Neon Genesis Evangelion

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Even fans of the sci-fi genre who avoid anime altogether have likely heard of Cowboy Bebop and Ghost in the Shell , which were each landmarks of both style and substance. But arguably the greatest and certainly most thematically dense of the three '90s sci-fi anime masterpieces is Neon Genesis Evangelion. It has one of the most enduring worldwide cult franchises and passionate fanbases in all of geekdom [...] the most celebrated cast in anime  [... and] poster boy/protagonist Shinji is one of the most nuanced, popular, and relatable characters in anime history.

— Nick Verboon, Unreality Mag (June 13, 2013) [156]

Neon Genesis Evangelion received critical acclaim both domestically and internationally during its initial broadcast and in the decades since its release. [157] [158] [159] On review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, the series has an approval rating of 100% based on 30 reviews, with an average rating of 8.30/10. The website's critical consensus reads, "Neon Genesis Evangelion, both a cultural touchstone for Japan and an uncompromising auteurist vision by creator Hideaki Anno, doubles as an enthralling apex for the mecha anime genre and as a harrowing exploration of depression – making for a wholly singular epic about angels and inner demons." [160]

The "richness" of the characters and "complex and layered" narrative has received praise by critics. [161] [162] [163] In 1998, Max Autohead of Hyper rated it 10 out of 10, praising the "brilliant and fantastic storyline, with amazing characters who pull you not only into their world, but into their psyche as well. [164] The same year, Shidoshi of GameFan magazine gave it an A rating, calling it an "awesome" series. [165] Mike Hale of The New York Times described it in 2009 as "a superior anime, a giant-robot tale of unusual depth, feeling and detail." [166]

Following the conclusion of the series' original television broadcast, the public and critical reception to Neon Genesis Evangelion was polarized, [167] particularly with regard to the final two episodes. The experimental style of the finale confused [168] or alienated many fans [51] [55] and spawned debate and controversy; [157] [169] the criticism was largely directed toward the lack of storyline resolution in the final two episodes. [157] Opinion on the finale was mixed, [157] with the audience broadly divided between those who considered the episodes "deep", and those who felt their meaning was "more apparent than real". [170] The English voice actors admitted that they also had trouble understanding the series' conclusion. [168] The Mainichi Times wrote that after episode 25, "nearly all viewers felt betrayed ... When commentator Eiji Ōtsuka sent a letter to the Yomiuri Shimbun , complaining about the end of the Evangelion series, the debate went nationwide." [171] Despite the criticism, Anno stood by his artistic choices for the series' conclusion. [157] Critic Zac Bertschy remarked in 2003 that "Most of the backlash against Evangelion existed because people don't like to think". [172] The initial controversy surrounding the end of Evangelion has had no lasting negative influence on the popularity of the series. [157] [173]

Evangelion has developed into a social phenomenon beyond its primary fan base, generating national discussion in Japan. The series has also been the subject of numerous media reports, debates, and research studies worldwide. [174] [47] The show has received review by critics, academics and sociologists alike, including by Susan J. Napier, William Rout, Mick Broderick, Mari Kotani, [175] Shinji Miyadai, [176] Hiroki Azuma, [48] Yuriko Furuhata, and Marc Steinberg. [177] The series has been described as both a critique and deconstruction of the mecha genre. [5] [178] Theron Martin (Anime News Network) described the character design as "distinctive, designed to be sexy rather than cutesy", and the mecha designs as "among the most distinctive ever produced for an anime series, with sleek, lithe appearances that look monstrous, fearsome, and nimble rather than boxy and knight-like". [179] Mike Crandol stated "It no longer seems contrite to say that Evangelion is surely one of the all-time great works of animation". [167] Japanese critic Manabu Tsuribe considered that Evangelion was "extremely interior and is lacking in sociality, so that it seems to reflect pathology of the times." [180] In February 2004 Cinefantastique listed the anime as one of the "10 Essential Animations". [181]

