Neil Bush

Last updated

Neil Bush
Neil Bush (5817515972).jpg
Bush in 2011
Born
Neil Mallon Bush

(1955-01-22) January 22, 1955 (age 69)
Education Tulane University (BA, MBA)
OccupationBusinessman
Political party Republican
Spouses
(m. 1980;div. 2003)
Maria Andrews
(m. 2004)
Children3, including Lauren
Parents
Family Bush

Neil Mallon Bush (born January 22, 1955) is an American businessman and investor. He is the fourth of six children of former President George H. W. Bush and Barbara Bush (née Pierce). His five siblings are George W. Bush, Jeb Bush; a former governor of Florida; the late Pauline Robinson Bush; Marvin Bush; and Dorothy Bush Koch. [1]

Contents

Early life and education

Neil Bush was born on January 22, 1955, in Midland, Texas. [2] Bush was named after a good friend of the family, Henry Neil Mallon, chairman of Dresser Industries, George H. W. Bush's employer. As a child, Bush spent some summers and holidays at his family's estate in Maine, the Bush compound.

At age 11, he enrolled in the exclusive St. Albans School in Washington, D.C. He struggled through school; a counselor told his mother that he was doubtful the boy had the potential to graduate. He was later diagnosed as having dyslexia, and his mother spent much time assisting him with his learning disability. [3] [4] [5] Eventually, his grades improved and he graduated from St. Albans in 1973.

In 1977, Bush earned a degree in economics from Tulane University. In 1979, Bush earned an MBA. [2]

Neil Bush (front row, leftmost) and the Bush family (early 1960s) Entire Bush family.jpg
Neil Bush (front row, leftmost) and the Bush family (early 1960s)

Career and business dealings

Silverado Savings and Loan

He settled in the Denver area where he was friends with members of the family of John Hinckley Jr., who shot President Reagan. [6]

Bush was a member of the board of directors of Denver-based Silverado Savings and Loan from 1985 to 1988 during the S&L crisis of the 1980s. [7] Since his father George H. W. Bush was Vice President of the United States, his role in Silverado's failure was a focal point of publicity. [8] [9]

The U.S. Office of Thrift Supervision investigated Silverado's failure and determined that Bush had engaged in numerous "breaches of his fiduciary duties involving multiple conflicts of interest." Although Bush was not indicted on criminal charges, a civil action was brought against him and the other Silverado directors by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation; it was eventually settled out of court, with Bush paying $50,000 as part of the settlement. [10]

A friend who also donated funds to the Republican Party set up a fund to help defer costs Neil incurred in his S&L legal defense. [11]

Ignite! Learning

In 1999, Bush co-founded Ignite! Learning, an educational software corporation. Bush has said he started Austin-based Ignite! Learning because of his learning difficulties in middle school and those of his son, Pierce. [12] The software uses multiple intelligence methods to provide varying types of content to appeal to multiple learning styles.

To fund Ignite!, Bush raised $23 million from US investors, including his parents, as well as businessmen from Taiwan, Japan, Kuwait, the British Virgin Islands and the United Arab Emirates, according to documents filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Documented investors included Kuwaiti company head Mohammed Al Saddah, and Chinese computer executive Winston Wong, as well as the late Russian billionaire expatriate Boris Berezovsky, and Berezovsky's partner Badri Patarkatsishvili.[ citation needed ]

Bush's relationship with the late controversial oligarch Boris Berezovsky, a political enemy of Russian President Vladimir Putin who at the time of his death had been under indictment for fraud in Russia and an applicant for asylum in the United Kingdom, [13] has been noted in the media. Berezovsky, who died in 2013, had been an investor in Bush's Ignite! program since at least 2003. [14] Bush met with Berezovsky in Latvia. The meeting caused tension between that country and Russia due to Berezovsky's fugitive status. [14] Bush was also seen in Berezovsky's box at Arsenal's Emirates Stadium for a football game in 2006. [15] There had also been speculation in the English language Moscow Times that the relationship may cause tension in U.S.-Russian bilateral relations, "especially since Putin had taken pains to build a personal relationship with the U.S. president," George Bush. [16]

