Netherthorpe, Sheffield

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Netherthorpe
Sheffield outline map with UK.svg
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Netherthorpe
Location within Sheffield
OS grid reference SK343876
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SHEFFIELD
Postcode district S3
Dialling code 0114
Police South Yorkshire
Fire South Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
53°23′10″N1°29′02″W / 53.386°N 1.484°W / 53.386; -1.484 Coordinates: 53°23′10″N1°29′02″W / 53.386°N 1.484°W / 53.386; -1.484

Netherthorpe is a suburb of the City of Sheffield in England. It is one mile (1.6 km) west of the city centre. It is mostly an area of local government built housing situated on a considerable slope running downhill from the Brook Hill roundabout at a height of 107 metres towards the Shalesmoor roundabout at a height of 350 feet (50) Metres over a distance of half a mile (1 km). It is bounded by the suburbs of Upperthorpe to the north, Crookesmoor to the west and the dualled Inner Ring Road (Netherthorpe Road) to the east. The suburb falls within the Walkley ward of the City.

Contents

Etymology

The newly created 1850s suburb, built on previously open moorland, was named by town planners who proposed 'Netherthorpe' to compliment the adjoining, long established suburb of Upperthorpe - an area of some antiquity, founded by the Vikings as a settlement in the 9th century. [1]

History

General view of Netherthorpe from Parkwood Springs Netherthorpe from Ski Village.jpg
General view of Netherthorpe from Parkwood Springs

Early development

Before the middle part of the 19th century, Netherthorpe was a totally rural location with J. Tayler's map of Sheffield of 1832 showing it as an area of fields and pasture. By 1850, J. Rapkin's map showed the western limit of Sheffield town being marked by St George's Church at Portobello, leaving the present Netherthorpe area still just outside the built up area. [1] However this changed in the second half of the 19th century when a large neighbourhood of Back-to-back houses was built in the area interspersed by a number of small businesses engaged in engineering and steel finishing. The 1903 Ordnance Survey map shows Netherthorpe as a totally built up area with St Philip's Road being the main north to south artery through the suburb. [2] Life in Netherthorpe's terraced housing community of the 1940s and 1950s is covered in the local author Fred Pass’ books Weerz My Dad and Weerz My Mam; he lived in Martin Street as a youth. [3]

St Stephen's Church St Stephen's Church, Netherthorpe.jpg
St Stephen's Church

Redevelopment

Netherthorpe Primary School Netherthorpe Primary School, Sheffield.jpg
Netherthorpe Primary School

Demolition of Netherthorpe's Victorian terraced housing began in 1956 as part of a complete redevelopment over an area of 48.5 hectares, under the auspices of City Architect, J. L. Womersley. St Annes Church on Hoyle Street was demolished in the latter stages of the renewal. The new dwellings, constructed in phases between 1959 and 1972, were mostly Local Authority built tower blocks and three and four storey maisonettes. The high blocks were sited overlooking open space while the low blocks were grouped to form a series of interlinked courtyards with pedestrian paths around the buildings. Smaller flats were provided in the lower buildings to facilitate older people living close to their grown up families. [4] The four tower blocks, completed in 1962, with the postal addresses of Brightmore Drive or Mitchell Street, were given the individual names of Adamfield, Cornhill, Robertshaw and Crawshaw. Two of the tower blocks have 14 storeys while the other two have 12. They were improved and re-clad in a blue and cream colour scheme in 1998. [5] Some of the maisonettes were pulled down in the early part of the 21st century and replaced by conventional houses. [6] When the Victorian terraced houses were demolished in the 1950s an area of parkland known as The Ponderosa was created as a recreation area for Netherthorpe and the adjoining suburb of Upperthorpe.

