National Democratic Alliance

Last updated

National Democratic Alliance
AbbreviationNDA
Chairperson Amit Shah
(Home Minister)
Lok Sabha leader Narendra Modi
(Prime Minister)
Rajya Sabha leader Thawar Chand Gehlot
(Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment)
Founder Lal Krishna Advani and Atal Bihari Vajpayee
(Bharatiya Janata Party)
Founded1998
Political position Centre-right to right-wing
Alliance 25 Parties
Seats in  Lok Sabha
333 / 543
Seats in  Rajya Sabha
119 / 245
Seats in  State Legislative Assemblies See § Strength in legislative assemblies

The National Democratic Alliance (NDA) is a Indian political alliance made up of center-right and right-wing political parties and led by the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). It was founded in 1998 and currently controls the Indian union government as well as the government of 18 Indian states.

Contents

Its first chairman was Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. L. K. Advani, the former Deputy Prime Minister, took over as chairman in 2004 and served until 2014, and Amit Shah has been the chairman since 2014. The coalition ruled from 1998 to 2004. The alliance returned to power in the 2014 general elections with a combined vote share of 38.5%. [1] Its leader, Modi, was sworn in as Prime Minister of India on 26 May 2014. In the 2019 general election, the alliance further increased its tally to 353 seats with combined vote share of 45.43%. [2]

History

First prime minister from NDA, Atal Bihari Vajpayee The Prime Minister Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee delivering his speech at the 12th SAARC Summit in Islamabad, Pakistan on January 4, 2004 (1).jpg
First prime minister from NDA, Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Prime Minister Narendra Modi PM Modi 2015.jpg
Prime Minister Narendra Modi

The NDA was formed in May 1998 as a coalition to contest the general elections. It was led by the BJP, and included several regional parties, including the Samta Party and the AIADMK, as well as Shiv Sena, the only member which shared the Hindutva ideology of the BJP. [3] [4] After the election, it was able to muster a slim majority with outside support from the Telugu Desam Party, allowing Atal Bihari Vajpayee to return as prime minister. [5]

The government collapsed within a year because the AIADMK withdrew its support. After the entry of a few more regional parties, the NDA proceeded to win the 1999 elections with a larger majority. Vajpayee became Prime Minister for a third time, and this time served a full five-year term. [6]

The NDA called elections in early 2004, six months ahead of schedule. Its campaign was based around the slogan of "India Shining" which attempted to depict the NDA government as responsible for a rapid economic transformation of the country. However, the NDA suffered a defeat, winning only a 186 seats in the Lok Sabha, compared to the 222 of the United Progressive Alliance led by the Congress, with Manmohan Singh succeeding Vajpayee as prime minister. Commentators have argued that the NDA's defeat was due to a failure to reach out to the rural masses. [7] [8]

Structure

The National Democratic Alliance does not have a formal governing structure such as an executive board or politburo. It has been up to the leaders of the individual parties to make decisions on issues such as sharing of seats in elections, allocation of ministries and the issues that are raised in Parliament. Given the varied ideologies among the parties, there have been many cases of disagreement and split voting among the allies.

Owing to ill health, George Fernandes, who was the NDA convener until 2008, was discharged of his responsibility and replaced by Sharad Yadav, the then national president of the JD(U) political party. On 16 June 2013, the JD(U) left the coalition and Sharad Yadav resigned from the role of the NDA convener. Then the CM of Andhra Pradesh Chandrababu Naidu was made the NDA convener. [9]

On 27 July 2017 JD(U) with the help of BJP formed the government in Bihar. Later, on 19 August 2017 JD(U) formally rejoined the NDA after 4 years. [10]

