National Democratic Alliance

Last updated

National Democratic Alliance
Rāṣṭrīya Lokatāṁtrika Gaṭhabaṁdhana
AbbreviationNDA
Chairman Amit Shah
(Union Cabinet Minister)
Lok Sabha  Leader Narendra Modi
(Prime Minister)
Rajya Sabha  Leader Piyush Goyal
(Union Cabinet Minister)
Founder
Founded15 May 1998;26 years ago (1998-05-15)
Ideology
Political position Centre-right to right-wing [lower-alpha 1]
ECI StatusRegistered
Alliance 40 parties
Seats in  Lok Sabha
293 / 543
Seats in  Rajya Sabha
113 / 245
Seats in  State Legislative Assemblies
2,100 / 4,036
Seats in  State Legislative Councils
181 / 423
Number of states and union territories in government
20 / 31

The National Democratic Alliance (NDA) (ISO: Rāṣṭrīya Lokatāṁtrika Gaṭhabaṁdhana) is a right-wing conservative Indian political alliance led by the right-wing Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). [2] It was founded on 15 May 1998 [3] and currently controls the government of India as well as the government of 19 Indian states and one Union territory.

Contents

Its first chairman was then Prime Minister of India Atal Bihari Vajpayee. L. K. Advani, the former Deputy Prime Minister, took over as chairman in 2004 and served until 2014, and Amit Shah has been the chairman since 2014. The coalition ruled from 1998 to 2004. The alliance returned to power in the 2014 general elections with a combined vote share of 38.5%. [4] Its leader Narendra Modi was sworn in as Prime Minister of India on 26 May 2014. In the 2019 general election, the alliance further increased its tally to 353 seats with combined vote share of 45.43%. [5] The alliance lost 60 seats in the 2024 general election, but retained enough to form a coalition government, a first in over 10 years. On 7 June 2024, Modi confirmed the support of 293 MPs to Droupadi Murmu, the President of India. [6] This marked Modi's third term as Prime Minister and his first time heading a coalition government, [7] with the Telugu Desam Party of Andhra Pradesh and Janata Dal (United) of Bihar emerging as two main allies. [8] [9] [10]

History

Atal Bihari Vajpayee, first Prime Minister from NDA Atal Bihari Vajpayee (crop 2).jpg
Atal Bihari Vajpayee, first Prime Minister from NDA
Narendra Modi, second and current Prime Minister from NDA Official Photograph of Prime Minister Narendra Modi Portrait.png
Narendra Modi, second and current Prime Minister from NDA

The NDA was formed in May 1998 as a coalition to contest the general elections. The main aim of the NDA was to form an anti-Indian National Congress coalition. It was led by the BJP, and included several regional parties, including the Samata Party and the AIADMK, as well as Shiv Sena, but Shiv Sena broke away from the alliance in 2019 to join the Maha Vikas Aghadi with Congress and the NCP. Samata Party also broke away from alliance in 2003 after formation of Janta Dal (United). The Shiv Sena was the only member which shared the Hindutva ideology of the BJP. [11] [12] After the election, it was able to muster a slim majority with outside support from the Telugu Desam Party, allowing Atal Bihari Vajpayee to return as prime minister. [13]

The government collapsed within a year because the AIADMK withdrew its support. After the entry of a few more regional parties, the NDA proceeded to win the 1999 elections with a larger majority. Vajpayee became Prime Minister for a third time, and this time served a full five-year term. [14]

The NDA called elections in early 2004, six months ahead of schedule. Its campaign was based around the slogan of "India Shining" which attempted to depict the NDA government as responsible for a rapid economic transformation of the country. However, the NDA suffered a defeat, winning only a 186 seats in the Lok Sabha, compared to the 222 of the United Progressive Alliance led by the Congress, with Manmohan Singh succeeding Vajpayee as prime minister. Commentators have argued that the NDA's defeat was due to a failure to reach out to the rural masses. [15] [16] The scenario however changed quickly with the rise of Gujarat CM Narendra Modi who went on to become India's PM from 2014 onwards. The NDA currently has a supermajority government in the Lok Sabha.

Structure

The National Democratic Alliance does not have a formal governing structure such as an executive board or politburo. It has been up to the leaders of the individual parties to make decisions on issues such as sharing of seats in elections, allocation of ministries and the issues that are raised in Parliament. Given the varied ideologies among the parties, there have been many cases of disagreement and split voting among the allies.