Awards

Neon Genesis Evangelion has scored highly in popularity polls. In 1996, the series won first place in the "Best Loved Series" category of the Anime Grand Prix, a reader-polled award series published in Animage magazine. [182] The show was again awarded this prize in 1997 by a large margin. [183] The End of Evangelion won first place in 1998, [184] making Neon Genesis Evangelion the first anime franchise to win three consecutive first place awards. [185] The website IGN ranked Evangelion as the 10th best animated series in its "Top 100 Animated TV Series" list. [186] The series also placed third in Animage's "anime that should be remembered in the 21st Century". [187] In 1998, EX.org's readers voted Neon Genesis Evangelion the #1 US anime release [185] and in 1999, the #2 show of all time. [188] In 2007, a large-scale poll by TV Asahi found Evangelion was the second most appreciated anime in Japan. [189] The series was ranked as the most popular of all time in a 2006 survey of 80,000 attendees at the Japan Media Arts Festival. [190]

Evangelion won the Animation Kobe award in 1996, [191] and 1997. [192] The series was awarded the 18th Nihon SF Taisho Award and the Excellence Award at the 1st Japan Media Arts Festival in 1997, [193] [194] while the film ranked #6 on Wizard's Anime Magazine on their "Top 50 Anime released in North America". [195] In the August 1996 issue of Animage, Evangelion characters placed high in the rankings of best characters with Rei ranked first, Asuka third, Kaworu fourth and Shinji sixth. Rei Ayanami won in the Female Character category in 1995 and 1996 and Shinji Ikari won the Male Character category in 1996 and 1997. [196] In 2010, Newtype magazine recognized Rei Ayanami as the most popular character of the 1990s in the female category, and Shinji Ikari in the male category. [197] "A Cruel Angel's Thesis" won the Animage award in the Best Song category in 1996, [182] and TV Asahi recognized it as the 18th best anime song since 1990. [198] TV Asahi also recognized the "suicide of Ayanami Rei" as the ninth most touching anime scene ever. [199]

Influence and legacy

Evangelion has had a significant impact on Japanese popular culture. [169] [200] The series also had a strong influence on anime, at a time when the anime industry and televised anime series were in a slump period. [157] CNET reviewer Tim Hornyak credits the series with revitalizing and transforming the giant mecha genre. [201] In the 1980s and 1990s, Japanese animation saw decreased production [202] following the economic crash in Japan. [203] This was followed by a crisis of ideas in the years to come. [204] Against this background, Evangelion imposed new standards for the animated serial, ushering in the era of the "new Japanese animation serial", [205] characterized by innovations that allowed a technical and artistic revival of the industry. The production of anime serials began to reflect greater author control, the concentration of resources in fewer but higher quality episodes (typically ranging from 13 to 26), a directorial approach similar to live film, and greater freedom from the constraints of merchandising. [206] According to Keisuke Iwata, the global spread of Japanese animation dramatically expanded due to the popularity of Evangelion. [207] In Japan, Evangelion prompted a review of the cultural value of anime, [208] and its success, according to Roland Kelts, made the medium more accessible to the international youth scene. [209] With the interest in the series, otaku culture became a mass social phenomenon. [210] [211] The show's regular reruns increased the number of otaku, [212] while John Lynden links its popularity to a boom in interest in literature on the Dead Sea Scrolls, Kabbalah and Christianity. [213]

Two cosplayers portraying Asuka Langley Soryu and Rei Ayanami. The franchise has been credited as a conduit for making cosplay a worldwide phenomenon. STGCC cosplayers of Asuka Langley Soryu and Rei Ayanami 20150912.jpg
Two cosplayers portraying Asuka Langley Soryu and Rei Ayanami. The franchise has been credited as a conduit for making cosplay a worldwide phenomenon.

Critics traced Evangelion's influence on subsequent anime series, including Serial Experiments Lain , RahXephon , Texhnolyze , Gasaraki , Guilty Crown , Boogiepop Phantom , [71] Blue Submarine No. 6 , [215] Mobile Battleship Nadesico , [216] Rinne no Lagrange , [217] Gurren Lagann , [218] Dual! Parallel Trouble Adventure , [219] Argento Soma , [220] Pilot Candidate , [221] Generator Gawl , [222] and Dai-Guard . [223] [224] References, homages and tributes to the series are also contained in Japanese and Western media such as the third episode of Magical Shopping Arcade Abenobashi , [225] Koi Koi Seven , [226] Hayate the Combat Butler , [227] Baka and Test , [228] Regular Show , [229] My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic , [230] Gravity Falls , [231] Sgt. Frog , [232] [233] Rick and Morty , [234] One Hour Photo [235] and Steven Universe . [236] The show's mixture of religion and mecha also influenced subsequent Japanese video games, including Xenogears [237] and El Shaddai: Ascension of the Metatron . [238]