Strength in parliament


Members of the National Democratic Alliance
PartyMPs in Lok SabhaMPs in Rajya Sabha [11] Party Status
1 Bharatiya Janata Party 30292 National Party
2 All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 19 Tamil Nadu
3 Janata Dal (United) 155 Bihar
4 Republican Party of India (A) -1 Maharashtra
5 Lok Janshakti Party 6- Bihar
6 Asom Gana Parishad -1 Assam
7 Bodoland People's Front -1 Assam
8 Apna Dal (Sonelal) 2- Uttar Pradesh
9 National People's Party 11 Meghalaya
10 Pattali Makkal Katchi -1 Tamil Nadu
11 Tamil Maanila Congress -1 Tamil Nadu
12 Rashtriya Loktantrik Party 1- Rajasthan
13 All Jharkhand Students Union 1- Jharkhand
14 Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party 1- Nagaland
15 Mizo National Front 11 Mizoram
16 Sikkim Krantikari Morcha 1- Sikkim
17Independent22None
19Nominated-4None
Total333119 India


Current governments

State- and union territory-level parties.svg
   BJP (12)
  Coalition with BJP (6)
   INC (4)
  Coalition with INC (2)
  Other Parties (AAP, AITC, BJD, TRS, YSRCP, CPI(M))
  President's Rule (1)
  Without Legislature (5)

As of March 2020, the BJP holds a majority of Legislative Assembly in 12 states - Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Goa, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand. In Haryana, BJP shares power as the senior partner (Chief Minister of BJP) with Jannayak Janta Party.

In 8 other states, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Sikkim and Tamil Nadu (Although, BJP has not a single seat in Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly) it shares power as Junior Partner with other political parties of the NDA coalition.

The BJP has previously been the sole party in power in Delhi, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Rajasthan. It has also ruled Jammu and Kashmir, Maharashtra, Punjab and Puducherry as part of coalition and alliance governments.

The BJP has never been in power in 3 states-Kerala, Telangana (between 1999 and 2004 BJP in alliance with TDP ruled a United Andhra Pradesh) and West Bengal.

List of Current NDA Governments


S.NoState/UTNDA Govt sinceChief MinisterParty/alliance partnerSeats in Assembly

Last election

NamePartySeatsSince123OthersIndependent
1 Assam 19 May 2016 Sarbananda Sonowal BJP 6019 May 2016 AGP (14) BPF (12) 86/126 19 May 2016
2 Arunachal Pradesh 16 September 2016 Pema Khandu BJP 4116 September 2016 JD(U) (7) NPP (4) 3 55/60 23 May 2019
3 Bihar 27 July 2017 Nitish Kumar JD(U) 6727 July 2017 BJP (53) HAM (1) 4 125/243 8 November 2015
4 Gujarat 28 February 1998 Vijay Rupani BJP 1037 August 2016 103/182 18 December 2017
4 Goa 6 March 2012 Pramod Sawant BJP 2719 March 20191 28/40 11 March 2017
6 Haryana 19 October 2014 Manohar Lal Khattar BJP 4026 October 2014 JJP (10) 6 56/90 24 October 2019
7 Himachal Pradesh 18 December 2017 Jai Ram Thakur BJP 4427 December 2017 44/68 18 December 2017
8 Karnataka 26 July 2019 B. S. Yediyurappa BJP 11726 July 20193 120/224 15 May 2019
9 Manipur 11 March 2017 Nongthombam Biren Singh BJP 1915 March 2017 NPP (4) NPF (4) LJP (1) 2 30/60 11 March 2017
10 Madhya Pradesh March 2020 Shivraj Singh Chauhan BJP 10723 March

2020

4 111/230 December 2018
11 Meghalaya 6 March 2018 Conrad Sangma NPP 216 March 2018 UDP (9) PDF (4) BJP (2) HSPDP (2) 2 40/60 3 March 2018
12 Mizoram 15 December 2018 Zoramthanga MNF 2715 December 2018 BJP (1) 28/40 11 December 2018
13 Nagaland 8 March 2018 Neiphiu Rio NDPP 198 March 2018 BJP (12) 1 32/60 3 March 2018
14 Tamil Nadu 19 February 2019 Edappadi Palaniswami AIADMK 12516 February 2017 125/234 19 May 2016
15 Tripura 9 March 2018 Biplab Kumar Deb BJP 369 March 2018 IPFT (8) 44/60 3 March 2018
16 Sikkim 23 May 2019 Prem Singh Tamang SKM 1923 May 2019 BJP (12) 31/32 23 May 2019
17 Uttar Pradesh 11 March 2017 Yogi Adityanath BJP 30419 March 2017 AD(S) (9) 3 316/403 11 March 2017
18 Uttarakhand 11 March 2017 Trivendra Singh Rawat BJP 5618 March 2017 56/70 11 March 2017