Owing to ill health, George Fernandes, who was the NDA convener until 2008, was discharged of his responsibility and replaced by Sharad Yadav, the then national president of the JD(U) political party. On 16 June 2013, the JD(U) left the coalition and Sharad Yadav resigned from the role of the NDA convener. Then the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh N. Chandrababu Naidu was made the NDA convener. [17] Later in 2018, after the withdrawal of TDP from NDA the post of convenor was vacant. However NDA allies like LJP demanded the appointment of a convenor in 2019 for better coordination of the allies. [18]

On 27 July 2017 JD(U) with the help of BJP formed the government in Bihar. Later, on 19 August 2017 JD(U) formally rejoined the NDA after 4 years. [19]

Strength in parliament

Party Lok Sabha Rajya Sabha States/UTs
Bharatiya Janata Party 24090 National party
National People's Party 01 National party
Telugu Desam Party 160 Andhra Pradesh
Janata Dal (United) 124 Bihar
Shiv Sena 71 Maharashtra
Lok Janshakti Party (Ram Vilas) 50 Bihar
Rashtriya Lok Dal 21 Uttar Pradesh
Janata Dal (Secular) 21 Karnataka
Jana Sena Party 20 Andhra Pradesh
Asom Gana Parishad 11 Assam
United People's Party Liberal 11 Assam
All Jharkhand Students Union 10 Jharkhand
Apna Dal (Sonelal) 10 Uttar Pradesh
Hindustani Awam Morcha 10 Bihar
Nationalist Congress Party 11 Maharashtra
Sikkim Krantikari Morcha 10 Sikkim
Pattali Makkal Katchi 01 Tamil Nadu
Republican Party of India (Athawale) 01 Maharashtra
Tamil Maanila Congress (Moopanar) 01 Tamil Nadu
Naga People's Front 00 Nagaland
Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party 00 Nagaland
Amma Makkal Munnettra Kazagam 00 Tamil Nadu
Suheldev Bharatiya Samaj Party 00 Uttar Pradesh
Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party 00 Goa
All India N.R. Congress 00 Puducherry
Rashtriya Lok Janshakti Party 00 Bihar
Bharath Dharma Jana Sena 00 Kerala
Indigenous People's Front of Tripura 00 Tripura
Prahar Janshakti Party 00 Maharashtra
Rashtriya Samaj Paksha 00 Maharashtra
United Democratic Party 00 Meghalaya
Hill State People's Democratic Party 00 Meghalaya
Haryana Lokhit Party 00 Haryana
Kerala Kamaraj Congress00 Kerala
Gorkha National Liberation Front 00 West Bengal
Jan Surajya Shakti00 Maharashtra
IND 02 Tamil Nadu, Haryana
NOM07None
Total293113 India

Governments

The BJP has previously been the sole party in power in Delhi and Jharkhand. It has also ruled Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh as part of coalition and alliance governments.

The NDA has never been in power in 3 states – Kerala, Telangana, (between 1999 and 2004 BJP in alliance with TDP ruled a United Andhra Pradesh) and West Bengal. But BJP led NDA has ruled many local governing institutions including corporations, municipalities, panchayats and has also been elected to many Lok Sabha constituencies, state assembly constituencies and local body divisions and wards in these 3 states.

List of current NDA governments

States Run by NDA Government NDA in State Government.png
States Run by NDA Government
S.NoState/UTNDA Govt sinceChief MinisterAlliance PartnersSeats

