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The Mirza Fatali Akhundov National Library of Azerbaijan (Azəri: Mirzə Fətəli Axundov adına Azərbaycan Milli Kitabxanası) is a central state library of Azerbaijan, located in Baku and founded in 1922. It is named after Mirza Fatali Akhundov, an Azerbaijani dramatist and philosopher. The library overlooks the Khagani Street, Rəşid Behbudov Avenue and the Nizami Street. Its facades feature the statues of various writers and poets: Nizami Ganjavi, Mahsati, Uzeyir Hajibeyov, Shota Rustaveli, Alexander Pushkin and several others.
A vast, eight-stage repository occupies the four floors of the building and is equipped with special elevators, which deliver the books to the outlets. The capacity of reading rooms is 500 seats. Orders are also accepted by e-mail upon electronic registration.
The library includes 25 sections and 26 sectors. The fund of the library covers approximately 4 513 000 publishing materials.
Founded in 1922, the library moved to its current location on May 23, 1923. The building was designed by Azerbaijani architect Mikayil Huseynov. It was initially known as the General Library and State Book Storage of Azerbaijan. On July 11, 1939 the library gained its present name. In 1962, the library was finally granted permission to create exchange ties with the Bibliothèque nationale de France. In 2005, in accordance with the decree issued by the Cabinet of Azerbaijan, the library took the name Akhundov Azerbaijan National Library. In 2005, it joined the Conference of European National Librarians which includes 54 libraries in Europe..
In 2005 the Department for Foreign Literature was established to participate in international book exchanging and to cooperate with relevant departments of foreign libraries, as well as the organizations operating in the field of library. The department cooperates with more than 60 countries including Jordan, Egypt, Russia, Sweden, Estonia, Georgia and etc.
In 2000 the National Library named after M.F.Akhundov established an Internet hall. In 2001 a training center was opened by the library. It uses an automated management system since 2003.
Today, the building houses books, printed materials, newspapers, maps, dissertations and records,including copies of all the newspapers published during the Soviet period. It receives four copies of every new book and two copies of every magazine and newspaper published in Azerbaijan. The library, the only one of its kind, has microfilm and photos of newspapers published in Azerbaijan before the Bolshevik Revolution.
Citizens of Azerbaijan, as well as other countries, who have reader card may use the library free of charge. But some services such as scan of the documents, photocopy, ordering book from other/foreign libraries are payable.
Any citizen may get a reader card submitting his/her identification documents such as IDs or passports and driving license. The reader card is given to all user groups for once use. Usage of reader card not belonging to you is forbidden. Library items are given to the readers by control paper which is filled in by the reader at the control point.
Entering the library halls with mobile phones in general mode, outdoor clothes and cameras, as well as with big bags is forbidden. The library allows the readers to use their personal laptops. But plugging flash drives and discs into the computers of the library is also forbidden.
It is strictly forbidden to photocopy the documents protected in the Rare Books Fund and museum of the library, the archives of the Azerbaijan Literature Department and the newspapers printed in the newspaper fund, and the manuscripts of the Notaries and Fonts Department. Photocopies of these literatures are only permitted by the department for organization of electronic resources. It is forbidden to take literature from the Rare Books Fund and the Azerbaijan Literature Archive Fund.
Every citizen of Azerbaijan/ other countries with a reader card can use periodical press hall. Four-year magazines (125 in Azerbaijani and 20 in Russian) and five-year newspapers (236 in Azerbaijani and 22 in Russian) in the hall which has 67 seats.
Exhibition hall has been established to hold literary events, book presentations, meetings with authors, and exhibitions. All the events are open to all users.
There are 1869 items including 757 in Azerbaijani and 1112 in Russian in the reading hall for exact and technical sciences. The readers may request books from the basic book collections.
Approximately 2500 copies of magazines and newspapers in various languages are stored in foreign language hall with 20 seats for users. The hall has been provided with alphabetical catalogs of the books in different languages.
The rare books, as well as the books about Azerbaijan covering the period until 1920 are stored in the rare book and library museum.
Humanitarian sciences hall with 36 seats introduces 4237 items (2072 in Azerbaijani and 2165 in Russian) and provides the users with alphabetical and systematic catalogs.
The Students hall rendering services especially to higher school students and the young is up to 250 seats. Approximately 9500 items (in the Azerbaijani and Russian languages) including encyclopedias, guidebooks, dictionaries, etc. and covering different fields of science are in the use of the readers in the hall provided with alphabetical and systematic catalogs.