Strength in legislative assemblies

NDA's Strength in State Legislative Assemblies

State/UTAssemblyBJPNDAChief Minister fromRef(s)
Andhra Pradesh 1750 Jana Sena Party (1) YSRCP


[12]
Arunachal Pradesh 6041 Janata Dal (United) (7), National People's Party (4), Independent (3) BJP


[13]
Assam 12660 Asom Gana Parishad (14), Bodoland People's Front (12) BJP [14]
Bihar 24353 Janata Dal (United) (67), Hindustani Awam Morcha (1), Independent (4) JD(U) [15]
Chhattisgarh 9014"None" INC [16]
Goa 4027Independent (1) BJP [17]
Gujarat 182103"None" BJP [18]
Haryana 9040 Jannayak Janta Party (10), Independent (6) BJP [19]
Himachal Pradesh 6844"None" BJP [20]
Jharkhand 8126 All Jharkhand Students Union (2), Independent (2) JMM [21]
Karnataka 224117Independent (3) BJP [22]
Kerala 1401"None"Left Front [23]
Madhya Pradesh 230107Independent (4) BJP [24]
Maharashtra 288105 Rashtriya Samaj Paksha (1), Jan Surajya Shakti (1), Independent (7) SHS [25]
Manipur 6019 National People's Party (4), Naga People's Front (4), Lok Janshakti Party (1), Independent (2) BJP [26]
Meghalaya 602 National People's Party (21), United Democratic Party (9), People's Democratic Front (4), Hill State People's Democratic Party (2), Independent (2) NPP


[27]
Mizoram 401 Mizo National Front (27) MNF [28]
Nagaland 6012 Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party (19), Independent (1) NDPP [29]
Odisha 14722Independent (1) BJD [30]
Punjab 1172"None" INC [31]
Rajasthan 20072 Rashtriya Loktantrik Party,(3) INC [32]
Sikkim 3212 Sikkim Krantikari Morcha (19)


SKM [33]
Tamil Nadu 2340 All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (125) AIADMK [34]
Telangana 1191"None" TRS


[35]
Tripura 6036 Indigenous People's Front of Tripura (8) BJP [36]
Uttar Pradesh 403304 Apna Dal (Sonelal) (9), Independent (3) BJP [37]
Uttarakhand 7056"None" BJP [38]
West Bengal 29416"None" AITC [39]
Delhi 708"None" AAP [40]
Jammu and Kashmir "NA""NA""NA""NA" [41]
Puducherry 300 All India N.R. Congress (7), All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (4) INC [42]
Total40331301425NDA (18)31

List of Prime Ministers

No.Prime MinistersPortraitTerm in OfficeLok SabhaCabinetConstituency
StartEndTenure
1 Atal Bihari Vajpayee Atal Bihari Vajpayee 2002-06-12.jpg 19 March 199810 October 19996 years, 64 days 12th Vajpayee II Lucknow
10 October 199922 May 2004 13th Vajpayee III
2 Narendra Modi PM Modi 2015.jpg 26 May 2014(Incumbent)6 years, 154 days 16th Modi I Varanasi
17th Modi II