In 2002, Neil Bush commended his brother, George, for his efforts on education as president, but he questioned the emphasis on constant testing to keep federal aid coming to public schools: "I share the concerns of many that if our system is driven around assessments, pencil-and-paper tests that test a kid's ability to memorize stuff, I would say that reliance threatens to institutionalize bad teaching practices." [17]

As of October 2006, over 13 US school districts (out of over 14,000 school districts nationwide [18] ) have used federal funds made available through the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 to buy Ignite's portable learning centers at $3,800 apiece. [13]

A December 2003 Style section article in The Washington Post reported that Bush's salary from Ignite! was $180,000 per year. [10]

Kopin stock trades

In July 1999, Bush made at least $798,000 on three stock trades in a single day of a company where he had been employed as a consultant. The company, Kopin Corporation of Taunton, Massachusetts, announced on the same day good news about a new Asian client that sent its stock value soaring. Bush stated that he had no inside knowledge and that his financial advisor had recommended the trades. He said, "any increase in the price of the stock on that day was purely coincidental, meaning that I did not have any improper information." [19]

When asked in January 2004 about the stock trades, Bush contrasted the capital gains he reported in 1999 and 2000 with the capital losses on Kopin stock he reported ($287,722 in all) in 2001. In 2001 Kopin joined a broad decline in high-tech stock valuations. [20]

Speaking engagements

Bush has often been invited to speak to audiences overseas. Bush says he has courtesy visits with world leaders but has no plans to wade into foreign policy. "Oftentimes because of my father's goodwill, and because of the president being who he is, people might extend an invitation, and it's enjoyable for me," Bush said. "Some of these folks are family friends." [21]

Speaking at a Saudi Arabian economic forum in January 2002, Bush referred to growing anti-American sentiment in Arab countries and said the two peoples must communicate better. He said the Arab P.R. machine is not as good as Israel's. [22]

Bush frequently travels to the Middle East, Europe and Asia to negotiate deals and raise capital for various businesses. According to court filings from his divorce, in 2000 he was paid $1.3 million for such work. This includes $642,500 as a commission for introducing an Asian investor to the owners of an American high-tech company. [10] The George W. Bush-era White House Administration appeared unfazed by his world travel. "The president knows his brother will always do the right thing," press secretary Ari Fleischer said." [21]

Other business engagements

In 2002, Bush signed a consulting contract that paid $2 million in stock over five years to work for Grace Semiconductor Manufacturing Corp., a firm backed by Jiang Mianheng, the son of former Chinese President Jiang Zemin, plus $10,000 for every board meeting he attends. [23]

Bush serves as co-chairman of a company called Crest Investment. Crest pays him $60,000 a year to provide miscellaneous consulting services. [24] [25]

In 2001, Neil Bush incorporated an investment firm called LehmanBush with veteran China lawyer Edward Lehman. [26]

Philanthropy and charity involvement, volunteer work

George H.W. Bush Foundation For U.S.-China Relations

Neil Bush is the founder and chairman of the George H.W. Bush Foundation For U.S.-China Relations. [27] Created in 2017, the Foundation serves as a U.S.-China Relations Think Tank, Track 2 Diplomacy Policy Hub and for Business, Trade and U.S. Investment. [28] The organization holds an annual George H.W. Bush Conference on U.S.-China Relations. [29] The purpose of The George H. W. Bush Foundation for U.S.-China Relations seeks to advance U.S.-China relations in ways that reflect the ethos and values of President George H. W. Bush, whose visionary, wise, deft and steady stewardship of the U.S.-China relationship during his tenure as president was exemplary of the highest attributes and values of true statesmanship. Through an active, wide-ranging and highly innovative program of activities, the Bush China Foundation promotes the late president's life-long view that the U.S.-China relationship is the most consequential bilateral relationship in the world and that a positive and constructive relationship between the two countries is in the best interest of both the United States and China as well as the entire global community.

