National Renewal (Chile)

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National Renewal

Renovación Nacional
LeaderRafael Prohens Espinosa
Secretary-GeneralFelipe Cisternas Sobarzo
Founded29 April 1987
Merger of National Union Movement, Independent Democratic Union and National Labour Front [1] [2]
HeadquartersAvenida Antonio Varas 454, Providencia, Santiago, Chile
Youth wing Youth of National Renewal (JRN)
National affiliation Chile Vamos [3]
Membership (2017)31.214 (4th) [4]
Ideology Conservatism [5]
Liberal conservatism [6]
Political position Centre-right [7] [8] to right-wing [2] [9]
International affiliation International Democrat Union [10]
Centrist Democrat International [11]
Regional affiliation Union of Latin American Parties [12]
Colours    Blue, White and Red
Chamber of Deputies
34 / 155
Senate
8 / 43
Party flag
Flag of Renovacion Nacional.png
Website
www.rn.cl

National Renewal (Spanish : Renovación Nacional, RN) is a liberal conservative [6] [13] political party in Chile. It is member of Chile Vamos, a center-right coalition. The leader is Sebastián Piñera, the President of Chile.

Contents

History

National Renewal was formed on 29 April 1987 when three rightist organizations – the National Union Movement (Movimiento de Unión Nacional, MUN), the National Labour Front (Frente Nacional del Trabajo, FNT), and the Independent Democratic Union (Unión Demócrata Independiente, UDI) — joined together in preparation for the 1988 Plebiscite that would determine the continuity or not of rule of Augusto Pinochet who had been in power since the coup of 1973. The UDI soon broke away to run as a separate party due to its strong support for the plebiscite and a Pinochet candidacy, while the remaining National Renewal party indicated its preference for an open election or a candidate other than Pinochet. However, once Pinochet was proclaimed candidate, the overwhelming majority of National Renewal supported him.

The party was founded on 29 April with 351 founding members. In this way, National Renewal was the first political party to form in Chile after the lifting on the ban of political parties that had been established after the coup; by December of that year, 61,167 members, led by Andrés Allamand, had joined. The principal idea that the party proclaimed was to generate an environment of calm during the return of democracy. The party supported UDI candidate Joaquín Lavín as the sole Alliance candidate in the 1999/2000 presidential elections, who went on to obtain 47.5% of the votes in the first round, but was subsequently defeated in the second round by Ricardo Lagos.

During early 2005, the party initially supported Lavín to again run as the sole candidate of the Alliance in the presidential election of that year. However, in face of Lavín's declining opinion poll numbers, Sebastián Piñera announced his candidacy as the National Renewal candidate thus ensuring that the Alliance have two candidates for the election. In the first round on 11 December, Piñera obtained 25.4% of the vote, which was enough to send him to the run-off on 15 January 2006 with Michelle Bachelet. With 46.5% of the vote, Piñera was defeated by Bachelet.

In the legislative elections, also on 11 December 2005, the party won, as part of the Alliance for Chile, 20 out of 120 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and currently holds 7 out of 38 seats in the Senate.

In the parliamentary elections, also on 13 December 2009, the party gains, as part of the Coalition for Change, 18 out of 120 seats in the Chamber of Deputies of Chile and currently has 8 out of 38 seats in the Senate of Chile.

In the 2010 presidential election, Sebastián Piñera was elected president of Chile. [14]

In 2013, Andrés Allamand was presidential precandidate for primary elections, the National Renewal party supported the presidential candidacy of Evelyn Matthei for the presidential election, that lost in second round with the 37% of the votes.

In January 2014, three deputies (Karla Rubilar, Pedro Browne and Joaquín Godoy) [15] and one senator (Lily Pérez) [16] resigned to membership in the party and launched a political movement called "Amplitude" (Amplitud), that aimed to be a new political party inside the Alliance. In the internal elections of 2014 the party, the deputy Cristián Monckeberg was elected president of the party. On 2 August 2014, National Renewal debuts its new logo with a blue and red star gradient colours. In August 2014 the deputy Gaspar Rivas left the party. [17]

On 22 November 2014, on a Doctrinal Council held in Pucón, National Renewal drafted a new statement of principles [18] where they were eliminated references to the coup d'état of September 11, 1973. [19]

On 4 October 2015, National Renewal formed with the Independent Democratic Union (UDI), Political Evolution (Evópoli) and the Independent Regionalist Party (PRI) the new centre-right coalition called Chile Vamos. [20]

In July 2016, the Senator of National Renewal Manuel José Ossandón left the party to form his presidential candidacy in 2017. The National Renewal party, in 2017, accorded support the presidential candidacy of Sebastián Piñera within UDI and PRI to primary elections of the centre-right coalition Chile Vamos.

In the parliamentary elections of 2017, National Renewal obtained 36 seats in the Chamber of Deputies with 17.80% of the votes and 8 seats in the Senate with 20.98% of the votes, thus becoming the most voted party in these elections and displacing its coalition partner, the Independent Democratic Union.

