National Stadium (Tokyo, 1958)

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National Stadium
Kokuritsu Kyōgijō
Yamazaki-nabisco-Cup final 2004.jpg
The stadium during a
J.League Cup match, 2004
National Stadium (Tokyo, 1958)
Location10-2, Kasumigaoka-machi, Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan
Public transit PrefSymbol-Tokyo.svg E25 Kokuritsu-Kyōgijō
JR logo (east).svg JB12 Sendagaya
OwnerJapan Sport Council
Capacity 48,000
Field size105 m × 68 m (344 ft × 223 ft)
SurfaceGrass
Construction
OpenedMarch 1958;63 years ago (1958-03)
ClosedMay 31, 2014;7 years ago (2014-05-31)
DemolishedMay 2015;6 years ago (2015-05)
ArchitectMitsuo Katayama

National Stadium (国立競技場, Kokuritsu kyōgijō) was a multi-purpose stadium in Kasumigaoka, Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan. The stadium served as the main stadium for the opening and closing ceremonies, as well as being the venue for track and field events at the 1964 Summer Olympics. [1] The Japan national football team's home matches and major football club cup finals were held at the stadium. The stadium's official capacity was 57,363, but the seating capacity was only 48,000 seats.

Contents

Demolition was completed in May 2015, and the site will be redeveloped with a new larger-capacity Olympic Stadium. [2] The new stadium is set to be the main venue for the 2020 Summer Olympics and Paralympics.

The original plans for the new stadium were scrapped in July 2015 by Japanese prime minister Shinzo Abe, who announced a rebid after a public outcry because of increased building costs. As a result, the new design was not ready for the 2019 Rugby World Cup, as originally intended. [3] A new design created by architect Kengo Kuma was chosen in December 2015 to replace the original design and was completed in November 2019.

History

The stadium was completed in 1958 as the Japanese National Stadium on the site of the former Meiji Shrine Outer Park Stadium. Its first major event was the 1958 Asian Games.

The venue was unscathed by the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami. Yasuhiro Nakamori, international relations director for the Japanese Olympic Committee, told Around the Rings he attributed the lack of damage to Japan's stringent building codes. [4]

The National Stadium has also held a number of music concerts in the past: The Three Tenors (Luciano Pavarotti, Plácido Domingo, and Jose Carreras) in 1996, SMAP in 2005, Dreams Come True in 2007, Arashi (15 concerts between 2008 and 2013), [5] L'Arc-en-Ciel in 2012, [6] Momoiro Clover Z in 2014, [7] AKB48 in 2014, [8] and finally, the Joint concert "Sayonara National Stadium Final Week Japan Night" on May 28 & 29, 2014, [9] [10] which served as final goodbye to the stadium before being demolished, with artists such as Ikimono-gakari, Gospellers, Sukima Switch, Naoto Inti Raymi, Funky Kato, Sekai no Owari, Perfume, Man with a Mission, L'Arc-en-Ciel, among others.

Notable events

Transportation

Access to the stadium was from Sendagaya or Shinanomachi stations along the JR Chūō-Sōbu Line; from Kokuritsu Kyogijo Station on the Toei Oedo Line; and from Gaienmae Station on the Tokyo Metro Ginza Line.

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References

  1. 1964 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 1. Part 1. pp. 118–120.
  2. "Demolition of Tokyo's old Olympic stadium completed, clearing way for new 2020 Olympic venue". espn.go.com. ESPN. 2015-05-13. Retrieved 2015-09-26.
  3. Himmer, Alastair (17 July 2015). "Japan rips up 2020 Olympic stadium plans to start anew". news.yahoo.com. AFP. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
  4. "Tokyo Olympic Venues Escape Earthquake Damage". Aroundtherings.com. 2011-03-11. Retrieved 2015-09-26.
  5. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-07-21. Retrieved 2019-05-19.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. "L'Arc~en~Ciel LIVE 2014 - National Stadium, March 21st, 2014 (Fri) - March 22nd, 2014 (Sat)". larcenciel.livejournal.com.
  7. "Live Report: Momoclo's DREAMED Kokuritsu!!". Japanese kawaii idol music culture news | Tokyo Girls Update.
  8. "AKB来年3・29国立単独公演 女性グループでは初― スポニチ Sponichi Annex 芸能". Sponichi.co.jp. 2013-12-18. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
  9. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-05-27. Retrieved 2019-05-19.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. "SAYONARA National Stadium FINAL WEEK JAPAN NIGHT – Day 2 [29th May 2014]| Kojacon Report".
Preceded by
Stadio Olimpico
Rome
Summer Olympics
Opening and Closing Ceremonies (National Stadium)

1964
Succeeded by
Estadio Olímpico Universitario
Mexico City
Preceded by
Stadio Olimpico
Rome
Olympic Athletics competitions
Main Venue

1964
Succeeded by
Estadio Olímpico Universitario
Mexico City
Preceded by
Stadio Flaminio
Rome
Summer Olympics
Football Men's Finals (National Stadium)

1964
Succeeded by
Estadio Azteca
Mexico City
Preceded by
Two-legged
finals
Intercontinental Cup
Final Venue

1980–2001
Succeeded by
International Stadium Yokohama
Yokohama
Preceded by
Vacant
( Two-legged finals )
AFC Champions League
Final Venue

2009, 2010
Succeeded by
Jeonju World Cup Stadium
Preceded by
Bielefelder Alm
Bielefeld
FIFA U-20 Women's World Cup
Final Venue

2012
Succeeded by
Olympic Stadium
Montreal

Coordinates: 35°40′41″N139°42′53″E / 35.67806°N 139.71472°E / 35.67806; 139.71472