National Library of Thailand

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National Library of Thailand
หอสมุดแห่งชาติ
h`smudaehngchaati (thaawaasukrii).jpg
National Library of Thailand, Bangkok
TypeNational library
Established1905
LocationBangkok
Coordinates 13°46′20″N100°30′18″E / 13.772337°N 100.505094°E / 13.772337; 100.505094 Coordinates: 13°46′20″N100°30′18″E / 13.772337°N 100.505094°E / 13.772337; 100.505094
Collection
Size3.2M items (2013)
Other information
Budget86,840,300 baht (2013)
DirectorKanok-on Sakdadate (2013)
Staff197 (2013)
Website www.nlt.go.th

The National Library of Thailand (Thai : หอสมุดแห่งชาติ) is the legal depositary and copyright library for Thailand. It was created in 1905, after the merger of the three existing royal libraries, and is one of the oldest national libraries in Asia. It operates under the jurisdiction of the Fine Arts Department of the Ministry of Culture in Bangkok, Thailand. [1]

Thai language language spoken in Thailand

Thai, Central Thai, is the sole official and national language of Thailand and the first language of the Central Thai people and vast majority of Thai Chinese. It is a member of the Tai group of the Kra–Dai language family. Over half of Thai vocabulary is derived from or borrowed from Pali, Sanskrit, Mon and Old Khmer. It is a tonal and analytic language, similar to Chinese and Vietnamese.

Legal deposit is a legal requirement that a person or group submit copies of their publications to a repository, usually a library. The requirement is mostly limited to books and periodicals. The number of copies varies and can range from one to 19. Typically, the national library is one of the repositories of these copies. In some countries there is also a legal deposit requirement placed on the government, and it is required to send copies of documents to publicly accessible libraries.

Thailand Constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia

Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a country at the centre of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces. At 513,120 km2 (198,120 sq mi) and over 68 million people, Thailand is the world's 50th largest country by total area and the 21st-most-populous country. The capital and largest city is Bangkok, a special administrative area. Thailand is bordered to the north by Myanmar and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and the southern extremity of Myanmar. Its maritime boundaries include Vietnam in the Gulf of Thailand to the southeast, and Indonesia and India on the Andaman Sea to the southwest. Although nominally a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy, the most recent coup in 2014 established a de facto military dictatorship.

Contents

As of 2013 the library in Bangkok housed over three million items and had 11 provincial branches. Its budget was 87 million baht and it employed about 200 staff. [2]

Thai baht currency

The baht is the official currency of Thailand. It is subdivided into 100 satang. The issuance of currency is the responsibility of the Bank of Thailand.

Background

Sign, National Library of Thailand Bangkok National Library - 2017-05-05 (003).jpg
Sign, National Library of Thailand

The National of Library of Thailand's main tasks are collecting, storing, preserving, and organizing all national intellectual property regardless of medium. Collections include Thai manuscripts, [3] stone inscriptions, palm leaves, Thai traditional books, and printed publications as well as audio-visual materials and digital resources. The library is a national information resource serving citizens nationwide.

The National Library has a long history. Its precursor was the Phra Vajirayana Royal Library (Thai : หอสมุดพระวชิรญาณ) which was established in 1883, by sons and daughters of King Mongkut (Rama IV) to honor their royal father. Later in 1897, King Chulalongkorn returned from his European visit and expressed his desire to dedicate the Vajirayana Library to the Capital. In 1905, three libraries, the Mandira Dharma Library, the Vajirayanana Library, and the Buddhasasana Sangaha Library, were amalgamated at the command of King Chulalongkorn and renamed the "Vajirayanana Library for the Capital City". The library has remained under royal patronage since that date. In 1933, after democratic reforms, the Fine Arts Department was established and assumed administration of the Vajirayanana Library by royal degree. It was subsequently renamed the "National Library". In 1966, the National Library was relocated to Samsen Road in Bangkok and is now administered by the Ministry of Culture.

Chulalongkorn King of Siam

Chulalongkorn, also known as King Rama V, reigning title Phra Chula Chom Klao Chao Yu Hua, was the fifth monarch of Siam under the House of Chakri. He was known to the Siamese of his time as Phra Phuttha Chao Luang. His reign was characterized by the modernization of Siam, governmental and social reforms, and territorial concessions to the British and French. As Siam was threatened by Western expansionism, Chulalongkorn, through his policies and acts, managed to save Siam from colonization. All his reforms were dedicated to ensuring Siam's survival in the face of Western colonialism, so that Chulalongkorn earned the epithet Phra Piya Maharat.

Samsen or spelled Sam Sen is a road and neighbourhood in Bangkok considered to be one of Bangkok's oldest. Samsen road starts from Bang Lamphu intersection in the area of Bang Lamphu within Phra Nakhon district and wends northeast to Dusit district until it ends at Kiakkai intersection, covering 4.6 km. It runs parallel to east Chao Phraya river.

Outline history

YearEvent
1905Three royal libraries was combined by King Rama V.
1916The Vajirayanana Library for the Capital City was moved to Thavaravathu Building, east of Wat Mahathat.
1925Printed material collections were housed in the Thavaravathu Building, later renamed "Vajiravudh Library" by King Rama VII. All original ancient manuscripts and Thai gilded bookcases were transferred to Sivamokkabiman Hall and renamed the "Vajirayanana Library".
1933The library was placed under the care of the Fine Arts Department as the "Library Division"
1947Damrong Rajanubhab Memorial Library was founded and later transferred to a new building in the Varadis Palace compound on Lan Luang Road.
1966The National Library was moved to Samsen Road.
1972-2009Establishment of 16 provincial National Library branches
1979Establishment of the Naradhip Centre for Research in Social Sciences in the Thavaravathu Building
1981King Vajiravudh Memorial Hall was constructed to house royal private collections and exhibit royal waxworks as well as Dusit Thani Experimental Democratic Cities of King Rama VI.
1990Opening of King Bhumibol Adulyadej Library Building.
1994Opening of the Princess Sirindhorn Music Library.
1997Opening of King Rama IX Music Library.
1999Opening of Lat Krabang National Library Branch.
2000King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hall set up as the centre of royal activities information to honor and commemorate royal activities via a permanent exhibition within Thavaravathu Building.

Mission statement

  1. Collect, catalog, and research national intellectual property.
  2. Develop standards for the storage and preservation of national intellectual property.
  3. Create and augment the value of national intellectual property.
  4. Develop systems for rendering services to the diverse users of the library.
  5. Develop systems to manage the nation's intellectual property heritage.

Related Research Articles

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Damrong Rajanubhab Thai prince

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References

  1. National Library, Organization Archived 2014-02-19 at the Wayback Machine .
  2. "NATIONAL LIBRARY OF THAILAND ANNUAL REPORT [2014]" (PDF). National Diet Library, Japan. National Library of Thailand. Retrieved 14 February 2018.
  3. Reeder, Matt (2016-05-16). "The National Library of Thailand, Manuscript Collection". Dissertation Reviews.