This is intended to be a complete list of properties and districts listed on the National Register of Historic Places in Orleans County, New York. The locations of National Register properties and districts (at least for all showing latitude and longitude coordinates below) may be seen in a map by clicking on "Map of all coordinates".Two listings, the New York State Barge Canal and the Cobblestone Historic District, are further designated a National Historic Landmark.
There are currently 27 listings in the county, the fourth fewest in the state after Schuyler County (19), Hamilton County (22) and Genesee County (23). Seven of the listings are historic districts, including Mount Albion Cemetery (Millville Cemetery is classified as a site). The remaining 20 are individual buildings. No structures in the county are yet listed on the National Register.
|Albany (Albany) – Allegany – Bronx – Broome – Cattaraugus – Cayuga – Chautauqua – Chemung – Chenango – Clinton – Columbia – Cortland – Delaware – Dutchess (Poughkeepsie, Rhinebeck) – Erie (Buffalo) – Essex – Franklin – Fulton – Genesee – Greene – Hamilton – Herkimer – Jefferson – Kings – Lewis – Livingston – Madison – Monroe (Rochester) – Montgomery – Nassau – New York (Below 14th Street, 14th to 59th Streets, 59th to 110th Streets, Above 110th Street, Islands) – Niagara – Oneida – Onondaga – Ontario – Orange – Orleans – Oswego – Otsego – Putnam – Queens – Rensselaer – Richmond – Rockland – St. Lawrence – Saratoga – Schenectady – Schoharie – Schuyler – Seneca – Steuben – Suffolk – Sullivan – Tioga – Tompkins – Ulster – Warren – Washington – Wayne – Westchester (Northern, Southern, New Rochelle, Peekskill, Yonkers) – Wyoming – Yates|
Of the 20 buildings, at least 10 have been used as dwellings at some point in their history. Twoof those were originally inns that have since become residences. The Tousley-Church House was later converted into the local Daughters of the American Revolution chapter offices. The four conventional historic districts all include some residential properties as well among their contributing properties.
Three other buildings—the Albion and Medina post offices and the Medina Armory—are government buildings. The armory is now used by the local YMCA. No commercial buildings in Orleans County are individually listed on the Register. Nor are any religious buildings, although seven churches contribute to the Orleans County Courthouse Historic District.Similarly, no educational buildings have been listed on their own; the Cobblestone Historic District includes an old one-room schoolhouse among its contributing properties.
In the five districts, there are 135 buildings on 104 acres (42 ha). Most of that acreage is accounted for by Mt. Albion Cemetery, the largest listing in the county at 70 acres (28 ha). The Cobblestone Historic District, with three buildings on two discontiguous plots totaling three-quarters of an acre (3,000 m²), is the smallest district and the smallest National Historic Landmark District in New York.
The other three districts are in the downtowns of Medina and Albion, the largest settlements in the county. The two Albion districts abut each other, with the southerly being characterized by the public buildings, churches and residences around the county courthouse while the northerly is primarily commercial. Medina's Main Street Historic District is almost all commercial property.
All but three of the buildings (and one structure) within the historic districts are considered contributing properties. None of the contributing properties are themselves listed individually on the Register. However, the Albion post office, within the bounds of the county courthouse historic district, is not considered a contributing property to it despite later being listed on the Register, since it was built two decades after the district's period of significance.
|Name on the Register||Image||Date listed||Location||City or town||Description|
|1||Bacon–Harding Farm||February 27, 2013|
|3077 Oak Orchard Road||Gaines||200-year-old farm still owned by the same family; centered around 1844 cobblestone Greek Revival farmhouse|
|2||William V. N. Barlow House||September 8, 1983|
|223 S. Clinton St. ||Albion||Barlow, architect of many important buildings in downtown Albion, including the county courthouse, built this eclectic home for himself in 1875. Its rear yard has one of the village's few remaining hand-pumped wells.|
|3||Jackson Blood Cobblestone House||June 30, 2005|
|142 S. Main St. ||Lyndonville||The Blood family is supposed to have built this sophisticated 1846 Greek Revival cobblestone house by hauling the stones down from Lake Ontario themselves.|
|4||Boxwood Cemetery||January 27, 2015|
|3717 N. Gravel Rd.||Medina||Small cemetery started in 1860s where many of city's original settlers are buried|
|5||Butterfield Cobblestone House||March 1, 2010|
|4690 Bennetts Corners Rd. ||Clarendon||This 1849 Greek Revival cobblestone house is the only such structure in Clarendon. It is considered the finest building in that style in county.|
|6||Clarendon Stone Store||May 9, 2012|
|16301 E. Lee Rd.||Clarendon||General store, an early use of Medina sandstone. Also known as the "Old Stone Store", or the "Copeland Store".|
|7||Cobblestone Historic District||April 1, 1993|
| Ridge Rd. (NY 104) ||Childs||Orleans County's only National Historic Landmark, and the state's smallest NHL district, consists of three 19th-century cobblestone buildings reflecting style at its highest in different periods. They include the state's oldest known cobblestone church and its parsonage, as well as one of only two buildings with cobblestone veneer over wood frame.|