Last election

NamePartySeatsSince
1 Andhra Pradesh
(list)
12 June 2024 N. Chandrababu Naidu TDP 13512 June 2024 JSP (21)164/175 4 June 2024
BJP (8)
2 Arunachal Pradesh
(list)
16 September 2016 Pema Khandu BJP 4616 September 2016 NPP (4)54/60 2 June 2024
NCP (41)
3 Assam
(list)
19 May 2016 Himanta Biswa Sarma BJP 6110 May 2021 AGP (7)74/126 2 May 2021
UPPL (7)
4 Bihar
(list)
28 January 2024 Nitish Kumar JD (U) 4728 January 2024 BJP (82)133/243 10 November 2020
HAM(S) (3)
IND (1)
5 Chhattisgarh
(list)
13 December 2023 Vishnu Deo Sai BJP 5313 December 2023None53/90 3 December 2023
6 Goa
(list)
6 March 2012 Pramod Sawant BJP 2819 March 2019 MGP (2)33/40 10 March 2022
IND (3)
7 Gujarat
(list)
28 February 1998 Bhupendra Patel BJP 16113 September 2021 IND (2)163/182 8 December 2022
8 Haryana
(list)
19 October 2014 Nayab Singh Saini BJP 4112 March 2024 HLP (1)43/90 24 October 2019
IND (1)
9 Madhya Pradesh
(list)
23 March 2020 Mohan Yadav BJP 16413 December 2023None164/230 3 December 2023
10 Maharashtra
(list)
30 June 2022 Eknath Shinde SHS 3830 June 2022 BJP (103)200/288 24 October 2019
NCP (40)
PJP (2)
RSP (1)
JSS (1)
MNS (1)
IND (14)
11 Manipur
(list)
15 March 2017 N. Biren Singh BJP 3715 March 2017 NPP (7)52/60 10 March 2022
NPF (5)
JD(U) (1)
IND (2)
12 Meghalaya
(list)
6 March 2018 Conrad Sangma NPP 286 March 2018 UDP (12)46/60 2 March 2023
BJP (2)
HSPDP (2)
IND (2)
13 Nagaland
(list)
8 March 2018 Neiphiu Rio NDPP 258 March 2018 BJP (12)58/60 2 March 2023
NCP (7)
NPP (5)
RPI(A) (2)
LJP(RV) (2)
IND (5)
14 Odisha
(list)
12 June 2024 Mohan Charan Majhi BJP 7812 June 2024 IND (3)81/147 4 June 2024
15 Puducherry [lower-alpha 2]
(list)
7 May 2021 N. Rangasamy AINRC 107 May 2021 BJP (9)25/33 2 May 2021
IND (6)
16 Rajasthan
(list)
15 December 2023 Bhajan Lal Sharma BJP 11515 December 2023 SHS (2)124/200 3 December 2023
RLD (1)
IND (6)
17 Sikkim
(list)
27 May 2019 Prem Singh Tamang SKM 3127 May 2019None31/32 2 June 2024
18 Tripura
(list)
9 March 2018 Manik Saha BJP 3315 May 2022 TMP (13)47/60 2 March 2023
IPFT (1)
19 Uttar Pradesh
(list)
17 March 2017 Yogi Adityanath BJP 25217 March 2017 AD(S) (13)284/403 10 March 2022
RLD (8)
SBSP (6)
NP (5)
20 Uttarakhand
(list)
18 March 2017 Pushkar Singh Dhami BJP 473 July 2021None47/70 10 March 2022

Strength in legislative assemblies

Strength in state legislative assemblies

State/UTSeatsBJPNDAOverall TallyCM fromRef(s)
Andhra Pradesh 1758 TDP(135)
164 / 175
TDP [20]
JSP (21)
Arunachal Pradesh 6046 NPP (5)
54 / 60
BJP [21]
NCP (3)
Assam 12661 AGP (7)
74 / 126
BJP [22]
UPPL (6)
Bihar 24382 JD(U) (47)
133 / 243
JD(U) [23]
HAM(S) (3)
IND (1)
Chhattisgarh 9053None
53 / 90
BJP [24]
Delhi 707None
7 / 70
AAP [25]
Goa 4028 MGP (2)
33 / 40
BJP [26]
IND (3)
Gujarat 182161 IND (2)
163 / 182
BJP [27]
Haryana 9041 HLP (1)
43 / 90
BJP [28]
IND (1)
Himachal Pradesh 6827None
27 / 68
INC [29]
Jammu and Kashmir 90NA [30]
Jharkhand 8124 AJSU (3)
30 / 81
JMM [31]
NCP (1)
IND (2)
Karnataka 22466 JD(S) (18)
84 / 224
INC [32]
Kerala 1400None
0 / 140
CPI(M) [33]
Madhya Pradesh 230164None
164 / 230
BJP [34]
Maharashtra 288103 NCP (40)
199 / 288
SHS [35]
SHS (38)
PJP (2)
RSP (1)
JSS (1)
IND (14)
Manipur 6037 NPP (7)
53 / 60
BJP [36]
NPF (5)
JD(U) (1)
IND (3)
Meghalaya 602 NPP (28)
46 / 60
NPP [37]
UDP(12)
HSPDP (2)
IND (2)
Mizoram 402None
2 / 40
ZPM [38]
Nagaland 6012 NDPP (25)
58 / 60
NDPP [39]
NCP (7)
NPP (5)
RPI(A) (2)
LJP(RV) (2)
IND (5)
Odisha 14778 IND (3)
78 / 147
BJP [40]
Puducherry 339 AINRC (10)
25 / 33
AINRC [41]
IND (6)
Punjab 1172None
2 / 117
AAP [42]
Rajasthan 200115 SHS (2)
124 / 200
BJP [43]
RLD (1)
IND (6)
Sikkim 320 SKM (31)
31 / 32
SKM [44]
Tamil Nadu 2344 PMK (5)
13 / 234
DMK [45]
OPS Faction (4)
Telangana 1198None
8 / 119
INC [46]
Tripura 6033 TMP (13)
47 / 60
BJP [47]
IPFT (1)
Uttar Pradesh 403252 AD(S) (13)
284 / 403
BJP [48]
RLD (8)
SBSP (6)
NISHAD (5)
Uttarakhand 7047None
47 / 70
BJP [49]
West Bengal 29466None
66 / 294
AITC [50]
Total41261,538563
2,102 / 4,036
NDA (20)31

List of presidents and vice presidents

Note that it refers to nomination by alliance, as the offices of President and Vice President are apolitical.

