Naval Medical Research Center

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Naval Medical Research Center
Naval Medical Research Center logo.PNG
The seal of the Naval Medical Research Center shows an optical microscope juxtaposed with outlines of an airplane, aircraft carrier, and submarine.
Active1942–present
CountryUnited States
BranchUnited States Navy
TypeResearch and Development
Size1600+
Part of Bureau of Medicine and Surgery
Commanders
Commanding Officer CAPT Adam W Armstrong

The Naval Medical Research Center (NMRC) is an agency that performs basic and applied biomedical research to meet the needs of the United States Navy and United States Marine Corps. Its areas of focus include study of infectious diseases, biodefense, military medicine, battlefield medicine, and bone marrow research. [1] NMRC is under the United States Department of the Navy's Bureau of Medicine and Surgery. [2]

Contents

History

NMRC was originally the Naval Medical Research Institute, founded in 1942, and was located on the campus of the National Naval Medical Center in Bethesda, Maryland. Besides researching health and safety issues for shipboard environments, it was involved in early radiobiology research after the development of atomic weapons, astronaut training during the 1960s Space Race, as well as the establishment of the Navy Tissue Bank and the National Marrow Donor Program. [1] [3]

The Navy Toxicology Unit, which had been founded in 1959 in response to air quality issues within USS Nautilus as well as toxicity concerns about replacements for flammable hydraulic fluids, was incorporated into the Naval Medical Research Institute in 1975 and moved the following year from Bethesda to Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Dayton, Ohio so it could share resources with the Aerospace Medical Research Laboratory's Toxic Hazards Division. [4] The unit later became the Environmental Health Effects Laboratory at Naval Medical Research Unit Dayton. [5]

In 1998, the Naval Medical Research Institute was reorganized into the Naval Medical Research Center and became an umbrella organization for several other subordinate commands elsewhere in the nation and abroad. Since 1999, it has been located in the Forest Glen Annex in Silver Spring, Maryland. The Forest Glen Annex was originally an annex of the Walter Reed Army Medical Center, but as a result of the Base Realignment and Closure process the facility was transferred to the command of Fort Detrick in 2008. NMRC occupies the Daniel K. Inouye Building, named for the late Senator Daniel Inouye, along with the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research. [1] [3]

Organization

NMRC headquarters at the Daniel K. Inouye Building in the Forest Glen Annex, Silver Spring, Maryland Daniel K. Inouye Building.png
NMRC headquarters at the Daniel K. Inouye Building in the Forest Glen Annex, Silver Spring, Maryland
Naval Health Research Center at Naval Base Point Loma, San Diego, California Naval Health Research Center Point Loma 2014.jpg
Naval Health Research Center at Naval Base Point Loma, San Diego, California
Naval Medical Research Unit Dayton at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Dayton, Ohio Naval Medical Research Unit Dayton 1.gif
Naval Medical Research Unit Dayton at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Dayton, Ohio
Naval Medical Research Unit San Antonio at Brooke Army Medical Center, Joint Base San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas Tri-Service Research Laboratory San Antonio.gif
Naval Medical Research Unit San Antonio at Brooke Army Medical Center, Joint Base San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas

NMRC has 1600 employees. [6] Its main campus in Silver Spring is divided into seven directorates: [7]

The Naval Infectious Diseases Diagnostic Laboratory is also located in the Silver Spring facility. It provides clinical diagnostic laboratory services for active military and their families worldwide, specializing in less-common diseases not covered by the standard military treatment facilities of the Military Health System. [8]

NMRC also has seven subordinate commands: [9]

Naval Medical Research Units One, Four, and Five were disestablished in the 1970s, prior to the other units' incorporation into NMRC in 1998.

Former commanding officers

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Naval Medical Research Unit Four

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Naval Medical Research Unit Three Military unit

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Naval Health Research Center Military unit

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References

  1. 1 2 3 "Fort Detrick 2010 Post Guide" (PDF). U.S. Navy Bureau of Medicine and Surgery. 2010. pp. 6–9. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 October 2011. Retrieved 26 July 2014.
  2. "Navy Medicine Facilities and Commands". Archived from the original on 27 July 2014. Retrieved 25 July 2014.
  3. 1 2 Chiarella, Donald (2005). History of Naval Medicine. Lulu.com. p. 89. ISBN   9781411659339.
  4. National Research Council (1994). Review of the U.S. Naval Medical Research Institute's Toxicology Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. pp. 14–17. ISBN   9780309572828 . Retrieved 25 July 2014.
  5. "Environmental Health Effects Laboratory Command History". U.S. Naval Medical Research Center. Archived from the original on 12 December 2016. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
  6. "About NMRC". U.S. Naval Medical Research Center. Retrieved 25 July 2014.
  7. "NMRC Directorates". U.S. Naval Medical Research Center. Retrieved 25 July 2014.
  8. "Naval Infectious Diseases Diagnostic Laboratory". U.S. Naval Medical Research Center. Retrieved 25 July 2014.
  9. "NMRC Subordinate Commands". U.S. Naval Medical Research Center. Archived from the original on 27 July 2014. Retrieved 25 July 2014.
  10. "Welcome to Naval Medical Research Center - Asia". U.S. Naval Medical Research Center. Retrieved 19 July 2019.

Coordinates: 39°00′07″N77°05′40″W / 39.00194°N 77.09444°W / 39.00194; -77.09444