Natick, Massachusetts

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Natick, Massachusetts
Natick center.jpg
Natick center
NatickMA-seal.png
Seal
Nickname(s): 
Home of Champions
Middlesex County Massachusetts incorporated and unincorporated areas Natick highlighted.svg
Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°17′00″N71°21′00″W / 42.28333°N 71.35000°W / 42.28333; -71.35000 Coordinates: 42°17′00″N71°21′00″W / 42.28333°N 71.35000°W / 42.28333; -71.35000
CountryUnited States
State Massachusetts
County Middlesex
Settled1651
Incorporated1781
Government
  Type Representative town meeting
Area
  Total16.1 sq mi (41.6 km2)
  Land15.1 sq mi (39.1 km2)
  Water1.0 sq mi (2.5 km2)
Elevation
181 ft (55 m)
Population
 (2017)
  Total35,287 [1]
  Density2,171.3/sq mi (838.5/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (Eastern)
ZIP Code
01760
Area code(s) 508/774
FIPS code 25-43895
GNIS feature ID0619407
Website www.natickma.gov

Natick is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. It is near the center of the MetroWest region of Massachusetts, with a population of 32,786 at the 2010 census. 10 miles (16 km) west of Boston, Natick is part of the Greater Boston area. Massachusetts's center of population in 2000 and 2010 was in Natick. [2] A 2014 census showed its population at 34,230, meaning that between 2010 and 2014 it grew 3.6%, making it one of the Boston area's fastest-growing towns. [3]

Contents

Name

The name Natick comes from the language of the Massachusett Native American tribe and is commonly thought to mean "Place of Hills." [4] A more accurate translation may be "place of [our] searching," after John Eliot's successful search for a location for his Praying Indian settlement. [5]

History

Natick was settled in 1651 by John Eliot, a Puritan missionary born in Widford, England, who received a commission and funds from England's Long Parliament to settle the Massachusett Indians called Praying Indians on both sides of the Charles River, on land deeded from the settlement at Dedham. Natick was the first of Eliot's network of praying towns and served as their center for a long time. While the towns were largely self-governing under Indian leaders, such as Waban and Cutshamekin, the praying Indians were subject to rules governing conformity to Puritan culture (in practice Natick, like the other praying towns, combined both indigenous and Puritan culture and practices). Eliot and Praying Indian translators printed America's first Algonquian language Bible. [6] [7] Eventually, the church in Natick was led for several decades by an indigenous pastor, Rev. Daniel Takawambait.

The colonial government placed such settlements in a ring of villages around Boston as a defensive strategy. Natick was the first and best documented settlement. The land was granted by the General Court as part of the Dedham Grant.

After a period of expansion and little focus on evangelism, Reverend John Robinson told the New Englanders to prioritize missionary work over growth, "the killing of those poor Indians....How happy a thing it had been if you had converted some before you had killed any." Chastened in the wake of the Mystic Massacre which occurred during the Pequot War, sincere efforts at evangelizing began. [8] A school was set up, a government established, and the Indians were encouraged to convert to Christianity. In November 1675, during King Philip's War, the Natick Indians were sent to Deer Island. Many died of disease and cold, and those who survived found their homes destroyed. The Indian village did not fully recover, and the land held in common by the Indian community was slowly sold to white settlers to cover debts. By 1785, most of the Natick Indians had drifted away. After King Philip's War, Elliot's and a few other missionaries' opposition to the executions and enslavement of Indians were eventually silenced by death threats. [9]

In 1775, both European and Indian citizens of Natick participated in the battles of Lexington, Concord and Bunker Hill, as well as serving in the Continental Army. The names of Natick's Praying Indian soldiers are memorialized on a stone marker, along with all of Natick's Revolutionary War veterans, on a stone marker on Pond Street, near downtown Natick. [10]

The town was incorporated in 1781. Henry Wilson, a U.S. senator who became the 18th Vice President of the United States (1873–1875), lived most of his life in Natick as a shoemaker and schoolteacher known as the "Natick Cobbler" [11] and is buried there. He is the namesake of one of Natick's middle schools.

