National Museum of History

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National Museum of History
國立歷史博物館
ROC National Museum of History Seal.svg
National Museum of History, Taipei.jpg
National Museum of History
Former nameNational Museum of Historical Artifacts and Fine Arts
Established1955
Location Zhongzheng, Taipei, Taiwan
Coordinates 25°1′52.89″N121°30′40.35″E / 25.0313583°N 121.5112083°E / 25.0313583; 121.5112083 Coordinates: 25°1′52.89″N121°30′40.35″E / 25.0313583°N 121.5112083°E / 25.0313583; 121.5112083
DirectorLiao Hsin-tien
Website www.nmh.gov.tw

The National Museum of History (NMH; Chinese :國立歷史博物館; pinyin :Guólì Lìshǐ Bówùguǎn) is located in the Nanhai Academy in Zhongzheng District, Taipei, Taiwan. After the Republic of China government moved to Taiwan, the National Museum of History was the first museum to be established in Taiwan.

Contents

History

A "National Museum of Historical Artifacts and Fine Arts" was established in a Japanese style building near the Taipei Botanical Garden in 1955. It was renamed "National Museum of History" in 1956 and the building was renovated in a five-floor traditional Chinese Ming and Qing palace style, with four floors for exhibition and staff offices, and one floor for storage. Despite its limited space, the NMH is renowned for its international exhibitions, and proactive and innovative museum development and educational programs. Various conversions of the building have been carried out over the years to adapt it as a modern space fit for the newest exhibition facilities and requirements.

The NMH's collection originally comprised the artifacts of the Henan Museum that were relocated to Taiwan in 1949, and of relics recovered from the Japanese after the Sino-Japanese War. It was named the National Museum of History in 1949 and the Chinese calligraphy title inscription was completed by famous scholar Yu Youren. [1] The collection included bronzes unearthed in Xinzheng, Hui and Anyang (in Henan Province), Pre-Qin pottery unearthed in Luoyang, Han green-glazed pottery, dancer and musician figurines of the Six Dynasties, Tang tri-colored pottery, and more. The arrival of allocated artifacts and donations from private collectors gradually enriched the Museum's collection and enlarged its archives.

In July 2018 the museum was closed for renovations and is planned to reopen at the end of 2021. [2]

Collection

The museum collections continued to grow with annual acquisitions obtained with government procurement budget allocations and donations from private collectors. The annual acquisitions provided the museum with artifacts and relics from mainland China, Taiwan, and other countries. The collections dated back to the Neolithic period, the ancient Chinese dynasties of Shang, Zhou, Han, Tang, Song, Yuan, Ming, and Qing, to the contemporary era.

Branch

National Museum of History at Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport Terminal 1 Branch, Cultural and Creative Store, National Museum of History 20130718.jpg
National Museum of History at Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport

The National Museum of History has its branch in Terminal 1 building of the Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport in Taoyuan City.

Transportation

The museum is accessible within walking distance South of Xiaonanmen Station or Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall metro station of the Taipei Metro.

Directors

Source [3]

See also

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References

  1. http://webtitle.nmh.gov.tw/yuyouren/433_en.html
  2. https://www.taipeitimes.com/News/feat/archives/2019/09/12/2003722122
  3. "Previous Directors". National Museum of History. Retrieved 15 February 2019.