|8||Cobblestone Inn||July 24, 2007|
|12226 Ridge Rd. ||Oak Orchard on-the-Ridge||This 1837 tavern, which one served traffic on the Ridge Road, is possibly the largest cobblestone building in the state. It later became a restaurant and is now a residential duplex|
|9||Gaines District No. 2 Cobblestone Schoolhouse||June 12, 2017|
|3286 Gaines Basin Rd.||Albion vicinity||Intact 1832 schoolhouse built to handle population influx after completion of Erie Canal|
|10||Benjamin Franklin Gates House||June 4, 2009|
|13079 W. Lee Rd. ||Barre||Gates, a pioneering settler of Barre, built this Greek Revival stacked-plank house and the region's first tannery around 1830. New owners restored it in the early 21st century; it is still a working farm.|
|11||Hillside Cemetery||June 25, 2013|
| NY 237 & S. Holley Rd.||Clarendon||Resting place of many early settlers of town later adapted into rural cemetery|
|12||Holley Village Historic District||August 24, 2015|
|1 Village Sq., 3-35 Frisbe Terrace, Public Sq., 32-34 Albion, 1-13 S. Main, 1 Wright, 2 White, 1 & 4-18 Thomas Sts.||Holley||Commercial and institutional core of a village as it developed over a century following a distinctive street plan along the Erie Canal.|
|13||Main Street Historic District||March 23, 1995|
|Roughly, along Main and Center Sts., West Ave. and Proctor Pl. ||Medina||When Medina came into existence following the construction of the Erie Canal, this strip from the canal to the railroad tracks was the first area of the village. Its buildings, from the 1830s to the 1940s, are relics of Medina's industrial peak years. The district was later expanded slightly to include the Medina Railroad Museum building.|
|14||Medina Armory||April 13, 1995|
|302 Pearl St. ||Medina||This structure, built of locally quarried Medina sandstone, was George Heins' first commission as state architect in 1901. It is today the Lake Plains YMCA.|
|15||Millville Cemetery||October 31, 2007|
|E. Shelby Rd. ||Millville||This exemplary 1871 rural cemetery on a small hill, expanded from earlier burying ground, is the final resting place of many residents of this former bustling agricultural hamlet.|
|16||Mt. Albion Cemetery||September 27, 1976|
| New York State Route 31 ||Town of Albion||This rural cemetery was built in 1842 on a high drumlin outside of Albion. It features local Civil War monument and chapel. Among those buried here are many local politicians of the 19th century, and former Georgia governor Rufus Bullock.|
|17||New York State Barge Canal||October 15, 2014|
|Linear across county||Albion, Gaines, Holley, Medina, Murray, Ridgeway, Shelby||Successor to Erie Canal approved by state voters in early 20th century to compete with railroads.|
|18||North Main-Bank Streets Historic District||November 30, 1994|
|Roughly, along N. Main, E. Bank, W. Bank and Liberty Sts. ||Albion||The northerly of Albion's two downtown historic districts is one of the most intact commercial areas along the Erie Canal, with buildings from the century after its completion.|
|19||Orleans County Courthouse Historic District||August 31, 1979|
|Courthouse Sq. and environs ||Albion||The southern downtown Albion historic district is the civic and religious center of the village and county. Centered around William Barlow's 1858 county courthouse are residential, commercial and institutional buildings, including seven churches. Many use Medina sandstone.|
|20||Payjack Chevrolet Building||May 8, 2012|
|320 N. Main St.||Medina||1949 concrete building is intact example of car dealership facility built to General Motors international standards of that era.|
|21||Servoss House||February 28, 2008|
|3963 Fruit Ave. ||Ridgeway||A former canal worker built this early 1830s Greek Revival house alongside the canal using an unusual horizontal-plank structural system.|
|22||John Shelp Cobblestone House||November 20, 2008|
|10181 West Shelby Rd. ||West Shelby||In the late 19th century, the owners of this sophisticated 1836 Greek Revival cobblestone house redid the interior in the Queen Anne Style|
|23||Skinner-Tinkham House||April 15, 2004|
|4652 Oak Orchard Rd. ||Barre Center||This 1829 Federal-style tavern along a busy highway, later remodeled into house, is one of the county's few surviving brick buildings in that style. Restoration efforts are underway after several decades of neglect.|
|24||Stevens–Sommerfeldt House||May 26, 2015|
|5482 Holley-Byron Rd.||Clarendon||Rare surviving late Federal Stone House, built in 1820s|
|25||Tousley-Church House||February 5, 2002|
|249 N. Main St. ||Albion||This 1840 Greek Revival house was expanded ten years later in a fashion showing strong influence of Minard Lafever. Since being renovated in the 1930s it has housed the local Daughters of the American Revolution chapter.|
|26||US Post Office-Albion||November 17, 1988|
|8 S. Main St. ||Albion||This 1937 post office uses one of more popular Colonial Revival designs for post offices in the state. It is within the Orleans County Courthouse Historic District, but not considered a contributing property to that listing since it was built after 1910.|
|27||US Post Office-Medina||May 11, 1989|
|128 W. Center St. ||Medina||The only other known reuse of this sophisticated 1931 Colonial Revival design is in Salem, Indiana.|
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|journal=(help) and Accompanying 14 photos, exterior and interior, from 1965 and 1992. (3.12 MB)