Points of Light

Neil Bush is the chairman of Points of Light; an international nonprofit that works to increase volunteerism in the world. [30] Points of Light has approximately 250 affiliates in 22 countries and partnerships with thousands of nonprofits and companies dedicated to volunteer service around the world. In 2012, Points of Light mobilized 4 million volunteers in 30 million hours of service worth $635 million. [31] [32]

Foundation for Interreligious and Intercultural Research and Dialogue

Bush was a founding director, along with Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger (the future Pope Benedict XVI), of the Foundation for Interreligious and Intercultural Research and Dialogue (FIIRD). The foundation promotes ecumenical understanding and publishes religious texts and was founded in 1999. Bush is no longer on the board of the foundation. [24]

Anti-Ritalin campaign

In 2002, Neil Bush told the New York Post that he "endured his own Ritalin hell seven years ago when educators in a Houston private school diagnosed his son, Pierce, (then) 16, with Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and pushed medication."

In a September 26, 2002, episode of CNN Interview, [33] Bush told Connie Chung:

You know, we have a knee-jerk reaction in this education system where, if the kid doesn't perform well, then the reaction is to try to assign a label. The label is followed by a drug. The drug allows the kid to sit cooperatively, to pay attention, to focus in school.

Bush decided "the educators were wrong" about his son. "There is a systemic problem in this country, where schools are often forcing parents to turn to Ritalin," he said. "It's obvious to me that we have a crisis."

Also that year, Bush testified before a hearing of the United States Congress to speak out against overmedicating children for learning disorders.[ citation needed ]

He has suggested that many parents believe the ADD and ADHD diagnoses and subsequent medicating of their children because it explains why they aren't doing well in school, saying "it's the system that is failing to engage children in the classroom. My heart goes out to any parents who are being led to believe their kids have a disorder or are disabled." [34]

Neil Bush (along with filmmaker Michael Moore) is credited in the cast of a 2005 documentary film, The Drugging of Our Children [35] directed by Gary Null. In the film's trailer [36] Bush says: "Just because it is easy to drug a kid and get them to be compliant doesn't make it right to do it."

Ted Cruz presidential campaign

After his brother Jeb dropped out of the 2016 Republican presidential nomination race, Neil and his wife Maria signed on to the finance team of fellow Republican Ted Cruz. [37]

Personal life

Bush was married to Sharon (née Smith) Bush (born May 19, 1952) for 23 years. The couple have three children: Lauren Bush Lauren (born June 25, 1984), Pierce Mallon Bush (born March 11, 1986) and Ashley Walker Bush (born February 7, 1989). The couple divorced in April 2003. Bush's divorce deposition gained public attention when he admitted to several sexual encounters in Thailand and Hong Kong. [10] [38] [39] [40] Sharon gained custody of their minor child Ashley, who for a while was estranged from her father. [41] In addition, Sharon kept their marital home after she collected enough money to pay off the mortgage. [41]

In 2004, Bush remarried in Houston, Texas, to Mexican-born Maria (née Manass) Andrews, [42] [43] a volunteer at the Houston literacy-foundation office of Bush's mother, Barbara. Robert Andrews, Andrews' ex-husband, sued Sharon Bush in September 2003 for defamation after she alleged that Neil Bush was the father of Andrews' two-year-old son. [10] DNA testing showed that Andrews was the father, but the suit was dismissed in 2005. [44]

Bush's son Pierce was a candidate for the U.S. House of Representatives in 2020 from Texas' 22nd district, but finished third in a fifteen-way primary. [45]

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">George H. W. Bush</span> President of the United States from 1989 to 1993

George Herbert Walker Bush was an American politician, diplomat, and businessman who served as the 41st president of the United States from 1989 to 1993. A member of the Republican Party, he also served as the 43rd vice president from 1981 to 1989 under Ronald Reagan, and in various other federal positions prior to that.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Barbara Bush</span> First Lady of the United States from 1989 to 1993

Barbara Bush was the first lady of the United States from 1989 to 1993, as the wife of George H. W. Bush, the 41st president of the United States. She was previously the second lady of the United States from 1981 to 1989, and founded the Barbara Bush Foundation for Family Literacy. Among her children are George W. Bush, the 43rd president of the United States, and Jeb Bush, the 43rd governor of Florida. She and Abigail Adams are the only two women to be the wife of one U.S. president and the mother of another. At the time she became first lady, she was the second oldest woman to hold the position, behind only Anna Harrison, who never lived in the capital. Bush was generally popular as first lady, recognized for her apolitical grandmotherly image.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Andrew Card</span> American politician

