National Library of Luxembourg

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National Library of Luxembourg
Bibliotheque Nationale de Luxembourg
Luxembourg, Bibliotheque nationale Kirchberg (101).jpg
Country Luxembourg
Established1899
Architect Bolles+Wilson
Reference to legal mandateLaw of 25 June 2004 on the reorganization of State cultural institutes
Law of 24 June 2010 on public libraries
Location37D, Avenue John F. Kennedy
Kirchberg, Luxembourg City
Coordinates 49°37′48″N6°09′54″E / 49.629978°N 6.164910°E / 49.629978; 6.164910 Coordinates: 49°37′48″N6°09′54″E / 49.629978°N 6.164910°E / 49.629978; 6.164910
Branches87 members of the bibnet.lu network
Collection
Size1.8 million printed documents
20,000 audiovisual documents
77,800 titles of electronic periodicals
641,000 ebooks
390 databases
Legal deposit Yes
Access and use
Access requirementsAnyone can register for free. Home loans are only available to residents of Luxembourg or neighbouring regions over the age of 14, as well as to students registered with a higher education organization approved by the Luxembourg State.
Other information
Budget 15,259,788 (2019)
Parent organizationMinistry of Culture
Website bnl.public.lu

The National Library of Luxembourg (French : Bibliothèque nationale de Luxembourg), abreviated as BnL, is Luxembourg's national library. The BnL is Luxembourg's legal deposit and copyright library. It was established in 1899 in place of the municipal library which dated from 1798. As of 2019, its collection includes, amongst others, 1.8 million printed documents, 20,000 audiovisual documents, 77,800 titles of electronic periodicals, 641,000 ebooks and 390 databases. [1] In September 2019, the BnL was consolidated into a new purpose built complex on Avenue John F. Kennedy in Kirchberg, Luxembourg City. [2] The BnL is responsible for the management of the bibnet.lu network, gathering Luxembourg's 87 public libraries. [3]

French language Romance language

French is a Romance language of the Indo-European family. It descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire, as did all Romance languages. French evolved from Gallo-Romance, the spoken Latin in Gaul, and more specifically in Northern Gaul. Its closest relatives are the other langues d'oïl—languages historically spoken in northern France and in southern Belgium, which French (Francien) has largely supplanted. French was also influenced by native Celtic languages of Northern Roman Gaul like Gallia Belgica and by the (Germanic) Frankish language of the post-Roman Frankish invaders. Today, owing to France's past overseas expansion, there are numerous French-based creole languages, most notably Haitian Creole. A French-speaking person or nation may be referred to as Francophone in both English and French.

Luxembourg Grand duchy in western Europe

Luxembourg, officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a landlocked microstate in western Europe. It is bordered by Belgium to the west and north, Germany to the east, and France to the south. Its capital, Luxembourg City, is one of the four official capitals of the European Union and the seat of the European Court of Justice, the highest judicial authority in the EU. Its culture, people, and languages are highly intertwined with its neighbours, making it essentially a mixture of French and German cultures, as evident by the nation's three official languages: French, German, and the national language of Luxembourgish. The repeated invasions by Germany, especially in World War II, resulted in the country's strong will for mediation between France and Germany and, among other things, led to the foundation of the European Union.

National library Library specifically established by the government

A national library is a library established by a government as a country's preeminent repository of information. Unlike public libraries, these rarely allow citizens to borrow books. Often, they include numerous rare, valuable, or significant works. A national library is that library which has the duty of collecting and preserving the literature of the nation within and outside the country. Thus, national libraries are those libraries whose community is the nation at large. Examples include the British Library, and the Bibliothèque nationale de France in Paris.

Contents

Further reading

International Standard Book Number Unique numeric book identifier

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References

  1. "BnL - en bref" [BnL - in brief]. bnl.public.lu (in French). Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  2. "Un nouveau bâtiment pour la BnL" [A new building for the BnL]. bnl.public.lu (in French). Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  3. "Réseau des bibliothèques luxembourgeoises bibnet.lu" [Network of Luxembourg libraries bibnet.lu]. bibnet.lu (in French). Retrieved 14 October 2019.