The façade; an extension to the original building
|Address||Dallas Brooks Dr & Birdwood Avenue, Melbourne VIC 3004|
|Website||National Herbarium of Victoria|
The National Herbarium of Victoria (Index Herbariorum code: MEL) is one of Australia's earliest herbaria, and the oldest scientific institution in Victoria. It was established in 1853 by Ferdinand von Mueller, the Government Botanist for Victoria, and is situated within the Royal Botanic Gardens, Melbourne. The present building was constructed in 1934 through a donation from philanthropist Sir Macpherson Robertson. It, along with a 1989 extension, houses the entire collection of 1.5 million plant and fungal specimens. The Herbarium's botanic library is an important source for the history of Australian botany, and has contributed some 124 volumes (of the 1212 volumes contributed by Australia Institutions) to the online digital Biodiversity Heritage Library.
The herbarium is also a partner in the Australasian Virtual Herbarium project, thereby making all of its collection data available to anyone to use.The herbarium also publishes an online key together with descriptions of plants found in Victoria via VicFlora.
Over half of the existing collection was acquired by Mueller.The herbarium includes the following collections:
A herbarium is a collection of preserved plant specimens and associated data used for scientific study.
Baron Sir Ferdinand Jacob Heinrich von Mueller, was a German-Australian physician, geographer, and most notably, a botanist. He was appointed government botanist for the then colony of Victoria by Governor Charles La Trobe in 1853, and later director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Melbourne. He also founded the National Herbarium of Victoria. He named many Australian plants.
Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria are botanic gardens across two sites - Melbourne and Cranbourne.
The Harvard University Herbaria and Botanical Museum are institutions located on the grounds of Harvard University at 22 Divinity Avenue, Cambridge, Massachusetts. The Botanical Museum is one of three which comprise the Harvard Museum of Natural History.
Cyathea leichhardtiana, the Prickly Tree Fern is a plant in the tree fern family, Cyatheaceae, found in eastern Australia. A common species found in moist situations, in and near rainforests. Named in honour of the explorer and botanical collector Ludwig Leichhardt.
Grevillea ramosissima, commonly known as fan grevillea, is a shrub species of the family Proteaceae. It is native to south-eastern Australia.
Joachim Steetz was a German botanist. His herbarium, comprising more than 5000 specimens from over 160 collectors and 50 countries was purchased in 1863 by Victorian Government Botanist Ferdinand von Mueller for the sum of 80 pounds.
The National Herbarium of New South Wales was established in 1853. The Herbarium has a collection of more than 1.2 million plant specimens, including scientific and historically significant collections and samples of Australian flora gathered by Joseph Banks and Daniel Solander during the voyage of HMS Endeavour in 1770.
Acacia sericophylla is a shrub or tree commonly known as the desert dogwood, desert oak or cork-bark wattle. To the Indigenous Australian people of the area, the Nyangumarta peoples, it is known as Pirrkala. The species is of the genus Acacia and the subgenus Plurinerves. It is native to an area in the Northern Territory and the Kimberley and Pilbara regions of Western Australia. It is also found in New South Wales and South Australia.
The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) is an online resource that allows access to plant specimen data held by various Australian and New Zealand herbaria. It is part of the Atlas of Living Australia (ALA), and was formed by the amalgamation of Australia's Virtual Herbarium and NZ Virtual Herbarium. As of 12 August 2014, more than five million specimens of the 8 million and upwards specimens available from participating institutions have been databased.
Maireana pyramidata is a species of plant within the genus, Maireana, in the family Chenopodiaceae. It is endemic to Australia, and widespread throughout Australia in the inland, where it is found in Victoria, New South Wales, Queensland, the Northern Territory and Western Australia.
Billardiera fraseri is a species of plant in the family, Pittosporaceae, which is endemic to Western Australia.
Lawrencia squamata is a species of plant in the mallow family, Malvaceae. It is endemic to Australia and occurs in all Australian states.
Chenopodium spinescens is a species of plant in the amaranth family, endemic to Australia. It is found in all states and territories of Australia with the exception of Tasmania.
Velleia connata is an erect annual herb in the Goodeniaceae family, and is found in all mainland states and territories of Australia. It grows on sandplains and stony hills in Beard's eremaean province. Its flowers are yellow-brown or white-pink and it flowers mainly from February or May to October.
Velleia macrophylla, or large-leaved Velleia, is a perennial herb in the Goodeniaceae family, which is endemic to Western Australia. It grows on moist sites in Beard's South-west province. It flowers from October to December or January.
Velleia glabrata is an annual herb in the Goodeniaceae family, which is native to all mainland states and territories of Australia with the exception of Victoria. It grows on sand and clay, flowering from June to October.
Bossiaea bossiaeoides is a glaucous shrub from 0.5 to 2 m high, in the pea family (Fabaceae), which is found in northern Australia, in the Northern Territory, Queensland and Western Australia. Apparently leafless, it has branches which are broadly winged. It grows on sand and sandstone, on stony hillsides, creek banks and outcrops. Its flowers are yellow and it flowers from April to August.
Bossiaea stephensonii is a perennial multistemmed shrub in the pea family (Fabaceae), and is native to New South Wales.
Bossiaea sericea is an erect shrub in the pea family (Fabaceae), which is native to Victoria, New South Wales and the ACT.
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