|Rector||Diana Asinefta Moș|
The National University of Music Bucharest (Romanian : Universitatea Naţională de Muzică Bucureşti, UNMB) is a university-level school of music located in Bucharest, Romania. Established as a school of music in 1863 and reorganized as an academy in 1931, it has functioned as a public university since 2001. It also offered training in drama until 1950, when this function was taken over by two institutes which were later reunited as the UNATC.
The National University of Music is divided into two faculties: the Faculty of Composition, Musicology and Musical Pedagogy and the Faculty of Performing Arts. Administratively, it is divided into the Department of Scientific Research and Artistic Activities, the Department of International Relations and European Programs, the Teacher Training Department, the Music Shows Department, and the Low-Residency Program Department (see also Education in Romania ).
The main building and Rectorate is situated at Ştirbei Vodă Street, 33. As of 2010, UNMB's Rector is Dan Dediu.
The UNMB was established in June 1863 as the Music and Declamation Conservatory (Conservatorul de Muzică şi Declamaţiune, also translated as Music and Drama Conservatory), by decree of Domnitor Alexandru Ioan Cuza. Initially, it was a secondary education institution which included two main sections, the Institute of Vocal Music and the School of Instrumental Music, with branches in Bucharest and Iaşi, Moldavia's former capital.The Bucharest branch replaced the Philharmonic School (Şcoala Filarmonică), which also offered lessons in acting.
The institution's first director was composer Alexandru Flechtenmacher, under whose leadership the Conservatory gave courses in violin, solfege, Christian music choir, piano, harmony, and singing. In 1900, composer Alfons Castaldi set up the first chamber music course.
During the interwar period, the Conservatory grew to accommodate counterpoint, orchestration, aesthetics and music history classes.On July 17, 1931, it was turned into an academy placed under the patronage of King Carol II, and renamed Royal Academy of Music and Dramatic Art (Academia Regală de Muzică şi Artă Dramatică). This was largely due to the efforts of one of Romania's most celebrated composers, George Enescu, who was later named Honorary Professor. In the 1940s, the Academy was led by Mihail Jora, whom the institution itself credits with having revolutionized teaching methods by imposing more rigor and innovative approaches.
In the 1950s, under the communist regime, the Academy took the name of composer Ciprian Porumbescu, and reverted to the name of Conservatory—the Ciprian Porumbescu Conservatory or Conservatorul Ciprian Porumbescu. At the time, it was divided into two faculties: Performing Art and Composition, and Musicology, Orchestra Conducting and Pedagogy. In 1950, the drama department was turned into a separate Theater Institute, named after playwright Ion Luca Caragiale. It reunited with the Film Art Institute, a former branch of the Art Academy, in 1954, to form the UNATC. During this period, from 1950 to 1953, the veteran conductor George Georgescu, a close associate of Enescu who had himself studied cello at the institution a half century before, took his sole academic post, teaching the conducting class.
In 2001, twelve years after the Romanian Revolution, the Romanian government awarded the institution the status of a National University.
Christian Wilhelm Berger is a Romanian composer, organist, and a lecturer at the Bucharest Academy.
Elena Gaja is a Romanian mezzo-soprano opera singer.
Symphony No. 1, Op. 13 in E♭ by the Romanian composer George Enescu reflects the composer's training in both Vienna and Paris. In the former location he studied the Brahmsian tradition with Robert Fuchs, and in the latter the French tradition with Jules Massenet and Gabriel Fauré.
Adrian-Floru Enescu was a Romanian composer of film soundtracks and contemporary music.
Ferenc László, was a musicologist and flutist.
The George Enescu Festival, held in honor of the celebrated Romanian composer George Enescu, is the biggest classical music festival and classical international competition held in Romania and one of the biggest in Eastern Europe. Enescu's close associate George Georgescu organized the first festival in 1958; highlights included a performance of Bach's Concerto for Two Violins with Yehudi Menuhin and David Oistrakh as soloists and a staging of Enescu's sole opera, Œdipe, with Constantin Silvestri conducting.
Ionel Doru Popovici was a Romanian composer, musicologist, writer and musical concerts manager.
Ştefan Gheorghiu was a Romanian musician, violinist and teacher, born in Galați, Romania.
The George Enescu National University of Arts is a public university in Iași, Romania, founded in 1860. It was named in honor of the composer George Enescu.
Elena Cernei was a Romanian operatic mezzo-soprano, musicologist, and voice teacher. During her 25-year career as an opera singer, she sang in leading opera houses in both Europe and North America. In 1963, she was made Artistă Emerită of the Republic of Romania and in 1999 received the degree of Doctor Honoris Causa from the National University of Music Bucharest for her contributions to the field of musicology.
Maia Ciobanu is a Romanian composer and music educator. She is also the author of books, studies and papers on music.
Felicia Donceanu is a Romanian painter, sculptor and composer.
Dumitru Georgescu Kiriac was a Romanian composer, conductor, and ethnomusicologist. He was particularly known for his sacred choral works and art songs which were based on the Romanian Orthodox tradition and Romanian folklore.
Grigore Nica (1936–2009) was a Romanian composer, music teacher and performer.
Radu Paladi was a Romanian composer, pianist, and conductor. His compositions include stage and film music, choral works, vocal music and vocal-symphonic works, chamber music, symphonic music as well as concertos.
The Chamber Symphony, Op. 33, in E major, is a symphony written for twelve instruments, and the last work finished by the Romanian composer George Enescu.
Silvia Șerbescu was a Romanian concert pianist. She was one of the first important concert pianists emerging from the Romanian piano school, and a distinguished piano pedagogue. Her interpretations of Rachmaninoff, Prokofiev and Debussy were memorable. From 1948 until 1965 she was a piano professor at the Bucharest Music Conservatory.
The Sonata No. 1 for Piano in F-sharp minor, Op. 24, No. 1, is a work by the Romanian composer George Enescu, completed in 1924.
Sonata No. 2 for Violin and Piano in F minor, Op. 6, is a chamber-music work by the Romanian composer George Enescu, completed in 1899.
"Drum bun" is a Romanian march composed by Ștefan Nosievici in 1856. It was one of the two male choirs he composed, the other being "Tătarul". The Society for Romanian Culture and Literature in Bukovina posthumously published the song in 1869 after Nosievici's death on 12 November of the same year. Although Nosievici composed the march, the lyrics were written by Vasile Alecsandri. Alexandru Flechtenmacher has also been attributed as the author of the song. It used to be very popular, especially among primary schools.