Nelson Bay, New South Wales

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Nelson Bay
New South Wales

Nelson Bay Panorama.jpg

Looking north-east across d'Albora Marina
Australia New South Wales location map blank.svg
Red pog.svg
Nelson Bay
Coordinates 32°42′54″S152°9′4″E / 32.71500°S 152.15111°E / -32.71500; 152.15111 Coordinates: 32°42′54″S152°9′4″E / 32.71500°S 152.15111°E / -32.71500; 152.15111
Population 5,396 (2011 census) [1]
 • Density 345.9/km2 (896/sq mi) [Note 1]
Postcode(s) 2315
Area 15.6 km2 (6.0 sq mi) [Note 2]
Time zone AEST (UTC+10)
 • Summer (DST) AEDT (UTC+11)
Location
LGA(s) Port Stephens Council
Region Hunter
County Gloucester [2]
Parish Tomaree [2]
State electorate(s) Port Stephens
Federal Division(s) Paterson
Mean max temp [3] Mean min temp [3] Annual rainfall [3]
27.3 °C
81 °F
8.4 °C
47 °F
1,348.9 mm
53.1 in
Suburbs around Nelson Bay:
Port Stephens Port Stephens Port Stephens
Corlette, Salamander Bay Nelson Bay Shoal Bay, Fingal Bay
Anna Bay, One Mile One Mile, Fingal Bay Fingal Bay

Nelson Bay is a suburb of the Port Stephens local government area in the Hunter Region of New South Wales, Australia. [4] [5] It is located on a bay of the same name on the southern shore of Port Stephens about 60 kilometres (37 mi) by road north-east of Newcastle, its nearest rail link. [6] At the 2011 census, Nelson Bay had a population of 5,396. [1]

Port Stephens Council Local government area in New South Wales, Australia

Port Stephens Council is a local government area in the Hunter Region of New South Wales, Australia. The area is just north of Newcastle and is adjacent to the Pacific Highway which runs through Raymond Terrace, the largest town and Council seat. The area is named after Port Stephens, which is the major geographical feature of the area. It extends generally from the Hunter River in the south, to near Clarence Town in the north, and from the Tasman Sea in the east, to just south of Paterson in the west. The mayor of Port Stephens Council is Ryan Palmer. Port Stephens is about two and a half hours north of Sydney.

Local government in Australia is the third tier of government in Australia administered by the states and territories, which in turn are beneath the federal tier. Local government is not mentioned in the Constitution of Australia and two referenda in the 1970s and 1980s to alter the Constitution relating to local government were unsuccessful. Every state government recognises local government in their respective constitutions. Unlike Canada or the United States, there is only one level of local government in each state, with no distinction such as cities and counties.

Hunter Region Region in New South Wales, Australia

The Hunter Region, also commonly known as the Hunter Valley, is a region of New South Wales, Australia, extending from approximately 120 km (75 mi) to 310 km (193 mi) north of Sydney. It contains the Hunter River and its tributaries with highland areas to the north and south. Situated at the northern end of the Sydney Basin bioregion, the Hunter Valley is one of the largest river valleys on the NSW coast, and is most commonly known for its wineries and coal industry.

Contents

It is a major tourism centre, particularly for dolphin and whale watching, surfing, diving, fishing and other recreational aquatic activities. The eastern boundaries of Nelson Bay lie within the Tomaree National Park while the southeastern section is almost entirely within the park. Nelson Head Light, an unusual lighthouse built in 1875, is positioned on the northeast corner. [7]

Tomaree National Park Protected area in New South Wales, Australia

Tomaree is a national park located in New South Wales, Australia, 145–155 km (90–96 mi) northeast of Sydney in the Port Stephens local government area. It is located on the shores of the Tasman Sea, extending north from Fishermans Bay to Shoal Bay passing through Boat Harbour, One Mile, Nelson Bay and Fingal Bay.

Nelson Head Light lighthouse in New South Wales, Australia

Nelson Head Light, also known as Nelson Head Inner Light, is an inactive, unusual lighthouse on Nelson Head, a headland northeast of the town of Nelson Bay, New South Wales, Australia, near Halifax Park, on the southern shore of Port Stephens. The light guided ships into the port. Unlike other lighthouses, the Nelson Head Light has no tower, but was shown through the window of the lantern room, and later mounted outside.

Lighthouse structure designed to emit light to aid navigation

A lighthouse is a tower, building, or other type of structure designed to emit light from a system of lamps and lenses and to serve as a navigational aid for maritime pilots at sea or on inland waterways.

Early settlers

Early settlers included the Dalton family, the patriarch being Captain John Dalton who sailed his ship SS Kingsley to Sydney with fresh marine produce from Port Stephens. He built a house "Westward Ho" in 1882 on the hill overlooking the modern town, on 16 ha (40 acres). He donated land from his holding for the Methodist Church, and for a school. [8]

Sydney City in New South Wales, Australia

Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Located on Australia's east coast, the metropolis surrounds Port Jackson and extends about 70 km (43.5 mi) on its periphery towards the Blue Mountains to the west, Hawkesbury to the north, the Royal National Park to the south and Macarthur to the south-west. Sydney is made up of 658 suburbs, 40 local government areas and 15 contiguous regions. Residents of the city are known as "Sydneysiders". As of June 2017, Sydney's estimated metropolitan population was 5,230,330 and is home to approximately 65% of the state's population.

The Methodist Church of Australasia was a Methodist denomination based in Australia. On 1 January 1902, five Methodist denominations in Australia – the Wesleyan Methodist Church, the Primitive Methodists, the Bible Christian Church, the United Methodist Free and the Methodist New Connexion Churches came together to found a new church. In polity it largely followed the Wesleyan Methodist Church. This Church established a General Conference, meeting triennially, for Australasia in 1875, with Annual Conferences in the States.

