Nelson Dingley Jr.

Last updated
Nelson Dingley
Member of the U.S.HouseofRepresentatives
from Maine's 2nd district
In office
September 12, 1881 January 13, 1899
Preceded by William P. Frye
Succeeded by Charles E. Littlefield
34th Governor of Maine
In office
January 7, 1874 January 5, 1876
Preceded by Sidney Perham
Succeeded by Seldon Connor
Personal details
Born(1832-02-15)February 15, 1832
Durham, Maine
DiedJanuary 13, 1899(1899-01-13) (aged 66)
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Political party Republican
Education Colby College
Dartmouth College (BA)

Nelson Dingley Jr. (February 15, 1832 – January 13, 1899) was a journalist and politician from the U.S. state of Maine.

Dingley was born in Durham, Maine and attended the common schools at Unity, Maine and Waterville College (now Colby College). He graduated from Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire, in 1855, where he was a founding member of the Psi Epsilon Chapter of the Zeta Psi Fraternity. He then studied law, received an LL.D. from Bates College, and was admitted to the bar in 1856. However, he never practiced law and instead became proprietor and editor of the Lewiston, Maine Journal, holding this post for more than twenty years. He was a member of the Maine House of Representatives 1862–65, 1868, and again in 1873, serving as speaker in 1863 and 1864. He was the 34th Governor of Maine in 1874 and a delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1876 and 1880.

Dingley was elected as a Republican to the 47th Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of William P. Frye. He was then reelected to the 48th and to the seven succeeding Congresses, serving from September 12, 1881, until his death in Washington, D.C., before the close of the 55th Congress. Reputedly "destitute of humor but soundly versed in finance", Dingley was chairman of the U.S. House Committee on Ways and Means in the 54th and 55th Congresses. The tariff schedule of 1897, known as the Dingley Tariff, was framed under his direction to counter the lower rates set forth in the 1894 Democratic Wilson–Gorman Tariff Act. The Dingley Tariff raised tariff rates and granted the President authority to invoke reciprocity when negotiating trade treaties.

Dingley had been reelected to the 56th Congress and was succeeded by Charles E. Littlefield upon his death in Washington, D.C. on January 13, 1899. He is interred in Oak Hill Cemetery, near Auburn, Maine.

See also

Party political offices
Preceded by
Sidney Perham
Republican nominee for Governor of Maine
1873, 1874
Succeeded by
Seldon Connor
Political offices
Preceded by
Sidney Perham
Governor of Maine
Succeeded by
Seldon Connor
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
William P. Frye
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maine's 2nd congressional district

Succeeded by
Charles E. Littlefield
Preceded by
William Wilson
Chair of the House Ways and Means Committee
Succeeded by
Sereno E. Payne

Related Research Articles

Dingley Act Historical United States tariff

The Dingley Act of 1897, introduced by U.S. Representative Nelson Dingley Jr., of Maine, raised tariffs in United States to counteract the Wilson–Gorman Tariff Act of 1894, which had lowered rates. The bill came into effect under William McKinley the first year that he was in office. The McKinley administration wanted to bring back the protectionism slowly that was proposed by the Tariff of 1890.

William B. Allison American politician

William Boyd Allison was an American politician. An early leader of the Iowa Republican Party, he represented northeastern Iowa in the United States House of Representatives before representing his state in the United States Senate. By the 1890s, Allison had become one of the "big four" key Republicans who largely controlled the Senate, along with Orville H. Platt of Connecticut, John Coit Spooner of Wisconsin and Nelson W. Aldrich of Rhode Island.

James Eli Watson American politician

James Eli Watson was a U.S. Representative and U.S. Senator from Indiana. He was the Senate's second official majority leader. While an article published by the Senate gives his year of birth as 1862, this is most probably incorrect.