Presidents

No.PortraitName
(birth–death)
Term of office

Electoral mandates

Time in office

Previous postVice presidentParty [51]
11 A. P. J. Abdul Kalam.jpg A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
(1931–2015)
25 July 200225 July 2007 Principal Scientific Adviser to the Government of India Krishan Kant (2002)

Bhairon Singh Shekhawat (2002–2007)

Independent  
2002
5 years
Kalam was an educator and engineer who played a leading role in the development of India's ballistic missile and nuclear weapons programs. [52] He also received the Bharat Ratna. He was popularly known as "People's President". [53] [54] [55]
14 Ram Nath Kovind official portrait.jpg Ram Nath Kovind
(b.1945)
25 July 201725 July 2022 Governor of Bihar Mohammad Hamid Ansari (2017)

Venkaiah Naidu (2017–2022)

Bharatiya Janata Party  
2017
5 years
Kovind was governor of Bihar from 2015 to 2017 and a Member of Parliament from 1994 to 2006. He is the second Dalit president (after K. R. Narayanan) and is the first president from the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and is an active member of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) since his youth. [56]
15 President Droupadi Murmu official portrait higher version.jpg Droupadi Murmu
(b.1958)
25 July 2022Incumbent Governor of Jharkhand Venkaiah Naidu (2022)

Jagdeep Dhankhar (2022–)

Bharatiya Janata Party  
2022
1 year, 326 days
Murmu was governor of Jharkhand from 2015 to 2021 and the Member of the Odisha Legislative Assembly from 2000 to 2009. She held several ministerial portfolios in Government of Odisha. She is the first Tribal and second female President of India and is the second president from the Bharatiya Janata Party.

Vice presidents

No.PortraitName
(birth–death) [57]
Elected
(% votes)
Took officeLeft officeTermPresidentParty
11 BS Shekhawat.jpg Bhairon Singh Shekhawat
(1925–2010)
2002
(59.82)
19 August 200221 July 20074 years, 336 days A. P. J. Abdul Kalam Bharatiya Janata Party
13 Venkaiah Naidu official portrait.jpg Muppavarapu Venkaiah Naidu
(b. 1949)
2017
(67.89)
11 August 201711 August 20225 years Ram Nath Kovind
14 Vice President Shri Jagdeep Dhankar official portrait.jpg Jagdeep Dhankhar
(b. 1951)
2022
(74.50)
11 August 2022Incumbent1 year, 309 days Droupadi Murmu

List of prime ministers

No.Prime ministersPortraitTerm in officeLok SabhaCabinetConstituencyParty
StartEndTenure
1 Atal Bihari Vajpayee Atal Bihari Vajpayee tribute image (cropped).jpg 19 March 199810 October 19996 years, 64 days 12th Vajpayee II Lucknow Bharatiya Janata Party  
10 October 199922 May 2004 13th Vajpayee III
2 Narendra Modi Official Photograph of Prime Minister Narendra Modi Portrait.png 26 May 201430 May 201910 years, 20 days 16th Modi I Varanasi
30 May 20199 June 2024 17th Modi II
9 June 2024 Incumbent 18th Modi III

List of deputy prime ministers

No.Deputy Prime ministerPortraitTerm in officeLok SabhaPrime MinisterConstituency
StartEndTenure
1 L. K. Advani Lkadvani.jpg 29 June 200222 May 20041 year, 328 days 13th Atal Bihari Vajpayee Gandhinagar