Though Natick was primarily a farming town, the invention of the sewing machine in 1858 led to the growth of several shoe factories. The business flourished and peaked by 1880, when Natick, with 23 operating factories, was third in the nation in the quantity of shoes produced. The shoes made in Natick were primarily heavy work shoes with only one or two companies making lighter dress shoes. Natick was famous for its brogan (shoes), a heavy ankle-high boot worn by soldiers in the American Civil War.

The wound core for a more resilient baseball was developed by John W. Walcott and combined with the figure-eight stitching devised by Colonel William A. Cutler. It was manufactured by the firm of H. Harwood & Sons in their factory, the world's first plant for the manufacture of baseballs. In 1988 H. Harwood & Sons was converted into baseball factory condominiums. [12]

In 1874, a fire in downtown Natick demolished 18 business blocks, two shoe factories, the Town Hall, Natick's only fire engine house and the Congregational Church, as well as many private homes. Though no lives were lost, the loss of property was greater in proportion to the town's wealth than the Great Chicago Fire of 1871. In 1875, Natick's new Central Fire Station was completed on Summer Street and opened with grand ceremony on the same city block where the fire was first discovered. The Central Fire Station is now the home of The Center for Arts in Natick (TCAN), a private nonprofit performing arts center.

In 1891, a team from the town fire department won "The World's Hook and Ladder Championship", a competition between the fire departments of four area towns. The victory gave the town its nickname "Home of Champions". [13]

Miles 8 through 12 of the Boston Marathon run through Natick on Patriots' Day every year along Route 135/Central St., and thousands of residents and visitors line the road to watch.

Geography and climate

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has an area of 16.0 square miles (41 km2), of which 15.1 square miles (39 km2) is land and 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2) is water. The total area is 7.04% water, including Lake Cochituate and Dug Pond.

Natick borders Wellesley, Wayland, Weston, Framingham, Sherborn and Dover.

Climate data for Natick, Massachusetts (1981−2010 normals)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °F (°C)33.7
(0.9)
37.1
(2.8)
46.2
(7.9)
58.9
(14.9)
68.8
(20.4)
75.5
(24.2)
81.5
(27.5)
80.6
(27.0)
73.7
(23.2)
59.8
(15.4)
51.6
(10.9)
39.6
(4.2)
58.9
(14.9)
Average low °F (°C)16.4
(−8.7)
18.0
(−7.8)
25.5
(−3.6)
35.6
(2.0)
45.0
(7.2)
56.3
(13.5)
62.1
(16.7)
60.2
(15.7)
51.7
(10.9)
39.5
(4.2)
31.8
(−0.1)
21.9
(−5.6)
38.7
(3.7)
Average precipitation inches (mm)3.41
(87)
3.17
(81)
4.03
(102)
4.14
(105)
3.91
(99)
4.02
(102)
3.80
(97)
3.72
(94)
3.83
(97)
4.39
(112)
4.28
(109)
4.05
(103)
46.77
(1,188)
Average snowfall inches (cm)15.8
(40)
10.8
(27)
7.8
(20)
2.2
(5.6)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1.6
(4.1)
10.0
(25)
48.2
(122)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)10.39.210.311.112.411.39.89.79.010.211.010.7125
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)5.43.82.60.40000000.73.416.3
Source: NOAA [14]

Communities and neighborhoods

Natick Center Spring 2020 Natick spring 2020.jpg
Natick Center Spring 2020

Natick Center

Natick Center, also known as Downtown Natick, is at the intersection of Central Street and Main Street and serves as the town's civic and cultural hub.

Many public services and public land use are downtown. Municipal buildings like the Natick Town Hall, Natick Fire Department, Natick Police Department and Morse Institute Library are there, along East Central Street. Also directly downtown is the Natick Town Common, where many town events and community activities are held. In the 1990s new downtown construction of a town hall, fire/police station, and enlargement to the library gave the downtown a fresh new look. New municipal buildings exist alongside several historic buildings and churches, the restored Central Fire House, several banks, restaurants and small businesses.

In 2012 the Massachusetts Cultural Council voted unanimously to make Natick Center one of the newest state-designated cultural districts, the tenth district to win this designation from the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. The Cultural Districts Initiative is designed to help communities attract artists and cultural enterprises, encourage business and job growth, expand tourism, preserve and reuse historic buildings, enhance property values, and foster local cultural development. Natick Center Cultural District is anchored by The Center for Arts in Natick, [15] Morse Institute Library and the Natick Common.