List of Current Chief Ministers

Incumbent Chief Minister from the National Democratic Alliance
S.NoStateNamePortraitCabinet
1. Arunachal Pradesh Pema Khandu Pema Khandu in July 2016.jpg Pema Khandu II
2. Assam Sarbananda Sonowal Chief Minister of Assam Sarbananda Sonowal.jpg Sarbananda Sonowal I
3. Bihar Nitish Kumar The Chief Minister of Bihar, Shri Nitish Kumar meeting with the Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission, Shri Montek Singh Ahluwalia to finalize Annual Plan 2007-08 of the State, in New Delhi on February 14, 2007 (Nitish Kumar) (cropped).jpg Nitish Kumar VI
4. Goa Pramod Sawant The Chief Minister of Goa, Shri Pramod Sawant.jpg Pramod Sawant I
5. Gujarat Vijay Rupani Vijay Rupani.jpg Vijay Rupani II
6. Haryana Manohar Lal Khattar Manohar Lal Khattar 2015.jpg Manohar Lal Khattar II
7. Himachal Pradesh Jai Ram Thakur JRThakur.jpg Jai Ram Thakur I
8. Karnataka B. S. Yediyurappa The Chief Minister of Karnataka, Shri B.S. Yediyurappa.jpg B. S. Yediyurappa IV
9. Madhya Pradesh Shivraj Singh Chouhan Shivraj Singh Chauhan (cropped).jpg Shivraj Singh Chouhan IV
10. Manipur N. Biren Singh N. Biren Singh.jpg N. Biren Singh I
11. Meghalaya Conrad Sangma The Chief Minister of Meghalaya, Shri Conrad Sangma.JPG Conrad Sangma I
12. Mizoram Zoramthanga Zoramthanga in 2008.jpg Zoramthanga III
13. Nagaland Neiphiu Rio NeiphiuRio.jpg Neiphiu Rio IV
14. Sikkim Prem Singh Tamang Prem Singh Tamang.jpg Prem Singh Tamang I
15. Tamil Nadu Edappadi K. Palaniswami Edappadi K. Palaniswami.png Edappadi Palaniswami I
16. Tripura Biplab Kumar Deb Biplab Kumar Deb in 2018.jpg Biplab Kumar Deb I
17. Uttar Pradesh Yogi Adityanath Ajay Bisht.jpg Yogi Adityanath I
18. Uttarakhand Trivendra Singh Rawat TrivendraSinghRawat.jpg Trivendra Singh Rawat I

List of Deputy Chief Ministers

Deputy Chief Minister from the National Democratic Alliance
S.NoStateNamePortrait
1. Arunachal Pradesh Chowna Mein
The Agriculture Minister of Arunachal Pradesh, Shri Chowna Mein calling on the Union Minister for Agriculture, Shri Radha Mohan Singh, in New Delhi on September 17, 2014 (cropped).jpg
2. Bihar Sushil Kumar Modi The Leader of Opposition, Bihar, Shri Sushil Kumar Modi in New Delhi on January 08 (cropped2).jpg
3. Goa Manohar Ajgaonkar
4. Chandrakant Kavlekar
5. Gujarat Nitinbhai Patel
6. Haryana Dushyant Chautala Dushyant Chautala.jpg
7. Karnataka C. N. Ashwath Narayan Dr C N Ashwath Narayan.png
8. Govind Karjol
9. Laxman Savadi Laxman Savadi.jpg
10. Manipur Yumnam Joykumar Singh The Deputy Chief Minister of Manipur, Shri Y. Joykumar Singh calling on the Minister of State for Development of North Eastern Region (IC), Prime Minister's Office, Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions (cropped).jpg
11. Meghalaya Prestone Tynsong A delegation from North Eastern States led by the Minister General Administration Home (Civil Defence And Home Guards) Public Health Engineering Relief And Rehabilitation (cropped).jpg
12. Mizoram Tawnluia
13. Nagaland Yanthungo Patton The Nagaland Home Minister, Shri Yanthungo Patton meeting the Minister of State for Home Affairs, Shri Hansraj Gangaram Ahir, in New Delhi on November 09, 2016 (cropped).jpg
14. Tamil Nadu O. Panneerselvam Panneerselvam.jpg
15. Tripura Jishnu Dev Varma The Chief Minister of Tripura, Shri Biplab Kumar Deb and the Deputy Chief Minister, Shri Jishnu Debbarma calling on the Union Home Minister, Shri Rajnath Singh, in New Delhi on March 20, 2018 (cropped).jpg
16. Uttar Pradesh Dinesh Sharma
17. Keshav Prasad Maurya

