part of the King Cole TrioUncredited
1944See My LawyerSpecialty actAs part of the King Cole Trio
1944Is You Is, or Is You Ain't My Baby?HimselfShort subject
1945Frim Fram SauceHimselfShort subject
1946 Breakfast in Hollywood As part of the King Cole Trio
1946Errand Boy for RhythmHimselfShort subject
1946Come to Baby DoHimselfShort subject
1948 Killer Diller HimselfAs part of the King Cole Trio
1949 Make Believe Ballroom HimselfAs part of the King Cole Trio
1950King Cole Trio & Benny Carter OrchestraHimselfShort subject
1951You Call It MadnessHimselfShort subject
1951When I Fall in LoveHimselfShort subject
1951The Trouble with Me Is YouHimselfShort subject
1951Sweet LorraineHimselfShort subject
1951Route 66HimselfShort subject
1951 Nature Boy HimselfShort subject
1951Mona LisaHimselfShort subject
1951HomeHimselfShort subject
1951For Sentimental ReasonsHimselfShort subject
1951Calypso BluesHimselfShort subject
1952Nat "King" Cole and Joe Adams OrchestraHimselfShort subject
1953 The Blue Gardenia Himself
1953 Small Town Girl Himself
1953Nat "King" Cole and Russ Morgan and His OrchestraHimselfShort subject
1955 Kiss Me Deadly SingerVoice
1955 Rhythm and Blues Revue HimselfDocumentary
1955 Rock 'n' Roll Revue HimselfShort subject
1955The Nat 'King' Cole Musical StoryHimselfShort subject
1955Rhythm and Blues RevueHimselfDocumentary
1956 The Scarlet Hour Nightclub vocalist
1956 Basin Street Revue Himself
1957 Istanbul Danny Rice
1957 China Gate Goldie
1958 St. Louis Blues W. C. Handy
1959 Night of the Quarter Moon Cy RobbinA.k.a. The Color of Her Skin
1959Premier Khrushchev in the USAHimselfDocumentary
1960Schlager-RaketenSänger, Himself
1960Academy Award SongsHimselfTV movie
1960Special Gala to Support Kennedy CampaignHimselfTV movie
1961Main EventHimselfTV movie
1963An Evening with Nat King ColeHimselfTV movie
1964Freedom SpectacularHimselfTV movie
1965 Cat Ballou ShouterReleased posthumously, (final film role)
1989Benny Carter: Symphony in RiffsHimselfDocumentary

Partial television credits

YearTitleRoleNotes
1950 The Ed Sullivan Show Himself14 episodes
1951–1952 Texaco Star Theatre Himself3 episodes
1952–1955 The Jackie Gleason Show Himself2 episodes
1953 The Red Skelton Show HimselfEpisode #2.20
1953–1961 What's My Line? "Mystery guest"2 episodes
1954–1955 The Colgate Comedy Hour Himself4 episodes
1955 Ford Star Jubilee Himself2 episodes
1956–1957 The Nat King Cole Show Host42 episodes
1957–1960 The Dinah Shore Chevy Show Himself2 episodes
1958 The Patti Page Show HimselfEpisode #1.5
1959 The Perry Como Show HimselfEpisode: January 17, 1959
1959 The George Gobel Show HimselfEpisode #5.10
1960 The Steve Allen Show HimselfEpisode #5.21
1960 This Is Your Life HimselfEpisode: "Nat King Cole"
1961–1964 The Garry Moore Show Himself4 episodes
1962–1964 The Jack Paar Program Himself4 episodes
1963An Evening with Nat King ColeHimselfBBC Television special
1963 The Danny Kaye Show HimselfEpisode #1.14
1964 The Jack Benny Program NatEpisode: "Nat King Cole, Guest"

See also

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"The Christmas Song" is a classic Christmas song written in 1945 by Robert Wells and Mel Tormé.