The design and personality traits of the character Rei Ayanami were reused for many anime and manga characters of the late 1990s, such as Ruri Hoshino of Nadesico, Ruriko Tsukushima (The Droplet), [239] Miharu (Gasaraki), [240] Anthy Himemiya ( Revolutionary Girl Utena ), and Lain Iwakura (Serial Experiments Lain). [241] The character of Asuka was parodied by Excel ( Excel Saga ), [242] and some of her traits were used to create the character of Mai in Gunparade March . [243] According to Italian critic Guido Tavassi, Evangelion's mecha design, characterized by a greater resemblance to the human figure, and the abstract designs of the Angels, also had a significant impact on the designs of future anime productions. [244] Nobuhiro Watsuki designed several characters for Rurouni Kenshin based on characters from Neon Genesis Evangelion, namely Uonuma Usui, Honjō Kamatari and Fuji. [245] [246] Other artists have cited the series as an inspiration, including Makoto Shinkai [247] and Gege Akutami for their manga Jujutsu Kaisen . [248] In the aftermath of Evangelion, Anno reused stylistic conceits from the series in the live-action Love & Pop and the anime romance Kare Kano . [249] Neon Genesis Evangelion also influenced music artists, such as the UK band Fightstar and its debut album, Grand Unification , [249] and the Japanese band Rey, which derived its name from the character of Rei Ayanami. [250]

Merchandising

In Japan, Evangelion is an enormous content and merchandise industry with hundreds of millions of dollars in revenue. Images of its biomechanical Eva robots are on everything from coffee mugs to smartphones and even airplane wraps.

— Tim Hornyak, CNET (July 16, 2013) [201]

The popularity of Neon Genesis Evangelion extends to its merchandising, which exceeded $400 million within two years of its release. [74] The series has established itself greatly on the Japanese market, developing a varied range of products for adult consumers, such as cell phones (including a special Nerv and Magi-themed Sharp SH-06D smartphone released in 2012), [251] laptop computers, [252] many soundtracks, DVDs, [253] action figures, telephone cards [254] and an official set of Japanese coins. [255] [256] The stylized mecha design that would later earn praise for Evangelion was initially criticized by certain toy companies as being too difficult to manufacture, [257] with some expressing concern that models of the Evangelion mecha "would never sell." [258] Eventually, Sega agreed to license all toy and video game sales. [104] At the time of the release of the Japanese film Death & Rebirth and The End of Evangelion, estimated sales of Evangelion merchandise topped $300 million, [254] of which 70% derived from sales of video and laser discs, [259] soundtrack CDs, single CDs, computer software and the three-volume manga. [254] [260] Multiple merchandising products were released during the Renewal Project, such as CDs, video games, cel-art illustrations and collectible models. [121]

The commercial exploitation of the series for the home video market achieved record sales and remained strong over a decade later. [261] The fame of the show has grown through home video sales, which exceeded two or three times the sales of other contemporary anime series and films. [262] According to anime critic Guido Tavassi, the series contributed significantly to the spread of the DVD format in Japan and generated a considerable impact on the Japanese economy, calculated in billions of yen. [262] In 2006, Matt Greenfield stated that the franchise had earned over $2 billion. [263] A 2007 estimate placed total sales of 6,000 related goods at over ¥150 billion. [264] [265] By 2015, more than 2 million Evangelion pachinko and pachislot machines had been sold, generating ¥700 billion in revenue. [266]

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hideaki Anno</span> Japanese animator and filmmaker

Hideaki Anno is a Japanese animator, filmmaker and actor. He is best known for creating the anime series Neon Genesis Evangelion (1995). His style is defined by his postmodernist approach and the extensive portrayal of characters' thoughts and emotions, often through unconventional scenes presenting the mental deconstruction of those characters. The Evangelion franchise has had a significant influence on the anime television industry and Japanese popular culture, with many deeming Anno as one of the medium's first auteurs.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shinji Ikari</span> Fictional character from Neon Genesis Evangelion

Shinji Ikari is a fictional character in the Neon Genesis Evangelion franchise created by Gainax. He is the franchise's poster boy and protagonist. In the anime series of the same name, Shinji is a young man who was abandoned by his father Gendo. Gendo asks him to pilot a mecha called Evangelion Unit 01 to protect the city of Tokyo-3 from creatures which threaten to destroy humanity, and are named Angels. Shinji appears in the franchise's animated feature films and related media, video games, the manga Petit Eva: Evangelion@School, the Rebuild of Evangelion films, and the manga adaptation by Yoshiyuki Sadamoto.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gendo Ikari</span> Fictional character from Neon Genesis Evangelion

