|Droga krajowa nr 1|
|Maintained by GDDKiA|
|Length||640 km (400 mi)|
|Regions:|| Pomeranian Voivodeship |
|Major cities||Gdańsk, Grudziądz, Toruń, Łódź, Częstochowa, Sosnowiec, Katowice, Bielsko-Biała|
| National roads in Poland |
National road 1 (Polish : Droga krajowa nr 1) is a route in the Polish national road network. The highway connects the northern and southern regions of Poland, running from Gdańsk to Zwardoń at the Slovak border, traversing the Pomeranian, Kuyavian-Pomeranian, Łódź and Silesian voivodeships. It has four bridges over the Vistula river. Most of the national road 1 is a component of European highway E75.
Polish is a West Slavic language of the Lechitic group. It is spoken primarily in Poland and serves as the native language of the Poles. In addition to being an official language of Poland, it is also used by Polish minorities in other countries. There are over 50 million Polish-language speakers around the world and it is one of the official languages of the European Union.
According to classes and categories of public roads in Poland, a national road is a public trunk road controlled by the Polish central government authority, the General Directorship of National Roads and Motorways. Other types of roads in Poland are under the control of entities at voivodeship, powiat and gmina levels: voivodeship roads, powiat roads and gmina roads.
Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, is a country located in Central Europe. It is divided into 16 administrative subdivisions, covering an area of 312,696 square kilometres (120,733 sq mi), and has a largely temperate seasonal climate. With a population of approximately 38.5 million people, Poland is the sixth most populous member state of the European Union. Poland's capital and largest metropolis is Warsaw. Other major cities include Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk, and Szczecin.
From Gdańsk to Piotrków Trybunalski, the road has a motorway standard and is marked as A1 motorway.
Gdańsk is a city on the Baltic coast of northern Poland. With a population of 466,631, Gdańsk is the capital and largest city of the Pomeranian Voivodeship and one of the most prominent cities within the cultural and geographical region of Kashubia. It is Poland's principal seaport and the centre of the country's fourth-largest metropolitan area.
Piotrków Trybunalski is a city in central Poland with 73,670 inhabitants (2018). It is situated in the Łódź Voivodeship, and was previously the capital of the Piotrków Voivodeship (1975–1998). It is the capital of Piotrków County.
The autostrada A1, officially named Amber Highway in Poland is a north-south motorway, partly under construction, that runs through central Poland, from Gdańsk through Łódź and the Upper Silesian Industry Area to the Polish-Czech border in Gorzyczki/Věřňovice, where it is connected with the Czech motorway D1. Except for its southernmost section, the motorway is a part of European route E75.
From Piotrków Trybunalski to Katowice, it is part of the Gierkówka route - a dual carriageway road constructed in the 1970s not up to motorway standard, marked as National road 1. As of 2019, the reconstruction of its northern half (from Tuszyn to Częstochowa) into A1 motorway has started, forcing closure of one carriageway and diverting the whole traffic to the second carriageway for the time of reconstruction.
Katowice is a city in southern Poland, with a city-proper population of 294,510 making it the eleventh-largest city in Poland and is the center of the Katowice metropolitan area, which has approximately 2 million people.
A dual carriageway or divided highway is a class of highway with carriageways for traffic travelling in opposite directions separated by a central reservation. Roads with two or more carriageways which are designed to higher standards with controlled access are generally classed as motorways, freeways, etc., rather than dual carriageways.
Tuszyn is a small town in Łódź East County, Łódź Voivodeship, central Poland, with 7,280 inhabitants (2016).
From Podwarpie near Katowice to Zwardoń the road partially has an expressway standard marked as S1 (the other parts are marked as National road 1).
Podwarpie is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Siewierz, within Będzin County, Silesian Voivodeship, in southern Poland. It lies approximately 7 kilometres (4 mi) south of Siewierz, 11 km (7 mi) north-east of Będzin, and 24 km (15 mi) north-east of the regional capital Katowice.
Zwardoń is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Rajcza, within Żywiec County, Silesian Voivodeship, in the Żywiec Beskids mountain range in southern Poland, on the border with Slovakia. It lies approximately 10 kilometres (6 mi) west of Rajcza, 25 km (16 mi) south-west of Żywiec, and 82 km (51 mi) south of the regional capital Katowice. The village is mostly known for mountain tourism and as a border crossing point. In 1884, a railway line to Čadca was opened. Although Zwardoń belongs nowadays to the Silesian Voivodeship, historically it lied in Lesser Poland. The village has a population of approximately 1,000.
Expressway S1 or express road S1 is an expressway under construction in Poland with a planned length of 130 km (81 mi), which is located in the Silesian and Lesser Poland voivodeships. Upon completion, it will connect the A1 motorway near the Katowice International Airport in Pyrzowice with the A4 motorway and the border of Slovakia in Zwardoń along with the D3 Motorway in Slovakia. The main part of the route is the Eastern beltway of Upper Silesian Industrial Region.
Droga krajowa nr 7 is a route of the Polish national roads network running from Żukowo near Gdańsk, through Warsaw and Kraków to the border with Slovakia at Chyżne. It is part of European route E77. The stretch between Kraków and Zakopane is commonly referred to as Zakopianka.
Toruń is a city in northern-central Poland, on the Vistula River. Its population was 202,074, as of December 2018. Previously, it was the capital of the Toruń Voivodeship (1975–1998) and the Pomeranian Voivodeship (1921–1945). Since 1999, Toruń has been a seat of the self-government of the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship and, as such, is one of its two capitals, together with Bydgoszcz. The cities and neighboring counties form the Bydgoszcz–Toruń twin city metropolitan area.