Candidates in elections

Lok Sabha general elections

Alliance Election wise

For Lok Sabha Election 2019

Constituents of National Democratic Alliance (Pre-poll Alliance)
#PartyAlliance in statesSeats
contested
Seats
won
Seats LossReferences
1 Bharatiya Janata Party All States and UTs437303134 [43] [44] [45] [46] [47] [48] [49] [50] [51]
2 Shiv Sena Maharasthra23185
3 All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu20119 [45]
4 Janata Dal (United) Bihar17161 [46]
5 Shiromani Akali Dal Punjab1028 [47]
6 Pattali Makkal Katchi Tamil Nadu707 [45]
7 Lok Janshakti Party Bihar660 [46]
8 Bharath Dharma Jana Sena Kerala404 [49]
9 Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam Tamil Nadu404 [48]
10 Asom Gana Parishad Assam303
11 Apna Dal (Sonelal) Uttar Pradesh220
12 All Jharkhand Students Union Jharkhand110
13 Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party Nagaland110
14 Rashtriya Loktantrik Party Rajasthan110
15 Puthiya Tamilagam Tamil Nadu101 [45]
16 Puthiya Needhi Katchi Tamil Nadu101 [45]
17 Tamil Maanila Congress Tamil Nadu101 [45]
18 Bodoland People's Front Assam101 [51]
19 Kerala Congress (Thomas) Kerala101 [49]
20 All India N.R. Congress Pudhucherry101 [50]
21 Sumalatha (Independent candidate)
supported by BJP
Karnataka110
Total543352191

For Lok Sabha Election 2014

Constituents of National Democratic Alliance (Pre-poll Alliance)
#PartyAlliance in statesSeats
contested
Seats
won
Seats LossReferences
1 Bharatiya Janata Party All States and UTs425
282
143
[52] [53] [54] [55] [56] [57] [58] [59] [60] [59] [52] [56] [61]
2 Telugu Desam Party Andhra Pradesh 30
16
14
3 Shiv Sena Maharashtra 20
18
2
4 Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 14
0
14
[62] [63] [64] [65] [66] [67]
5 Shiromani Akali Dal Punjab 10
4
6
6 Pattali Makkal Katchi Tamil Nadu 8
1
7
7 Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 7
0
7
8 Lok Janshakti Party Bihar 7
6
1
9 Rashtriya Lok Samta Party Bihar 3
3
0
10 Apna Dal Uttar Pradesh 2
2
0
11 Swabhimani Paksha Maharashtra 2
1
1
12 Haryana Janhit Congress (BL) Haryana 2
0
2
[68]
13 All India N.R. Congress Puducherry 1
1
0
14 National People's Party Meghalaya 1
1
0
15 Naga People's Front Nagaland 1
1
0
16 Puthiya Needhi Katchi Tamil Nadu 1
0
1
17 Kongunadu Makkal Desia Katchi Tamil Nadu 1
0
1
18 Indhiya Jananayaga Katchi Tamil Nadu 1
0
1
19 Republican Party of India (A) Maharashtra 1
0
1
20 Rashtriya Samaj Paksha Maharashtra 1
0
1
21 Revolutionary Socialist Party (Bolshevik) Kerala 1
0
1
22 Kerala Congress (Nationalist) Kerala 1
0
1
23 Mizo National Front Mizoram 1
0
1
24 Urkhao Gwra Brahma (Independent candidate) Assam 1
0
1
Total NDA Candidates542336206

Note:- Contested On BJP Symbol Lotus

For Lok Sabha Election 2009

Constituents of National Democratic Alliance (Pre-poll Alliance)
#PartyAlliance in statesSeats
contested
Seats
won
Seats LossReferences
1 Bharatiya Janata Party All States and UTs433116317 [69] [70] [71]

[72]

2 Janata Dal (United) Bihar,
Jharkhand,
Tamil Nadu,
Uttar Pradesh,
Kerala
322012 [73]
3 Shiv Sena Maharashtra,
Tamil Nadu
241113 [74]
4 Shiromani Akali Dal Punjab1046
5 Rashtriya Lok Dal Uttar Pradesh752
6 Asom Gana Parishad Assam615
7 Indian National Lok Dal Haryana505
8 Naga People's Front Nagaland 110
9Ajitrao Ghorpade (Independent candidate)
supported by BJP
Maharashtra101 [75]
10 H. Lallungmuana (Independent candidate)
supported by BJP
Mizoram101 [76]
Total520158362