Commander Gendo Ikari is a fictional character from the Neon Genesis Evangelion franchise, created by Gainax. In the original anime series with the same name, Gendo is the supreme commander of the special agency Nerv, which is dedicated to the study and annihilation of Angels, a series of mysterious enemies of humans. Gendo is grief-stricken by the sudden death of his wife Yui, and abandons his son Shinji Ikari to devote himself to a plan named Human Instrumentality Project. Years later, Gendo asks Shinji to pilot a giant mecha named Evangelion; his pragmatic, cold, and calculating attitude leads him to use any means to achieve his personal goals. He also appears in the franchise's animated feature films and related media, video games, the original net animation Petit Eva: Evangelion@School, the Rebuild of Evangelion films, and the manga adaptation by Yoshiyuki Sadamoto.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rei Ayanami</span> Fictional character from Neon Genesis Evangelion

Rei Ayanami is a fictional character from the anime Neon Genesis Evangelion, created by Gainax. She is the First Child and pilot of a giant mecha named Evangelion Unit 00. At the beginning of the series, Rei is an enigmatic figure whose unusual behavior astonishes her peers. As the series progresses, she becomes more involved with the people around her, particularly her classmate and fellow Eva pilot, Shinji Ikari. Rei appears in the franchise's animated feature films and related media, video games, the original net animation Petit Eva: Evangelion@School, the Rebuild of Evangelion films, and the manga adaptation by Yoshiyuki Sadamoto.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Asuka Langley Soryu</span> Fictional character from Neon Genesis Evangelion

Asuka Langley Soryu is a fictional character from the Neon Genesis Evangelion franchise created by Gainax. She first appears in the original anime series, and also appears in the franchise's animated feature films and related media, including video games, the Rebuild of Evangelion films, and the manga adaptation by Yoshiyuki Sadamoto. Yūko Miyamura voices Asuka in Japanese in all her animated appearances and merchandise. In English, Tiffany Grant voices her in the ADV Films dub, while Stephanie McKeon voices her in the Netflix dub.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Misato Katsuragi</span> Fictional character from Neon Genesis Evangelion

Misato Katsuragi is a fictional character from the Neon Genesis Evangelion franchise created by Gainax. In the anime series of the same name, Misato is the head of the operations department of the special agency Nerv, and therefore in charge of directing and devising war strategies such as to defeat mysterious beings named Angels. Due to a series of childhood emotional traumas, she developed a frivolous and exuberant character, flaunting an extroverted attitude and leading a sloppy and disorderly lifestyle. She also appears in the franchise's animated feature films and related media, video games, the original net animation Petit Eva: Evangelion@School, the Rebuild of Evangelion films, and the manga adaptation by Yoshiyuki Sadamoto.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kaworu Nagisa</span> Fictional character from Neon Genesis Evangelion

Kaworu Nagisa, real name Tabris, is a fictional character from the Neon Genesis Evangelion franchise created by Gainax. In the series of the same name, he is the pilot of a giant mecha named Evangelion Unit 02 for the special agency Nerv. Kaworu is the seventeenth, and final member of a series of enemies which threaten humanity; and are named Angels. When he arrives at Nerv, he befriends Eva-01 pilot Shinji Ikari, showing great affection towards him. After revealing his nature as an Angel, he asks Shinji to kill him to allow humanity to survive. Kaworu appears in the franchise's animated feature films and related media, video games, the original net animation Petit Eva: Evangelion@School, the Rebuild of Evangelion films, and the manga adaptation by Yoshiyuki Sadamoto. He also has a prominent role in Evangelion: 3.0 You Can (Not) Redo, the third film of the Rebuild saga.

<i>The End of Evangelion</i> 1997 Japanese film by Kazuya Tsurumaki and Hideaki Anno

The End of Evangelion, or Neon Genesis Evangelion: The End of Evangelion, is a 1997 Japanese animated apocalyptic psychological drama film written by Hideaki Anno, co-directed by Anno and Kazuya Tsurumaki, and animated by Gainax and Production I.G. The film serves as a parallel ending to the anime television series Neon Genesis Evangelion, which aired from 1995–1996 and ended with two episodes that became controversial.

