Naujaat

Last updated

Naujaat
ᓇᐅᔮᑦ
Repulse Bay.jpg
Naujaat in October
Canada Nunavut location map-lambert proj3.svg
Red pog.svg
Naujaat
Canada location map 2.svg
Red pog.svg
Naujaat
Coordinates: 66°32′N086°15′W / 66.533°N 86.250°W / 66.533; -86.250 [1] Coordinates: 66°32′N086°15′W / 66.533°N 86.250°W / 66.533; -86.250 [2]
CountryCanada
Territory Nunavut
Region Kivalliq
Electoral district Aivilik
Government
  TypeHamlet Council
  MayorAlan Robinson
   MLA Solomon Malliki
Area
 (2021) [5]
  Total406.19 km2 (156.83 sq mi)
Elevation
[6]
24 m (79 ft)
Population
 (2021)ref name=2021census/>
  Total1,225
  Density3.0/km2 (7.8/sq mi)
Time zone UTC−06:00 (CST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−05:00 (CDT)
Canadian Postal code
Area code 867

Naujaat (Inuktitut : ᓇᐅᔮᑦ, lit. 'seagulls' nesting place'), known until 2 July 2015 as Repulse Bay, [7] is an Inuit hamlet situated on the Arctic Circle. It is located on the shores of Hudson Bay, at the south end of the Melville Peninsula, in the Kivalliq Region of Nunavut, Canada.

Contents

Location and wildlife

Arctic Circle arch Repulse Bay arch 02.jpg
Arctic Circle arch

Naujaat is at the north end of Roes Welcome Sound which separates Southampton Island from the mainland. On the east side of Naujaat Frozen Strait leads east to Foxe Channel. The hamlet is located exactly on the Arctic Circle, on the north shore of Naujaat and on the south shore of the Rae Isthmus. Transport to the community is provided primarily by air and by an annual sealift. Naujaat is home to a wide variety of animals including polar bears, caribou, seals, whales, and walrus. There are also approximately one hundred species of birds in the area, including gyrfalcons and peregrine falcons.

Revillon Freres post, Repulse Bay, 1926. Revillon Freres a099453-v6.jpg
Revillon Frères post, Repulse Bay, 1926.

History

Naujaat is translated into English variously as "seagull fledgling," "seagull resting place" or "seagulls' nesting place," named after a cliff 5 km (3.1 mi) to the north, where seagulls, migrating from the south each June, make their nests. Naujaat was first visited by Europeans in the 1740s, and by the late 1800s it became a popular whaling ground for American and Scottish whalers. Many Naujaat Inuit residents worked on board these whaling vessels from the south. Although there are various theories as to the origin of the English name "Repulse Bay," many attribute the name to Christopher Middleton, who when searching for the Northwest Passage in 1742 discovered that the bay was not a route out of Hudson Bay, but rather a cul-de-sac. He is claimed to have called it the "Bay of Repulse, the bay where I was pushed away". Others believe that the name comes from an 18th-century English vessel named Repulse which visited the area. The Hudson's Bay Company opened a post in Naujaat about 1916 and in 1923 a rival fur trading company, Revillon Frères, opened a post. A Roman Catholic Mission was built in 1932. Naujaat was formerly part of the District of Keewatin and the Keewatin Region; in 1999 the area became part of the Kivalliq Region.

On 12 May 2014, a by-election was held to elect a new mayor which was won by Solomon Malliki. At the same time a non-binding plebiscite was held to gauge how the community felt about restoring the traditional name, Naujaat. With voter turnout at 36% there were 82 people in favour and 73 opposed to the name change. The name was officially changed on 2 July 2015. [8]

Naujaat today

The Naujaat community continues to rely on traditional sealing, fishing, hunting, trapping, and carving for their livelihood, together with tourism. Naujaat is known for its Inuit artists, especially carvers (typically creating small realist animal sculptures of ivory, soapstone, marble and antler), as well as jewellery and crafts. Its people are the 'Aivilingmiut'.

It is served by Naujaat Airport.

Demographics

Federal census population history of Naujaat
YearPop.±%
1976265    
1981352+32.8%
1986420+19.3%
1991 488+16.2%
1996 559+14.5%
2001 612+9.5%
2006 748+22.2%
2011 945+26.3%
2016 1,082+14.5%
2021 1,225+13.2%
Source: Statistics Canada
[5] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17]

In the 2021 Canadian census conducted by Statistics Canada, Naujaat had a population of 1,225 living in 223 of its 246 total private dwellings, a change of

Broadband communications

Both Qiniq and NorthwesTel have operations in Naujaat. [18] [19] Since late 2018, Qiniq has offered 4G LTE and 2G-GSM technology for mobile users in Naujaat. [20]

Climate

Naujaat has a tundra climate (Köppen ET) with short but cool summers and long, cold winters.