Andrew Hill Card Jr. is an American politician and academic administrator who was White House Chief of Staff under President George W. Bush from 2001 to 2006, as well as head of Bush's White House Iraq Group. Card served as United States Secretary of Transportation under President George H. W. Bush from 1992 to 1993.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Marvin Bush</span> American businessman

Marvin Pierce Bush is an American businessman. He is a son of former U.S. President George H. W. Bush and First Lady Barbara Bush and the brother of former U.S. President George W. Bush, former Florida Governor Jeb Bush, the late Robin Bush, Neil Bush, and Dorothy Bush Koch.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Boris Berezovsky (businessman)</span> Russian businessman (1946–2013)

Boris Abramovich Berezovsky, also known as Platon Elenin, was a Russian business oligarch, government official, engineer and mathematician and a member of the Russian Academy of Sciences. He had the federal state civilian service rank of 1st class Active State Councillor of the Russian Federation.

The Bush family is an American political family that has played a prominent role in American politics since the 1950s, foremost as the first family of the United States from 1989 to 1993 and again from 2001 to 2009, during the respective presidencies of George H.W. Bush and George W. Bush. They also played prominent roles in areas of American news, sports, entertainment, and business. They were also the second family of the United States from 1981 to 1989, when George H. W. Bush was vice president. The Bush family is one of four families to have produced two presidents of the United States by the same surname; the others were the Adams, Roosevelt, and Harrison families.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tom Schieffer</span> American diplomat and entrepreneur (born 1947)

John Thomas Schieffer is an American diplomat and entrepreneur who served as U.S. Ambassador to Australia from 2001 to 2005 and as U.S. Ambassador to Japan from 2005 to 2009.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Foreign policy of the George W. Bush administration</span> Overview of the foreign policy of the George W. Bush administration

The main event by far shaping the foreign policy of the United States during the presidency of George W. Bush (2001–2009) was the 9/11 terrorist attacks against the United States on September 11, 2001, and the subsequent war on terror. There was massive domestic and international support for destroying the attackers. With UN approval, US and NATO forces quickly invaded the attackers' base in Afghanistan and drove them out and the Taliban government that harbored them. It was the start of a 20-year quagmire that finally ended in failure with the withdrawal of United States troops from Afghanistan.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lauren Bush</span> American model and fashion designer

Lauren Bush Lauren is the CEO and co-founder of FEED Projects. She is also known for her previous career as a fashion model and designer. She is the daughter of Neil Bush and Sharon Bush, granddaughter of former U.S. president George H. W. Bush, and niece of former U.S. president George W. Bush and former Florida governor Jeb Bush.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Stephen Hadley</span> American attorney and senior government official (born 1947)

Stephen John Hadley is an American attorney and senior government official who served as the 20th United States National Security Advisor from 2005 to 2009. He served under President George W. Bush during the second term of his administration. Hadley was Deputy National Security Advisor during Bush's first term.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dorothy Bush Koch</span> American writer and philanthropist

Dorothy Walker Bush LeBlond Koch is an American author and philanthropist. She is the sixth and youngest child of the 41st president of the United States, George H. W. Bush, and First Lady Barbara Bush. Her older brother, George W. Bush was the 43rd President.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">R. Nicholas Burns</span> American diplomat and academic (born 1956)

Robert Nicholas Burns is an American diplomat and academic who has served as the United States ambassador to China since 2022.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pauline Robinson Bush</span> Second child of President George H.W. Bush and First Lady Barbara Bush

Pauline Robinson Bush, commonly known as Robin Bush, was the second child and first daughter of the 41st president of the United States, George H. W. Bush, and his wife, First Lady Barbara Bush. After she was born in California in 1949, her family soon relocated to Texas, where Robin lived most of her life.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">George W. Bush</span> President of the United States from 2001 to 2009

George Walker Bush is an American politician and businessman who served as the 43rd president of the United States from 2001 to 2009. A member of the Republican Party, he previously served as the 46th governor of Texas from 1995 to 2000.

Ignite! Learning, Inc. is an educational software and hardware company co-founded in 1999 by Texas businessman Neil Bush and a year later Ken Leonard. Neil is a brother of Former President George W. Bush and Former Florida Governor Jeb Bush, and son of former President George Herbert Walker Bush. Alan Davis resigned as the President and CEO in November, 2009. Ken Leonard is the current acting CEO.