<i>Neon Genesis Evangelion: Angelic Days</i> Manga based on the Neon Genesis Evangelion franchise

Neon Genesis Evangelion: Girlfriend of Steel 2nd, titled as Neon Genesis Evangelion: Angelic Days in North America and Neon Genesis Evangelion: The 2nd Iron Maiden in Europe, is a manga by Fumino Hayashi based on the videogame Neon Genesis Evangelion: Girlfriend of Steel 2nd. It is a dramatization of the actions of the Instrumentality from the final episode of Neon Genesis Evangelion, which featured the show's cast in a high school romantic comedy in contrast to the dark, apocalyptic themes of the television show that inspired it. It was serialized in Japan by Kadokawa Shoten in Monthly Asuka from 2003 to 2005 and collected in 6 bound volumes.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Angel Attack</span> Episode of Neon Genesis Evangelion

"Angel Attack" is the first episode of the anime series Neon Genesis Evangelion, created by Gainax. The episode was written by the series director Hideaki Anno and directed by Kazuya Tsurumaki. It was originally aired on TV Tokyo on October 4, 1995. The series is mostly set in the futuristic, fortified city Tokyo-3, fifteen years after a worldwide cataclysm named Second Impact. The protagonist is Shinji Ikari, a teenage boy whose father Gendo has recruited him to the organization Nerv to pilot a giant bio-machine mecha named Evangelion to combat beings called Angels. In the episode, Tokyo-3 is attacked by the Angel Sachiel, who fights the United Nations Army and the JSSDF. Gendo summons Shinji for the first time and Shinji reluctantly agrees to pilot the mecha.

The Beast (<i>Neon Genesis Evangelion</i>) Episode of Neon Genesis Evangelion

"The Beast", known by the Japanese title "Unfamiliar Ceilings", is the second episode of the anime Neon Genesis Evangelion, created by Gainax. The episode was written by the series director Hideaki Anno and Yōji Enokido and directed by Kazuya Tsurumaki. It aired originally on TV Tokyo on October 11, 1995. The series is set fifteen years after a worldwide cataclysm, particularly in the futuristic fortified city of Tokyo-3. The protagonist is Shinji Ikari, a teenage boy who was recruited by his father Gendo to the organization Nerv to pilot a giant bio-machine mecha named Evangelion into combat with beings called Angels.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rei I</span> Episode of Neon Genesis Evangelion

"Rei I", also known by the Japanese title "Rei, Beyond the Heart", is the fifth episode of the anime Neon Genesis Evangelion, which was created by Gainax. "Rei I" was written by Hideaki Anno and Akio Satsukawa, and directed by Keiichi Sugiyama. It was first broadcast on TV Tokyo on November 1, 1995. The series is set fifteen years after a worldwide cataclysm named Second Impact, mostly in the futuristic, fortified city called Tokyo-3. The episode's protagonist is Shinji Ikari, a teenage boy who was recruited by his father Gendo into the organization Nerv to pilot a giant bio-machine mecha named Evangelion to combat certain beings called Angels. In the episode, Shinji tries, but fails, to connect with Rei Ayanami, a fellow pilot, who is close to his distant and cold father Gendo.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rei II</span> Episode from the Neon Genesis Evangelion anime series

"Rei II", also known by the Japanese title "Showdown in Tokyo-3", is the sixth episode of the anime Neon Genesis Evangelion, which was created by Gainax. "Rei II" was written by Hideaki Anno and Akio Satsukawa and directed by Hiroyuki Ishido. It first aired on November 8, 1995. The series is set fifteen years after a worldwide cataclysm named Second Impact, and is mostly set in the futuristic, fortified fictional city of Tokyo-3. The episode's protagonist is teenage boy Shinji Ikari, who was recruited by his father Gendo to the organization Nerv to pilot a bio-machine mecha named Evangelion against beings called Angels. In the episode, Shinji must annihilate the fifth Angel Ramiel, who is able to destroy every enemy in its vicinity with an accelerated particles cannon. A plan called Operation Yashima is worked out, which involves Shinji shooting Ramiel from a distance with a Positron Rifle.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Asuka Strikes!</span> Episode of Neon Genesis Evangelion