Justin Smith Morrill American politician

Justin Smith Morrill was a Representative (1855–1867) and a Senator (1867–1898) from Vermont, most widely remembered today for the Morrill Land-Grant Acts that established federal funding for establishing many of the United States' public colleges and universities. He was one of the founders of the Republican Party.

The Revenue Act of 1861, formally cited as Act of August 5, 1861, Chap. XLV, 12 Stat. 292, included the first U.S. Federal income tax statute. The Act, motivated by the need to fund the Civil War, imposed an income tax to be "levied, collected, and paid, upon the annual income of every person residing in the United States, whether such income is derived from any kind of property, or from any profession, trade, employment, or vocation carried on in the United States or elsewhere, or from any other source whatever [. .. .]" The tax imposed was a flat tax, with a rate of 3% on incomes above $800. The Revenue Act of 1861 was signed into law by Abraham Lincoln.

Eugene Hale

Eugene Hale was a Republican United States Senator from Maine.

William P. Frye 19th-century American politician from Maine

William Pierce Frye was an American politician from Maine. Frye, a member of the Republican Party, spent most of his political career as a legislator, serving in the Maine House of Representatives and then U.S. House of Representatives, before being elected to the U.S. Senate, where he served for 30 years; dying in office. Frye was a member of the Frye political family, and was the grandfather of Wallace H. White, Jr. and the son of John March Frye. He was also a prominent member of the Peucinian Society tradition.

55th United States Congress

The 55th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from March 4, 1897, to March 4, 1899, during the first two years of William McKinley's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Eleventh Census of the United States in 1890. Both chambers had a Republican majority. There was one African-American member, George Henry White, a Republican from the state of North Carolina.

Sereno E. Payne

Sereno Elisha Payne was a United States Representative from New York and the first House Majority Leader, holding the office from 1899 to 1911. He was a Republican congressman from 1883 to 1887 and then from 1889 to his death in 1914. He was chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee for 12 years starting in 1899. The Payne–Aldrich Tariff is perhaps the most significant legislation he introduced during that period. He was known as a staunch protectionist.

Herbert Lord

Herbert Mayhew Lord was director of the United States Bureau of the Budget from July 1, 1922, to May 31, 1929, during the administrations of presidents Warren G. Harding, Calvin Coolidge, and Herbert Hoover.

Frederick W. Dallinger

Frederick William Dallinger was a United States Representative from Massachusetts and a Judge of the United States Customs Court.

James B. Beck

James Burnie Beck was a United States Representative and Senator from Kentucky.

William A. Russell (Massachusetts politician)

William Augustus Russell was an American businessman and political figure. He was the first president of the International Paper Company and served for six years as a United States Representative from Massachusetts.

Joseph W. Fordney American politician (1853–1932)

Joseph Warren Fordney was an American Republican politician from Saginaw, Michigan. He represented Saginaw County and the surrounding area of Central Michigan in the U.S. House of Representatives for twenty-four years.

William R. Green

William Raymond Green was a United States Representative from Iowa, Chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee and later was a Judge of the Court of Claims. His son, William R. Green Jr., served on the United States Board of Tax Appeals.

Horatio C. Burchard

Horatio Chapin Burchard was a U.S. Representative from Illinois, 15th Director of the United States Mint, member of the International Statistical Institute, and father of the Consumer Price Index (CPI).

Noah M. Mason American politician

Noah Morgan Mason was a U.S. Representative from Illinois. A conservative Republican, he served 13 terms representing first the state's 12th congressional district and then, after a redrawing of boundaries, the 15th.

Thomas Gholson Jr. was an American lawyer and politician. He represented Virginia from 1808 to 1816 in the United States House of Representatives, after serving in the Virginia House of Delegates from 1806 to 1809.

Charles E. Littlefield

Charles Edgar Littlefield was a United States Representative from Maine.

1898 and 1899 United States Senate elections

The United States Senate elections of 1898 and 1899 were landslide elections which had the Republican Party gain six seats in the United States Senate.