Transport

Port Stephens Coaches operate local services to Newcastle, Raymond Terrace and Soldiers Point as well as an express service to Sydney. [9]

Port Stephens Coaches

Port Stephens Coaches is an Australian bus company operating services in Port Stephens and the Hunter Region.

Newcastle, New South Wales City in New South Wales, Australia

The Newcastle metropolitan area is the second most populated area in the Australian state of New South Wales and the Newcastle and Lake Macquarie local government areas. It is the hub of the Greater Newcastle area which includes most parts of the local government areas of City of Newcastle, City of Lake Macquarie, City of Cessnock, City of Maitland and Port Stephens Council.

Raymond Terrace Town in New South Wales, Australia

Raymond Terrace is a town in the Hunter Region of New South Wales, Australia, about 26 km (16 mi) by road north of Newcastle on the Pacific Highway. Established in 1837 it is situated at the confluence of the Hunter and Williams rivers. The town was named after Lieutenant Raymond, who had explored the Hunter River in 1797 and described the terraced appearance of trees in the area. Governor Lachlan Macquarie camped in the area in 1818, using "Raymond Terrace" as the name for the place where his party had camped.

Climate

Nelson Bay has a maritime-influenced humid subtropical climate (Cfa) with warm humid summers, damp autumns, cool wet winters and relatively dry springs. The suburb is relatively sunny, receiving 117.8 clear days annually. Despite the high amount of rainfall throughout the year, the rain days are relatively few, barely reaching over 10 days per month.

Humid subtropical climate category in the Köppen climate classification system

A humid tropical climate is a zone of climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and mild winters. These climates normally lie on the southeast side of all continents, generally between latitudes 25° and 40° and are located poleward from adjacent tropical climates. While many subtropical climates tend to be located at or near coastal locations, in some cases they extend inland, most notably in China and the United States, where they exhibit more pronounced seasonal variations and sharper contrasts between summer and winter, as part of a gradient between the more tropical climates of the southern coasts of these countries and the more continental climates of China and the United States’ northern and central regions.

Climate data for Nelson Head (1881–present)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F) 38.5
(101.3)
41.5
(106.7)
36.0
(96.8)
30.5
(86.9)
26.7
(80.1)
24.0
(75.2)
24.7
(76.5)
28.5
(83.3)
34.2
(93.6)
34.5
(94.1)
40.6
(105.1)
39.3
(102.7)
41.5
(106.7)
Average high °C (°F) 27.3
(81.1)
27.0
(80.6)
25.9
(78.6)
23.5
(74.3)
20.8
(69.4)
18.3
(64.9)
17.5
(63.5)
18.9
(66)
21.4
(70.5)
23.2
(73.8)
24.7
(76.5)
26.1
(79)
22.9
(73.2)
Average low °C (°F) 18.9
(66)
19.1
(66.4)
17.8
(64)
15.2
(59.4)
12.4
(54.3)
10.2
(50.4)
9.0
(48.2)
9.8
(49.6)
12.0
(53.6)
14.1
(57.4)
16.0
(60.8)
17.7
(63.9)
14.4
(57.9)
Record low °C (°F) 11.0
(51.8)
14.5
(58.1)
11.5
(52.7)
9.0
(48.2)
6.1
(43)
4.4
(39.9)
2.2
(36)
1.1
(34)
5.0
(41)
6.1
(43)
6.7
(44.1)
9.0
(48.2)
1.1
(34)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 100.5
(3.957)
111.3
(4.382)
117.5
(4.626)
129.3
(5.091)
150.7
(5.933)
155.9
(6.138)
138.5
(5.453)
102.4
(4.031)
89.2
(3.512)
77.9
(3.067)
80.2
(3.157)
93.2
(3.669)
1,343.2
(52.882)
Average precipitation days 10.5 10.3 11.3 11.9 12.7 12.3 11.7 10.6 10.0 10.2 10.2 10.4 132.1
Source: [10]

Notes

  1. The density figure provided is that for the whole of Nelson Bay. However, the population listed in the ABS data reside in only about 3.9 square kilometres (1.5 sq mi) (approximately 25%) of the suburb, the remainder being uninhabited for various reasons including that a large portion of the suburb is part of Tomaree National Park. The density in the inhabited area is approximately 1,383.6/km2 (3,584/sq mi).
  2. Area calculations are based on 1:100000 map 9232 NEWCASTLE.

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References

  1. 1 2 Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Nelson Bay (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 16 October 2012. Blue pencil.svg
  2. 1 2 "Nelson Bay (suburb)". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales . Retrieved 31 May 2008.
  3. 1 2 3 "Nelson Bay (Nelson Head)". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology . Retrieved 2 June 2008.
  4. "Suburb Search - Local Council Boundaries - Hunter (HT)". New South Wales Division of Local Government. Archived from the original on 7 June 2008. Retrieved 31 May 2008.
  5. "Nelson Bay (bay)". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales . Retrieved 31 May 2008.
  6. "Nelson Bay". Land and Property Management Authority - Spatial Information eXchange. New South Wales Land and Property Information . Retrieved 31 May 2008.
  7. "Nelson Head Inner Lighthouse Nelson Bay Tourist Information". nelsonbaygetaway.com.au. Retrieved 2 September 2010.
  8. "Dalton Family Papers". University of Newcastle. Archived from the original on 8 August 2014. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
  9. Bus Timetables Port Stephens Coaches
  10. "Climate statistics for Nelson Bay (Nelson Head)". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 3 May 2018.