The National Legion (Norwegian : Den nasjonale legion, archaic Norwegian: Den Nationale Legion) was a short-lived fascist political party in Norway led by Karl Meyer, in existence from 1927–28, notable for being the first fascist party in the country.
The party was founded at a public meeting at a circus, Cirkus Verdensteatret, in Oslo in May 1927. The event was hosted by the party's leader, Karl Meyer, "Norway's strongest man", a businessman and stock trader with a history of fraud cases.Author and social commentator Erling Winsnes was another leading figure.
Influenced by Italian Fascism,Meyer sought a "March on Oslo", with a parade of "100.000 farmers" that would make "the walls of Jericho crumble". The party however failed to mobilise much beyond Oslo's bourgeois West End. It ran a list in Oslo for the 1927 parliamentary election, but did not win any representation with 1,210 votes, about 1% of the vote in Oslo and 0.1% nationwide. Besides meetings at the circus, the party had little impact, and was dissolved in early 1928 amid internal conflicts and public brawls.
Jens Kristian Meinich Bratlie was a Norwegian attorney and military officer. He served as an elected official representing the Conservative Party. He was the 13th prime minister of Norway from 1912 to 1913.
The Communist Party of Norway is a small Marxist–Leninist communist party in Norway.
Sven Eivindsen Aarrestad was a writer, politician, and leader in the Norwegian temperance movement during the 19th century.
Jens Thiis was a Norwegian art historian, conservator and a prominent museum director. He was conservator at the Nordenfjeld Industrial Arts Museum in Trondheim beginning in 1895 and director of the National Gallery in Oslo from 1908 to 1941.
The Yokohama International Women's Ekiden held in Yokohama, Japan, was one of the prominent ekiden races of the year. It was held annually from 1983 to 2009, and was discontinued because of the replacement of the Tokyo Women's Marathon by the Yokohama Women's Marathon.
The Osvald Group was a Norwegian organisation that was the most active World War II resistance group in Norway from 1941 to the summer of 1944. Numbering more than 200 members, it committed at least 110 acts of sabotage against Nazi occupying forces and the collaborationist government of Vidkun Quisling. The organisation is perhaps best known for conducting the first act of resistance against the German occupation of Norway, when on 2 February 1942 it detonated a bomb at Oslo East Station in protest against Quisling's inauguration as Minister-President.
Edvard Bull was a Norwegian historian and politician for the Labour Party. He took the doctorate in 1912 and became a professor at the University of Kristiania in 1917, and is known for writings on a broad range of subjects. In addition to his academic work, he is known for his work on Norsk biografisk leksikon. His Marxist leanings inspired him to take up a parallel political career, in the Labour Party. Situated on the radical wing in the 1910s, he was among the architects as the Labour Party denounced the Twenty-one Conditions in 1923 and reunited with the social democrats in 1927. He was the deputy party leader from 1923 to 1932, and served as Norwegian Minister of Foreign Affairs in Hornsrud's short-lived cabinet in 1928.
Gunnar Christie Wasberg was a Norwegian historian, philosopher and first librarian at the University of Oslo Library.
Harald Berntsen is a national historian who is active in the radical left in Norway.
Rune Slagstad is a Norwegian historian, philosopher, legal theorist, professor and journal editor. In addition to professional work, he has since the late 1960s contributed actively to public debate on a variety of issues from Norway.
Ansgar Eugène Olaussen was a Norwegian newspaper editor, educated as a typographer, and politician. As a politician he started in Young Communist League of Norway (Norges Socialdemokratiske Ungdomsforbund, and notably edited Klassekampen from 1911 to 1921. For the Labour Party he was county leader, central board member and MP for slightly more than a year, until he joined the Communist Party in 1923. Some years after finishing his sole term as an MP for the Communists, he shifted to the far right and associated himself with Nazism during the Second World War.
Arvid Gilbert Hansen was a Norwegian newspaper editor and politician for the Labour and Communist parties.
Barbra Mathilde Ring was a Norwegian novelist, short story writer, children's writer, biographer, memoirist, literary critic and theatre critic. She made her literary début in 1904 with the girl's novel Babbens Dagbog. Her children's books about "Peik" and other characters achieved great popularity. Her first novel for adults was Jomfruen, published in 1914.
Einar Hoffstad was a Norwegian encyclopedist, newspaper editor, writer and economist. He remains best known as the editor of the encyclopedia Merkantilt biografisk leksikon and the business periodical Farmand. Although initially a classic liberal, Hoffstad embraced fascism and collectivism at the beginning of the Second World War.
Thorvald Aadahl was a Norwegian newspaper editor, novelist, and playwright.
Nils Frøis Frøisland was a Norwegian newspaper correspondent and editor.
Johan Nicolay Tønnessen was a Norwegian historian and schoolteacher.
Adolf Egeberg Jr. was a Norwegian journalist and national socialist. Egeberg worked as a correspondent for Nationen in Germany circa 1930, and he took courses in the SA in Munich, and SS in Berlin. He was involved in the short-lived Norwegian fascist party National Legion in 1927–28, before he founded the National Socialist Workers' Party of Norway (NNSAP) in 1930, modelled on the German Nazi Party (NSDAP). He gained financial support for his party from Eugen Nielsen, publisher of Fronten, in 1932. Egeberg left the party to join the founding of Nasjonal Samling (NS) in 1933, and got a position as editor of Vestlandets Avis (1934–36), the NS-paper published in Stavanger. He was part of a circle, some of whom founded the periodical Ragnarok, that sought to push NS in a national socialist direction.
Karl Meyer was a Norwegian businessman, stockbroker and founder of the short-lived fascist party, the National Legion.
The Royal House Centennial Medal is a Norwegian award established by Harald V of Norway to commemorate the centennial of the Norwegian Royal Family. The day that it was established marks the hundredth anniversary of the day that Haakon VII arrived in Norway: November 25, 1905. The medal ranks 29th in the Norwegian decoration order of precedence.