Nate Archibald

Last updated

Nate Archibald
Nate Archibald 1974.jpeg
Archibald in 1974
Personal information
Born (1948-09-02) September 2, 1948 (age 70)
New York City, New York
NationalityAmerican
Listed height6 ft 1 in (1.85 m)
Listed weight150 lb (68 kg)
Career information
High school DeWitt Clinton
(The Bronx, New York)
College
NBA draft 1970 / Round: 2 / Pick: 19th overall
Selected by the Cincinnati Royals
Playing career1970–1984
Position Point guard
Number10, 1, 7
Career history
19701976 Cincinnati Royals / Kansas City-Omaha Kings / Kansas City Kings
1976–1977 New York Nets
19771978 Buffalo Braves
19781983 Boston Celtics
1983–1984 Milwaukee Bucks
Career highlights and awards
Career statistics
Points 16,481 (18.8 ppg)
Assists 6,476 (7.4 apg)
Rebounds 2,046 (2.3 rpg)
Stats at Basketball-Reference.com
Basketball Hall of Fame as player
College Basketball Hall of Fame
Inducted in 2006

Nathaniel "Tiny" Archibald (born September 2, 1948) is an American retired professional basketball player. He spent 14 years playing in the NBA, most notably with the Cincinnati Royals, Kansas City–Omaha Kings and Boston Celtics. In 1991, he was enshrined in the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame.

Basketball team sport played on a court with baskets on either end

Basketball is a team sport in which two teams, most commonly of five players each, opposing one another on a rectangular court, compete with the primary objective of shooting a basketball through the defender's hoop while preventing the opposing team from shooting through their own hoop. A field goal is worth two points, unless made from behind the three-point line, when it is worth three. After a foul, timed play stops and the player fouled or designated to shoot a technical foul is given one or more one-point free throws. The team with the most points at the end of the game wins, but if regulation play expires with the score tied, an additional period of play (overtime) is mandated.

The National Basketball Association (NBA) is a men's professional basketball league in North America; composed of 30 teams. It is widely considered to be the premier men's professional basketball league in the world. The NBA is an active member of USA Basketball (USAB), which is recognized by FIBA as the national governing body for basketball in the United States. The NBA is one of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada. NBA players are the world's best paid athletes by average annual salary per player.

Boston Celtics professional basketball team in the National Basketball Association

The Boston Celtics are an American professional basketball team based in Boston, Massachusetts. The Celtics compete in the National Basketball Association (NBA) as a member of the league's Eastern Conference Atlantic Division. Founded in 1946 as one of the league's original eight teams, the team play their home games at TD Garden, which they share with the National Hockey League (NHL)'s Boston Bruins. The Celtics are one of the most successful teams in NBA history; the franchise has won the most championships in the NBA with 17, accounting for 23.9 percent of all NBA championships since the league's founding.

Contents

Archibald was a willing passer and an adequate shooter from midrange. However, it was his quickness and speed and shiftiness that made him difficult to guard in the open court, as he would regularly drive past defenders on his way to the basket.

High school and college career

Archibald, a playground legend while growing up in a rough-and-tumble neighborhood in the South Bronx, of New York City, played high school basketball for only one-and-a-half seasons, and was cut from the varsity squad at DeWitt Clinton High School as a sophomore. [1] He returned to the team as a junior. During his time without basketball, Archibald briefly flirted with dropping out of school after having been largely truant in past years. But with the help of two mentors, Floyd Layne and Pablo Robertson, Archibald turned it around. Robertson, a former standout at Loyola of Chicago and a Harlem, New York playground impresario, had seen the gifted, mercurial Archibald in action on the playgrounds and convinced the young man's high school coach to re-instate him on the squad.

South Bronx area of the Bronx borough in New York City

The South Bronx is an area of the New York City borough of the Bronx. As the name implies, the area comprises neighborhoods in the southern part of the Bronx, such as Concourse, Mott Haven, Melrose, and Port Morris. The South Bronx is known for its hip hop culture and graffiti.