For Lok Sabha Election 2004

Prime Minister CandidateParties
Atal Bihari Vajpayee Bharatiya Janata Party

Janata Dal (United)
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Telugu Desam Party
Biju Janata Dal
Shiromani Akali Dal
All India Trinamool Congress
Shiv Sena
Janata Party
Mizo National Front
Indian Federal Democratic Party
Manipur State Congress Party

For Lok Sabha Election 1999

Prime Minister CandidateParties
Atal Bihari Vajpayee Bharatiya Janata Party

Janata Dal (United)
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Samata Party
Biju Janata Dal
Shiromani Akali Dal
Nationalist Trinamool Congress
Shiv Sena
Pattali Makkal Katchi
Lok Shakti
Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhhagam
Haryana Vikas Party
Indian National Lok Dal
Mizo National Front
Sikkim Democratic Front
Manipur State Congress Party
Telugu Desam Party (External Support)

For Lok Sabha Election 1998

Prime Minister CandidateParties
Atal Bihari Vajpayee Bharatiya Janata Party

All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Samata Party
Biju Janata Dal
Shiromani Akali Dal
Nationalist Trinamool Congress
Shiv Sena
Pattali Makkal Katchi
Lok Shakti
Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhhagam
Haryana Vikas Party
Janata Party
Mizo National Front
NTR TDP(LP)

Past members

PartyBase StateYear of withdrawalReason for withdrawal
Lok Shakti Bihar 1999Merged with Janata Dal (United) for 1999 Elections
J & K National Conference Jammu and Kashmir 2002Blaming the BJP for its loss in the Jammu and Kashmir state elections.
Samta Party Bihar 2003Merged with Janata Dal (United) in 2003
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 2004Aligned with Congress Party during 2004 elections
Haryana Vikas Party Haryana 2004Merged with Congress
Indian Federal Democratic Party Kerala 2004Following the 2004 election, Merged with Kerala Congress
All India Trinamool Congress National Party 2007Aligned with the Congress party before the 2009 elections.
Indian National Lok Dal Haryana 2009Left due to seat sharing disagreements during assembly elections 2009.
Biju Janata Dal Odisha 2009Left the alliance just over a month before the 2009 elections.
Telangana Rashtra Samithi Telangana 2009Left the alliance post defeat in 2009 election.
Janata Dal (Secular) Karnataka 2010Left the alliance in 2010
Ladakh Union Territory Front Jammu and Kashmir 2010Merged with BJP.
Kamtapur Progressive Party West Bengal 2010Withdrew Support due to Merger with Kamtapur People's Party.
Uttarakhand Kranti Dal Uttarakhand 2012Withdrew Support before State Elections
Rashtriya Lok Dal Uttar Pradesh 2012Has allied with Congress for 2012 Uttar Pradesh legislative assembly election
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha Jharkhand 2012Withdrew from alliance in 2012
Janata Party Tamil Nadu 2013Merged with BJP
Haryana Janhit Congress (BL) Haryana 2014Withdrew from alliance before 2014 Haryana Legislative Assembly election [77] Merged with Congress in 2016
Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 2014Withdrew alliance in a view to Tamil Nadu Elections 2016
Kerala Congress (Nationalist) (Noble Mathew) Kerala 2016Merged with BJP [78]
Kerala Janapaksham Kerala 2016Merged with BJP
Revolutionary Socialist Party of Kerala (Bolshevik) Kerala 2016Withdrew alliance in a view to 2016 Kerala Legislative Assembly election [79]
Maraland Democratic Front Mizoram 2017Merged with BJP [80]
Swabhimani Paksha Maharashtra 2017Broke the alliance [81]
Telugu Desam Party Andhra Pradesh 2018Withdrawn Support from NDA on 16 March 2018 over the demand of Special Category status to Andhra Pradesh and failure to Implement the corresponding Bifurcation Act.
Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party Jammu and Kashmir 2018BJP withdrawn support from JKPDP-led government on 19 June 2018.
Rashtriya Lok Samata Party Bihar 2018Withdrawn from NDA ahead of 2019 Indian general election.
Gorkha Janmukti Morcha West Bengal 2019Withdrawn from NDA ahead of 2019 Indian general election. [82]
Janadhipathya Samrakshana Samithi (Rajan Babu) Kerala 2019Merged with Janadhipathya Samrakshana Samithi
Pravasi Nivasi Party Kerala 2019Withdrawn from NDA ahead of 2019 Indian general election
Janadhipathya Rashtriya Sabha Kerala 2019
Kerala Vikas Congress Kerala 2019One faction merged with Kerala Congress (B), one faction still in NDA.
Shiv Sena Maharashtra 2019Disagreement over power sharing after 2019 Maharashtra Legislative Assembly election
All Jharkhand Students Union Jharkhand 2019Alliance broken ahead of 2019 Jharkhand Legislative Assembly election due to seat sharing conflict
Shiromani Akali Dal Punjab 2020Broke alliance on the issue of 3 Agriculture reforms Laws. [83]