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A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.
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Silesian Voivodeship, or Silesia Province, German: Woiwodschaft Schlesien, Czech: Slezské vojvodství) is a voivodeship, or province, in southern Poland, centered on the historic region known as Upper Silesia, with Katowice serving as its capital.
Łódź Voivodeship is a province (voivodeship) in central Poland. It was created on 1 January 1999 out of the former Łódź Voivodeship (1975–1999) and the Sieradz, Piotrków Trybunalski and Skierniewice Voivodeships and part of Płock Voivodeship, pursuant to the Polish local government reforms adopted in 1998. The province is named after its capital and largest city, Łódź, pronounced.
Highways in Poland are public roads designed to carry large amounts of traffic.
European route E 67 is an E-road running from Prague in the Czech Republic to Helsinki in Finland by way of Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia. It goes via Prague, Wrocław, Warsaw, Kaunas, Panevėžys, Riga, Tallinn and Helsinki.
European route E 75 is part of the International E-road network, which is a series of main roads in Europe.
Gdańsk Główny is the main railway station serving the city of Gdańsk, in the Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland. The station opened in 1900 and is located on the Warsaw–Gdańsk railway, Gdańsk–Stargard railway, the parallel Gdańsk Śródmieście–Rumia railway, Gdańsk Główny–Gdańsk Zaspa Towarowa railway and Gdańsk Główny–Gdańsk Nowy Port railway. The train services are operated by PKP, Przewozy Regionalne and SKM Tricity. Koleje Mazowieckie trains operate here during the summer.
Gdańsk Oliwa railway station is a railway station serving the city of Gdańsk, in the Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland. The station opened in 1870 and is located on the Gdańsk–Stargard railway and the parallel Gdańsk Śródmieście–Rumia railway. The station is located in the Oliwa quarter of the city. The train services are operated by PKP, Przewozy Regionalne and SKM Tricity. Koleje Mazowieckie trains operate here during the summer.
Gdynia Główna railway station is the main railway station serving the city of Gdynia, in the Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland. The station opened in 1921 and is located on the Nowa Wieś Wielka–Gdynia Port railway, Gdańsk–Stargard railway and the parallel Gdańsk Śródmieście–Rumia railway. Trains are operated by PKP, Przewozy Regionalne and SKM Tricity.
Autostrada A18 is a short, planned motorway in southwestern Poland which is to run from the Polish/German border at Olszyna/Forst-Bademeusel to the Polish Autostrada A4. The highway is part of the European route E36 and the Pan-European corridor IIIA from Berlin to Wrocław.
The autostrada A6 in Poland is a 25.7 km (16.0 mi) long motorway that starts at the Polish/German border at Kołbaskowo/Pomellen connecting to the German A11 autobahn. It forms a southern bypass of the Szczecin metropolitan area and terminates to the east of the city, where it becomes the S3 express road to Świnoujście. Another 4.9 km (3 mi) of the S3 road will be redesignated as A6, once improvement work is carried out. The motorway is part of the European route E28.
Obwodnica trójmiejska or Obwodnica Trójmiasta(Tricity Beltway) is part of S6 express road that bypasses the cities of Gdynia, Sopot and Gdańsk. The beltway runs north to south from Gdynia to Pruszcz Gdański and is 38.6 km (24.0 mi) long. Together with the Słupsk bypass, it forms a part of the S6 expressway which will eventually run from Szczecin to Gdańsk. It is also part of the european route E28.
Łódź Army was one of the Polish armies that took part in the Invasion of Poland of 1939. It was officially created on 23 March 1939 with the task of filling the gap between Poznań Army in the north and Kraków Army in the south. Commanded by Juliusz Rómmel, it consisted of five infantry divisions and two cavalry brigades with support from the air force.
Expressway S69 or express road S69 was a major road in Poland which was supposed to run from Bielsko-Biała to the border with Slovakia at Zwardoń/Skalité, where it would connect with Slovak motorway D3. In the original plans, from Bielsko-Biała to Żywiec, the road was to be a dual carriageway with the remaining part to the border with Slovakia a single carriageway only. Since August 2016, the S69 is part of expressway S1.
Droga krajowa nr 91 is a route belonging to Polish national roads network. It runs from the seaport in Gdańsk to Częstochowa, and goes through Pomeranian, Kuyavian-Pomeranian, Łódź and Silesian Voivodeships.
National road 43 is a national road in Poland. It runs through Lódź, Opole and Silesian, and is 75.5 km (46.9 mi) in length. The highway connects Wieluń with Częstochowa. The road runs concurrent with national road 42 between Rudniki and Jaworzno for approximately 4 km, and has a short concurrency with national road 46 in Częstochowa.
National road 2 is part of the Polish national road network. The highway connects the western and eastern regions of Poland, running from Świecko at the German border to Terespol at the border with Belarus, traversing through the Lubusz, Greater Poland, Łódź Masovian and Lublin voivodeships. National road 2 is part of European highway E30.
National Road 6 is a route belonging to the Polish national roads network. The route is in the north of Poland and runs from the German border, in Kołbaskowo-Nadrensee, to Łęgowo for 351 km. The route runs through the West Pomeranian Voivodeship and the Pomeranian Voivodeship; it is important for transportation between the two largest agglomerations in northern Poland, Szczecin and the Tricity.
Włocławek railway station is a railway station serving the town of Włocławek, in the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland. The station is located on the Kutno–Piła railway. The train services are operated by PKP and Przewozy Regionalne.