DeWitt Clinton High School American public secondary school

DeWitt Clinton High School is a public high school located since 1929 in The Bronx, New York, United States. Opened in 1897 in Lower Manhattan and initially operated as an all-boys school, it maintained that status for nearly 100 years. In 1983 it became co-ed. From its original building on West 13th Street in Manhattan, it moved in 1906 to its second home on 59th Street and Tenth Avenue. In 1929 the school moved to its present home on Mosholu Parkway in the Bronx.

Harlem Neighborhood of Manhattan in New York City

Harlem is a neighborhood in the northern section of the New York City borough of Manhattan. It is bounded roughly by Frederick Douglass Boulevard, St. Nicholas Avenue, and Morningside Park on the west; the Harlem River and 155th Street on the north; Fifth Avenue on the east; and Central Park North on the south. It is part of greater Harlem, an area that encompasses several other neighborhoods and extends west to the Hudson River, north to 155th Street, east to the East River, and south to 96th Street.

Despite playing only in blowouts as a junior, the shy, quiet teen managed to blossom into a high-school star, being named team captain and an All-City selection in 1966. Off the court, Archibald began to attend school regularly and worked to improve his poor academic standing, which deterred most colleges from offering him a scholarship. To improve his chances of playing major college basketball, Archibald enrolled at Arizona Western College, transferring to the University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP) the following year. He had three standout seasons at El Paso, from 1967 to 1970 under Hall of Fame coach Don Haskins.

Arizona Western College

Arizona Western College (AWC) is a public community college located in Yuma, Arizona, United States. It offers associates degrees, occupational certificates and transfer degrees.

University of Texas at El Paso public research university in El Paso, Texas

The University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP) is a public research university in El Paso, Texas. It is a member of the University of Texas System. UTEP is the second-largest university in the United States to have a majority Mexican American student population after the University of Texas Rio Grande Valley. The university's School of Engineering is the nation's top producer of Hispanic engineers with M.S. and Ph.D. degrees.

Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame Professional sports hall of fame in Springfield, Massachusetts

The Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame is an American history museum and hall of fame, located at 1000 Hall of Fame Avenue in Springfield, Massachusetts. It serves as the sport's most complete library, in addition to promoting and preserving the history of basketball. Dedicated to Canadian-American physician and inventor of the sport James Naismith, it was opened and inducted its first class in 1959.

Professional career

Cincinnati Royals/Kansas City Kings

Archibald was selected in the second round of the 1970 NBA draft (19th pick) by the Cincinnati Royals. [2] He was also drafted by the Texas Chaparrals of the American Basketball Association. [3] In 1972–73 season, Archibald led the NBA in scoring and assists, becoming the only player to win the titles in both categories in the same season. [2] (In the 1967–68 season, Oscar Robertson led the NBA in points and assists per game but did not win the titles because they were based on totals rather than averages at the time.) His scoring average of 34.0 points per game broke the NBA record for a guard. His 910 assists that season (11.4 assists per game) was also an NBA record at the time, breaking Guy Rodgers' mark of 908. He was named the Sporting News NBA MVP that season. Archibald played for the Kansas City Kings from 1970 to 1976.

The 1970 NBA draft was the 24th annual draft of the National Basketball Association (NBA). The draft was held on March 23, 1970, before the 1970–71 season. In this draft, 17 NBA teams took turns selecting amateur U.S. college basketball players and other eligible players, including international players. A player who had finished his four-year college eligibility was eligible for selection. If a player left college early, he would not be eligible for selection until his college class graduated. The first two picks in the draft belonged to the teams that finished last in each division, with the order determined by a coin flip. The Detroit Pistons won the coin flip and were awarded the first overall pick, while the San Diego Rockets were awarded the second pick. The remaining first-round picks and the subsequent rounds were assigned to teams in reverse order of their win–loss record in the previous season. Three expansion franchises, the Buffalo Braves, the Cleveland Cavaliers and the Portland Trail Blazers, took part in the NBA Draft for the first time and were assigned the seventh, the eighth and the ninth pick in each round. In the first round, the Cavaliers had the seventh pick, while the Blazers and the Braves had the eighth and the ninth pick respectively. In the subsequent rounds, the Cavaliers and the Braves exchanged their order of selection, while the Blazers had the eighth pick throughout the draft. The draft consisted of 19 rounds comprising the selection of 239 players; it holds the record for the most prospects selected in any NBA draft.