Nature Boy song

"Nature Boy" is a song first recorded by American jazz singer Nat King Cole. It was released on March 29, 1948, as a single by Capitol Records, and later appeared on the album, The Nat King Cole Story. The song was written in 1947 by eden ahbez and is partly autobiographical. It is a tribute to ahbez's mentor Bill Pester, who had originally introduced him to Naturmensch and Lebensreform philosophies, which ahbez practiced. When Cole was performing in 1947 at the Lincoln Theater, ahbez wanted to present the song to him, but was ignored. He left the copy with Cole's valet, and from him the singer came to know of "Nature Boy". After receiving appreciation for his performance of the song, Cole wanted to record it but needed consent from the writer. Eventually, he tracked down ahbez.

Smoke Gets in Your Eyes single

"Smoke Gets in Your Eyes" is a show tune written by American composer Jerome Kern and lyricist Otto Harbach for the 1933 musical Roberta. The song was sung in the Broadway show by Tamara Drasin. Its first recorded performance was by Gertrude Niesen, who recorded the song with orchestral direction from Ray Sinatra, Frank Sinatra's second cousin, on October 13, 1933. Niesen's recording of the song was released by Victor, with the B-side, "Jealousy", featuring Isham Jones and his Orchestra.

Unforgettable (Nat King Cole song) song written by Irving Gordon

"Unforgettable" is a popular song written by Irving Gordon and produced by Lee Gillette. The song's original working title was "Uncomparable", however the music publishing company asked Gordon to change it to "Unforgettable". The song was published in 1951.

"(I Love You) for Sentimental Reasons" is a popular song written by Ivory "Deek" Watson, founding member of the Ink Spots, and William "Pat" Best, founding member of the Four Tunes.

"Don't Blame Me" is a popular song with music by Jimmy McHugh and lyrics by Dorothy Fields. The song was part of the 1932 show Clowns in Clover and was published in 1933. Popular versions that year were recorded by Ethel Waters, Guy Lombardo, and Charles Agnew.

"Somewhere Along the Way" is a popular song.

L-O-V-E 1964 single by Nat King Cole

"L-O-V-E" is a song recorded by American singer and jazz pianist Nat King Cole for his studio album L-O-V-E (1965).

Mona Lisa (Nat King Cole song) Nat King Cole

"Mona Lisa" is a popular song written by Ray Evans and Jay Livingston for the Paramount Pictures film Captain Carey, U.S.A. (1950). The title and lyrics refer to the renaissance portrait Mona Lisa painted by Leonardo da Vinci. The song won the Academy Award for Best Original Song in 1950.

<i>Love Is the Thing</i> 1957 studio album by Nat King Cole

Love Is the Thing is a 1957 album released by American jazz vocalist Nat King Cole. It is the first of four collaborations between Cole and influential arranger Gordon Jenkins. Launching the charting single "Stardust", which peaked at #79, the album reached #1 on Billboard's "Pop Albums" chart and tied at #1 on the UK Charts with the soundtrack for the 1956 film The King and I. According to the records of the RIAA, the album achieved gold status in 1960 and broke platinum in 1992. The LP was Nat's first gold album.

This article contains a list of albums by Nat King Cole and compilations of his recordings, together with a list of his chart singles.

"Straighten Up and Fly Right" is a 1943 song written by Nat King Cole and Irving Mills and performed by The King Cole Trio. It was the trio's most popular single reaching number one on the Harlem Hit Parade for ten nonconsecutive weeks. The single also peaked at number nine on the pop charts. "Straighten Up and Fly Right" also reached number one for six nonconsecutive weeks on the Most Played Jukebox Hillbilly Records.

<i>Inseparable</i> (album) album by Natalie Cole

Inseparable is the 1975 debut studio album by American singer Natalie Cole, released on May 11, 1975 by Capitol Records. The album became her first gold-certified album and spawned the number-one R&B hits "This Will Be " and "Inseparable". The hit album and its singles earned Cole two Grammy Awards including Best New Artist.

<i>Unforgettable – A Musical Tribute to Nat King Cole</i> 1983 live album by Johnny Mathis

Unforgettable – A Musical Tribute to Nat King Cole is a soundtrack album released in the UK in 1983 by the CBS Records division of Columbia in conjunction with the broadcast of American pop singer Johnny Mathis's BBC television concert special of the same name that featured Cole's daughter Natalie. The front of the original album jacket credits the concert performers as "Johnny Mathis and Natalie Cole", whereas the CD booklet reads, "Johnny Mathis with special guest Natalie Cole".

References

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Further reading