South Natick South Natick.jpg
South Natick

South Natick

South Natick, known for its scenic nature, is where the Native American settlers first arrived and began the town on the shores of the Charles River. Housing developers like Martin Cerel lived in South Natick, and thus refrained from building major tract neighborhoods in this part of town.

Most South Natick residents consider themselves to have a strong, separate cultural identity from the rest of Natick. It is the only community in Natick that can be separately addressed officially via the US Postal Office, [16] and street signage such as a sign along Route 16 coming from Wellesley communicates arrival in "So. Natick."

East Natick East Natick.jpg
East Natick

East Natick

East Natick is a community of Natick along Oak Street and at the intersection of Oak Street and Worcester Street. Notable landmarks include Jennings Pond, the Industrial Park on Oak St North, and the Lilja School. Longfellow Health Club, which features a gym, pool, and tennis courts, is in East Natick off Oak St. in the Industrial Park. The stretch of Route 9 in East Natick as one heads into Wellesley contains a multitude of ever-changing retail businesses.

West Natick West Natick.jpg
West Natick

West Natick

West Natick is a large section of Natick that borders the town of Framingham. The Natick Mall, as well as the strip mall called Sherwood Plaza with its office Industrial Park behind, are considered to be the commercial hub of West Natick. In addition to its retail development, post World War II housing developments like Westfield, Pelham, and Sherwood as well as the National Guard depot and a golf course on Speen St brought many people to this part of town.

There are many businesses in West Natick along West Central Street as well as another MBTA Commuter Rail station in addition to the one downtown. The area in West Natick, along Route 135 is the most densely populated section of town, with its thousands of condominiums and apartments clustered across the street from the train station.

Neighborhoods

Natick is a small town, and thus, the various sections of tract development homes are considered neighborhoods. These were houses built by several contractors in the late 1940s until the late 1950s. Listed here, are a few of these sections.

Sherwood

One of the earliest post World War II developments in West Natick, the homes are colonial in style, with street names reminiscent of the Robin Hood legend. The homes were built in 1948 and the neighborhood remains popular due to the fact that there's no through traffic, and most of the houses have been enlarged with additions.

Walnut Hill

Walnut Hill is a neighborhood north of downtown. It is known for the private boarding school Walnut Hill School for the Arts, as well as many Victorian era houses lining Walnut and Bacon Streets.

Wethersfield

The Wethersfield area of Natick is a residential neighborhood north of Route 9. It is a typical 1950s development of Campanelli ranch houses, and remains popular with first-time home buyers due to the relatively inexpensive slab-style houses. This area includes Drury Lane and all connecting roads within the boundaries of route 9, Pine Street, and Route 27.

Oak Street

South of Route 9, this section began as a summer vacation area, with tiny cottages surrounding Jennings Pond. Over the years, some houses were enlarged, but the area remains quaint and quiet with no thru traffic. On the westerly side of South Oak is a neighborhood of Cape style houses with streets named after World War II Generals. North of Route 9, other developments of small Cape-style homes were built in the early and mid-1950s and remain popular with first-time home buyers due to their affordability. There are two Industrial Parks along north Oak St that contain office buildings on one side of the road and larger warehouses on the eastern side.

Little South

Just south of the Natick Common, Cottage Street begins what is commonly called Little South, named so because of its proximity to South Natick. Little South nomenclature extends to the east portions of Everett Street, down to Eliot St. Homes along Cottage St. were primarily built in the early 1950s and are mostly modest and well-maintained. The best-known landmarks in Little South are a WWII monument dedicated to the fallen soldiers from Natick, and The Tobin School, a private daycare and elementary school that has two large buildings off of Cottage St. Everett St. has larger farm homes situated on generous lots. Eliot St., which runs parallel to the Charles River, has some of Natick's oldest homes. Just before South Natick begins, there is a Virgin Mary statue on a large rock on the south side of the Charles River, enveloped by pine trees.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1850 2,744    
1860 5,515+101.0%
1870 6,404+16.1%
1880 8,112+26.7%
1890 9,118+12.4%
1900 9,488+4.1%
1910 9,866+4.0%
1920 10,907+10.6%
1930 13,589+24.6%
1940 13,851+1.9%
1950 19,838+43.2%
1960 17,993−9.3%
1970 31,057+72.6%
1980 29,461−5.1%
1990 30,510+3.6%
2000 31,868+4.5%
2010 32,786+2.9%
201434,230+4.4%

As of the census [17] of 2010, there were 32,786 people, 13,080 households, and 8,528 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,132.9 people per square mile (823.7/km2). There were 13,368 housing units at an average density of 886.3 per square mile (342.3/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 85.4% White, 2% African American, 0.1% Native American, 7.2% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.5% from other races and 2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3% of the population.