Climate data for Naujaat (Naujaat Airport)
Climate ID: 2403490 ; coordinates 66°31′17″N86°13′29″W / 66.52139°N 86.22472°W / 66.52139; -86.22472 (Repulse Bay Airport) ; elevation: 22.9 m (75 ft); 1981–2010 normals
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high humidex −4.6−11.6−2.12.47.921.129.321.915.44.20.4−1.029.3
Record high °C (°F)−1.7
(28.9)
−11.0
(12.2)
−1.5
(29.3)
3.5
(38.3)
8.0
(46.4)
22.5
(72.5)
28.0
(82.4)
22.0
(71.6)
15.5
(59.9)
4.0
(39.2)
0.0
(32.0)
1.1
(34.0)
28.0
(82.4)
Average high °C (°F)−28.2
(−18.8)
−28.0
(−18.4)
−22.4
(−8.3)
−12.8
(9.0)
−3.6
(25.5)
6.2
(43.2)
13.1
(55.6)
10.3
(50.5)
3.3
(37.9)
−4.4
(24.1)
−15.2
(4.6)
−22.3
(−8.1)
−8.7
(16.3)
Daily mean °C (°F)−31.3
(−24.3)
−31.4
(−24.5)
−26.4
(−15.5)
−17.1
(1.2)
−6.9
(19.6)
3.0
(37.4)
8.8
(47.8)
6.8
(44.2)
0.9
(33.6)
−7.3
(18.9)
−18.8
(−1.8)
−25.8
(−14.4)
−12.1
(10.2)
Average low °C (°F)−34.1
(−29.4)
−34.6
(−30.3)
−30.4
(−22.7)
−21.4
(−6.5)
−10.2
(13.6)
−0.1
(31.8)
4.4
(39.9)
3.2
(37.8)
−1.5
(29.3)
−10.2
(13.6)
−22.2
(−8.0)
−29.3
(−20.7)
−15.5
(4.1)
Record low °C (°F)−47.8
(−54.0)
−50.0
(−58.0)
−45.0
(−49.0)
−40.0
(−40.0)
−27.0
(−16.6)
−11.0
(12.2)
−1.0
(30.2)
−3.0
(26.6)
−11.5
(11.3)
−31.0
(−23.8)
−42.0
(−43.6)
−46.0
(−50.8)
−50.0
(−58.0)
Record low wind chill −66.3−63.7−59.5−49.7−30.2−18.70.0−8.3−18.1−41.1−50.1−59.2−66.3
Average precipitation mm (inches)18.4
(0.72)
14.8
(0.58)
18.6
(0.73)
24.3
(0.96)
18.5
(0.73)
28.9
(1.14)
29.0
(1.14)
46.4
(1.83)
33.6
(1.32)
28.2
(1.11)
29.2
(1.15)
21.4
(0.84)
311.3
(12.26)
Average rainfall mm (inches)0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.4
(0.02)
1.9
(0.07)
23.3
(0.92)
29.0
(1.14)
46.1
(1.81)
22.3
(0.88)
0.8
(0.03)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
123.8
(4.87)
Average snowfall cm (inches)18.8
(7.4)
19.1
(7.5)
21.7
(8.5)
27.7
(10.9)
19.7
(7.8)
5.5
(2.2)
0.0
(0.0)
0.3
(0.1)
12.6
(5.0)
32.6
(12.8)
32.9
(13.0)
24.6
(9.7)
215.4
(84.8)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)10.36.711.09.99.48.49.611.811.113.711.310.3123.4
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)0.00.00.00.20.86.59.611.87.10.60.10.036.5
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)10.27.311.610.79.22.30.00.24.813.111.810.591.6
Average relative humidity (%)74.271.973.580.982.778.165.371.181.185.979.176.076.7
Source: Environment and Climate Change Canada Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010 [21]

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. "Naujaat". Geographical Names Data Base . Natural Resources Canada.
  2. "Naujaat". Geographical Names Data Base . Natural Resources Canada.
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  4. "2021 General Election" (PDF). Elections Nunavut . Retrieved 26 December 2022.
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  6. Elevation at airport. Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 16 July 2020 to 0901Z 10 September 2020.
  7. Naujaat, Nunavut, residents celebrate official renaming today
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Further reading