In 11 March 2018, for the second government of Sebastián Piñera, National Renewal has 5 Ministers, 8 Undersecretaries, 5 regional Intendants and 24 provincial Governors.

Presidents of National Renewal

National Renewal has nine party presidents in its history:

Electoral history

Presidential elections

The following is a list of the presidential candidates supported by the National Renewal. (Information gathered from the Archive of Chilean Elections).

Election yearCandidate1st Round2nd RoundResults
# Votes % Votes# Votes % Votes
1989 Hernán Büchi 2,052,11629.4%N/ALost
1993 Arturo Alessandri Besa 1,703,40824.2%N/ALost
19992000 Joaquín Lavín 3,352,19247.5%3,495,56948.7%Lost
20052006 Sebastián Piñera 1,763,69425.4%3,236,39446.5%Lost
20092010 Sebastián Piñera 3,074,16444.1%3,591,18251.6%Won
2013 Evelyn Matthei 1,648,48125.1%2,111,89137.8%Lost
2017 Sebastián Piñera 2,418,54036.6%3,796,91854.5%Won

Congress election

Election year Chamber of Deputies Senate Status
# Votes % VotesSeats# Votes % VotesSeats
1989 1,242,43218.3%
29 / 120
731,67810.8%
5 / 38
Minority
1993 1,098,85216.3%
29 / 120
279,58014.9%
11 / 38
Minority
1997 971,90316.8%
23 / 120
629,39414.9%
7 / 38
Minority
2001 845,86513.8%
18 / 120
342,04519.7%
4 / 18
Minority
2005 932,42214.1%
19 / 120
515,18510.8%
8 / 38
Minority
2009 1,178,39217.8%
18 / 120
382,72820.2%
8 / 38
Minority
2009 1,178,39217.8%
18 / 120
382,72820.2%
8 / 38
Minority
2013 928,03714.9%
19 / 120
733,72616.2%
8 / 38
Minority
2017 1,067,27017.8%
36 / 155
349,62220.9%
6 / 23
Minority

Party logos

See also

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References

  1. "El desembarco de la derecha" (PDF). Análisis (in Spanish). 10 March 1987. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 April 2016. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
  2. 1 2 Flores-Macías, Gustavo A. (2012), After Neoliberalism?: The Left and Economic Reforms in Latin America, Oxford University Press, p. 153
  3. "UDI, RN, PRI y Evópoli firman acuerdo para la creación de una nueva coalición política". La Tercera. 29 January 2015. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
  4. "Affiliates table" (PDF). www.servel.cl. Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  5. Arceneaux, Craig; Pion-Berlin, David (2005), Transforming Latin America: The International And Domestic Origins Of Change, University of Pittsburgh Press, p. 148
  6. 1 2 Kirby, Peadar (2003), Introduction to Latin America: Twenty-First Century Challenges, Sage, p. 157, ...the Renovacion Nacional (RN) with its internal divisions between liberals and conservatives...
  7. "Chile's ex-leader Bachelet favoured in presidential vote". France 24 . 16 November 2013.
  8. "Chilean ambassador resigns after praising Pinochet". BBC . 9 June 2010.
  9. Posner, Paul W. (2008), State, Market, and Democracy in Chile: The Constraint of Popular Participation, Palgrave Macmillan, p. 114
  10. "Members | International Democrat Union". 1 February 2018.
  11. "parties".
  12. "Partidos Miembros".
  13. "Partido Renovación Nacional - Partidos, movimientos y coaliciones - Historia Política - Biblioteca del Congreso Nacional de Chile". www.bcn.cl. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  14. emol.com (17 January 2010). "Minuto a Minuto: Piñera pide a la Concertación "que sea oposición fuerte, pero leal" (finalizado)" . Retrieved 5 May 2013.
  15. Francisco Torrealba and Alberto Labra (7 January 2014). "Karla Rubilar, Joaquín Godoy y Pedro Browne confirman renuncia a Renovación Nacional". La Tercera . Retrieved 8 January 2014.
  16. "Lily Pérez y renuncia a RN: "Dejó de ser el partido al que entré"". La Tercera. 16 January 2014. Archived from the original on 16 January 2014. Retrieved 17 January 2014.
  17. "Diputado Gaspar Rivas: "Renuncio a Renovación Nacional. Chao con RN"". Publimetro . 7 August 2014. Archived from the original on 11 August 2014. Retrieved 7 August 2014.
  18. "Consejo de RN elimina alusión al Golpe Militar de su declaración de principios". EMOL. 22 November 2014. Retrieved 26 November 2014.
  19. "Renovación Nacional aprobó la eliminación de referencia al golpe en sus principios". EMOL. 20 December 2014. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
  20. ""Chile Vamos" es el nombre de consenso en la Coalición de centro-derecha". BioBioChile - La Red de Prensa Más Grande de Chile. 4 October 2015.