There were 13,080 households, out of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.5% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.8% were non-families. Of all households, 28.3% were made up of individuals, and 9.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 23.0% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 34.3% from 25 to 44, 23.3% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.3 males.

According to a 2007 estimate, [18] the median income for a household in the town was $61,855, and the median income for a family was $85,056. Males had a median income of $51,964 versus $41,060 for females. The per capita income for the town was $36,358. About 1.7% of families and 2.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.4% of those under age 18 and 5.3% of those age 65 or over.

Natick is surrounded, on three sides, by five of the eleven most affluent towns in Massachusetts [19] with Wayland to the north, Weston to the northeast, Wellesley to the east, Dover to the southeast, and Sherborn to the southwest.

2010 Census data

Source: [1]

Government

Town

Natick has representative town meeting form of government (consisting of 180 members) with a Board of Selectmen and a Town Administrator. [20] The members of the Board and the dates their terms end are (as of March 2019): {

  • Michael J. Hickey, Jr., Chair, 2020;
  • Susan Salamoff, Vice Chair, 2022;
  • Jonathan Freedman, Clerk, 2021;
  • Richard P. Jennett, Jr., 2022;
  • Karen Adelman-Foster, 2020.

The town is part of the Massachusetts Senate's Norfolk, Bristol and Middlesex district.

County

Mismanagement of Middlesex County's public hospital in the mid-1990s left the county on the brink of insolvency, and in 1997 the Massachusetts legislature stepped in by assuming all assets and obligations of the county. The government of Middlesex County was officially abolished on July 11, 1997. The sheriff and some other regional officials with specific duties are still elected locally to perform duties within the county region, but there is no county council or commissioner. Communities are now granted the right to form their own regional compacts for sharing services.

These are the remaining elected officers for Middlesex County:

  • Clerk of Courts: Michael A. Sullivan
  • County Treasurer: Position Eliminated
  • District Attorney: Marian Ryan
  • Register of Deeds: Richard P. Howe, Jr. (North at Lowell), Maria C. Curtatone (South at Cambridge)
  • Register of Probate: Tara E. DeCristofaro
  • County Sheriff: Peter Koutoujian

Education

Natick High School Natick High School.jpg
Natick High School

Public schools

The Natick Public School District operates the following schools: [21]

Private schools

Transportation

Natick Center station, in the downtown area, is served by the MBTA Commuter Rail Framingham/Worcester Line.

Bus service is provided in Natick by the MetroWest Regional Transit Authority.

Notable people

Points of interest

Eliot Church in South Natick, Mass. Eliot Church.jpg
Eliot Church in South Natick, Mass.
Natick Station Tree Natick Station Tree.jpg
Natick Station Tree
Casey's Diner Caseys Diner.jpg
Casey's Diner

Natick was the setting for Harriet Beecher-Stowe's 1869 fictional novel Oldtown Folks . The novel is based on her husband's childhood in Natick, [32] and it accurately details town landmarks, ministers, and inhabitants despite renaming the location to Oldtown. [33] Beecher-Stowe is best known for writing abolitionist fiction novel Uncle Tom's Cabin. [34]

Natick appears on the Family Guy episode "Da Boom" when the family sets out to the town after Peter reveals that there is a Twinkie factory there (Natick did contain a Hostess factory until 2007 when the Natick Mall expanded into the collection). He eventually starts a town on the ruins of the community, naming it New Quahog. [35] [36]

To solvers of crossword puzzles such as those of The New York Times and the Los Angeles Times, natick (as coined by Michael Sharp, alias Rex Parker) refers to any square a solver cannot fill in correctly without guessing because the solver does not know either entry that passes through it (and there are at least two letters that are reasonable guesses). Such entries are generally proper nouns. [37] [38] [39]

Scenes included in the 2013 American drama film Labor Day (film) starring Kate Winslet, Josh Brolin and Tobey Maguire were filmed in Natick, at locations including The Center for Arts in Natick and Park Street Ice Cream.