List of chief ministers

Chief ministers from the National Democratic Alliance
S.NoStateNamePortraitCabinet
1. Andhra Pradesh N. Chandrababu Naidu Chandrababu Naidu 2017.jpg Naidu IV
2. Arunachal Pradesh Pema Khandu Pema Khandu in July 2016.jpg Pema Khandu V
3. Assam Himanta Biswa Sarma Himanta Biswa Sarma with PM Narendra Modi Cropped.jpg Sarma I
4. Bihar Nitish Kumar The Chief Minister of Bihar, Shri Nitish Kumar calls on the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, in New Delhi on December 10, 2015 (cropped).jpg Kumar IX
5. Chhattisgarh Vishnu Deo Sai Vishnudeo Sai.jpg Sai I
6. Goa Pramod Sawant The Chief Minister of Goa, Shri Pramod Sawant.jpg Pramod Sawant II
7. Gujarat Bhupendrabhai Patel Bhupendrabhai Patel accompanies Narendra Modi at Rajkot (cropped).jpg Bhupendrabhai Patel II
8. Haryana Nayab Singh Saini Nayab Singh Saini 2023.jpg Saini I
9. Madhya Pradesh Mohan Yadav PM attends swearing in ceremony of Mohan Yadav and his deputies at Bhopal, in Madhya Pradesh.jpg Mohan Yadav I
10. Maharashtra Eknath Shinde
Eknath Shinde with PM Narendra Modi Cropped.jpg
Eknath Shinde I
11. Manipur N. Biren Singh N. Biren Singh.jpg N. Biren Singh II
12. Meghalaya Conrad Sangma The Chief Minister of Meghalaya, Shri Conrad Sangma.JPG Conrad Sangma II
13. Nagaland Neiphiu Rio NeiphiuRio.jpg Neiphiu Rio V
14. Odisha Mohan Charan Majhi Mohan Charan Majhi (cropped).jpg Majhi I
15. Puducherry N. Rangaswamy N Rangaswamy.jpg N. Rangaswamy IV
16. Rajasthan Bhajan Lal Sharma Bhajan Lal Sharma.jpg Sharma I
17. Sikkim Prem Singh Tamang Prem Singh Tamang.jpg Prem Singh Tamang II
18. Tripura Manik Saha Manik Saha Invitation for HWC 2023.jpg Manik Saha II
19. Uttar Pradesh Yogi Adityanath Ajay Bisht.jpg Yogi Adityanath II
20. Uttarakhand Pushkar Singh Dhami Pushkar Dhami.jpg Pushkar Singh Dhami II

List of deputy chief ministers

Deputy chief ministers from the National Democratic Alliance
S.NoStateNamePortrait
1. Andhra Pradesh Pawan Kalyan The portrait of Pawan Kalyan (2024).jpg
2. Arunachal Pradesh Chowna Mein The Agriculture Minister of Arunachal Pradesh, Shri Chowna Mein calling on the Union Minister for Agriculture, Shri Radha Mohan Singh, in New Delhi on September 17, 2014 (cropped).jpg
3. Bihar Samrat Choudhary Samrat Choudhary.jpg
Vijay Kumar Sinha Shri Vijay Kumar Sinha, Leader of Opposition, Bihar Legislative Assembly, Patna meeting with the President of India Smt. Droupadi Murmu at Rashtrapati Bhavan on April 12, 2023.jpg
4. Chhattisgarh Arun Sao Arun Sao BJP.jpg
Vijay Sharma Vijay Sharma BJP.jpg
5. Madhya Pradesh Jagdish Devda DCM Jagdish Dewda.jpeg
Rajendra Shukla DCM Rajendra Sukula.jpeg
6. Maharashtra Devendra Fadnavis Fadnavis in November 2022.png
Ajit Pawar Ajit Pawar.jpg
7. Meghalaya Prestone Tynsong A delegation from North Eastern States led by the Minister General Administration Home (Civil Defence And Home Guards) Public Health Engineering Relief And Rehabilitation (cropped).jpg
Sniawbhalang Dhar
8. Nagaland T. R. Zeliang The Chief Minister of Nagaland, Shri T.R. Zeliang meeting the Union Minister for Human Resource Development, Smt. Smriti Irani, in New Delhi on December 08, 2015 (1) (cropped).jpg
Yanthungo Patton The Nagaland Home Minister, Shri Yanthungo Patton meeting the Minister of State for Home Affairs, Shri Hansraj Gangaram Ahir, in New Delhi on November 09, 2016 (cropped).jpg
9. Odisha Kanak Vardhan Singh Deo KV Singh Deo.png
Pravati Parida Mrs. Parida.jpg
10. Rajasthan Diya Kumari The Deputy Chief Minister of Rajasthan, Shrimathi Diya Kumari & her colleague meet VP of India with their head.jpg
Prem Chand Bairwa Prem Chand Bairwa (cropped).jpg
11. Uttar Pradesh Brijesh Pathak Brajesh Pathak.jpg
Keshav Prasad Maurya Shri Keshav Prasad Maurya (cropped).jpg

Member parties

As of March 2024, there are 39 political parties that are members of the alliance. The Bharatiya Janata Party and the National People's Party are the only two political parties being recognised by the Election Commission of India as national parties. [58] Other parties in the alliance are either recognised as state level parties or unrecognised parties.