Significant buildings

Netherthorpe has only three 19th century buildings two of them are grade II listed, being St Stephen's Church and Netherthorpe Primary School. St Stephen's Church on Fawcett Street was constructed in 1856 by the architects Flock ton & Son. In the 1950s, the large church was considered to be too large for the shrinking congregation and a dividing wall was built to create a smaller worship area and a community hall for use by the general public. [7] Netherthorpe Primary School on Netherthorpe Street was built in 1873 by Innocent and Brown and takes children between the ages of three and eleven. The school has a modern sports hall on Dover Street. [8] The other school in the area is the Bethany School on Finlay Street which takes pupils between the ages of four and 16. It is a Christian Family School which has been based in Netherthorpe since 2001. However, the building dates from 1860 when it opened as the St Stephen's Primary School. It stood vacant for a time before been taken over by the Bethany School. [6] [9]

Modern developments

Opal 3 and the English Language Teaching Centre Opal 3 Netherthorpe.jpg
Opal 3 and the English Language Teaching Centre

One of the most significant contemporary developments in Netherthorpe has been the creation of the Sheffield Supertram light rail transport system in 1995 which has given the suburb excellent transport links as it stands on both the blue and yellow routes. The suburb has its own station on Netherthorpe Road which is on the central reservation of the dual carriageway and access is by a subway, which is limited by chicane barriers. A signed cycle route passes through the underpass, though the barriers prevent this being used by cycles or mobility aids which are not able to negotiate the barriers. Netherthorpe's close proximity to Sheffield University has always meant that the suburb has had a large concentration of students living within it. In 2009, the Opal 3 complex was built on Hoyle Street with accommodation for 992 students with leisure facilities and disabled access. [10] Located within Opel 3 is the English Language Teaching Centre which is part of Sheffield University and helps students who are having problems with the English language. [11]

Other information

There are no GP practices within the immediate Netherthorpe area with the nearest ones being the Upperthorpe Medical Centre on Addy Street and the Sheffield City GP Health Centre on Broad Lane. There is one public house within the suburb: the White Hart on St Philips Road, a traditional "estate pub" serving the local residents. The main shopping facilities consist of a Sainsbury's Local at the top of Weston Street and a large Tesco which occupies part of the grounds of the old Sheffield Royal Infirmary (this is technically in Upperthorpe as it has an S6 postcode). An important building in Netherthorpe which is easily overlooked is the Medico-Legal Centre on Watery Street which provides facilities and services required for the investigation of sudden and unexpected death. It includes the offices and court of the Coroner for South Yorkshire West District and the public mortuary. [12]

Statistics

The tower blocks seen from the Netherthorpe Road tram stop. The tall building on the right is the Sheffield University Arts Tower Netherthorpe tower blocks from tram stop.JPG
The tower blocks seen from the Netherthorpe Road tram stop. The tall building on the right is the Sheffield University Arts Tower

Netherthorpe has a population of around 3,000 with the 2003 Population Health Register giving an official number of 2,925. The ethnic breakdown shows that the suburb has much higher percentage of non-white people living within it than the Sheffield average with a high number of mixed race, Asian, Black and Chinese people living in the suburb, the high number of students in the area is the main contributing factor in this. Statistics class Netherthorpe as a Most Deprived area with 30% of households claiming income support compared to the Sheffield average of 17%. There is an unemployment rate of 10.4% compared to the city average of 4.2%. In housing statistics, 75% of residents live in flats, maisonettes or apartments compared to the Sheffield average of 18%. 65% of Netherthorpe properties are rented from the local authority compared to the city average of 26% while only 15% of the population are owner occupiers of their house. [13]

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References

  1. 1 2 David Hey, A History Of Sheffield, Carnegie Publishing, ISBN   1 85936 110 2. (Shows Tayler and Rapkin maps and explains etymology.)
  2. Old Ordnance Survey Maps - Sheffield (West) 1903, The Godfrey Edition, Alan Godfrey Maps, ISBN   0 85054 048 8, Netherthorpe in 1903.
  3. Fred Pass page at Amazon.co.uk.
  4. The Housing Development Committee of the City of Sheffield (1962). Ten Years of Housing in Sheffield 1953-1963
  5. Sheffield Tower Blocks and High rise Apartments of the 20th Century
  6. 1 2 Ruth Harman & John Minnis, Pevsner Architectural Guides - Sheffield, Yale University Press, ISBN   0 300 10585 1, pages 285.
  7. St Stephen's Church website
  8. Netherthorpe School website
  9. Bethany School website
  10. Opal 3 Sheffield
  11. The University of Sheffield ELT Centre
  12. Sheffield City Council - Public Mortuary
  13. Sheffield NHS Netherthorpe Neighbourhood Profile