Natick appears in the 2015 video game Fallout 4 , which is set in the greater Boston area (referred to in the game as The Commonwealth).

Part of South Natick made an appearance in the Oscar-nominated movie Knives Out . While filming on location, the project had the code name "Morning Bell". Other scenes were shot in surrounding towns such as Wellesley, Framingham, and Waltham. [40] [41]

In April 2019 Chris Evans was in Natick filming an upcoming TV series, Defending Jacob . The production was seen filming on the Natick Common, Park Street, and at Park Street Ice Cream. The ice cream shop was temporarily converted into "K.D. Scoops" for the filming. Many Natick residents crowded around in hopes of getting a glimpse of Evans. Photos were taken of him and his co-star sitting on a bench on the commons as well as inside and outside Park Street Ice Cream. Defending Jacob will be released on Apple TV+ on April 24, 2020. [42]

The characters in the 2021 visual novel Emily is Away <3 by Kyle Seeley live in Natick and attend Natick High School.

See also

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Cochituate Aqueduct Brought water to Boston, MA, USA from 1848 to 1951

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Rev. Stephen Badger House United States historic place

The Rev. Stephen Badger House is a historic house at 87 Eliot Street in Natick, Massachusetts. Built in 1753, it was the home of Natick's last missionary to the local "Praying Indian" community, and is a prominent well-preserved surviving example of Georgian architecture. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980.

John Eliot Historic District United States historic place

The John Eliot Historic District encompasses what was the historic early village center of Natick, Massachusetts. Now the heart of the village of South Natick, it now exhibits a diversity of architecture from the 18th to early 20th centuries, laid out along historic 17th-century colonial routes. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1983.

The Center for Arts in Natick

The Center for Arts in Natick, also known as TCAN in Natick, Massachusetts, is a regional community arts organization serving the cities and towns of MetroWest Boston. It has been in existence in various locations since 1997. The organization presents more than 300 events, classes and performances each year attended by over 24,000 patrons annually. TCAN was established as a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization in 1997.

The Massachusett dialects, as well as all the Southern New England Algonquian (SNEA) languages, could be dialects of a common SNEA language just as Danish, Swedish and Norwegian are mutually intelligible languages that essentially exist in a dialect continuum and three national standards. With the exception of Massachusett, which was adopted as the lingua franca of Christian Indian proselytes and survives in hundreds of manuscripts written by native speakers as well as several extensive missionary works and translations, most of the other SNEA languages are only known from fragmentary evidence, such as place names. Quinnipiac (Quiripey) is only attested in a rough translation of the Lord's Prayer and a bilingual catechism by the English missionary Abraham Pierson in 1658. Coweset is only attested in a handful of lexical items that bear clear dialectal variation after thorough linguistic review of Roger Williams' A Key into the Language of America and place names, but most of the languages are only known from local place names and passing mention of the Native peoples in local historical documents.

Daniel Takawambait

Daniel Takawambait was likely the first ordained Native American Christian pastor in North America, and served the church in the praying town of Natick, Massachusetts from 1683 to 1716. Takawambait also advocated for indigenous land rights in colonial Massachusetts, and authored at least one publication.

References

  1. 1 2 "Zip Code 01760 - 2010 Census for Natick, MA".
  2. "Centers of Population". The United States Census Bureau. US Department of Commerce. Retrieved 21 April 2020.
  3. "Natick MA Demographics data".
  4. "Eliot Indians". Natick Historical Society. Archived from the original on 2015-03-21. Retrieved 2014-11-18.
  5. Tooker, William Wallace (Sep 1897). "The Significance of John Eliot's Natick". American Anthropologist. 10 (9): 281–287. doi:10.1525/aa.1897.10.9.02a00000. JSTOR   658500.
  6. John Eliot Bible, 1st Ed. 1663, From Natick Historical Society Collection
  7. "The Eliot Indian Bible: First Bible Printed in America Archived 2012-03-19 at the Wayback Machine ." Library of Congress Bible Collection. Library of Congress, n.d. Web. 5 Sep 2011.
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