Candidates in elections

Lok Sabha general elections

List of National Democratic Alliance candidates in the 1998 Indian general election
List of National Democratic Alliance candidates in the 1999 Indian general election
List of National Democratic Alliance candidates in the 2004 Indian general election
List of National Democratic Alliance candidates in the 2009 Indian general election
List of National Democratic Alliance candidates in the 2014 Indian general election
List of National Democratic Alliance candidates in the 2019 Indian general election
List of National Democratic Alliance candidates in the 2024 Indian general election

Electoral history

Lok Sabha 1998 general election

Constituents of National Democratic Alliance (pre-poll alliance)
No.PartyAlliance in statesSeats
contested
Seats
won
1 Bharatiya Janata Party All States and UTs388182Increase2.svg 21
2 All India Trinamool Congress West Bengal287Increase2.svg 7
3 All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Pondicherry
2318Increase2.svg 18
4 Samata Party
  • Bihar
  • Uttar Pradesh
2312Increase2.svg 4
5 Shiv Sena
  • Maharashtra
226Decrease2.svg 9
6 Biju Janata Dal Orissa129Increase2.svg 9
7 Lok Shakti
  • Karnataka
  • Nagaland
113Increase2.svg 3
8 Shiromani Akali Dal Punjab88Steady2.svg
9 Pattali Makkal Katchi Tamil Nadu54Increase2.svg 4
10 Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu53Increase2.svg 3
11 Haryana Vikas Party Haryana41Decrease2.svg 2
12 NTR Telugu Desam Party (LP) Andhra Pradesh30Steady2.svg
13 Janata Dal
  • Punjab
  • Bihar
22Decrease2.svg 45
14 Manipur State Congress Party Manipur11Increase2.svg 1
15 Janata Party Tamil Nadu11Increase2.svg 1
16 Sikkim Democratic Front Sikkim11Increase2.svg 1
17 Satnam Singh Kainth (independent candidate supported by BJP)Punjab11Increase2.svg 1
18 Vazhappady K. Ramamurthy (independent candidate supported by BJP)Tamil Nadu11Increase2.svg 1
19 Maneka Gandhi (independent candidate supported by BJP)Uttar Pradesh11Increase2.svg 1
20 Suresh Kalmadi (independent candidate supported by BJP)Maharashtra10Decrease2.svg 1
Total NDA candidates541261Increase2.svg 75

Lok Sabha 1999 general election

Constituents of National Democratic Alliance (pre-poll alliance)
No.PartyAlliance in statesSeats
contested
Seats
won
1 Bharatiya Janata Party All States and UTs339182Steady2.svg
2 Janata Dal (United)
  • Bihar
  • Karnataka
  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Kerala
  • Rajasthan
  • Lakshadweep
4121Increase2.svg 21
3 Telugu Desam Party Andhra Pradesh3429Increase2.svg 17
4 All India Trinamool Congress
  • West Bengal
  • Tripura
298Increase2.svg 1
5 Shiv Sena Maharashtra2215Increase2.svg 9
6 Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu1912Steady2.svg
7 Biju Janata Dal Orissa1210Increase2.svg 1
8 Shiromani Akali Dal Punjab92Decrease2.svg 6
9 Pattali Makkal Katchi
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Pondicherry
85Increase2.svg 1
10 Indian National Lok Dal Haryana55Increase2.svg 5
11 Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu54Increase2.svg 1
12 Akhil Bharatiya Loktantrik Congress Uttar Pradesh42Increase2.svg 2
13 Bihar People's Party Bihar20Steady2.svg
14 Himachal Vikas Congress Himachal Pradesh11Increase2.svg 1
15 Manipur State Congress Party Manipur11Increase2.svg 1
16 MGR Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu11Increase2.svg 1
17 Sikkim Democratic Front Sikkim11Steady2.svg
18 Tamizhaga Rajiv Congress Tamil Nadu10
19 Democratic Bahujan Samaj Morcha Punjab10
20 Arunachal Congress Arunachal Pradesh10
21Socialist Republican PartyKerala10
22 Maneka Gandhi (independent candidate supported by BJP)Uttar Pradesh11Steady2.svg
23 Vanlalzawma (independent candidate supported by BJP)Mizoram11Increase2.svg 1
24 Sansuma Khunggur Bwiswmuthiary (independent candidate supported by BJP)Assam11Increase2.svg 1
25Pawan Pandey (independent candidate supported by BJP)Uttar Pradesh10
26Natabar Bagdi (independent candidate supported by BJP)West Bengal10
27Elwin Teron (independent candidate supported by BJP)Assam10
Total NDA candidates543302Increase2.svg 57