"Asuka Strikes!" is the eighth episode of the Japanese anime television series Neon Genesis Evangelion, which was created by Gainax. The episode, written by Hideaki Anno and Yoji Enokido and directed by Kazuya Tsurumaki, was first broadcast on TV Tokyo on November 22, 1995. The series is set fifteen years after a worldwide cataclysm and is mostly set in the futuristic, fortified city Tokyo-3. The series' protagonist is Shinji Ikari, a teenage boy who was recruited by his father Gendo to the organization Nerv to pilot a gigantic, bio-mechanical mecha named Evangelion into combat with beings called Angels. During the episode, Asuka Langley Soryu, a girl who is designated as the pilot of Evangelion Unit-02, is introduced; after the attack of Gaghiel, the sixth Angel, Asuka cooperates with Shinji aboard the Eva-02 to defeat the enemy.

<i>Neon Genesis Evangelion</i> (manga) Manga 1996 by Yoshiyuki Sadamoto

Neon Genesis Evangelion is a Japanese manga series written and illustrated by Yoshiyuki Sadamoto and published by Kadokawa Shoten. It began in Shōnen Ace in December 1994 and ended in June 2013. It consists of 14 volumes, each composed of several "stages" or chapters. It was initially released before the anime series of the same name by Gainax and Tatsunoko Production and was originally intended as a companion adaptation to that of the TV series.

"A Transfer", known by the Japanese title "The Silent Phone", is the third episode of the anime Neon Genesis Evangelion, created by Gainax. Series director Hideaki Anno and writer Akio Satsukawa wrote the episode, directed by Hiroyuki Ishido. It aired originally on TV Tokyo on October 18, 1995. The series is set fifteen years after a worldwide cataclysm named Second Impact, particularly in the futuristic fortified city of Tokyo-3. The protagonist is Shinji Ikari, a teenage boy whose father, Gendo, recruited him to the organization Nerv to pilot a giant bio-machine mecha named Evangelion into combat with beings called Angels. In the episode, Shinji begins attending his new school in Tokyo-3 and has a difficult time dealing with the fame of being an Evangelion pilot. His classmate Toji Suzuhara, whose little sister was injured in Shinji's fight against the Angel Sachiel shown in the previous episode, is angry at him; a new Angel named Shamshel appears, and Shinji must once again pilot Eva-01 to defeat it.

Neon Genesis Evangelion is a Japanese media franchise created by Hideaki Anno and owned by Khara. Most of the franchise features an apocalyptic mecha action story, which revolves around the efforts by the paramilitary organization NERV to fight hostile beings called Angels, using giant humanoids called Evangelions that are piloted by select teenagers. Subsequent works deviate from this theme to varying degrees, focusing more on romantic interactions between the characters, plotlines not present in the original works, and reimaginings of the conflicts from the original works.

The themes of Neon Genesis Evangelion have been the subject of continued casual and academic debate since the Japanese media franchise was created by Gainax. In Japan, a national debate about the anime Neon Genesis Evangelion resulted in widespread coverage of the show's endings and its retellings, contributing to the interest in academic analysis of the show. Most of the franchise features an apocalyptic mecha action story, which revolves around the efforts by the paramilitary organization NERV to fight hostile beings called Angels, using giant humanoids called Evangelions that are piloted by select teenagers. The psychological, religious, and philosophical themes explored in the work represent the majority of the discussion. Evangelion's influence in postmodern apocalyptic narratives on the "sekaikei" genre has been great, but it remains the most successful example.

Hedgehogs Dilemma (<i>Neon Genesis Evangelion</i>) Episode of Neon Genesis Evangelion

"Hedgehog's Dilemma", also known by the Japanese title "Rain, After Running Away", is the fourth episode of the anime Neon Genesis Evangelion, which was created by Gainax. The episode, written by Akio Satsukawa and directed by Tsuyoshi Kaga, was first broadcast on TV Tokyo on October 25, 1995. The series is set fifteen years after a worldwide cataclysm named Second Impact, and is mostly set in the futuristic, fortified city Tokyo-3. The episode's protagonist is Shinji Ikari, a teenage boy who was recruited by his father Gendo to the organization Nerv to pilot a giant bio-machine mecha named Evangelion into combat with beings called Angels. In the episode, Shinji is overcome by the stress of being an Evangelion pilot and runs away from home. After wandering around Tokyo-3, he must choose between quitting and staying at Nerv.

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Bibliography

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Neon Genesis Evangelion
Evangelion retouched.png
新世紀エヴァンゲリオン
(Shin Seiki Evangerion)
Genre