Marshall Irwin Goldman was an American economist and writer. He was an expert on the economy of the former Soviet Union. Goldman was a professor of economics at Wellesley College and associate director of the Harvard Russian Research Center. Goldman received his Ph.D. in Russian studies from Harvard University in 1961. Goldman was well known for his study of the career of Mikhail Gorbachev. His books on the former Soviet Union include The USSR in Crisis: The Failure of an Economic System, Lost Opportunity: What Has Made Economic Reform in Russia So Difficult, and Petrostate.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Robert Oxnam</span> American scholar (1942–2024)

Robert Bromley Oxnam was an American China scholar who was President of the Asia Society New York. He ran the society for more than a decade, and led financial-cultural tours of China for Bill Gates, Warren Buffett, and former U.S. President George H. W. Bush. He became well known in the public media after his 2005 autobiography, A Fractured Mind, in which he revealed that he had been diagnosed with dissociative identity disorder.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">John S. Chen</span> American businessman

John S. Chen is a Hong Kong-American businessman who served as executive chairman and chief executive officer of BlackBerry Ltd. Previously, he served as the chief executive officer and president of Sybase, a software vendor specializing in data management, analytics and mobility technology.

The Kopin Corporation is a Westborough, Massachusetts-based electronics manufacturer, best known for its display devices for mobile electronics.