Lok Sabha 2004 general election

Constituents of National Democratic Alliance (pre-poll alliance)
No.PartyAlliance in statesSeats
contested
Seats
won
1 Bharatiya Janata Party All States and UTs364138Decrease2.svg 44
2 Janata Dal (United)
  • Bihar
  • Karnataka
  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Lakshadweep
  • Assam
338Decrease2.svg 13
3 Telugu Desam Party Andhra Pradesh335Decrease2.svg 24
4 All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu330Decrease2.svg 10
5 All India Trinamool Congress
  • West Bengal
  • Meghalaya
  • Tripura
312Decrease2.svg 6
6 Shiv Sena Maharashtra2212Decrease2.svg 3
7 Biju Janata Dal Orissa1211Increase2.svg 1
8 Shiromani Akali Dal Punjab108Increase2.svg 6
9 Indian Federal Democratic Party Kerala11Decrease2.svg 13
10 Sikkim Democratic Front Sikkim11Steady2.svg
11 Naga People's Front Nagaland11Increase2.svg 1
12 Mizo National Front Mizoram11Increase2.svg 1
13 Sansuma Khunggur Bwiswmuthiary (Independent candidate)
supported by BJP
Assam11Increase2.svg 1
Total NDA Candidates543189Decrease2.svg 113

Lok Sabha 2009 general election

Constituents of National Democratic Alliance (pre-poll alliance)
No.PartyAlliance in statesSeats
contested
Seats
won
1 Bharatiya Janata Party All States and UTs433116Decrease2.svg 22
2 Janata Dal (United)
  • Bihar
  • Jharkhand
  • Kerala
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Uttar Pradesh
3220Increase2.svg 12
3 Shiv Sena
  • Maharashtra
  • Tamil Nadu
2411Decrease2.svg 1
4 Shiromani Akali Dal Punjab104Decrease2.svg 4
5 Rashtriya Lok Dal Uttar Pradesh75Increase2.svg 2
6 Asom Gana Parishad Assam61Decrease2.svg 5
7 Indian National Lok Dal Haryana50Decrease2.svg 5
8 Naga People's Front Nagaland 11Steady2.svg
9Ajitrao Ghorpade (independent candidate supported by BJP)Maharashtra10Decrease2.svg 1
10 H. Lallungmuana (independent candidate supported by BJP)Mizoram10Decrease2.svg 1
Total520158Decrease2.svg 31

Lok Sabha 2014 general election

Constituents of National Democratic Alliance (pre-poll alliance)
No.PartyAlliance in statesSeats
contested
Seats
won
1 Bharatiya Janata Party All states and UTs422282Increase2.svg 166
2 Telugu Desam Party Andhra Pradesh 3016Increase2.svg 10
3 Shiv Sena Maharashtra 2318Increase2.svg 7
4 Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 140Steady2.svg
5 Shiromani Akali Dal Punjab 104Steady2.svg
6 Pattali Makkal Katchi Tamil Nadu 81Steady2.svg
7 Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 70Steady2.svg
8 Lok Janshakti Party Bihar 76Increase2.svg 2
9 Rashtriya Lok Samta Party Bihar 33
10 Apna Dal Uttar Pradesh 22
11 Swabhimani Paksha Maharashtra 21
12 Haryana Janhit Congress (BL) Haryana 20
13 All India N.R. Congress Puducherry 11
14 National People's Party Meghalaya 11
15 Naga People's Front Nagaland 11
16 Puthiya Needhi Katchi Tamil Nadu 10
17 Kongunadu Makkal Desia Katchi Tamil Nadu 10
18 Indhiya Jananayaga Katchi Tamil Nadu 10
19 Republican Party of India (A) Maharashtra 10
20 Rashtriya Samaj Paksha Maharashtra 10
21 Revolutionary Socialist Party (Bolshevik) Kerala 10
22 Kerala Congress (Nationalist) Kerala 10
23 Mizo National Front Mizoram 10
24 Urkhao Gwra Brahma (Independent candidate) Assam 10
Total NDA Candidates542336Increase2.svg178

Contested on BJP symbol lotus

Lok Sabha 2019 general election

Constituents of National Democratic Alliance (pre-poll alliance)
No.PartyAlliance in statesSeats
contested
Seats
won
1 Bharatiya Janata Party All states and UTs437303Increase2.svg 21
2 Shiv Sena Maharasthra2318Steady2.svg
3 All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu201Decrease2.svg 36
4 Janata Dal (United) Bihar1716Increase2.svg 14
5 Shiromani Akali Dal Punjab102Decrease2.svg 2
6 Pattali Makkal Katchi Tamil Nadu70Decrease2.svg 1
7 Lok Janshakti Party Bihar66Steady2.svg
8 Bharath Dharma Jana Sena Kerala40New
9 Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam Tamil Nadu40Steady2.svg
10 Asom Gana Parishad Assam30Steady2.svg
11 Apna Dal (Sonelal) Uttar Pradesh22New
12 All Jharkhand Students Union Jharkhand11Increase2.svg 1
13 Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party Nagaland11New
14 Rashtriya Loktantrik Party Rajasthan11New
15 Tamil Maanila Congress Tamil Nadu10New
16 Puthiya Needhi Katchi Tamil Nadu10Steady2.svg
17 Puthiya Tamilagam Tamil Nadu10Steady2.svg
18 Bodoland People's Front Assam10Steady2.svg
19 Kerala Congress (Thomas) Kerala10New
20 All India N.R. Congress Pudhucherry10Decrease2.svg 1
21 Sumalatha (independent candidate supported by BJP)Karnataka11Increase2.svg 1
Total543352Increase2.svg 16

