Nevelsk

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Nevelsk

Невельск
Flag of Nevelsk (Sakhalin oblast).png
Flag
Coat of Arms of Nevelsk (Sakhalin oblast).png
Coat of arms
Location of Nevelsk
Nevelsk
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Nevelsk
Location of Nevelsk
Outline Map of Sakhalin Oblast.svg
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Nevelsk
Nevelsk (Sakhalin Oblast)
Coordinates: 46°41′N141°52′E / 46.683°N 141.867°E / 46.683; 141.867 Coordinates: 46°41′N141°52′E / 46.683°N 141.867°E / 46.683; 141.867
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakhalin Oblast [1]
Administrative district Nevelsky District [1]
Founded1789
Town status since1947
Government
  MayorVladimir Pak
Elevation
10 m (30 ft)
Population
  Total11,682
  Estimate 
(2018) [3]
10,421 (−10.8%)
   Capital ofNevelsky District [1]
  Urban okrugNevelsky Urban Okrug [4]
   Capital ofNevelsky Urban Okrug [4]
Time zone UTC+11 (MSK+8   OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg [5] )
Postal code(s) [6]
694740–694742, 694745
Dialing code(s) +7 42436 [7]
OKTMO ID64728000001
Town DayThird Sunday of September
Website adm-nevelsk.ru

Nevelsk (Russian : Не́вельск; Japanese : 本斗, Honto) is a port town and the administrative center of Nevelsky District of Sakhalin Oblast, Russia, located on the southwest coast of the Sakhalin Island, 123 kilometers (76 mi) from Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 11,682(2010 Census); [2] 18,639(2002 Census); [8] 24,236(1989 Census). [9]

Contents

History

The first Russian settlers founded a village on the present site of Nevelsk in 1789.[ citation needed ] The region was the site of a struggle for control between the Russians and Japanese. After the Treaty of Shimoda officially transferred the southern Kuril Islands to Japan in 1855, the settlement was placed under joint Russian-Japanese administration under the name Honto it comes from the Ainu language.

Nevelsk before 1945 View of Honto.JPG
Nevelsk before 1945

Honto reverted to complete Russian administration in 1875, as the Treaty of Saint Petersburg gave control of all the Kuril Islands to Japan, in exchange for complete Russian sovereignty over the island of Sakhalin. It then returned to Japanese rule in 1905, after the Treaty of Portsmouth ceded southern Sakhalin to Japan to end the Russo-Japanese War.

Sakhalin's first ice-free harbor was constructed here between 1916 and 1927, and the settlement developed as a center for the local fishing industry.

The end of World War II saw the Soviet Army retake the full island of Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands. The settlement was granted town status in 1947 under its present name, in honor of Admiral Gennady Nevelskoy.[ citation needed ]

The town was damaged by the 2007 Sakhalin earthquake (near the Tatar Strait), leaving about two thousand people homeless. [10]

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Nevelsk serves as the administrative center of Nevelsky District and is subordinated to it. [1] As a municipal division, the town of Nevelsk and ten rural localities of Nevelsky District are incorporated as Nevelsky Urban Okrug. [4]

Economy

The town's economy relies largely on fishing and associated industries. Due to relatively warm ocean currents, the town is located in the mildest climatic zone on the island of Sakhalin, making possible agriculture in the surrounding region. There have been recent efforts to develop the area as a tourist area for marine animal viewing, diving and yachting.

The HSCS-Hokkaido-Sakhalin Cable System. [11] undersea fiber optic cable runs between Ishikari (Hokkaido, Japan) and Nevelsk.

Climate

Nevelsk has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb) with cold winters, warm summers and generally heavy precipitation from the Aleutian Low, whose winds hit the town direct from the Sea of Japan.

Climate data for Nevelsk
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)8.2
(46.8)
7.2
(45.0)
12.9
(55.2)
21.2
(70.2)
24.6
(76.3)
29.0
(84.2)
29.3
(84.7)
29.2
(84.6)
27.8
(82.0)
22.0
(71.6)
16.1
(61.0)
10.4
(50.7)
29.3
(84.7)
Average high °C (°F)−5.5
(22.1)
−4.8
(23.4)
−0.6
(30.9)
5.7
(42.3)
10.8
(51.4)
14.8
(58.6)
18.7
(65.7)
20.6
(69.1)
17.9
(64.2)
11.7
(53.1)
3.6
(38.5)
−2.4
(27.7)
7.5
(45.6)
Daily mean °C (°F)−8.0
(17.6)
−7.6
(18.3)
−3.4
(25.9)
2.6
(36.7)
7.3
(45.1)
11.5
(52.7)
15.7
(60.3)
17.6
(63.7)
14.7
(58.5)
8.3
(46.9)
0.7
(33.3)
−4.9
(23.2)
4.5
(40.2)
Average low °C (°F)−10.5
(13.1)
−10.2
(13.6)
−6.1
(21.0)
0.0
(32.0)
4.4
(39.9)
8.7
(47.7)
13.2
(55.8)
15.1
(59.2)
11.8
(53.2)
5.3
(41.5)
−2.1
(28.2)
−7.4
(18.7)
1.8
(35.3)
Record low °C (°F)−22.5
(−8.5)
−22.4
(−8.3)
−21.6
(−6.9)
−11.9
(10.6)
−5.1
(22.8)
−0.5
(31.1)
3.2
(37.8)
6.1
(43.0)
0.0
(32.0)
−7.1
(19.2)
−15.0
(5.0)
−19.7
(−3.5)
−22.5
(−8.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches)68.0
(2.68)
51.8
(2.04)
38.5
(1.52)
46.2
(1.82)
57.1
(2.25)
56.5
(2.22)
95.5
(3.76)
101.6
(4.00)
97.7
(3.85)
87.0
(3.43)
78.7
(3.10)
78.3
(3.08)
856.8
(33.73)
Average precipitation days24.619.916.412.112.412.313.212.813.414.217.122.8191.2
Average rainy days111814151516151572110
Average snowy days252220103000031625124
Source 1: Weatherbase [12]
Source 2: Climatebase.ru [13]

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References

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Law #25-ZO
  2. 1 2 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  4. 1 2 3 Law #524
  5. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  6. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  7. Телефонные коды Сахалина - Dialing codes of Sakhalin Archived December 17, 2017, at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  8. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000](XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  9. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 via Demoscope Weekly.
  10. "Tent camps set up for 2,000 left homeless by quake near Sakhalin Island". International Herald Tribune (published Aug. 3, 2007): "The quake, with a preliminary magnitude of 6.4, struck August 2 on the southern tip of Sakhalin"
  11. HSCS-Hokkaido-Sakhalin Cable System
  12. "Weatherbase" . Retrieved May 27, 2012.
  13. "Nevelsk,Sakhalin,Russia" . Retrieved May 27, 2012.

Sources

Nevelsk Panorama 30.12.2009.jpg
Panorama of Nevelsk