Nation Party of Iran

Last updated
Nation Party
Secretary-GeneralKhosrow Seif [1]
Founder Dariush Forouhar
Founded24 October 1951;67 years ago (1951-10-24)
Split from Pan-Iranist Party [2]
Headquarters Tehran, Iran
Ideology
Political position Right-wing [3]
National affiliation National Front (1951–1979)
Parliament
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Party flag
Flag of Pan-Iranist-Party alt.svg
Website
Official Site

Party of the Iranian Nation or Nation Party of Iran or Iran Nation Party (Persian : حزب ملت ایران, translit.  Ḥezb-e Mellat-e Irān) is "a small opposition" [4] party in Iran advocating establishment of a secular democracy. [5] Although the party is technically illegal, it is tolerated inside Iran. [5]

Persian language Western Iranian language

Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi, is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. It is primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, and Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and some other regions which historically were Persianate societies and considered part of Greater Iran. It is written right to left in the Persian alphabet, a modified variant of the Arabic script, which itself evolved from the Aramaic alphabet.

Romanization of Persian or Latinization of Persian is the representation of the Persian language with the Latin script. Several different romanization schemes exist, each with its own set of rules driven by its own set of ideological goals.

Iran Country in Western Asia

Iran, also called Persia and officially known as the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th most populous country. Comprising a land area of 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), it is the second largest country in the Middle East and the 17th largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center.

Founded in 1951 by Dariush Forouhar, the party had a few hundred members, mostly high-school students, and was a member of National Front until Iranian Revolution, however it did not carry much weight in the leadership of the front. [2] The party proposed rebuilding Iran by regaining its lost territories in Bahrain, Afghanistan and Caucasia and its platform was based on anti-capitalism, anti-communism, anti-monarchism, anti-Semitism, anti-Bahá'ísm and anti-clericalism. [2]

Dariush Forouhar Iranian politician

Dariush Forouhar was an Iranian pan-Iranist politician and leader of Nation Party of Iran.

National Front (Iran) political opposition party in Iran

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Iranian Revolution Revolution in Iran to overthrow the Shah and replace him with Ayatollah Khomeini.

The Iranian Revolution was a series of events involving the overthrow of the monarch of Iran, Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, and replacing his government with an Islamic republic under the Grand Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, a leader of one of the factions in the revolt. The movement against the United States-backed monarchy was supported by various leftist and Islamist organizations and student movements.

Popular among high school students in Tehran in the 1950s, the party's membership never exceeded a few hundred people. [6]

Tehran City in Iran

Tehran is the capital of Iran and Tehran Province. With a population of around 8.4 million in the city and 15 million in the larger metropolitan area of Greater Tehran, Tehran is the most populous city in Iran and Western Asia, and has the second-largest metropolitan area in the Middle East. It is ranked 29th in the world by the population of its metropolitan area.

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Pan-Iranism ideology advocating solidarity among and reunification of Iranian peoples, including the Persians, Azerbaijani, Lurs, Gilaks, Mazanderanis, Ossetians, Kurds, Zazas, Talysh, Tajiks, Pashtuns, and Baloch

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References

  1. Kazemzadeh, Masoud (2008). "Opposition groups". In Kamrava, Mehran; Dorraj, Manochehr. Iran Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Islamic Republic. 2. Greenwood Press. p. 364. ISBN   978-0-313-34161-8.
  2. 1 2 3 Abrahamian, Ervand (1982). Iran Between Two Revolutions. Princeton University Press. pp. 257–258. ISBN   0-691-10134-5.
  3. 1 2 Mina, Parviz (July 20, 2004). "OIL AGREEMENTS IN IRAN". In Yarshater, Ehsan. Encyclopædia Iranica . Bibliotheca Persica Press. Retrieved September 12, 2016.
  4. Forsythe, David P. (2009). Encyclopedia of Human Rights. 1. Oxford University Press. p. 198. ISBN   0195334027.
  5. 1 2 Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Iran: Update to IRN28431.E of 23 December 1997on the Nation of Iran Party ("Hezb-e Mellat-e Iran", the National Front, the Iranian Nation Party, the Iranian National Party, Party of the People of Iran), and the deaths of Dariush (Daryush) and Paravaneh (Paravanah) Foruhar (Forouhar, Forohar), 1 February 2000, IRN33708.E, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/3ae6ad5320.html [accessed 29 October 2016]
  6. Gheissari, Ali (2010). Iranian Intellectuals in the Twentieth Century. University of Texas Press. p. 69. ISBN   0292778910.