Contested on AIADMK two leaves symbol

Lok Sabha 2024 general election

Constituents of National Democratic Alliance (pre-poll alliance)
No.PartyAlliance in statesSeats
contested
Seats
won
1 Bharatiya Janata Party All states and UTs437240Decrease2.svg 63
2 Telugu Desam Party Andhra Pradesh1716Increase2.svg 13
3 Janata Dal (United) Bihar1612Decrease2.svg 4
4 Shiv Sena Maharasthra157Decrease2.svg 11
5 Pattali Makkal Katchi Tamil Nadu100Steady2.svg
6 Lok Janshakti Party (Ram Vilas) Bihar55New
7 Nationalist Congress Party Maharashtra Lakshadweep51Decrease2.svg 4
8 Bharath Dharma Jana Sena Kerala40Steady2.svg
9 Janata Dal (Secular) Karnataka32Increase2.svg 1
10 Tamil Maanila Congress Tamil Nadu30Steady2.svg
11 Apna Dal (Sonelal) Uttar Pradesh21Decrease2.svg 1
12 Asom Gana Parishad Assam21Increase2.svg 1
13 Amma Makkal Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu20Steady2.svg
14 Jana Sena Party Andhra Pradesh22Increase2.svg 2
15 National People's Party Meghalaya20Decrease2.svg 1
16 Rashtriya Lok Dal Uttar Pradesh22Increase2.svg 2
17 All Jharkhand Students Union Jharkhand11Steady2.svg
18 Hindustani Awam Morcha Bihar11Increase2.svg 1
19 Naga People's Front Manipur10Decrease2.svg 1
20 Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party Nagaland10Decrease2.svg 1
21 Rashtriya Lok Morcha Bihar10New
22 Rashtriya Samaj Paksha Maharashtra10Steady2.svg
23 Suheldev Bharatiya Samaj Party Uttar Pradesh10Steady2.svg
24 United People's Party Liberal Assam11Increase2.svg 1
25 Indhiya Jananayaga Katchi Tamil Nadu10Steady2.svg
26Puthiya Needhi KatchiTamil Nadu10Steady2.svg
27 Tamizhaga Makkal Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu10Steady2.svg
28Inthiya Makkal Kalvi Munnetra KazhagamTamil Nadu10Steady2.svg
29 O. Panneerselvam (independent candidate supported by BJP)Tamil Nadu10
30 Maharashtra Navnirman Sena MaharashtraDNCDNCDNC
Total540292Decrease2.svg 60

Contested by BJP symbol lotus

Electoral performance

ElectionSeats wonChangeTotal votesShare of votesSwingStatusNDA Leader
1998
265 / 543
New150,679,14240.90%NewGovernment Atal Bihari Vajpayee
1999
302 / 543
Increase2.svg37149,823,82441.12%Increase2.svg3.84%Government Atal Bihari Vajpayee
2004
188 / 543
Decrease2.svg114141,623,67136.34%Decrease2.svg2.52%Opposition Atal Bihari Vajpayee
2009
158 / 543
Decrease2.svg30101,361,53524.30%Decrease2.svg4.94%Opposition L. K. Advani
2014
336 / 543
Increase2.svg178211,784,40338.66%Increase2.svg12.00%Government Narendra Modi
2019
353 / 543
Increase2.svg17272,836,79444.90%Increase2.svg10.28%Government Narendra Modi
2024
293 / 543
Decrease2.svg60TBDTBDTBDGovernment Narendra Modi

Timeline

2009

2011

2012

Presidential election
Vice-Presidential election

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

JJP joined hands with NDA to forming a stable government at Haryana with BJP [96]

Shiv Sena exited from the NDA, as BJP was not willing to agree for Sharing CM Post with Shiv Sena to form government in Maharashtra. [97]

BJP, AJSU sever ties in Jharkhand days before Assembly elections 2019. [98]

2020

2021

2022

2023

2024

See also

Notes

  1. Most member parties are centre-right or right-wing, [1] but a minority of them are centre to left-wing.

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