References

  1. Knott, Stephen (October 4, 2016). "George H. W. Bush: Life Before the Presidency". Charlottesville, Virginia: Miller Center, the University of Virginia. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
  2. 1 2 "Neil Bush". nndb.com.
  3. "Emotional Neil Bush on his mother's life and legacy". khou.com. April 16, 2018. Retrieved July 16, 2020.
  4. Carlson, Peter (December 28, 2003). "The Relatively Charmed Life Of Neil Bush". The Washington Post. ISSN   0190-8286 . Retrieved July 16, 2020.
  5. "Remembering George H.W. Bush, A Champion For People With Disabilities". NPR.org. Retrieved April 13, 2022.
  6. Joseph B. Treaster (April 1, 1981), "A LIFE THAT STARTED OUT WITH MUCH PROMISE TOOK RECLUSIVE AND HOSTILE PATH", The New York Times: "The eldest Hinckley child, Scott, 30 [John Jr.'s brother], is the vice president of the his[ sic ] father's company [Vanderbilt Energy Corp.] and a friend of Nеil Bush, the son of Vice President [George H. W.] Bush. Scott Hinckley and a date had been invited to dinner at the young Bushes' home last night, but the dinner was canceled after the shooting [of President Reagan]."
  7. Hewitt, Bill (July 30, 1990). "Neil Bush Fights to Clear His Famous Name". People. Retrieved December 5, 2018.
  8. Peter Carlson (Dec. 28, 2003), "The Relatively Charmed Life Of Neil Bush", The Washington Post: "Ah, it's nice to be Neil Bush. When you're Neil Bush, rich people from all over the world are eager to invest money in your businesses, even though your businesses have a history of crashing and burning in spectacular fashion."
  9. Louis Dubose (Mar. 16, 2001), "O, Brother! Where Art Thou?", The Austin Chronicle: "Like Hugh Rodham, the Bush Bros. Have Capitalized on Family Ties"
  10. 1 2 3 4 5 Carlson, Peter (December 28, 2003). "The Relatively Charmed Life of Neil Bush". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 10, 2016.
  11. DuBose, Louis (March 16, 2001). "O, Brother! Where Art Thou?". The Austin Chronicle. Retrieved April 10, 2016.
  12. Campbell, Ruth (August 29, 2006). "Bush brother visits Alamo Jr. High". Midland Reporter-Telegram. Retrieved April 10, 2016.[ permanent dead link ]
  13. 1 2 Roche, Walter F. Jr. (October 22, 2006). "Bush's Family Profits From 'No Child' Act". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 10, 2016.
  14. 1 2 "Berezovsky, Neil Bush, Latvian businessmen meet". Baltic Times . September 23, 2005. Retrieved April 10, 2016.
  15. Kelso, Paul (September 4, 2006). "Berezovsky and Bush's brother in the crowd at the Emirates". The Guardian. London. Retrieved April 10, 2016.
  16. Belton, Catherine (October 6, 2005). "Berezovsky Teams Up With Bush's Brother". The Moscow Times. republished online by National Committee for Responsible Philanthropy. Archived from the original on November 2, 2006. Retrieved April 10, 2016.
  17. Peale, Cliff (January 29, 2002). "Neil Bush promotes brother, business". The Cincinnati Enquirer . republished online by Madison E-Zone News & Events. Archived from the original on March 12, 2004. Retrieved April 10, 2016.
  18. "Table 10. Number of School Districts and Distribution of the School-Age Population by the Total School District Population: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau.
  19. Yost, Pete (December 31, 2003). "Neil Bush made 1-day stock profit of $171,370". Houston Chronicle . Associated Press. Retrieved November 21, 2010.
  20. "Neil Bush makes one-day profit over $170,000". CNN. January 2, 2004. Archived from the original on June 19, 2006.
  21. 1 2 "Neil Bush enters educational software business". USA Today . April 8, 2002.
  22. Tapper, Jake (January 24, 2002). "Neil Bush says Arab P.R. machine not as good as Israel's". Salon. Retrieved April 10, 2016.
  23. "Bush's younger brother quizzed over $2m deal". The Sydney Morning Herald. November 26, 2003.
  24. 1 2 Royce, Knut; Brune, Tom (April 21, 2005). "Neil Bush, Ratzinger co-founders: President's younger brother served with then-cardinal on board of relatively unknown ecumenical foundation". Newsday.
  25. "Bush brother's divorce reveals sex romps". CNN. November 24, 2003.
  26. "Lehman Bush".
  27. "George H. W. Bush Foundation for U.S.-China Relations". bushchinafoundation.org. Retrieved July 16, 2020.
  28. "George H. W. Bush Foundation for U.S.-China Relations – Z LAB". Archived from the original on March 20, 2020. Retrieved March 20, 2020.
  29. "Bush". Archived from the original on March 20, 2020. Retrieved March 20, 2020.
  30. Board of Directors, Points of Light Institute
  31. "Points of Light 2012 Year in Review" (PDF). Points of Light. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 4, 2018. Retrieved May 22, 2013.
  32. Sharp, David (September 4, 2018). "3 decades on, George H.W. Bush's Points of Light still shine". The Wichita Eagle. Archived from the original on September 4, 2018. Retrieved December 5, 2018.
  33. "TRANSCRIPT: Interview With Neil Bush; Interview With Magic Johnson". Connie Chung Tonight. CNN. September 26, 2002. Retrieved April 10, 2016.
  34. "Ritalin Roundup Continues". Education Reporter. New York City: Eagle Forum. September 2002. Retrieved April 10, 2016.
  35. "The Drugging of Our Children (2005) (V)". IMDb.
  36. The Drugging of Our Children Film Detail Archived November 4, 2006, at the Wayback Machine at Ostrow and Company
  37. Schleifer, Theodore (March 8, 2016). "Neil Bush, Jeb's brother, joins Ted Cruz's finance team". CNN.
  38. "Bush brother's divorce reveals sex romps". CNN. November 24, 2003.
  39. "Neil Bush tells of hotel trysts in Asia". Taipei Times. The Guardian (New York). November 28, 2003. Retrieved April 10, 2016.
  40. Harwood, Anthony (July 14, 2003). "Bush Brother's Three Affairs". Mirror. UK.
  41. 1 2 Ward, Vicky. "The Inconvenient Sharon Bush". The Hive. Retrieved September 9, 2018.
  42. Ward, Vicky (April 2004). "The Inconvenient Sharon Bush". Vanity Fair .
  43. "The family of former first lady Barbara Bush". Daily Herald . April 18, 2018. He married Sharon Smith in 1980 and they divorced in 2003. They had three children, Lauren, Pierce and Ashley. In 2004, he married Maria Manass.
  44. "Slander suit against Sharon Bush dismissed". Houston Chronicle. September 13, 2005. Retrieved December 2, 2018.
  45. Collier, Kiah. Did Pierce Bush's family name doom his congressional run, or did his campaigning?, Texas Tribune , Austin, Texas March 4, 2020.