16 readers can use music publication hall at the same time. There are sound records, copies of Azerbaijani and foreign compositions, copies of music handwritings and draft theatrical plays of Azerbaijani composers and playwrights, as well as copies of music books in different languages stored in the hall.
Fatali Khan Isgender oglu Khoyski was an attorney, a member of the Second State Duma of the Russian Empire, Minister of Internal Affairs, Minister of Defense and, later the first Prime Minister of the independent Azerbaijan Democratic Republic.
Najaf bey Fatali oglu Vazirov was an Azerbaijani playwright and journalist.
Firidun bey Ahmad bey oglu Kocharli or Kocharlinski was a prominent Azerbaijani writer, philologist and literary critic.
The Talysh Khanate, was a khanate of Iranian origin that was established in Persia and existed from the middle of the 18th century till the beginning of the 19th century, located in the south-west coast of the Caspian Sea.
Azerbaijan State Oil and Industry University is a tertiary education institution in Baku, Azerbaijan.
Baku Slavic University (BSU), sometimes referred to as Baku Slav University, is a public university located in Baku, Azerbaijan.
Mirza Fatali Akhundov, also known as Mirza Fatali Akhundzade or Mirza Fath-Ali Akhundzade, was a celebrated Iranian-ethnic Azerbaijani author, playwright, ultra-nationalist, philosopher, and founder of Azerbaijanin modern literary criticism, "who acquired fame primarily as the writer of European-inspired plays in the Azeri Turkic language". Akhundzade singlehandedly opened a new stage of development of Azerbaijani literature. He was also the founder of materialism and atheism movement in the Republic of Azerbaijan and one of forerunners of modern Iranian nationalism. He wrote in Azerbaijani, Persian and Russian.
Mirza Shafi Vazeh, also known as the "sage from Ganja", was a classical bilingual poet in Azerbaijani, who continued the classical traditions of Azerbaijani poetry from the 14th century. His verses were translated into nearly all European languages.
Mirza Davud Baghir oglu Huseynov, also spelled Husseynov or Guseynov, was an Azerbaijani revolutionary and statesman.
Suleyman Sani Akhundov, was an Azerbaijani playwright, journalist, author, and teacher. He chose the name Sani to avoid confusion with his namesake, Mirza Fatali Akhundov.
Khachmaz is a town in the Khachmaz Rayon of Azerbaijan.
Azerbaijan–Estonia relations refer to foreign relations between Azerbaijan and Estonia. Both countries were part of Russian Empire and Soviet Union. Azerbaijan has an embassy in Tallinn. Estonia is represented in Azerbaijan through its embassy in Ankara (Turkey). Both countries are full members of the Council of Europe and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). Azerbaijan, along with Georgia and Armenia, is Estonia's ally in South Caucasus. Approximately 2,500 Azerbaijanis live in Estonia.
The National museum of Azerbaijan literature named after Nizami Ganjavi - was established in 1939, in Baku. It is located in the centre of the capital of Azerbaijan, not far from the Fountains Square and near the entrance of Icheri Sheher. Now this museum is one of the greatest and richest treasuries of Azerbaijani culture.
Huseynagha Musa oghlu Sadigov, also spelled as Huseynaga Sadikhov is an Azerbaijani politician and diplomat.
The Ministry of Education of Azerbaijan Republic is a governmental agency within the Cabinet of Azerbaijan in charge of regulating the education system in Azerbaijan. The ministry is headed by Jeyhun Bayramov.
The Baku Museum of Miniature Books is the only museum of miniature books in the world, settled in the old part of Baku, called Inner City. The museum started its operation on April 2, 2002. In 2015 the Museum of Miniature Books was presented the Certificate of the Guinness Book of Records as the largest private museum of miniature books.
Finland–Iran relations refers to bilateral relations between Finland and Iran.
Sovetsky is a historic district in Baku, Azerbaijan. It is located in Yasamal raion, between Nariman Narimanov Avenue and Mirza Ibrahimov Street, and between Nizami and Ibrahim Abilov streets. There are a lot of historical buildings with the age more than 100 years, museums, mosques, baths and houses of notable Azerbaijanis.
Azerbaijan–Netherlands relations refers to the diplomatic relations between Azerbaijan and the Netherlands.
Azerbaijani libraries are divided into 2 parts: state and non-state. State libraries are National Library, State Library of the Autonomous Republic of Nakhchivan; city, rayon, town libraries; republican scientific and cultural libraries; libraries of the state, government, enterprises and organizations; the Central Scientific Library of the Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan and its branches. Non-state libraries are municipal libraries, libraries of public associations, private and other libraries of foreign legal entities and individuals, libraries created in accordance with the law.