American Basketball Association defunct professional basketball league in the United States, merged with the National Basketball Association in 1976

The original American Basketball Association (ABA) was a men's professional basketball league, from 1967 to 1976. The ABA ceased to exist with the American Basketball Association–National Basketball Association merger in 1976, leading to several teams joining the National Basketball Association and to the introduction of the 3-point shot in the NBA in 1979.

The 1972–73 NBA season was the 27th season of the National Basketball Association. The season ended with the New York Knicks winning the NBA Championship, beating the Los Angeles Lakers 4 games to 1 in the NBA Finals.

New York Nets

Although he was the Kings' most popular player, he was traded to the New York Nets for two draft picks and two players in 1976. [2]

Buffalo Braves

Injured for much of the 1976–77 season, he was traded by the Nets to the Buffalo Braves before the 1977–78 season. Archibald tore his achilles tendon and never played a regular-season game for the Braves.

Buffalo Braves basketball team

The Buffalo Braves were an American professional basketball franchise based in Buffalo, New York. The Braves competed in the National Basketball Association (NBA) as a member club of the league's Eastern Conference Atlantic Division from 1970 until 1978. In 1978, Braves owner John Y. Brown Jr. swapped franchises with then-Boston Celtics owner Irv Levin, who then moved the team to San Diego, where it was renamed the San Diego Clippers. The franchise moved to Los Angeles in 1984, and is now known as the Los Angeles Clippers.

Achilles tendon type of tendon in the lower leg

The Achilles tendon or heel cord, also known as the calcaneal tendon, is a tendon of the back of the leg, and the thickest in the human body. It serves to attach the plantaris, gastrocnemius (calf) and soleus muscles to the calcaneus (heel) bone. These muscles, acting via the tendon, cause plantar flexion of the foot at the ankle, and flexion at the knee.

Boston Celtics

Buffalo traded him to the Boston Celtics as part of a 7-player deal before the start of the next season. [2] [4] His career at the Celtics started poorly. He showed up 20 pounds overweight. [4] However, he adjusted and helped guide the Celtics to the best record in the NBA for three consecutive years (1979–1982). [2] Archibald won his first and only NBA championship with the Boston Celtics in the 1980–81 season alongside young NBA star Larry Bird.

Statistics

Archibald was an All-NBA First Team selection three times (1973, 1975, 1976) and an All-NBA Second Team selection two times (1972, 1981). A seven-time NBA All-Star Game selection (1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1980, 1981, and 1982), [5] he was named the 1981 NBA All-Star Game MVP. [2] Archibald led the NBA in free throws made three times and free throw attempts twice. He competed in 876 professional games, scored 16,841 points (18.8 points per game), and dished out 6,476 assists. He was named to the NBA's 50th Anniversary All-Time team. Nate Archibald was inducted to the Naismith Basketball Hall of Fame in 1991. [6]

Post-NBA

He completed his bachelor's degree from University of Texas-El Paso by going back for three consecutive summers just prior to finishing his NBA career. He then taught in the New York City school system and attended night school at Fordham University. He received a master's degree from Fordham University in 1990 and a professional diploma in supervision and administration in 1994. He began long-distance correspondence work toward a doctorate from California Coast University in 2000 but ceased his studies because of "his lack of funds and the motivation to complete a long-distance correspondence curriculum." He has stated his hope to complete the degree in the future at Fordham. [7]

