Netherwitton

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Netherwitton
Netherwitton Mill - geograph.org.uk - 116232.jpg
Northumberland UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Netherwitton
Location within Northumberland
Population272 (2001 census) [1]
OS grid reference NZ105905
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town MORPETH
Postcode district NE61
Dialling code 01670
Police Northumbria
Fire Northumberland
Ambulance North East
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Northumberland
55°12′32″N1°50′13″W / 55.209°N 1.837°W / 55.209; -1.837 Coordinates: 55°12′32″N1°50′13″W / 55.209°N 1.837°W / 55.209; -1.837

Netherwitton is a village in Northumberland, England about 8 miles (13 km) west north west of Morpeth.

Contents

A former cotton-mill now converted into residential housing, the old village school also converted into a house, an old bridge, a small church, and a number of cottages and gardens comprise the village. The old cross, dated 1698, still stands in a garden beyond the green. The village cross in Netherwitton is dated 1698 and seems to have been moved there when the village was moved. The original site is now parkland. The cross stands 1.6m high and was repaired in 1825. Most of the common about it has been appropriated and planted with trees. [2] [3]


History

During the Civil War, Cromwell quartered a large force in the grounds of the stately Netherwitton Hall for one night, and later awarded a sum of £95-5s-6d. as compensation for the damage done by his troops. After Culloden in 1746 Lord Lovat, a Jacobite leader, for a long while lay concealed in a "Priest's Hole" in an upper room of the Hall. Roger Thornton, a great merchant-prince of Newcastle at the beginning of the 15th century, was a native of Netherwitton and built a castle by the river, but no trace of it remains. [2]


Landmarks

The Devil's Causeway passes the village less than 1 mile (2 km) to the east. The causeway is a Roman road which starts at Port Gate on Hadrian's Wall, north of Corbridge, and extends 55 miles (89 km) northwards across Northumberland to the mouth of the River Tweed at Berwick-upon-Tweed.

Devils Causeway Tower, Netherwitton, also known as, or recorded in historical documents as Highbush Wood. King writes ‘Marked on some OS maps as tower but now considered to be remains of cottage.’ SMR still records as ‘site of tower’. Long records as ‘remains of an irregular shaped tower.’ This site has been described as a Pele Tower. The confidence that this site is a medieval fortification or palace is Questionable. [4]

Netherwitton Hall is a Grade I listed building. There has been a house on the site since the 14th century. The present house, which was built in about 1685, to a design by architect Robert Trollope has an impressive three-storey, seven-bayed frontage with balustrade and unusual irregular window pediments. The rear presents some earlier features including a stairway tower which may contain remnants of ancient fortifications. The gardens contain a folly and masonry features.


Religious sites

Church of St Giles The Church of St. Giles, Netherwitton - geograph.org.uk - 2449173.jpg
Church of St Giles

The church is dedicated to St Giles. [5] He is the saint referred to as "Saint Aegidius" in one of the stained glass windows in the church, 'Aegidius' being the Latin form of the name 'Giles'.


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References

  1. Office for National Statistics: Neighbourhood Statistics
  2. 1 2 Hugill, Robert (1931). Road Guide to Northumberland and The Border. Newcastle upon Tyne, England: Andrew Reid & Company, Limited.
  3. "Northumberland Historic Environment Record". Heritage Gateway. Retrieved 24 April 2022.
  4. "Devils Causeway Tower, Netherwitton" . Retrieved 14 March 2009.
  5. Purves, Geoffrey (2006). Churches of Newcastle and Northumberland. Stroud, Gloucestershire, England: Tempus Publishing Limited. p. 167. ISBN   0-7524-4071-3. Archived from the original on 13 January 2016.