Timeline

2011

2012

Presidential election
Vice-Presidential election

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

JJP joined hands with NDA to forming a stable government at Haryana with BJP [117]

Shiv Sena exited from the NDA, as BJP is not wiling to agree for Sharing CM Post with Shiv Sena to form government in Maharashtra. [118]

BJP, AJSU sever ties in Jharkhand days before Assembly elections 2019. [119]

2020

See also

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Elections in the state of Bihar, India are conducted in accordance with the Constitution of India. The Assembly of Bihar creates laws regarding the conduct of local body elections unilaterally while any changes by the state legislature to the conduct of state level elections need to be approved by the Parliament of India.

Upendra Kushwaha

Upendra Singh Kushwaha is an Indian politician and former Minister of State for Human Resources and Development in the Government of India. He is former Member of Parliament from the Karakat constituency in Rohtas district, Bihar. He is a former member of the Rajya Sabha. He is leader of his own party the Rashtriya Lok Samata Party.

Elections in the Republic of India in 2018 included by-elections to the Lok Sabha, elections to the Rajya Sabha, elections to legislative assemblies of eight states and numerous other by-elections to state legislative assemblies, councils and local bodies.

Conservatism in India refers to the political philosophy of conservatism as it has developed in India. Politics in India has since at least the 1990s been most predominantly a contest between the centre-left party Indian National Congress alliance and the centre-right Bharatiya Janata Party.

The elections held in India in 2019 includes the general election, by-elections to the Lok Sabha, elections to seven state legislative assemblies and numerous other by-elections to state legislative assemblies, councils and local bodies.

2019 Maharashtra Legislative Assembly election Assembly election in Maharashtra

The 2019 Maharashtra Legislative Assembly election was held on 21 October 2019 to elect all 288 members of the state's Legislative Assembly. After a 61.4% turnout in the election, the ruling National Democratic Alliance (NDA) of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and Shiv Sena (SHS) won a majority. Following differences over the government formation, the alliance was dissolved, precipitating a political crisis. Since a council of ministers had not been formed after no party could manage to form the government, President's rule had been imposed in the state.

This article outlines the key events leading up to the 2019 Indian general election which was scheduled to take place from 11 April to 19 May 2019, starting with the prior election in 2014.

2020 Bihar Legislative Assembly election Bihar state assembly election 2020

The Bihar Legislative Assembly election will be held to elect members to the Legislative Assembly of the Indian State of Bihar. The election will held in three phases for a total of 243 seats; the first for 71 seats on 28 October 2020, the second for 94 seats on 3 November 2020 and the third for the remaining 78 will be on 7 November 2020. The results will be announced on 10 November 2020.

The Maharashtra Vikas Aghadi or MVA or Maha Vikas Aghadi is a state-level political coalition formed after the 2019 Maharashtra Legislative Assembly election under the leadership of Sharad Pawar of the NCP, Uddhav Thackeray of Shiv Sena and Sonia Gandhi of the INC, along with the support from the SP, PWPI, Prahar Janshakti Party and several other political parties including Independent MLAs.

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