Archibald was an assistant coach, spending one season in the University of Georgia and two with Texas-El Paso (where he worked with Tim Hardaway). [8] He has also coached the New Jersey Jammers of the USBL and in a Boston recreational league. [9] Archibald coached in the National Basketball Development League in 2001. [10] He resigned a year later to take a position with the NBA's community relations department. [11] Archibald was also named the head coach for the Long Beach Jam in 2004 in the revived ABA, but he would ultimately resign from his position on January 17, 2005 during their second and final season in the ABA. [12] [13] [14]

NBA career statistics

Legend
  GPGames played  GS Games started MPG Minutes per game
 FG%  Field goal percentage 3P%  3-point field goal percentage FT%  Free throw percentage
 RPG  Rebounds per game APG  Assists per game SPG  Steals per game
 BPG  Blocks per game PPG Points per game Bold Career high
Denotes season in which Archibald won an NBA championship
*Led the league

Regular season

YearTeamGPGSMPGFG%3P%FT%RPGAPGSPGBPGPPG
1970–71 Cincinnati 8235.0.444.7573.05.516.0
1971–72 Cincinnati 7643.1.486.8222.99.228.2
1972–73 Kansas City–Omaha 8046.0*.488.8472.811.4*34.0*
1973–74 Kansas City–Omaha 3536.3.451.8202.47.61.60.217.6
1974–75 Kansas City–Omaha 8239.6.456.8722.76.81.50.126.5
1975–76 Kansas City 7840.8.453.8022.77.91.60.224.8
1976–77 New York 3437.6.446.7852.47.51.70.320.5
1978–79 Boston 6924.1.452.7881.54.70.80.111.0
1979–80 Boston 808035.8.482.222.8302.58.41.30.114.1
1980–81 Boston 807235.3.499.000.8162.27.70.90.213.8
1981–82 Boston 685131.9.472.375.7471.78.00.80.012.6
1982–83 Boston 661927.4.425.208.7431.46.20.60.110.5
1983–84 Milwaukee 464622.6.487.222.6341.73.50.70.07.4
Career87626835.6.467.224.8102.37.41.10.118.8
All-Star6427.0.450.8333.06.71.80.212.3

Playoffs

YearTeamGPGSMPGFG%3P%FT%RPGAPGSPGBPGPPG
1975 Kansas City–Omaha 640.3.364.8141.85.30.70.020.2
1980 Boston 936.9.506.500.8811.27.91.10.014.2
1981 Boston 1737.1.450.000.8091.66.30.80.015.6
1982 Boston 834.6.429.000.8932.16.50.60.310.6
1983 Boston 723.0.324.167.7591.46.30.30.09.6
Career4734.9.423.118.8261.66.50.70.014.2

See also

Notes

  1. Herzog, Bob; and Barker, Barbara. "Ewing, Five Former Knicks Among NBA's 50 Greatest", Newsday , October 30, 1996. Accessed September 14, 2009. "Three former Nets, Julius Erving (Roosevelt High), Rick Barry (Roselle Park, N.J., High) and Nate Archibald (DeWitt Clinton), also were selected"
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Porter p 15
  3. 1970 ABA Draft at BasketballReference.com Archived July 20, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  4. 1 2 "NBA.com: Nate Archibald" . Retrieved May 20, 2008.
  5. The Official NBA Encyclopedia. Doubleday, 2000. 277–280.
  6. "Hall of Famers". Basketball Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on October 16, 2012. Retrieved August 2, 2009.
  7. "Knowledge Is Power For Tiny Archibald". www.fanhouse.com. Retrieved September 23, 2010.
  8. http://www.alanpaulinchina.com/2011/02/from-archives-tiny-archibald.html
  9. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 10, 2012. Retrieved January 31, 2013.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  10. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 1, 2010. Retrieved April 22, 2011.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  11. http://www.upi.com/Nate-Archibald-hired-as-ABA-coach/11441095814008/
  12. http://www.oursportscentral.com/services/releases/six-players-added-to-long-beach-jam-roster/n-3093973
  13. http://www.oursportscentral.com/services/releases/nate-archibald-out-corey-gaines-in-as-long-beach-jam-head-coach/n-3117852

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References